Traditions of War: Occupation, Resistance and The Law
OUP Oxford, 2.6.2005 - 306 sivua
Traditions of War examines wars and military occupation, and the ideas underlying them. The search for these ideas is conducted in the domain of the laws of war, a body of rules which sought to regulate the practices of war and those permitted to fight in it. This work introduces three ideologies: the martial, Grotian, and republican. These traditions were rooted in incommensurable conceptions of the good life, and the overall argument is that these differences lay at the heart of the failure fully to resolve the distinction between lawful and unlawful combatants at successive diplomatic conferences of Brussels in 1874, the Hague in 1899 and 1907, and Geneva in 1949. Based on a wide range of sources and a plurality of intellectual disciplines, this book places these diplomatic failures in their broader social and political contexts. By bringing out idealogical continuities and drawing on the social history of army occupation in Europe and resistance to it, this book both challenges and illuminates our understanding of modern war.
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argued Belli ac Pacis Belligerent Belligerent Occupation Bluntschli Britain British Brussels Cambridge University Press chapter citizens civilians Clausewitz concept Conference conquest core values Corse Corsica defence developed distinction doctrine Empire enemy Europe example force France Francis Lieber Franco-Prussian War freedom French Geneva German Grotian Heritage Grotian tradition guerre guerrilla Hague Hedley Bull History Hobbes Hobbes’s Hugo Grotius human Ibid ideology Imperial individual institutions insurrection intellectual International Law international relations Jean Jacques Rousseau Jure Belli ac lawful and unlawful laws of war levée en masse liberal liberty London Machiavelli Martens martial tradition martialist Mazzini Mémoires militaire modern moral Napoleon natural law nineteenth century normative occupying armies paradigm Paris Partisan Pascal Paoli Pasquale patrie patriotism peace philosophy Poland Polish practices Princeton principles Prussian realist reprisals republic republican tradition resistance Revolution Rousseau slavery social society soldiers Tadeusz Kosciuszko theory tion troops unlawful combatants Warfare writings