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shall be piloted into or out of the said port, shall pay one half only of the said respective rates for such pilotage:-Provided also, that no such ship shall be deemed to be a coasting vessel for the purposes of this act, which shall not sail from the port of Liverpool on a coasting voyage, or which shall not have been, previous to any exemption from the rates imposed by this act on ships in the foreign trade being claimed, really and bona fide employed in the coasting trade for six months :-Provided also, that no master of any ship, including such as trade to or from Ireland, the islands of Faro or Ferro, Guernsey, Jersey, Alderney, Sark, and Man, whether coastwise or otherwise, or of any ship of any other description, which shall be piloted into or out of the said port of Liverpool by any of the pilots so licensed, shall pay any less sum for such pilotage than for eight feet draught of water, according to the rates hereby directed to be paid for such ships; but if such ships shall draw more than eight feet draught of water, the overplus shall be paid for, and according to the rates aforesaid. § 20.

Prices for piloting alien ships.-The following and no greater rates, for the piloting of any alien ship into or out of the said port, shall be taken; that is to say, for piloting any such ship into the said port, not less than 98. nor more than 12s. for every foot of water such ship shall draw, and so in proportion for every half foot of water in the cases aforesaid, but no allowance shall be made for any draught of water above or under half a foot; and for piloting any such alien ship out of the said port of Liverpool, not less than 6s. nor more than 8s. for every foot of water such alien ship shall draw, and so in proportion for every half foot of water, but no allowance shall be made for any draught of water above or under half a foot :-Provided always, that in case any ship belonging to aliens bound to the port of Liverpool shall not be piloted by one of the pilots so licensed as aforesaid, from the distance of the Great Ormshead on the coast of Wales, then not less than 8s. nor more than 11s., for every foot of water such ship shall draw, shall be paid for such pilotage, and so in proportion for every half foot of water in each of the cases aforesaid, but no allowance shall be made for any draught of water above or under half a foot. § 21. See the TABLES as now settled by the committee, page 231.

Commissioners empowered to regulate the prices of pilotage.-The said commissioners, or any eight or more of them, shall have power at their discretion, to vary and alter, fix and determine all such rates of pilotage as aforesaid, and also what shall be considered the different seasons of the year, if they shall hereafter determine to make a difference of rate, according to the season of the year, provided the alterations of such rates are not higher or lower than those hereinbefore mentioned. § 22.

Only one half the pilotage to be paid from certain distances.-If any ship inward-bound shall not have met with a pilot licensed as aforesaid before the house, at present being the only house on Great Hilbree Island, shall bear south-south-west by the compass, or shall be piloted from the road of Hoylake only, no more than one half of the rates or prices for piloting such ship inward-bound, from any point short of the distance of the Great Ormshead on the coast of Wales, hereby directed to be taken, shall be paid to such pilot who shall pilot such ship from such respective distances into the said port of Liverpool:-Provided, that if none of the pilots so licensed shall board or offer their services before such ship shall have passed the Brazil buoy in the Rock channel, or the Middle Patch buoy in Formby channel, then the pilotage for

conducting such ship shall be fixed at the discretion of the committee at their next meeting. § 23.

Vessels liable to pay pilotage coming into the port, to display a signal for a pilot.-The master of every ship inward-bound, which under the provisions of this act shall be liable to pay pilotage, shall, on coming within the pilots' stations, as fixed by the by-laws, display and keep flying the usual signal for a pilot to come on board, and every master who shall omit so to do shall forfeit any sum not exceeding £5; and if any pilot shall come within a reasonable distance of any such ship, the master shall render all necessary assistance (so far as it is consistent with the safety of the said ship) to enable such pilot to come on board. § 24.

Masters of vessels inward-bound, refusing to take pilots who offer, to be liable to full pilotage.—In case the master of any ship inward-bound shall refuse to take on board a pilot so licensed, who shall offer his services, except such as shall be in ballast in the coasting trade, or be under the burthen of 100 tons, such master shall pay to the pilot who shall offer his services, and be refused, the full pilotage, according to the different rates and prices hereinbefore directed to be paid, as if the said pilot had been received and employed in piloting such ship into the said port of Liverpool. § 25.

Pilots leading the way in any vessel, to be entitled to pilotage.-In case any ship shall be in want of a pilot, and none can be procured, and there shall be any pilot on board any other ship going into or coming out of the port of Liverpool, such pilot on board any such other ship may lead the way for and conduct the ship so in want of a pilot, either into or out of the said port; and the master of every such ship which shall be so piloted into or out of the said port, by any pilot leading the way in such other ship, shall be subject to the same rates of pilotage, as if the pilot had actually been on board of such ship, and piloted the same into or out of the said port. § 26.

Reward for pilots assisting ships in distress.-In case any ship shall be met with in distress by any pilot licensed, and shall stand in need of any extraordinary assistance of the crew or boat, then the compensation shall be made according to the circumstances of the case by the committee; and if any agreement for such extraordinary assistance shall be made by the pilot, such agreement shall be void. § 27.

Pilots refusing to conduct ships, or assist a ship in distress, to forfeit £10, and lose their licences.-If any pilot, after being personally required, or after a proper signal shall be made by the master of any inward-bound ship, shall refuse to take the charge of such ship, or in case such ship cannot be boarded without imminent danger, shall refuse to lead the way with his boat, or shall refuse such extraordinary assistance as aforesaid to any ship in distress, such pilot shall, for every such offence, forfeit any sum not exceeding £10, and shall be deprived of his licence at the discretion of the committee. § 28.

Vessels forced back and afterwards taken out.-Whereas it sometime happens that ships outward-bound are forced back by storm or otherwise, before the pilot has left such ship, or he has conducted her as far as is required by this act; and it is expedient that such pilots shall have reasonable compensation made to them over and above all other rates of pilotage; the committee to have full power to fix such compensation, but not to exceed a moiety of the rates at which such outward-bound ships would have been liable to pay, in case such vessel had not been forced back. § 29.

Ships forced back after parting with the pilot, and piloted out again from Hoylake, to pay one half the prices.-In case any ship which hath been piloted by any of the pilots out of the port of Liverpool, shall afterwards be forced back by storm or otherwise, (after having, by the consent of the master of such ship parted with such pilot, although such ship may not have been piloted so far as is required by this act,) then the full sum shall be paid for such pilotage as is hereby directed to be taken, according to the rates to be fixed by the commissioners; and if the master of such ship so forced back shall employ a pilot to conduct such ship inwards, such pilot shall be paid at the same rate as if such ship had been inward-bound; but if such ship so forced back shall be conducted by such master himself into the road of Hoylake, and such master shall afterwards employ any of the pilots to conduct such ship out of the said road of Hoylake to sea, then one half of the full sum shall be paid for such pilotage as is hereby directed to be taken for pilotage outward. § 30.

Distances to which vessels are to be piloted.-Every pilot who shall take upon himself the charge of any ship sailing out of the port of Liverpool through Formby channel, is required to conduct or pilot such ship so far to the westward as the north-west buoy; and if such ship shall be piloted out of the said port through the Rock channel, such pilot is hereby required to pilot such ship so far to the westward as the north-west buoy of Hoyle, if the captain shall require it, before such pilot shall quit any such ship; and upon refusal in either case, such pilot shall not be entitled to any of the rates hereby directed to be paid, and shall be deprived of his licence, at the discretion of the committee. $31.

Places to which vessels are to be piloted inwards.—Every pilot who shall pilot or conduct any ship into the port of Liverpool, is required to take care (if need be) to cause such ship to be properly moored at anchor in the river Mersey, and afterwards to conduct such ship into one of the wet docks within the said port, without being paid any other rate than is directed to be taken for the piloting such ship into the said port of Liverpool; but in case such attendance shall be required during such ship being at anchor in the river Mersey, and before she is docked, five shillings per day shall be paid :-Provided that this act shall not extend to prevent the master of any ship in the coasting trade, being in ballast, or any ship in the coasting trade, being under the burthen of 100 tons, by the certificate of registry, from piloting his said ship into or out of the said port of Liverpool, nor to hinder any person from assisting any ship in distress, nor to subject any such person to any of the penalties of this act. § 32.

Every master to give the pilot a true account of the draught of water of his ship, and pilot authorized to admeasure.-The master of every ship is required to give a true account to the pilot of the draught of water such ship shall draw; and in case the pilot shall suspect the truth of such declaration, he is authorized to admeasure such ship in order to find the true draught of water such ship shall then draw; and if on such admeasurement it shall appear that such master gave a false account wilfully and fraudulently, such master shall not only forfeit a sum equal to double the amount of pilotage according to the rate aforesaid, but also all the expences of the admeasurement, and be subject to a fine, at the discretion of the committee, in any sum not exceeding £10, nor less than £2, together with all expences incurred in the recovery thereof. § 33.

Pilot attending a vessel at anchor in the river to have 5s. for every day of attendance, except the day of going to sea and returning from sea.-If the owner or master of any ship shall require the attendance of a pilot on board any ship during her riding at anchor, or being at Hoylake, or in the river Mersey, such pilot shall attend such ship, and be paid for every day he shall so attend 5s. and no more : Provided, that in case such pilot shall not be employed the whole day, but be dismissed in less time than a day, such pilot shall be paid 5s. for his attendance: Provided also, that the pilot who shall have the charge of any ship, shall be paid for every day of his attendance whilst in the river, except the day of going to sea with such ships as shall be outward-bound, and the day of returning from sea and the day of docking for such as shall be inward-bound. § 34.

Masters outward-bound refusing to take pilots to be liable to full pilotage. In case the master of any ship outward-bound, (except such as shall be in ballast in the coasting trade, or be under the burthen of 100 tons, for which provision is hereinbefore made,) shall proceed to sea, and shall refuse to take on board and employ a pilot, such master, &c. shall pay to the pilot who shall offer his service, and shall be refused, the full pilotage, according to the different rates hereinbefore directed to be paid, in like manner as if the said pilot had been received and employed in piloting such ship into or out of the said port of Liverpool, together with all expences to be incurred in the recovery of the same. § 35.

Persons liable to pilotage.-Every person taking upon himself the charge, agency, or consignment of any ship, so charged or chargeable with the said respective rates for pilotage and extra attendances outwardbound, shall be accountable for such rates of pilotage as shall be so due for such pilotage outwards, according to the rates aforesaid; and the same shall be levied by distress and sale, in manner hereinafter mentioned, of any of the effects of the said person so taking upon himself the charge, agency, or consignment of such ship, after the expiration of three days from the day on which such pilotage shall have been demanded. § 36.

On non-payment of rate, committee may distrain.-In case any owner or master, agent or consignee, or any other person having or taking upon himself the command, agency, or consignment of any ship, charged or chargeable with the said respective rates for pilotage and extra attendances, shall refuse to pay the same, then it shall be lawful for the committee or any other persons to be by them, or any five or more of them, for that purpose appointed, and preferable to and notwithstanding any other right whatsoever claimable by or due to any persons whomsoever, to seize, take, and distrain any of the goods, mer-chandise, effects, guns, tackle, ammunition, furniture, and apparel, of or belonging to any such ship, and the same to detain and keep until the money due for piloting such ship into or out of the said port of Liverpool, according to the said rates, shall be paid; and in case of any neglect, refusal, or delay in payment of such money for three days next after such seizing or distraining, then it shall be lawful for any one justice of the peace for the borough of Liverpool, or such persons as he shall authorize, to cause the same to be appraised by any two sufficient persons or sworn appraisers of the said borough of Liverpool, and afterwards to sell the goods so taken and appraised, and thereout to satisfy the said rates for pilotage unpaid, together with all reasonable charges of such taking and selling the same; and also the charges of any extra

attendances to the pilots entitled thereto, rendering the overplus thereof (if any) to the masters or owners, agents or consignees of any such ships respectively upon demand. § 37.

Penalty on masters forcibly taking away pilots.—And whereas it has sometimes happened that pilots have been forcibly carried to sea beyond the limits of pilotage herein prescribed, to the great detriment and inconvenience of the public, by the want of such pilots so carried away, as well as to the great loss of such pilots themselves; be it therefore enacted, that any master of a ship forcibly carrying away any pilot shall forfeit any sum not exceeding £20, nor less than £5, at the discretion of any one justice of the peace, and the owner, agent, or consignee as aforesaid shall be liable to make such reasonable compensation to such pilot, according to the discretion of the committee; which penalty or compensation shall be recovered in such manner as is prescribed for the recovery of the rates of pilotage. § 38.

Money to be raised from licences to be applied for rewards to meritorious pilots, and pensions to pilots, and annuities to disabled pilots, and widows and children of pilots. § 42 and 44.

Pilots not to keep public-houses. § 48.

Pilots' boats to be licensed, and fresh licences issued on the death of the owner or transfer of such boat. § 49 and 50.

Rates for licences. For the first licence £6. 6s., and for any subsequent one £3. 3s. to be paid. § 51.

Pilots not to use unlicensed boats, under penalty of three guineas for every day such boat is used, except with leave, whilst their own boat is under repair. § 53.

The committee empowered to make by-laws, and to affix penalties not exceeding £5. § 59.

By-laws to be printed and stuck up at the Pilot's-office and Dockoffice, and renewed as may be required. § 60.

Attendance of witnesses.-If any person shall refuse or neglect to attend before the committee, upon being summoned, he shall forfeit £5. § 61.

Nothing to affect the corporation of the Trinity-house of Deptford Strond or Cinque Port pilots, nor to extend to the Trinity-houses of Kingston-upon-Hull, or Newcastle-upon-Tyne.

Recovery of penalties to be made before any justice of the peace for the borough of Liverpool, who may mitigate the same to not less than one-half. § 64 and 65.

Form of conviction. § 67.

Distress not unlawful for want of form. § 68.

Persons aggrieved may appeal to the sessions. § 70.

Limitation of actions-six months. § 71.

N.B.-Liverpool pilots may take charge of Chester ships in certain See page 222.

cases.

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