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things, every person so offending shall, for every such offence, forfeit the sum of 51. § 4.
The law allows no power of mitigation in this case.
MOORING IN Sr. Saviour's Docks.—By the 5 Geo. II. c. 20. it is enacted, that in case any ship or vessel shall be laid up or moored in the mouth or any part of St. Saviour's Dock, in the county of Surrey, (except such vessels as shall be lading or taking in, or unlading or delivering their respective cargoes; and also except such vessels, not exceeding two in number at any one time, as shall lie in the yard called the Shipwrights' Yard, at the north-west corner of the said dock, during the time such ships and vessels shall be repairing, and no longer,) the master or owner of every such ship so laid up and moored shall forfeit and pay, for every day such ship shall so continue to be laid up or moored (unless for the purpose aforesaid) the sum of 20s. § 10.
Bum-Boats.— By the 2 Geo. III. c. 28. it is enacted, that persons using, letting out to hire, lending, or navigating bum-boats, or other boats on the river Thaines, for the purpose of selling liquors, slops, tobacco, brooms, gingerbread, garden-ware, &c. (except such boats as shall be entered at the office of the Trinity-house) and persons taking in exchange, or by way of barter, or unlawfully receiving, &c. any ropes, cordage, tackle, goods, stores in inerchandise, or any part of any cargo or loading of any ship in the said river, being convicted before a magistrate, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanour, and the boat, with those on board, may be seized and searched, and the persons conveyed before a magistrate, and the boat, with her furniture and loading, upon such conviction, shall be forfeited. $ 1.
N. B. The penalties of a misdemeanour, under this act, are extended, by the 39 and 40 Geo. III. to £5, or eight weeks' imprisonment, with a power of mitigation. $ 19
Bum-boats and others used upon the river Thames, for the purpose aforesaid, are to be entered by the owners at the office of the T'rinityhouse, when a number is to be given them, to be marked with their christian and surnames and places of abode on the said boats. § 2 and 3.
Persons duly authorized (as all the officers of the Trinity-corporation and Thames-police) may stop and search any boats suspected to have ropes, cordage, tackle, apparel, furniture, stores, materials, or any part of the cargo or loading, from or out of any ship in the river; and may also apprehend and detain, or cause to be apprehended and detained, any person or persons who may be reasonably suspected of having or conveying any such goods, stores, or things in such boats, and carry the person suspected of being concerned therein before a justice ; when they, not giving a satisfactory account of how they came by the same, shall be adjudged guilty of a misdemeanour, and the boat and loading forfeited. 85.
By-Laws of the Trinity-House.-1. Respecting bum-boats.Ship-inasters discharging goods in the river, who shall permit bumboats to come on board their ships at unseasonable hours, or who shall suffer the dirt of their ships to be put into their own boats at unseasonable hours, shall forfeit 20s.
2. Respecting bread-rooms.-Every ship-master or mate drying or permitting bread-rooms to be dried in the night, or keeping any fire therein in the night, to forfeit £5.
3. Rules to be observed in lading and discharging.-Every shipmaster, &c. who shall suffer goods to be taken in or heaved out of his ship, without having a sail nailed to the sill of the port, or (if a small vessel) to the gunnel, to overhang the side of the lighter, shall forteit 20s.
Obligations on seamen, respecting good behaviour.—Every mariner who shall swear, curse, or blaspheme while on ship-board, shall forfeit one shilling to the poor's box. Every mariner who shall get drunk, shall in like manner forfeit one shilling to the poor's box. Every mariner who shall be obstinate and stubborn, and shall not obey the master's lawful commands, or the mate's or boatswain's in the absence of the former, shall forfeit half his month's pay to the poor of the corporation.
DAMAGING CABLES, Buoys, Buoy-ropes, &c.-By the 2 Geo. III. c. 28. it is enacted, that if any person shall cut, damage, or spoil any cordage, cables, buoys, buoy-rope, head-fast, or other fast fixed to any anchor or moorings in the river Thames, or any ropes used for the purpose of mooring or rafting masts or timber, or shall be aiding or assisting therein, with an intent to steal the same, such person shall, being convicted thereof, on the oath of two or more credible wita nesses, be transported for the space of seven years. § 13.
TAAMES-POLICE.-By the 39 and 40 Geo. III. c. 87. it shall be kwful for every Thames-police surveyor, in virtue of his office, subject to the orders of the justices of that establishment, to enter at all times, as well by night as by day, into and upon every ship, hoy, barge, lighter, boat, or other vessel, not being then actually employed in his Majesty's service, lying or being in the said river, and within the limits of the aforesaid counties, city, and liberties respectively, and into every part of all such vessels, for the purpose of inspecting, and, upon occasion, directing the conduct of any constable who shall be stationed on board such ships, as also for the purpose of inspecting and observing the conduct of all persons who shall be employed on board of any ship, in or about the lading or unlading thereof, as the case may be ; and for the purpose of taking all such measures as may be
pro. viding against fire and other accidents, as also for the purpose of preserving peace and good order on board of any ship or vessel, and for the effectual prevention in all cases of any felonies or misdemeanours whatsoever which may be committed on board any ship, and for the effectual detection of any felonies or misdemeanours whatsoever which may have been committed, or which the said surveyor may have reasonable cause to suspect to have been committed, contrary to the true intent and meaning of this act. 11.
If any person shall wilfully destroy or damage, or endeavour to destroy or damage, any boat or boats in the service of the Thamespolice, or any part of the sails, oars, or other tackle belonging to any such boat, every person so offending shall forfeit, for every boat so destroyed or damaged, or attempted to be destroyed or damaged, any sum not exceeding £15, or shall suffer imprisonment for any time not exceeding three months, over and above any such damages as may be recoverable by action at law. § 13.
Breaking of casks, bags, and other packages.- If any person, employed in the landing or warehousing of any goods, or any other person, shall wilfully cause or suffer, or be concerned in causing or suffering, to be broken, bruised, pierced, started, cut, torn, or otherwise injured, any cask, box, chest, bag, or other package containing, or being designed for containing any such goods, while on board of any barge, or any other craft in the river, or on any quay, wharf, or landing-place adjacent to the same, or in the way to or from any warehouse to or from which such package shall have been removed, removing, or about to be removed, with the intent that the contents of such package, or any part thereof, may be spilled or dropped ; in every such case, every person so offending shall
, for every offence, forfeit a sum not exceeding 40s. nor less than 10s., and shall, on conviction, be committed for any terin not exceeding one calendar month, determinable on the payment of such penalty so imposed. $ 14.
Letting fall, &c. any articles for preventing seizure.- If, for the purpose of preventing the seizure of any materials belonging to, or having been part of the cargo of any ship lying in the river, or of any other articles unlawfully obtained from such ship, such materials or articles shall be wilfully let fall or thrown into the river, or in any other manner purposely conveyed away, or endeavoured to be conveyed away, from any such ship or vessel, boat, barge, lighter, craft, wharf, quay, or other landing-place, every person being party or accessory to such letting fall, throwing, or conveyance, or to any previous instruction or premeditated design so to let fall, throw, or convey away any such article or articles, with any such purpose as aforesaid, shall be deemned guilty of a misdemeanour; and if any article or articles whatever of apparent value shall be wilfully let fall, thrown, or conveyed away, &c. from any ship or vessel into any boat, or from any boat, or from any wharf, quay, or other landing-place, without the or:ler or assent of the person being the owner or having the lawful charge of such article or articles then landing, in such case it shall be lawful for any such constable or surveyor as aforesaid, or for any constable of the city of London, within the jurisdiction of the said city, to seize, apprehend, and secure any such boat, barge, lighter, or other craft, and every person therein, or who, by reason of his or her nearness to the place where such offence shall be committed, shall be reasonably suspected of being accessory thereto, and forthwith to convey every such person before the justices, or some justice, in whose jurisdiction such offence shall be committed ; and if upon examination it shall not be made to appear to the satisfaction of the said justices that such letting fall, throwing, or conveying away, or endeavour to convey away, proceeded either from mere accident, or from some lawful cause, and not from any such fraudulent or evasive design as aforesaid, every person so appearing to be party, privy, or accessory as aforesaid, shall be deemed and adjudged guilty of a misdemeanour, and shall suffer as hereinafter mentioned.
$ 15. False bills of parcels. -Every person who, to prevent any article from being seized on suspicion of being stolen, or being produced as evidence, shall frame or cause to be framed, or be any ways concerned in framing or causing to be framed any bill of parcels containing any false statement in regard to the name or abode of any alleged vender, the quantity or quality of such goods or valuables, the place whence, or conveyance by which, the same were furnished, the price agreed upon or charged for the same, or any other particulars, knowing such statement to be false, shall be adjudged guilty of a misde
nour; and may, moreover, at the discretion of the justices in whose sdiction the offences shall be committed, be published and advertised
fabricator of false bills of parcels, or as a convicted and reputed birer of goods stolen, or otherwise unlawfully obtained, as the case
be. $ 17. Penalties. - For misdemeanours or offences for which no special aniary penalty is appointed, the offender shall forfeit, at the discre
of the special justice appointed under the Thames-police act, or of 1 other justice before whom any conviction shall take place within ir respective jurisdictions, any sum not exceeding £5 nor less than , or shall suffer imprisonment for any time not exceeding eight weeks less than two weeks; or shall forfeit and pay any sum not exceed40s. nor less than 108., and shall besides suffer imprisonment for time not exceeding four weeks nor less than one week. $ 19. DosTRUCTING OFFICERS, &c.—By the 2 Geo. III. c. 29. it is ened, that in case any person acting in the execution of any of the sers granted by this act, shall be obstructed therein, every person so tructing, and all such as shall act in their assistance, shall, on being reof convicted before the justices of the peace at the general or arter sessions of the county or city adjoining to the river Thames, on the oath of two or more credible persons, be transported for the n of seven years. § 19.
Op BALLAST IN Tak River Thayes. BSTRACT of an ACT to repeal tuo Acis, passed in the sixth and thirty-second years of his late Majesty, for the regulation of Lastage and Ballastage in the river Thames; and to make more effectual regulations relating thereto. 45 Geo. III. c. 98. Whereas the lastage and ballastage of all ships and vessels coming going in or out of the river Thames, or elsewhere between Londonridge and the main sea, or any wharf, &c. and the supplying of ballast
all such ships and vessels have been by certain ancient grants of ueen Elizabeth and King Charles II., respectively dated the 11th ay of June, 1594, and the 24th day of June, 1665, or by one of the id grants, vested in the master, wardens, and assistants of the Trinityruse, who have heretofore enjoyed the same under such grants, and ave received and applied the emoluments and profits thereof to the se and benefit and in the relief of many poor and decayed seamen, eir wives, widows, and orphans, pursuant to the said grant of his aid Majesty King Charles II. : and whereas the said grants were ecognized and confirmed by the 6 Geo. II. c. 29. and the 32 Geo. II. 1. 16.: and whereas the commerce of London, and the number and urthen of the ships and vessels navigated on the said river of Thames have since greatly increased ; and it is essential to the rade and commerce of the said city, and the safety and accommodation ff the ships and vessels remaining and passing and repassing on the aid river, that the utmost attention should be paid to the state of the aid river, and especially to the means of deepening the bed and chanpels thereof: and whereas it has become necessary that further provijons should be made for the better securing to the said corporation the ustage and ballastage, and the exclusive right of supplying ballast as aioresaid; and that further powers should be given to the said corporatan, and effectual regulations made for the protecting of such exclusive right, and for the procuring and distributing of ballast, &c. : and it is expedient that the said recited acts should be repealed, and that new provisions should be made for the purposes aforesaid ; and they are repealed accordingly.
Soil of river between London-bridge and the main sea.—The sole right of supplying all ships and vessels with ballast that shall pass and repass in the river Thames between London-bridge and the main sea, and of digging, raising, and taking up gravel, sand, and soil of the said river between London-bridge and the main sea, is vested in the said corporation; and every person not duly authorized who shall raise any gravel, &c. from the bed or channel of the said river, for the bal. lasting of any vessel being, remaining, or lying in or going out of the said river or elsewhere, between London-bridge and the main sea, or any dock, &c. or who shall supply any other ballast to any such ship or vessel, shall for every ton of ballast so raised or supplied forfeit the sum of ten pounds. $ 2.
Penalty for taking ballast except from the corporation. If any owner, master, mate, or any other person, shall procure or receive on board of any ship in the river Thames between London-bridge and the main sea, &c. as ballast, any gravel, &c. of the river Thames, or any other gravel, &c. or commodity whatsoever (heretofore furnished by the said corporation as ballast) other than such as shall be furnished by the said corporation, or such as shall be allowed and permitted to be taken for that purpose, and also other than such land-ballast as is hereinafter allowed to be shipped eastward of the town of Woolwich, in the county of Kent, every such person shall for every such ton of ballast so procured, &c. forfeit the suin of ten pounds. $ 3.
King's ships may take in any quantity of sea or other ballast. § 4.
Bricks, &c. as ballast.— The owner or master of any ship may ship as ballast from London or any part of the river Thames, any quantity of bricks, tiles, or lime, or any chalk (not being chalk rubbish) or flints, or any other merchandize whatever, without paying anything to the said corporation, and without making any entry thereof at the ballast-office, or at the Custom-house in London, in case such chalk or Aints are taken and used as ballast only. $ 5.
Land-ballast may be shipped eastward of Woolwich.—Any person being the proprietor, &c. of quarries, pits, or works of chalk, Alint, and lime, eastward of the town of Woolwich, may supply land-ballast from their respective quarries, &c. to any ships; so that the several quantities of such land- ballast from all the said quarries, &c. do not in any one year (after notice to the contrary given by the said corporation, in manner hereinafter mentioned) exceed in the whole 60,000 tons, or such other total quantity greater than 60,000 tons as shall be expressed in such notice. § 6.
Persons taking in such land-ballast to be entered.—That the master of any ship who shall cause any such land-ballast to be shipped on board of any ship, shall make a due entry at the place from which such shipment shall be made, and in books to be provided for that purpose by the corporation, of the name of such ship, and of the place to which she shall belong, and of the master, and likewise of the true and utmost quantity of such land-ballast to be shipped in such ship, and shall pay to the proprietors, &c. of the said works, for the use of the said corporation, one penny for every ton of the said land-ballast so to be entered or shipped as aforesaid, &c. $ 7.
Penalty on not making such entry and payment.--If any master,