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abate acquired action actual adjoining appeared applied arising authority Barb become bound Bridge brought building Canal carried cause channel character common condition consequences continued court created damage defendant defendant's discharge doctrine easement effect enjoyment entitled equity erected established evidence exercise exists extent fact flow given grant ground held highway indictment individual injunction injury interfere jury keep land liable Lord maintain manner Mass mill natural navigable necessary obstruction occupied offense operate opinion ordinary owner particular party passing Penn person plaintiff premises prescriptive prevent produce proper proved public nuisance question Railroad reason reference regarded remedy remove rendered repair riparian river road rule says Smith smoke soil stream street sufficient surface sustained tenant therefrom thing tion town trade unless violation wall
Sivu 365 - Every proprietor of lands on the banks of a river has naturally an equal right to the use of the water which flows in the stream adjacent to his lands, as it was wont to run ('currere solebat'), without diminution or alteration. No proprietor has a right to use the water, to the prejudice of other proprietors, above or below him, unless he has a prior right to divert it, or a title to some exclusive enjoyment. He has no property in the water itself, but a simple usufruct while it passes along. 'Aqua...
Sivu 365 - ... is the language of the law. Though he may use the water while it runs over his land, he cannot unreasonably detain it, or give it another direction, and he must return it to its ordinary channel when it leaves his estate. Without the consent of the adjoining proprietors he cannot divert or diminish the quantity of water, which would otherwise descend to the proprietors below, nor throw the water back upon the proprietors above, without a grant, or an uninterrupted enjoyment of twenty years, which...
Sivu 492 - Ought this inconvenience to be considered in fact as more than fanciful, more than one of mere delicacy or fastidiousness, as an inconvenience materially interfering with the ordinary comfort, physically, of human existence, not merely according to elegant or dainty modes and habits of living, but according to plain and sober and simple notions among the English people?
Sivu 332 - There may be, and there must be allowed of that, which is common to all, a reasonable use. The true test of the principle and extent of the use is, whether it is to the injury of the other proprietors or not. There may be a diminution in quantity, or a retardation or acceleration of the natural current indispensable for the general and valuable use of the water, perfectly consistent with the existence of the common right.
Sivu 331 - ... water as it flows, for that would be to deny any valuable use of it. There may be, and there must be, allowed of that which is common to all a reasonable use.
Sivu 415 - The enjoyment for twenty years of a stream diverted or penned up by permanent embankments, clearly stands upon a different footing from the enjoyment of a flow of water originating in the mode of occupation or alteration of a person's property, and presumably...
Sivu 358 - Every proprietor who claims a right either to throw the water back above, or to diminish the quantity of water which is to descend below, must, in order to maintain his claim, either prove an actual grant .or license from the proprietors affected by his operations, or must prove an uninterrupted enjoyment of twenty years...
Sivu 128 - ... it seems but reasonable and just that the neighbor who has brought something on his own property, which was not naturally there, harmless to others so long as it is confined to his own property...
Sivu 456 - The principle is, that where the owner of two tenements sells one of them, or the owner of an entire estate sells a portion, the purchaser takes the tenement or portion sold with all the benefits and burdens which appear at the time of the sale to belong to it, as between it and the property which the vendor retains.
Sivu 366 - All that the law requires of the party, by or over whose land a stream passes, is, that he should use the water in a reasonable manner, and so as not to destroy, or render useless, or materially diminish, or affect the application of the water by the proprietors below on the stream.