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Doniphan's return to the United States.
Doniphan received orders from General Wool to march to Saltillo with his command. He reached that place on the 23d of May, having taken eight or ten Mexican cities on the route. On the 27th, he reached Monterey, where his command was reviewed by General Taylor. The account of the battle of Sacramento given by Colonel Doniphan to General Taylor is very amusing. We extract it from Frank Edwards’s new work,“ A Campaign with Colonel Doniphan.”
“While we were at Walnut Springs, General Taylor addressed Colonel Doniphan thus :-By-the-by, Colonel, every one is talking of your charge at Sacramento. I understand it was a brilliant affair. I wish give me a description of it, and of your maneuvers." “Maneuvers be hanged,” returned Doniphan, and added, “I don't know any thing about the charge, except that my boys kept coming to me to let them charge, but I would not permit them; for I was afraid they would be all cut to pieces. At last I saw a favourable moment and told them they might go—they were off like a shot--and that's all I know about it.”
From Monterey Colonel Doniphan marched to the Brazos, and there took passage to New Orleans, the term of service of his troops having expired.
In the spring of 1846, Captain, now Lieutenant-Colonel John C. Fremont was sent with sixty-one men in the service of the United States topographical corps to make an exploration of Upper California. He found soon after his entrance into that territory, that its governor, General Castro, was preparing to attack him. He promptly assumed the initiative, captured thirteen men and two hundred horses on the 11th of June, and
Kearny reconquers the City of the Angels.
on the 15th took possession of the Sanoma Pass, containing nine cannon, two hundred and fifty muskets, and a small garrison. Having marched toward the Sacramento river, he learned that General Castro was about to attack the garrison he had left at Sanoma, and hurried back with ninety riflemen raised among the American settlers in California, and dispersed the advance guard of General Castro, who thereupon retired to Santa Clara. Meanwhile Commodore Sloat had taken the sea-port of Monterey, on the Pacific, and was prepared to act in conjunction with Fremont against Castro. On the 12th of August, a body of riflemen under Fremont and Stockton, Sloat's successor, took possession of the City of Angels, and Stockton appointed Fremont governor.
On the 11th of December, General Kearny reached the city of San Diego, in California, having gained a victory five days previously at San Pasqual, after a severe conflict, in which the general himself, with many of his officers and men were wounded, and two captains, one lieutenant, and fourteen others killed. On the 8th of January, he fought another battle with the enemy, on his march to regain possession of the City of the Angels, which had been retaken by the Mexicanş. He was victorious, and the city was taken, while Fremont on the march thither with four hundred volunteers from the Sacramento, met the retreating enemy, who capitulated, laying down their arms. These operations completed the conquest of California. Want of more active employment, probably, led to difficulties between Commodore Stockton, General Kearny, and Lieutenant-Colonel Fremont, which have recently come to be adjusted by a court-martial at Washington.
OMITTING genealogical details, we come at once to the fact that Major-General Zachary Taylor, the third son of Colonel Richard Taylor, was born in Orange county, Virginia, on the 24th of No
vember, 1784. In the succreated
ceeding summer Colonel Tay
lor emigrated to Kentucky, then just beginning to be settled, and his children from their earliest years were inured to the hardships and perils of frontier life. His first military lessons are said to have been from a man named Whetsel, who loaded