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THE PROPERTIES OF PARABLE.
MATTHEW XIII. 34.
All these things spake Jesus unto the mul
titude in parables: and without a parable spake he not unto them. THIE customary method of our SERM.
Saviour's preaching to the cominon people, as the Evangelist reports, was by similitude or parable. In this respect his language was agrecable to the prophetic intimation given in the book of Psalms; I will
open my bles : I will utter things, which have been kept secret from the foundation of the world a. These words indeed in their original sense represent that stile of lan
mouth in para
SERM. guage, in' which the Psalmist was about
to treat of God's providential dealings under the economy of the Law: but as adopted on this occasion by the Evangelist, they with equal fitness of application represent that mode of speech, in which our holy teacher Jesus Christ was accustomed to discourse of God's more gracious dispensations under the economy of the Gospel. He chose the language of similitude to convey those doctrines of divine grace, emphatically stiled the mysteries of the kingdom of Heaten, which had hitherto been concealed from the knowledge of mankind since the creation of the universe.
Now this account implies, that his parables contain a fund of religious truth, important and beneficial in a high degree, yet not so plain and obvious, as to be fully comprehended without some patient and diligent research.
In order to facilitate and improve this research, I propose to treat upon the parables in a series of discourses. And that the way may be opened for a clearer investigation of parable, I shall employ my first discourse, to delineate its Characters, to display its Uses, and
to point out some principle of a right SERM. Interpretation.
I. I AM first to consider the characters of parable.
Now this appellation has a very comprehensive meaning in the Scriptures of the Old Testament:. being used in general to characterize the sacred poetry of the Hebrews; and being in particular applied to these three modes of speech, the sententious, the figurative, and the sublime b. But from the more appropriate usage of the Gospel the term is restricted to that kind of similitude, so common in the discourses of Jesus Christ, in which by natural and sensible images are represented moral and spiritual truths.
Now parable thus understood was a favourite vehicle of instruction among all nations from the remotest
of antiquity. It was adopted by the poets, the philosophers, and the orators both of Greece and Rome.
It was yet more copiously employed by the sages of the East. And while cultivated much among the Heathens, it was at least in
See Lowth's Prelections on the sacred Poetry of the Hebrews. Prelec. iv.