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Fal. Indeed, you come near me now, Hal. For we, that take purses, go by the moon and seven stars, and hot by Phæbus, he, that wandring knight fo fair. And I pray thee, sweet wag, when thou art King -as God save thy Grace (Majefty, I should say; for grace thou wilt have none.)

P. Henry. What! none ?

Fal. No, by my troth, not so much as will serve to be prologue to an egg and butter.

P. Henry. Well, how then? --come -roundly, roundly

· Fal. Marry, then, sweet wag, when thou art King, ? let not us that are squires of the night's body, be calld thieves of the day's booty. Let us be Diana's forester's, gentlemen of the shade, minions of the Moon; and let men say, we be men of good government, being governed as the Sea is, by our noble and chaste miltress the Moon, under whose countenance we_steal.

* P. Henry. Thou say'st well, and it holds well too; for the fortune of us, that are the Moon's men, doth ebb and low like the Sea; being govern’d as the Sea is, by the Moon. As for proof, now: a purse of gold most resolutely snatch'd on Monday night, and most dissolutely spent on Tuesday morning ; got with swearing, lay by; and spent with crying, bring

In former editions, chase of honest Labour and In2 Let not Us, that are Squires dustry by Day. TheoeALD. of the Night's body,' be calld 3 got with swearing, lay by ;] Thieves of the Day's Beauty. ) i. e. swearing at the passengers This conveys no manner of Idea they robbed, lay by your arms ; to me. How could they be or rather, lay by was a phrase called Thieves of the Day's that then signified fiand fill; ad. Beauty? They robbed by Moon- dressed to those who were preshine; they could not iteal the paring to rush forward. But fair Day-light. I have ventured the Oxford Editor kindly accomto substitute, Booty: and this I modates thele old thieves with a take to be the Meaning. Let new cant phrase, taken from Bagus not be called Thieves, che. Pur-shot-Heath or Finchly. Common, of loiners of that Booty, which, to LUC.OUT.

WARBURTON. the Psoprietors, was the Pur. 1 2

in :

in : now in as low an ebb as the foot of the ladder ; and by and by in as high a flow as the ridge of the gallows.

Fal By the lord, thou say'st true, lad : and is not mine Hostess of the tavern a most sweet wench ? P. Henry. As the honey of Hybla, my old lad of


4 As the Honey of Hybla, my Jodn Oldcastle is one of his Gang, Old Lad of the Castle.) Mr. Ravie and called Jockie: and Ned and took notice of a Tradition, that Gads hill are two other Com• chis Part of Falstaff was written rades. From this old imperoriginally under the Name of fect Sketch, I have a Suspicion, Oldcofile. An ingenious Cor. Shakespeare might form bis two respondent hints to me, that the Parts of Henry the IVth, and his Passage above quoted from our History of Henry V: and conseAuthor proves, what Mr. Rowe quently, 'tis not improbable, chat tells us was a Tradition. Old he might continue the mention Lad of the Cofile seems to have of Sir John Oldcaftle, till some a Reference to Oldcafile. Be. Descendants of that Family fides, if this had not been the moved Queen Elizabeth to comFact, why, in the Epilogue to mand him to change the Name. the Second Part of Henry IV.

THEOBALD. where our Author promifes to my old lad of the caflle ;] This continue his Story with Sir John alludes to the name Shakespeare in it, hould he say, Where, for first gave to this buffoon charac. any Thing I know, Falstaff jhall ter, which was Sir John Old. die of a Sweat, unless already he castle: And when he changed be killed with your hard Opinions: the name, he forgot to strike out for Oldcaille dy'd a Martyr, and this expression that alluded to it. this is not the Man. This looks The reason of the change was like declining a Point, that had this, one Sir Tobn Oldcalille have heen made an Objection to him. ing suffered in the time of Henry I'll give a farther Matter in Proof, V. for the opinions of Wicklife, which seems almost to fix the it gave offence ; and therefore Charge. I have read an old the Poet altered it to Falstaf, and Play, callcd, The famous Vi&to. endeavours to remove the scanries of Henry the Vth, contain. dal, in the Epilogue to the second ing the Honourable Battle of A- part of Henry IV. Fæller takes gincourt. The Action of this notice of this ma:ter in his Piece commences about the 14th Church Hiftory, - Stage-Poets Year of K. Henry IV th’s Reign, have themselves been very bold and ends with Henry the Vth with, and others very merry at, marrying Princess Catharine of the memory of Sir John Oldcaftle, France. The Scene opens with whom they have fancied a boon Prince Henry's Robberies. Sir companion, a jovial royster, and a the castle ; sand is not a buff-jerkin a most sweet robe of durance.


Fal. How now, how now, mad wag; what, in thy quips and thy quiddities? what a plague have I to do with a buff-jerkin?

P. Henry. Why, what a pos have I to do with my Hostess of the tavern?

Fal. Well, thou hast called her to a reckoning mary a time and oft,

P. Henry. Did I ever call thee to pay thy part?

Fal. No, I'll give thee thy due, thou hast paid all there.

P. Henry. Yea and elsewhere, so far as my coin would stretch; and where it would not, I have us'd my credit.

Fal. Yea, and so us'd it, that were it not here apparent, that thou art heir apparent- But, I pr'ythee, sweet wag, shall there be Gallows standing in England, when thou art King? and resolution thus fobb'd as it is, with the rusty curb of old father antick, the law? Do nor thou, when thou art a King, hang a thief,

P. Henry. No: thou shalt.

Fal. Shall ļ? O fare! By the Lord, I'll be a brave judge.

toward to boot. The best is, Sir learned physician, one of the John Falstaff hath relieved the founders of Caius College in memory of sir John Oldcaftle, and Cambridge. WARBURTON. of late is substituted buffoon in his 5 And is not a buff" jerkin a place. Buok 4. p. 165. But, to moft sweet robe of durance?) To be candid, I believe there was undertland the propriety of the no malice in the matter. Shake Prince's answer, it mult be respear wanted a droll name to his marked that the theriff's officers character, and never considered were formerly clad in buff. So that whom it belonged 10 : we have when Falftaff asks whether his hofa like instance in the Merry Wives tess is not a sweet wench, the Prince of Windsor, where he calls his asks in return, whether it will French Quack, Cnius, a name, not be a freret thing to go to prison at that time very respectable, by running in debt to this street as belonging to an eminent and wench.

I 3

P. Henry. P. Henry. Thou judgest false already: I'mean, thou shalt have the hanging of the thieves, and so become a rare hangman. i

Fal. Well, Hal, well; and in some sort it jumps with my humour, as well as waiting in the Court, I can tell you.

P. Henry. 'For obtaining of suits ?

Fal. Yea, for obtaining of suits; whereof the hangman hath no lean wardrobe. 'Sblood, I am as melancholy as a', or a lugg'd bear.

P. Henry. Or an old lion, or a lover's lute. :
Fal. Yea, or the drone of a Lincolnshire bagpij

P. Henry. What say'st thou to a Hare, or the smelancholy of Moor-ditch?

l'al. Thou hast the most unsavoury similies; and art, indeed, 'the most comparative, rascalliest, sweet young Prince-But, Ha!, I prythee trouble me no more with vanity; I would to God, thou and I knew where a cominodity of good names were to be bought: an old lord of the Council rated me the other day in the street about you, Sir; but I mark'd him not, and yet he talk'd very wisely, and in the Streer too. · P. Henry. Thou didst well; for wisdom cries out in the streets, and no man regards it. Fal. '0, thou hast damnable iteration, and art,


o For obtaining of suits.] Suit, after him, read, incomparative, froken of one that attends at I suppose for incomparable, or court, means a peiition; used with peerles, but comparative here respect to the hangman, means means quick at comparisons, or the cioaths of tho offender. fruitful in fimilics, and is properly

A Gib-cat means, I know not 'introduced. why, an old cat. .

"O, thou haft, &c.] For iteThe melancholy of Moor- ration Sir T. Hanmer and Dr. ditch I do not understand, unless Warburton read attraction, of it may allude to the croaking of which the meaning is certainly frogs.

more apparent: but an Editor is 9 The most comparative.] Sir not always to change what he T. Hanmer, and Dr. Warburton does not understand. In the last


indeed, able to corrupt a faint. Thou hast done much harm unto me, Hul, God forgive thee for it! Before I knew theé, Hal, I knew nothing; ad now am I, If a man should speak truth, little better than one of the wicked. I must give over this life, and I will give it over ; by the Jord, an I do not, I am a villain. I'll be damn'd for never a King's son in chiriItendon.

P. Henry. Where shall we take a purse to morrow, Fack?... on!;. ! : ..

Fal. Where thou wilt, lad, l’il make one; an I do not, call me villain and baffle me. -:P. Henry: I see a good amendment of life in thee, from praying to purse-taking. '

Ful. Wij, Hal, 'tis iny vocation, Hal. 'Tis, no

speech a text is very indecently all the Editors here, as any chro' and abusively applied, to which the whole Set of l'lays. Wit! Falsiafanswers, thou hoji dam- any one persuade me. Shakspeare nable iteration, or, a wicked trick. could be guilty of such an inof repeating and applying holy confiftcncy, as to make Pcins at texts. This I think is the mean- his firit entrance want News of ing...

Gads bill, and immediately after 2 In former editions: .. to be able to give a full Account

Fal. Wby, Hal, 'tis my Vaca. of him? ---No; Falial, fees tion, Hal. 'Tis no Sin for a Mon ing 'Pans at hand, törns the to labour in his vocation.

Strean of his Discoufe frein

the Prince, and lay's: Now all ! Enter Poins. ! . Poins. Now fall wek2:07, if fet a Match for Us; and thea Gads-hill have fet a moich.) Mr. immediately falls into Railing Pope has given us one signal Ob and Invectives against Poins, fervation in his Preface to our, Ilow acinirably is this iii ChaAuthor's Works. - I broughout his tacter for Folic#! And Poins, Ploys, says he, had all the Speech.' who knew well his abufive es teen printed without the very manner, seems in part to overNames of the Persons, I believe hear him: and so tuon as he has one with love plied them with ictúra'd the Piinie's Salutation, Certamiy to carry Specker. But cries, by way of Answer, What hove fallible the most sufficient lass Murifieur Remorie ? What Critick may be the Palage ili joy's Sir John Sack ant Sugar: ". Controverly' is a main initance:

· T'HÈOBALI). As fignal a Blunder has escaped . Mir. Ilbecbald has faltened mai


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