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And pretty traps to catch the petty thieves.
While that the armed hand doth fight abroad,
Th' advised head defends itself at home;
For Government, though high, and low, and lower, *
Put into parts, doth deep in one confent,
Congreeing in a full and natural close,
Like musick..

Cant. Therefore heav'n doth divide
The state of man in divers functions,"
Setting endeavour in continual mocion, 6
To which is fixed, as an aim or butt,
Obedience. For so work the honey Bees;
Creatures, that by a rule in nature teach
The art of order to a peopled kingdom.
They have a King, and officers of sort;
Where some, like magiftrates, correct at home,
Others, like merchants, venture trade abroad, ?

Others

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Thew, there is no real Necessity row'd from Cicero de Republica, for staying at home: he must lib. 2. Sic ex fummis, o metherefore mean, that tho' there diis, & infimnis interjectis Ordibe a seeming Necessity, yet it is nibus, ut fonis, moderatam reone that may be well excus'd and rione Civitatem, Consensu diffimis got over. WARBURTON. liorum concinere ; & quæ fiar

Neither the old readings normonia à Muficis dicitur in Cantua the emendation seem very fa eam effe in Civitate Concordiam. tisfactory. A cursed necefiry has

THEOBALD. no fenfe, a 'fcus'd necolicy is so 6 Setting endeavour in continual harsh that one would not admit motion, it, if any thing else can be found. To which is fixed, as an aim or A crosh'd neceffity may mean, a butt, neceffiry which is subdu'd and overa Obedience.) Neither the sense powered by contrary reasons. We nor the conttruction of this palmight read a crude necesity, a fage is very obvious. The conneceffity not complete, or not well ftruction is, endeavour as an considered and digelted, but it aim or butt to which endeavour, is tou harsh.

obedience is fixed. The sense is, Sir T. Hanmer reads,

that all endeavour is to termiYet that is not o'course a necessity. nate in obedience, to be fubor• For Government, though dinate to the publick good and

high, and low, and lower,] general design of government. The foundation and expression 7 Others, like merchants, VENof this Thought seems to be bor- TURE rrade abroad; What

Others, like soldiers, armed in their stings,
Make boot upon the summer's velvet buds, ?
Which pillage they with merty march bring home
To the tent-royal of their Emperor, s'insini
Who bufy'd in' his majesty, surveys . L*, !
The singing mason building roofs of gold,
The civil citizens kneading up the honey ;-&
The poor mechanick porters crowding ini .
Their heavy burdens at his narrow gate,
The sad-ey'd Justice with his surly hum,
Delivering oʻer to executors pale
The lazy yawning drone. I thus infer,
That many things, having full reference
To one consent, may work contrariously.
As many arrows, loosed several ways, :
Come to one mark; as many ways meet in one town;
As many fresh streams meet in one salt sea; ....
As many lines clofe in the dial's center; ' :
So may a thousand actions once a-foot, ' "..i',

. End

is the venturing trade? I am per. case. The honey being beaded suaded we should read and point up in separate and distinct cells it thus,

by a thin membrane of wax Others, like merchant-venture drawn over the mouth of each ers, trade abroad.

of them, to hinder the liquid WARBURTON. matter from running out. Jf the whole difficulty of this

WARBURTON. passage consist in the obscurity of To head the boney can hardly be the phrase lo venture trade, it right; for though we head the may be easily cleared. To ven- cak, no man talks of brading ture trade is a phrase of the same the commodities. To knead gives import and structure as to hazard an ealy sense, though not phyfi. battle. Nothing could have raised cally true. The bees do in fact an objection but the desire of knead the wax more than the being busy.

honey, but chat Shakespear per8 The civil Citizens KNEAD- haps did not know.

ing up the boney;] This 9 So may a thousand allions, may possibly be right; but I ra- ONCE a fool.] The speaker ther think that Shakespear wrote is endeavouring to fhew, that HEADING up the honey ; alluding the state is able to execute many to the putting up merchandise projected actions at once, and in casks. And this is in fa& the conduct them all to their com

' pletion,

ge;..

End in one purpose, and be all well borne i
Without defeat. Therefore to France, my L
Divide your happy England into four,
Whereof take you one quarter into France, .
And you withal shall make all Gallia shake,
If we, with thrice such powers left at home,
Cannot defend our own doors from the dog,
Let us be worried; and our Nacion lose
The name of hardiness and policy....
K. Henry. Call in the messengers, fent from the
Dauphin.

-
Now are we well resolv'd; and by God's help
And yours, the noble finews of our power,
France being ours, we'll berid it to our awe,
Or break it all to pieces. There we'll lit,
Ruling in large and ample empery,
O'er France, and all her almost kingly Dukedoms,
Or lay these bones in an unworthy urn,
Tombless, with no remembrance over them.
Either our History shall with full mouth
Speak freely of our acts; or else our grave,
Like Turkish mute, Mall have a tongueless mouth
Not worshipt with a waxen epitaph.

SC EN E III.

Enter Ambassadors of France. .
Now are we well prepar'd to know the pleasure
Of our fair cousin Dauphin ; for we hear,
Your greeting is from him, not from the King.

Ainb. May't please your Majesty to give us leave
Freely to render what we have in charge,
Or Shall we sparingly shew you far off

pletion, without impeding or together. WARBURTON. joftling one another in their Sir T. Hanmer is more kind course. Shakespeare, therefore, to this emendation by reading must have wrote, actions 't once akls at once. The change is not

foot, i, e, at once; or, on foot necessary, the old text may ftand.

The The Dauphin's meaning, and our embassy?

K. Henry. We are no tyrant, but a Christian King, Unto whole grace our passion is as subject, As are our wretches fetter'd in our prisons; Therefore, with frank and with uncurbed plainness, Tell us the Dauphin's mind.

Amb. Thus then, in few. .
Your Highness, lately sending into France,
Did claim some certain Dukedoms in the right
Of your great predecessor, Edward the third ;
In answer of which claim, the Prince our master
Says, that you savour too much of your youth,
And bids you be advis’d. There's nought in France,
That can be with a nimble gilliard won ;
You cannot revel into Dukedoms there.
He therefore sends you, meeter for your spirit,
This tun of treasure ; and in lieu of this,
Desires you, let the Dukedoms, that you' claim,
Hear no more of you. This the Dauphin speaks.

K. Henry. What treasure, uncle ?
Exe. Tennis-balls, my Liege.
K. Henry. We're glad, the Dauphin is so pleasant

with us.
His present, and your pains, we thank you for
When we have match'd our rackets to these balls,
We will in France, by God's grace, play a set,
Shall ítrike his father's Crown into the hazard.
Tell him, h'ath made a match with such a wrangler,
That all the Courts of France will be disturb'd
With * chaces. And we understand him well,
How he comes o’er us with our wilder days;
Not measuring, what use we made of them.
We never valu'd this poor seat of England,
And therefore, living hence, 1 did give ourself

Chace is a term at tennis. valued England, and therefore 1 And therefore, living hence, lived bence, i. e. as if abfent from

- ] This expression has it. But the Oxford Editor alters strength and energy: He never bence to here. WARBURTON,

To

To barb'rous licence; as 'tis ever common,
That men are merriest, when they are from home.
But tell the Dauphin, I will keep my State,
Be like a King, and shew, my sail of Greatness
When I do rouze me in my throne of France.
* For that I have laid by my Majesty,
And plodded like a man for working days;
But I will rise there with fo full a glory,
That I will dazzle all the eyes of France,
Yea, strike the Dauphin blind to look on us.
And tell the pleasant Prince, this mock of his
Hath turn'd his balls to gun-stones; and his soul
Shall stand fore charged for the wasteful vengeance,
That shall fly with them. Many thousand widows
Shall this his Mock mock out of their dear husbands,
Mock mothers from their sons, mock castles down;
And some are yet ungotten and unborn,
That shall have cause to curse the Dauphin's scorn..
But this lies all within the will of God,
To whom I do appeal; and in whose name,
Tell you the Dauphin, I am coming on
To 'venge' me as I may; and to put forth
My rightful hand in a well-hallow'd cause.
So get you hence in peace ; and tell the Dauphin,"
His jest will favour but of shallow wit,
When thousands weep, more than did laugh at it. ..
Convey them with safe conduct ---Fare ye well.

(Exeunt Ambassadors. Exe. This was a merry message.

K. Henry. We hope to make the sender blush at it. Therefore, my Lords, omit no happy hour, That may give furth'rance to our expedition; For we have now no thoughts in us but France, Save those to God, that run before our business.

* For that I have laid by, &c.] + His balls to gun.ftones.] When To qualify myself for this under ordnance was firit used, they dis, taking, I have descended from my charged balls not of iron but of Aation, and studied the arts of store, life in a lower character.

There,

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