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MARY MAGDALENE. This remarkable convert was a native either of Magdala, a town in Galilee, on the other side of Jordan, or Magdalos, a town situated at the foot of Mount Carmel, and had her surname from the place of her birth. Some affirm, that she was the sinner mentioned by St. Luke, ch. vii. 37, &c. but this opinion is built only on conjecture. Both St. Matthew and St. Mark tell us, that Jesus had cast out of her seven devils; which some understand in a literal, and others in a figurative sense.
Mary became, however a constant attendant on the blessed Jesus, after he had removed her plague. She followed him to Mount Calvary, continued amidst the Roman guards at the foot of the cross, with the holy virgin, and saw his precious body laid in the tomb; after which she returned to Jerusalem, in order, after the Sabbath, to embalm her Lord.
She also carried the welcome tidings to Peter and John, and our blessed Lord himself appeared to her first after his resurrection. The apostles, however, did not believe her report, till it was confirmed by others, and they themselves had seen their Saviour. After this event, she is not mentioned in sacred writ.
MARY, THE SISTER OF LAZARUS. Mary, the sister of Lazarus, with her sister Martha, lived with their brother at Bethany, a village near Jerusalem. Our dear Redeemer had a particular affection for this family, and often retired to their house with his disciples. One day (and perhaps the first time that Jesus went thither) Martha received him with
remarkable affection, and took abundance of pains in providing a proper entertainment for him ; but Mary her sister continued sitting at her Saviour's feet, listening to his words with peculiar attention. This Martha considered as an instance of disrespect, and therefore said to Jesus, Lord, dost thou not care that my sister hath left me to serve thee alone? Bid her, therefore, that she help me. But our Lord justified Mary, by telling her sister; that she had chosen the better part, which she should never be deprived of.
Lazarus their brother, some time after this, fell sick, and his sisters sent to acquaint Jesus of the misfortune; but he did not arrive at Bethany till after Lazarus was dead. Martha hearing Jesus was come into the neighbourhood, went to him, and told him, that if he had not been absent her brother had been still alive. Jesus promised her, that her brother should rise again: to which Martha answered, I know that he shall rise again at the last day. Jesus replied, I am the resurrection and the life : he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live ; and whosoever liveth and believeth in me, shall never die, believest thou this? Martha answered, Yea Lord : I believe that thou art the Christ, the Son of God, which should come into the world. Having said this, she departed, and gave her sister notice privately, that Jesus was come. Mary, as soon as she heard the welcome tidings, arose and went to Jesus: and, as Martha, had done before her, said, Lord, if thou hadst been here, my brother had not died. The blessed Jesus was greatly moved at the pathetic complaints of these worthy sisters, and on asking where they had buried him, they conducted him to the sepulchre. On his arrival at the place where the body of Lazarus was deposited, the great Redeemer of mankind groaned deeply in his spirit; he wept, he prayed to his Father, and then cried with a loud voice, Lazarus, come forth. The dead obeyed the voice of the Son of God; Lazarus immediately revived, and Jesus restored him to his sisters.
During the supper at Bethany, Mary, to express her gratitude to Jesus, took a pound of spikenard, a very precious perfume, and poured it on the head and feet of Jesus, wiping his feet with the hair of her head : and the whole house was filled with the odour of the ointment. Judas Iscariot was highly offended at this generous action ; but his Master vindicated Mary and told him, that by this she had performed an act preparatory to his embalment, signifying, that his death and burial were not far off. This is the last account of her in Scripture.
MARY OF CLEOPAS.
ST. JEROM says, that Mary had the name of Cleopas, on account of her father, her family, or some other reason not known. Others believe, with greater probability, that she was wife of Cleopas, and mother of St. James the Less, However, she was present at the last passover, just before the death of our Saviour; she followed him to Mount Calvary: and, during his pas. sion, she was, together with the virgin, at the foot of his cross: she was also present at his burial, and on the Friday before had prepared the perfumes for embalming him.
year when Mary the wife of Cleopas died is not known; but the Greeks keep the eighth of April in memory of the holy women who brought perfumes to embalm the body of Christ, and pretend to have their bodies at Constantinople in a church of the holy virgin, built by Justin II.
MARY SALOME, AN HEBREW CONVERT. THIS holy woman was the daughter of Mary of Cleopas, mentioned in the preceding article and the sister of St. James the Less, and others, who are in Scripture called the brethren of our Lord : she was cousin-german to the blessed Jesus, according to the flesh, and niece to the blessed virgin Mary. Her proper name was Salome and was improperly called Mary, which was the name of her mother; she was the wife of Zebedee, and mother of St. James the Great, and St. John the evangelist : she was also one of these pious women that used to attend upon our blessed Saviour in his journeys, and to minister to him. It was she that requested Jesus to place her two sons, James and John, the one on his right-hand and the other on his left in his kingdom.
Salome followed our Saviour to Calvary, and did not forsake him even at the cross: she was also one of the holy women who brought perfumes to embalm him, and for that purpose came early on the Sunday morn. ing to the sepulchre.
TROPHIMUS, A GENTILE CONVERT. TROPHIMUS was a disciple of St. Paul, aGentile by religion, and an Ephesian by birth. After Paul had converted him, he constantly adhered to him nor did he quit him ever after. He came with the apostle from Ephesus to Corinth, and kept him company in his whole journey from Corinth to Jerusalem, in the year of our Lord fifty-eight. The Greeks keep the fourteenth of April in honour of Trophimus; and say he was beheaded by the command of Nero, together with St. Paul. Ilis festival is observed on the twenty-ninth day of December by those of Arles.
TYCHICUS, A GENTILE CONVERT. TYCHICUS was also a disciple of St. Paul, whom that apostle had often made use of for carrying his letters to the several churches. He was of the province of Asia, and accompanied St. Paul, when in the year fifty-eight, he made his journey from Corinth to Jeru. salem. He carried the epistle to the Colosians written in the year sixty-one; and that to the Ephesians written in sixty-five, and the first to Timothy, written in sixtyfour:
The Greeks celebrate the festival of Tychicus on the eighth or ninth of December, and give him the title of one of the seventy disciples, and bishop of Colophon, in the province of Asia. Other martyrologists mark his festival on the nineteenth of April.
TERTIUS, A GENTILE CONVERT. TE
ERTIUS, called also Tirentius, was the amanuensis or scribe of St. Paul, when he wrote his epistle to the Romans in the year of Christ fifty-eight, as appears in the sixteenth chapter, I Tertius, who wrote this epistle, salute you in the Lord. The Greeks keep his festival on the tenth of November and give him great commen. dations: and they make him successor to Sosipater in the bishoprick of Iconium, in Asia.
LINUS, A GENTILE CONVERT. LINUS was one of St. Paul's disciples, who mentions him in the first chapter of his second epistle to Timothy, “Linus and Claudia, and all the brethren greet ye." St. Irenæus, Eusebius, Optatus, Epiphanius, St. Jerom, and Theodoret, affirm, that Linus succeeded im.