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Matthew. Carpenter remarks that it is “ peculiarly idiomatic, and sometimes abrupt in its construction. His Gospel displays much less of literary culture than that of Luke, and much less of general talent for composition than that of Matthew. The inartificial character of this Gospel, and the resources which the evangelist had for composing it, render it very
valuable as an additional record, and especially in relating those details which strengthen the feeling of reality.” Mark's order of events corresponds nearly to that of Matthew, and there are but few passages to which parallels may not be found in the other Gospels.
Written, as has always been supposed, and as the early Fathers unanimously testified, under the coöperation of Peter, this Gospel has ever been received as of the highest authority. Thus, from four different regions, and most celebrated countries of the ancient world, we have received the four histories of Jesus Christ, — Matthew writing from Judea, Mark from Rome, Luke from Greece, and John from Asia Minor, as if every quarter of the known world was to bear its part in rehearsing the life of Him whose kingdom was to surmount all territorial limits, and fill the whole earth, as 6 the waters cover the sea."
The last few verses of this Gospel, chap. xvi. 9-20, have been regarded as spurious by some distinguished critics, but they are found in almost all of the ancient authorities.
GOSPEL ACCORDING TO MARK.
CHAPTER I. The Introduction of the Ministries of John the Baptist and Jesus. The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God; 2 as it is written in the prophets, Behold, I send my messen
ger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee; 3 the voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way 4 of the Lord, make his paths straight. John did baptize in the
wilderness, and preach the baptism of repentance, for the remis5 sion of sins. And there went out unto him all the land of Judea,
and they of Jerusalem, and were all baptized of him in the river 6 of Jordan, confessing their sins. And John was clothed with
camel's hair, and with a girdle of a skin about his loins; and 7 he did eat locusts and wild honey; and preached, saying,
There cometh one mightier than I after me, the latchet of whose 8 shoes I am not worthy to stoop down and unloose. I indeed have baptized you with water : but he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost.
1. This verse constitutes an in- to the connexion; for the quotations scription or title to the book, such are from the prophets Mal. iii. 1, and as authors are accustomed to prefix Is. xl. 3. - Behold, I send. Note on to their works. Hos. i. 2. Gospel Mat. xi. 10. — The baptism of resignifies good news. It was joyful pentance, for the remission of sins. tidings to the Jews that their Mes- He preached reformation, a token of siah had come, and to the Gentiles which was baptism, and a consethat a Saviour had been sent from the quence of which was forgiveness, or God of love. - Jesus Christ, the Son remission of sins. Both the Jewish of God. The evangelist puts for- and Christian dispensations, and John ward, at the introduction of his the Baptist, the connecting link behistory, the highest claim upon the tween them, assure us of the divine attention of the reader, by asserting pardon, when we have repented of that the being whose life he records and forsaken our sins. What a mowas the Son of God. On the defi- tive to penitence and reformation ! nitions of Jesus and Christ, see Mat. - In the river of Jordan. Mark, i. 1.
writing for those who were not ac2-6. See notes on Mat. iii
. 1-5. quainted with the geography of Ju- In the prophets. Griesbach, with dea, specifies that Jordan was many other critics, substitutes, on the river. authority of the most ancient man 7, 8. Compare Mat. iii. 11.– The uscripts and versions, the reading latchet of whose shoes. Carpenter Esaias the prophet. The received renders, the thong of whose sandals ; text is, however, more conformable for they are commonly worn in the
And it came to pass in those days, that Jesus came from 9 Nazareth of Galilee, and was baptized of John in Jordan. And straightway coming up out of the water, he saw the 10 heavens opened, and the Spirit like a dove descending upon him. And there came a voice from heaven, saying, Thou art 11 my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.
And immediately the Spirit driveth him into the wilderness. 12 And he was there in the wilderness forty days, tempted of 13 Satan; and was with the wild beasts; 'and the angels ministered unto him.
Now, after that John was put in prison, Jesus came into Galilee, 14 preaching the gospel of the kingdom of God, and saying, The 15 time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand: repent ye, and believe the gospel. -Now as he walked by the Sea of Gal- 16 ilee, he saw Simon, and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea: for they were fishers. And Jesus said unto them, Come 17 ye after me, and I will make you to become fishers of men. And 18 straightway they forsook their nets, and followed him. And 19 when he had gone a little farther thence, he saw James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, who also were in the ship mending their nets. And straightway he called them: and they 20
East. The sense is couched in fig- and destiny. – Was with the wild ures; as if he had said, “ I am not beasts. An intimation, that he was worthy to perform the most menial far in the uncultivated and wild service for the Coming One, he is so region. much my superior."
14 - 20. See Mat. iv. 12 - 22, and 9-11. See notes, Mat. iii. 13 – the notes. -John was put in prison. 17.— Straightway. It is remarked Notes on Mat. xiv.3 - 12. — Preachby critics, that Mark uses this word ing. Proclaiming. Haynes pertiin the original about forty times in nently asks, “ Did any of the great his Gospel, which is as many as in philosophers attempt the like glorious all the rest of the New Testament. embassy to mankind ?" The time is Peculiarities like this are interest- fulfilled, i. e. for the coming of the ing to trace, as individualizing the Messiah. — Believe the gospel. Trust writer.
in, welcome these glad tidings. — 12, 13. See notes, Mat. iv. 1-11, Forsook their nets, and followed him. in which it is maintained that the “ And now what a change, like the temptations of Jesus were similar to change of a dream, or of enchantours; that they were chiefly inward; ment, has passed over their lives, that appetite, vanity, and ambition, dividing what was from what was tó sought to convert his divine gifts be! It was long before they theminto instruments of selfishness, and selves were aware how entire and make him forget his high calling how stupendous it was. In a few
left their father Zebedee in the ship with the hired servants, and
went after him. 21 And they went into Capernaum; and straightway on the 22 Sabbath day he entered into the synagogue, and taught. And
they were astonished at his doctrine: for he taught them as one 23 that had authority, and not as the scribes. And there was in
their synagogue a man with an unclean spirit; and he cried out, 24 saying, Let us alone; what have we to do with thee, thou Jesus
of Nazareth ? art thou come to destroy us? I know thee who 25 thou art, the Holy One of God. And Jesus rebuked him, say26 ing, Hold thy peace, and come out of him. And when the un
clean spirit had torn him, and cried with a loud voice, he came 27 out of him. And they were all amazed, insomuch that they
questioned among themselves, saying, What thing is this? what
new doctrine is this? for with authority commandeth he even 28 the unclean spirits, and they do obey him. And immediately
years, they are to be the principal One of God, i. e, the Prophet or Mesactors in the most extraordinary siah. events of recorded time. - A few 26. Torn him. As the disease years more, and the fame and the left him, he was thrown into violent doctrine of these fishermen have spasms, such as accompany that disgone out into all lands."
order. 21 - 28. Parallel to Luke iy. 31 27. What thing is this? We may
see here the use of miracles in one 21. Capernaum. A town on the respect. They arrested attention, west shore of the Lake of Galilee, they stimulated curiosity, they made where Jesus lived after he left Naza- the senses instruments of good to the reth. — Taught. It was customary soul. The people beheld in one, to invite persons, particularly stran- who could cure the most inveterate gers, who attended at the synagogue, disorders, a being whose words were to address or exhort the people. Acts to be listened to with the most proxiii. 15.
found interest. The proofs of Jesus' 22. Taught them as one that had miraculous power were indubitable. authority. See note on Mat. vii. 29. He did not choose objects upon which
23, . A man with an unclean to exert it, but cured whoever was spirit. See note on Mat. iv. 24. The brought. He restored all without Jews attributed sickness and insanity exception, and was never defeated. to possession by evil spirits. This His cures were at the same time appears to have been a case of epi- sudden and perfect, and extended to lepsy, if we may judge from the con every kind of disorder. vulsions into which he was thrown, formed his wonders in broad day, in ver. 26; Luke iv. 34.- Let us alone. the presence of multitudes, under By some construed as an interjection, every variety of place and circumah!- Art thou come to destroy us ? stance. Well might the spectators See on Mat. viii. 29. — The Holy be amazed! The impulses communi
his fame spread abroad throughout all the region round about Galilee.
And forthwith, when they were come out of the synagogue, 29 they entered into the house of Simon and Andrew, with James and John. But Simon's wife's mother lay sick of a fever; and 30 anon they tell him of her. And he came and took her by the 31 hand, and lifted her up; and immediately the fever left her, and she ministered unto them. And at even, when the sun did 32 set, they brought unto him all that were diseased, and them that were possessed with devils. And all the city was gathered to- 33 gether at the door. And he healed many that were sick of 34 divers diseases, and cast out many devils; and suffered not the devils to speak, because they knew him. And in the morn- 35 ing, rising up a great while before day, he went out and departed into a solitary place, and there prayed. And Simon, 36 and they that were with him, followed after him. And when 37 they had found him, they said unto him, All men seek for thee. And he said unto them, Let us go into the next towns, that I 38 may preach there also: for therefore came I forth. And he 39
cated to them have never ceased to his Messiahship to be proclaimed.
35-38. Departed into a solitary 29-34. See on Mat. viii. 14-17. place, and there prayed. Luke iv. 42, 32. At even, when the sun did set. 43. We have a glimpse here into Was set. It was the Sabbath, verse the more retired hours of our blessed 21. The Jewish day ended at sunset, Saviour, when the crowds had withand accordingly after that hour, they drawn, and diseases no longer vanwould not be guilty of violating ished at his touch. While his habits the Sabbath by bringing the sick. of private devotion reveal to us the Devils, in this connexion, should al- lustre of his piety, they indirectly ways be rendered demons. No Jew recommend to us the imitation of his supposed any one was possessed with delightful example. If his pure spirit devils, in our sense of that word, but required prayer, and thirsted for comwith demons, the spirits of bad men- munion with God, can it be viewed a superstition which corresponds to as any thing short of folly or madness the belief in witchcraft and ghosts in us, so imperfect and sinful as we of modern times.
are, to reject the high exercises of 34. To speak, because they knew devotion, and never, or but rarely, him. Margin reads, to say that they address our Father in heaven? knew him. It was not yet time for For therefore came I forth. The object