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thee to have her. Luke xiii. 32. tell that for. John vii.7. me it hateth, because I testify of it that the works thereof are evil. xviii. 37. to this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness to the truth. Acts xiii. 10. O full of all subtilly, &c. xix. 8, 9. he went into the synagogue, and spake boldly for the space of three months, disputing, &c. xxiii. 3. thou whited wall. Eph. vi. 20. that therein I may speak boldly, as I ought to speak. Tit. i. 12. the Cretians are alway liars.
Opposed to this is timidity in speaking the truth. 1 Sam. iii. 15. Samuel feared to show Eli the vision.
The spirit of admonition is that by which we freely warn sinners of their danger, without respect of persons. Gen. xxxvii. 2. Joseph brought unto his father their evil report. Levit. v. 1. if a soul sin...... if he do not utter it, then he shall bear his iniquity. xix. 17. thou shalt not hate thy brother in thine heart; thou shalt in anywise rebuke thy neighbour, and not suffer sin upon him. Psal. cxli. 5. let the righteous smite me, it shall be a kindness. Prov. vi. 23. reproofs of instruction are the way of life. x. 17. he that refuseth reproof erreth. xii. 1. he that hateth reproof is brutish. xiii. 18. he that regardeth reproof shall be honoured. xv. 5. he that regardeth r is prudent. v. 10. he that hateth reproof shall die. v. 32. he that refuseth instruction despiseth his own soul. xvii. 10. a reproof entereth more into a wise man, than an hundred stripes into a fool. xxiv. 25. to them that rebuke him shall be delight. xxv. 12. as an ear-ring of gold, and an ornament of fine gold, so is a wise reprover upon an obedient ear. xxvii. 6. faithful are the wounds of a friend. xxviii. 23. he that rebuketh a man afterward shall find more favour—. xxix. 1. he that being often reproved hardeneth his neck—. Eccles. vii. 5. it is better to hear the rebuke of the wise, than—. Matt. xvi. 23. get thee behind me, Satan. John iii. 19. men loved darkness rather than light. I Cor. i. 11. it hath been declared unto me of you, my brethren, by them which are of the house of Chloe, &c. 2 Cor. vii. 8. though I made you sorry with a letter, I do not repent, &c. Heb. iii. 13. eahort one another daily, while it is called to-day. James v. 19, 20. if any of you do err from the truth, and one convert him—. Admonition however is not to be thrown away on the scornful and obstinate. Psal. lviii. 4, 5, they are like the deaf adder which stoppeth her ear, which will not hearken to the voice of charmers. Prov. ix. 7, 8. he that reproveth a scorner getteth to himself shame...... reprove not a scorner. xiii. 1. a scorner heareth not rebuke. xxvi. 4. answer not a fool according to his folly. xxix. 9. if a wise man contendeth with a foolish man, whether he rage or laugh, there is no rest. 2 Chron. xxv. 16. then the prophet forbare—.
CHA P. XIV.
THE SEcond CLAss of special DUTIEs TowARDs our NEIGHBour
The virtues by which we promote the worldLY INTERESTs of our NEIGHBour, are integrity and beneficence.
INTEGRITY consists in refraining from the property of others, which is also called abstinence; and in honesty and uprightness as regards our dealings with our neighbour, which is called commutative
justice. Psal. xv. 2. he that walketh uprightly, and worketh righteotzoness.
ABSTINENCE is exemplified in Moses, Numb. xvi. 15. I have not taken one ass from them, neither have I hurt one of them; and in Samuel, 1 Sam. xii. 3. whose or have I taken 2 On this subject laws
are given Deut. xxiii. 24, 25, when thou comest into thy neighbour's vineyard, &c.
The opposites to this are, first, theft. Exod. xx. 15, thou shalt not steal. See also Levit. xix. 11. Prov. xxix. 24. whoso is partner with a thief hateth his own soul. xxii. 28. remove not the ancient land-mark. See also xxiii. 10. This was the crime of Judas Iscariot, John xii. 6. Eph. iv. 28. let him that stole steal no more, but rather let him labour. Laws against theft are given Exod. xxii. Prov. vi. 30. men do not despise a thief, if he steal to satisfy his soul when he is hungry. xxviii. 24. whoso robbeth his father or mother, &c. Zech. v. 3, every one that stealeth shall be cut off-.
Secondly, fraud. Levit. xix. 11. ye shall not deal falsely one to another. Under the law, fraud could not be expiated unless restitution were previously made. Levit. vi. 5, &c. he shall even restore it in the principal...... and he shall bring his trespass offering unto Jehovah. Prov. xxi. 6. the getting of treasures by a lying tongue is a vanity—. 1 Thess. iv. 6. that no man go beyond or defraud his brother in any matter.
Thirdly, oppression and robbery. Job v. 15. he saveth the poor jrom the hand of the mighty. xx. 18, 19. because he hath oppressed and hath forsaken the poor—. Prov. xiv. 31. he that oppresseth the poor reproacheth his neighbour. xxii. 22, 23. rob not the poor, &c. xxx. 14. there is a generation whose teeth are as swords. Eccles. v. 8. if thou seest the oppression of the poor, &c. vii. 7. surely oppression maketh a wise man mad. Isai. iii. 14. the spoil of the poor is in your houses. v. 7, 8, woe unto them that join house to house, &c. Jer. ii. 34. in thy skirts is found the blood of the souls of the poor innocents. xxii. 13, &c. woe unto him that buildeth his house by unrighteousness—. Neh. v. 8. we after our ability have redeemed our brethren—. Amos iv. 1. hear this word, ye kine of Bashan, which oppress the poor—. v. 11. forasmuch therefore as your treading is upon the poor—. viii. 4, 5, &c. hear this, O ye that swallow up the needy, even to make the poor of the land to fail—. Micah ii. 1, 2. they covet fields, and take them by violence. iii. 2, 3, who pluck the skin off from them—.
Fourthly, injury. Exod. xxi. 33. if an or or an ass fall therein—. v. 35, 36. if one man's or hurt another’s ...... or if it be known that the or hath used to push in times past, &c. xxii. 5, 6. if a man shall cause a field or vineyard to be eaten, &c.
Fifthly, man-stealing. Exod. xxi. 16. he that stealeth a man, or selleth him, or if he be found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death. Deut.
xxiv. 7. if a man be found stealing any of his brethren, &c. 1 Tim. i. 10. men-stealers.
Under comMUTATIVE JUSTICE are included all transactions of purchase and sale, of letting and hire, of lending and borrowing, of keeping and restoring deposits.
Transactions of sale and purchase. Levit. xix. 36. just balances, just weights—. xxv. 14. if thou sell ought unto thy neighbour, or buyest ought of thy neighbour's hand, ye shall not oppress one another. Prov. xvi. 11. a just weight and balance are Jehovah's ; all the weights of the bag are his work.
To justice in matters of sale and purchase, are opposed various frauds. Prov. xi. 26. he that withholdeth corn, the people shall curse him. Ezek. xxviii. 16. by the multitude of thy merchandise they have filled the midst of thee with violence—. So also when counterfeit or adulterated goods are sold for genuine. Amos viii. 6. that we may sell the refuse of the wheat. Or when false weights and measures are employed. Levit. xix. 35. ye shall do no unrighteousness in judgement, in meteyard, in weight, or in measure. Deut. xxv. 13–15. thou shalt not have in thy bag divers weights, a great and a small—. Prov. xi. 1. a false balance is abomination to Jehovah. xx. 10. divers weights and divers measures, both of them are alike abomination to Jehovah. See also v. 23. Hos. xii. 7. he is a merchant, the balances of deceit are in his hand. Amos viii. 5. making the ephah small. Micah vi. 11. shall I count them pure with the wicked balances 2 Or when the buyer, on his part, uses dishonest artifices in the conclusion of a bargain. Prov. xx. 14. it is naught, it is naught, saith the buyer.
Transactions of letting or hire. Levit. xix. 13. the wages of him that is hired shall not abide with thee all night until the morning. Exod. xxii. 15. if it be an hired thing, it came for his hire. Deut. xxiv. 14, 15. thou shalt not oppress an hired servant that is poor and needy, whether