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words, and asked me whether I could not supply him with a Bible, or at least with a Pentateuch, and, indeed, if I had had a large quantity of the Scriptures, I could have disposed of them at that season. That young man appeared to me of a candid, open, and teachable mind, and although he is now removed from my immediate influence, I trust that the words I have spoken to him will not be in vain, but that he may be urged on by the tracts which I have put in his hands, to read and search, and be directed to Him of whom Moses and the Prophets did write.

Besides these cases, I have, in other instances, where I had not the opportunity of regular conversation and intercourse, handed tracts, which were received, and,

I hope, read by many. The distribution of tracts under such circumstances is, I consider, already a great advantage; for during the bustle and restless activity of a fair, the minds of the people (at least, a large portion of them) are too much engrossed by their concerns, to be disposed to enter into long conversation with a Missionary. So let us hope, that like the sower, who deposits the single grain into the soil, and has, by-and-bye, the joy of seeing the same multiply into a hundred, and sixty, and thirty fold, so will also those silent tracts, in those cases where only such have been given, strike deep root in the hearts of their readers, and bring forth fruits meet for repentance.


From Rev. P. E. GOTTHEIL: Immediately after dispatching my last letter, I received a visit from a young Jew, whose simple yet touching story was well adapted to engage my heart's interest in his behalf. It appears that he was left early an orphan, and thrown on his own resources to find means of subsistence, and to pick up such scanty morsels of information as chance might throw in his way. In 1848, there being a press for recruits, he was given up to the army, by his native community, as the best means of getting rid of the duty and expense of maintaining him. But he had no inclinations for the "trade of war," and therefore took his furlough, as soon as he could obtain it, with a view of procuring eventually his entire release. Ever since, he has been a poor lonely wanderer, in search of rest and peace, which he has not yet found. Of late he has been much touched with the evidences of vital piety and love which he has met with among Christians; and this has been one of the means of drawing his heart to Christ. His affectionate heart has, as it were, responded in a fellow-feeling of love, and this has made the Saviour attractive to him. He has determined, by the grace of God, to devote himself to Christ. We have spent a happy time together, and I trust not without a blessing. He has left me for the present, in order to put his affairs at home in due order, and obtain a final release from his military obligations, as I urged him, in the first instance, to attend to these things, which as yet were binding on him. I thought it right to do so, to teach him the impor tance of conscientiousness. Since leaving he has written me several affectionate

letters, which enabled me to see that my labour had not been in vain. I hope to see him again ere long, and to commence a regular course of instruction with him. He is willing to be bound apprentice to a shoemaker. I pray God to guide this lone and poor wanderer into the paths of salvation.

I have also had the gratification of receiving information with regard to a young man, a member of a distinguished and wealthy Jewish family residing in this kingdom, who seems to have found Christ, and fixed his attention on things above, where Christ sitteth at the right hand of the Father. He derives pleasure from the preaching of the Gospel, and joins us in religious services whenever he can do so without being observed, as he is anxious not to grieve his aged parent. May he receive strength to forget all, for the sake of the One in whom all is given to him in this life and in the life to come! I am not at liberty, at present, to say more on the subject of this young man, but ask your prayers on behalf of these two brethren, that they may become children of God, and heirs of the promises through Christ their Lord and Saviour.

I have very encouraging letters from dear brother Craig, of Hamburg, who is indeed a faithful workman in the cause of his divine Master. His patient labours, in the midst of almost utter barrenness surrounding him, is quite an example for us to follow. His labours are equally directed to Jews and Gentiles, very justly considering every human soul in need of the one Saviour who has come to save all that are lost.


Mr. LowITZ thus writes:

I am thankful to say that since I last wrote to you I have been more than usually engaged in my work, in consequence of the feast Purim, which the Jews here celebrated last month; and as it is customary among them to give alms liberally on that occasion, many poor Jews from Barbary came over to receive them. I had therefore the opportunity to preach the Gospel to many of them. Some whom I had previously known came often to my house during their stay here-two respectable rabbis in particular, with whom I had met and conversed some three years ago, now renewed our former acquaintance and arguments on the subject of Christianity, of which I was very glad to see them entertain a more favourable opinion than they had then. Last Lord's-day they were induced by me to attend Divine service at the Wesleyan chapel, and they were not a little pleased and satisfied with the simplicity and decorum of our Christian mode of worship, in contrast to that of the synagogue, so noisome and ostentatious, and, alas! an unmeaning service to the majority of worshippers. Our Lord's words, "God is a Spirit," &c., were fully appreciated by these two rabbis. I spent with them the afternoon of the same day in searching the Scriptures, to verify the glorious fact that Jesus of Nazareth is the promised Messiah. I gave to each a New Testament and tracts. They are about to leave Gibraltar, and purpose to go to Europe. There is likewise a Jewish family from the Holy Land, who were shipwrecked on the coast of Africa. They made their way to this place, and were directed to me for assistance and advice. Of course I did what I could for them, and pointed out to them the Saviour-the Man of compassion, the Friend of the poor. It appears to me that their being so mercifully delivered from a watery grave has produced in them a deep sense of Jehovah's goodness, and an anxious desire to know Him, whom to know is life eternal. The father, Sr. N-, and the grandfather, Rabbi Aalso of this family, come daily to my house to examine the prophets and to read the New Testament. It is their intention to go to England as soon as they can get a passage thither. With regard to my two inquirers, of whom I often spoke to you, they have made up their minds to go to England, and to make a public profession of their faith there, and where I hope they will meet with Christian sympathy and example to confirm them in their belief.

I informed you some time ago of my intention to visit Algeria, and so I left Gibraltar on the 9th ult., and reached Oran on the 11th. I was obliged to put up for a few days in the hotel till I was accommodated with comfortable lodgings in the house of the Rev. Paul Lanne, the French Protestant pastor, a truly good man, which made it agreeable to myself and advantageous for my work. I was very glad to find that many Jews with whom I had intercourse since my arrival manifested a deal of cordiality towards me, and to all appearance a great desire to converse on the grand difference between Jews and Christians, both in private and in public. I look upon that as a good omen, and the effect of my having preached the Gospel to them once before. I moreover visited Hemeen, a large town in the interior, inhabited by a great many Jews, where I was likewise very much encouraged by the reception the preaching of the Gospel met amongst them. I may observe that Christianity is beginning to be better known and understood by the Jews as well as by Mahommedans in this country, and is finding its place in the hearts of some here. I am in hopes that it will ere long take root, and spring up to the praise and glory of the Redeemer. I mean to visit very shortly Mustaghanem, where there are a considerable number of Jews; from thence I shall most likely embark for Algiers, the capital.

We are glad to make the following additions, extracted from a letter just received:

I visited several of the Jewish synagogues at different times during the hours of prayer, and succeeded in engaging in conversation with some of the leading men at the end of the service, after which I distributed tracts among them, as many as I could; but in one of them especially I was permitted to declare fully my message, and to testify for the Lord Jesus Christ. It bappened in the following manner: as I was passing that synagogue, I heard a great noise proceeding from it, and on my entering I found some of the Jews engaged in a very hot dispute with their rabbi; listening for a short time in astonishment, I perceived they were quarrelling about the buying and selling of portions of the law, as they are in the habit of doing on Saturdays, when they read the Pentateuch, which is divided into as many portions as there are Sabbaths in the year, and each portion

into as many sections as there are days in the week; and when the sacred scroll is taken out from the ark, these sections are held up for sale by auction, and the highest bidders have the privilege of being called up to the sefar, and of standing by whilst the portion he bought is being read in his hearing by the chanter of the synagogue. The dispute in that place was, that these sections were sold at a very low price during the feast-days, and therefore at a great loss to the poor, who are supposed to be benefited by the money thus realised. I desired to speak to the rabbi, whom I asked whether this place was a synagogue; and he answered me in the affirmative. I then told him that such a proceeding in a place of worship was very unbecoming. The whole party appeared ashamed of themselves, and were not a little surprised at my presumption; they admitted, however, that it was not right to behave in this manner in such a place and, since a profound silence ensued, I was encouraged to speak to them of the things pertaining to their everlasting peace. In the meanwhile a great many Jews from other synagogues collected themselves, and the place became crowded to excess, by which I was still more animated to speak of "Christ our Passover as sacrificed for us," through whom alone they can obtain pardon and acceptance with the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, endeavouring to set before them a crucified Messiah as the hope of Israel and the refuge of sinful men in general. I was permitted to speak without interruption for about twenty minutes, till the head of the synagogue whispered something to the rabbi, who then put several questions to me respecting the restoration to their own land, the reign of universal peace, according to the Divine promises, that should

take place in the days of the Messiah's appearance. I was glad to hear these objections made, and I could have thanked him for it, since it detained many of the Jews in the synagogue who were about to go away. I replied to the rabbi's questions by referring to the passages of Scripture intimating a two-fold advent of the Messiah, which I expounded to the best of their understanding. We then entered into a lengthened discussion on the importance of studying the ancient Scriptures without the help of commentaries or translations, but with the aid of the Holy Spirit and prayer; and if they were to read and to examine the sacred volume, they would find that "the Deliverer out of Zion" has already appeared eighteen centuries ago, and He has since been acknowledged and adored by all who "waited for the consolation of Israel." It would take up much space were I to repeat the discussion that followed my remarks; suffice it to say that all showed a great deal of patience and interest in it, until some Jews that stood behind me discovered that I had tracts in my pocket, at which they desired to look, and as soon as they received tracts. began to disappear; but I had scarcely enough with me to supply the twentieth part of them, so I told them to come to my lodging, aud sure enough many came during that day to see me, to whom I explained Jesus as their Messiah, and gave to some Testaments and to others tracts only. confess that I went home satisfied, and that I rejoiced that day and was thankful to God for having been allowed to deliver the message of His grace in that synagogue, somewhat after the manner of the Apostle of the Gentiles in the first ages of Christianity, as we read in Acts, chap. xvii., verses 1 to 5.


MR. MANNING is much cheered by the hope of being joined in his mission by MR. M. BEN OLIEL, who has just completed his studies, and whom the committee hope to be enabled so to station.

Respecting the subject of sending out Mr. Ben Oliel to co-operate with me here, I can only say, I shall be but too glad of an auxiliary, and especially of one who is a descendant of the father of the faithful, and a person of whom you have usually spoken in terms of respect and confidence. The station at Beyrout, which, of course, would not justify the keeping of two agents permanently here, is nevertheless the best that could be chosen for head quarters, and that on

account of the facilities afforded for locomotion-a character, I presume, the committee are desirous that our mission should henceforth assume.

I am sorry you were made anxious on my account, from reported disturbances at Beyrout, which, I am thankful to say, were without foundation, though in some parts of the country things were very bad. At Marash the Turks arose in a commotion, and burnt a Christian family, consisting of a father and mother, two

children, and some servants; providentially, the youngest child, a boy about a year and a half old, was out with his nurse when the affair took place, and hearing of it, she fled to a neighbour's, who concealed them, and she has since brought the child to Beyrout, where he is staying in a convent, with some sisters of his father, who are members of that establishment, and where I have myself lately seen him.

Since I last wrote, I have been again in trouble by a change of schoolmasters, and was for some time without one, which occasioned me much additional labour, though I desire to be thankful that there are in the school, at this time, several youths, who are very useful to me, and who afford me much satisfaction by their conduct. I have also received two cases, containing 142 copies of the Hebrew Bible, 67 Pentateuchs, and 50 Psalms, which were all

disposed of in a couple of days. A few only were given away; the rest were sold, and realised the sum of eight pounds sterling, which I have sent to the Society's agent at Malta, and requested another supply. Some Jewish rabbis are still staying here, from Rhodes and other places, who came purposely for Scriptures for the use of their schools, and they were unwilling to go away without the number required; and the other day, a deputation waited on me, to say that if I would order the next consignment to come by steam, they would pay the extra expense themselves. Let us be thankful, and bless the Lord for this manifestation of favourable regard to our humble efforts, and gather from it the assurance that, in due time we shall reap an abundant harvest, if we faint not.

Column for the Young.


DURING the period of Count Zinzendorf's banishment in the Wetteran, on account of his religious principles, it was his custom to assemble the inhabitants of the numerous villages surrounding Ronneburg every Sabbath-day for worship. "The field is white to the harvest," said Zinzendorf, as he watched the people coming up out of the valleys-men and women, old and young.

One of the guests, who appeared Sabbath by Sabbath, particularly attracted the count's attention. He was a young man,. apparently about twenty-two years of age, small and slightly made, and very well dressed, who was always first at the place. With his companion,-an old, grey-headed man, upon whom he bestowed much attention, he had, from the commencement of the Sabbath services, placed himself upon a wall, from whence both congregation and minister could be well overlooked, and during the singing of the hymns his full, rich voice might be distinguished from the rest of the assembled multitude.

There was something in the expression of the young man which the count termed "The mark of the soul,"-a look of peace, and desire for communion with the Lord.

Zinzendorf had frequently attempted to show kindness to the strangers, but had never succeeded in reaching them. With marked bashfulness, the young man kept out of his way, and never appeared except

during service; but this shyness only increased the desire of the Count to make his acquaintance. On the present occasion, about dinner-time, he wandered among the groups of Sabbath guests scattered around. He soon discovered the old man under the shade of a tree, who, having finished his simple meal, was sitting with folded hands, gazing into the rich valley below, watered by a peaceful stream, and clothed with corn-fields waving in the warm mid-day wind.

"Where is your companion, my father?" said the count, addressing him. "Why are you alone? I never saw you so before." "At your grace's service," replied the old man; my young companion is with an old Hebrew, called Rabbi Abraham. God only knows wherefore they meet; the elder seeks the younger, and the younger the elder, and they eat together from the same loaf, although one is a believing Christian, and the other an unbelieving Jew." "And who is the young man ?" asked the count; "Is he a near relation ?" "Oh! if he were," cried the aged, man, in a mournful tone, "I should yet have pleasures which passed away long ago. I have a son, but he has left me, and I am alone in my old age; but no, not alone-the Lord, my light, is with me, and His rod and His staff comfort me, and will comfort me till my hour of death comes. But concerning my young friend, I can tell you

nothing, except that he occupies himself with clerical studies, and is truly spiritu ally-minded. He belongs to my people, as brother under the cross, and is our learned master. The noble youth has no home about here; he leads a wandering - I should say an exiled-life, similar to that of your grace."

"And how did you find him?" again asked the count. Very easily, your grace; as the boy and I had the same Father, the Lord brought us together. I must tell you that my name is Philip Dorr, and I live below in the village of Himback; my cottage stands on the outskirts of the village, and from thence springs the best brook in the place. It was eight weeks ago yesterday since I was sitting in the evening before my door, gazing into the fields beyond, and reflecting upon my advancing years, when the young gentleman came up, tired and dusty, and, stopping at my stream, begged a vessel to drink out of. I took a small bowl from the kitchen, having no glass in the house, and, as I filled it, and reached it to the stranger, it came into my mind to try his spirit, whether he was of God, and I said, There, sir, drink; the water of this stream is wholesome and greatly prized, yet whosoever drinks of this water will thirst again; but,' says our Lord, 'whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst.' 'True,' said he, looking at me, 'the Lord's Word is the stream from whence flows everlasting life.' Now,' said I, 'if you are of this mind, come in here, for evening is approaching; a morsel of bread have Ï got for those who believe in the Lord.' He gave me his hand, and we turned into the house. Since that day he has taken shelter with me every Saturday evening, and leads me here for the preaching on the Sabbath. Farther know I nothing of him -nothing more must you ask. He is now with the old Hebrew; if you will do me a favour, fetch him away. I do not willingly see him go there."

The count proceeded to the familiar dwelling of the rabbi; the door was partially unclosed; an unusual voice impelled him to stand still and listen. The stranger was conversing with the rabbi in Hebrew. The old man, ready, and full of fire, as he pronounced the accents of his mothertongue, the younger, uncertain, often corrected by the elder, but never misunderstood. Never had the Hebrew tongue sounded so harmonious to the count; it fell as music from the aged mouth, in the rising and falling tones of the hymn of Moses: "Thy word shall distil as the dew, as the rain upon the grass, and as drops

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upon the herb. Then will I praise the name of our Lord, and give to our God the praise." The count entered with a low step. Before a small table, covered with a snowy cloth, at a spare meal, sat the rabbi and his guest. The latter rose, with great timidity in his manner; but the Jew remained seated, with his cap on, saying, "Be welcome, lord count, but pardon me for observing the customs of my fathers; welcome are you to partake of our scanty meal. Do not despise the coarse food of a poor Jew, so eat bread with us," at the same time reaching him with one hand the black bread, and with the other the great salt-cellar. "I accept your invitation as heartily as it was given," replied the count, cutting a slice from the loaf; "but, Rabbi Abraham, how is it with your great liberality is it never abused?" Never, lord count," said the Jew, in reply; " and never shall I weary of giving, so long as I have somewhat to give. Thus have I learnt from my youth from my teacher, Rabbi Ben Joel, whom may the God of paradise bless! It must be fully thirty years ago since I was dining here one Sabbath-day with my people. A stranger of wild appearance came to the door, asking alms, to whom I said, 'Friend, my religion forbids my taking money into my hand to-day; but, if you are hungry, sit down and eat with us what God has provided.' He placed himself at the table in silence, and ate and drank like a hungry man, from time to time listening cautiously at the door, but he spake not a word. When he had finished, I said to him, Friend, if you are satisfied, return thanks to the Lord; I will, with my friends, thank him for food and drink. I stood up-the stranger also -and I thanked the God of Israel, when he, with speedy acknowledgments, went away. He had not been gone long, and I was considering how I should make my way through the wood, when a highwayman appeared, seized hold of me, and, with fierce words, struck me to the ground. I begged my life; but the robber, enraged at finding so few valuables about me, threatened me with his knife. I begged a moment for prayer, which he granted. While I was upon my knees, committing soul and body to the Lord, who orders my days, a second appeared, who, looking at me, raised me from the earth, saying, 'Do you not know me, Rabbi Abraham?' I did not know him. He who fed me a short time ago, when I was hungry, shall not die,' said he; and, putting a dollar into my hand, disappeared with his companion into a thicket."

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The count listened attentively to the old

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