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of thy kingdom, and their laws are diverse from all people" (iii. 8). Still are they scattered, and still are their laws diverse. But their gathering must come. The blessed period must arrive, when, whatever national distinctions may obtain, "there shall be one Lord and His name one;" and even now "in Christ Jesus there is neither Greek nor Jew; but Christ is all and in all." "There is no difference;" "the same Lord over all is rich unto all who call upon Him."
"In privilege, in prospect one,
Alike in Jesus blest;
They meet in Him before the throne,
They meet upon His breast.
Both saved by grace, no room to boast
They sing His love which saved the lost,
Which heart to heart doth bind."
Let us labour by every means to bring them into this glorious fraternity, this blessed bond of union; for as Haman's description still holds good, so does the Lord's direction, and the apostle's precedent, "Beginning at Jerusalem." "To the Jew first."
There is a sleepless Eye still watching over this people, so wonderful from the beginning hitherto. God has not cast them off. No! men may say, "This is Zion, whom no man seeketh after," but "He that keepeth Israel will neither slumber nor sleep," and "He who scattered Israel will gather him, and keep him as a shepherd doth his flock." The hearts of all are in His hands, and He can dispose all to work out His merciful designs, and He will do so to His own glory. Then let us hope for Israel's full salvation, and earnestly labour now, "if by any means we may save some." Here is a field in which God bids us work, and we should diligently use the most likely means. This is a post of honour which we should be anxious to occupy. The words which faithful Mordecai addressed to Esther are not without application to us: "If thou altogether holdest thy peace at this time, then shall enlargement and deliverance arise to the Jews from another place" (iv. 14.) But Esther did not hold her peace; she ventured her life for her people, and succeeded. She was influenced by obedience to her uncle, and love to her nation. "How can I endure," she exclaims, "to sce the evil that shall come unto my people? or how can I endure to see the destruction of my kindred?" (viii. 6.) She was not content to remain herself in safety and affluence, while her nation was in danger. And can we endure to see millions of Jews remaining in their present fearful state, without making an effort for their deliverance? There is a sentence still hanging over them; a fearful one, a deserved one, and imprecated too by themselves: "His blood be on us and on our children!" but even this sentence shall be reversed, and has been already in many instances. Let us, then, go unto the King of Heaven on their behalf; we need not fear a repulse. He will stretch out His sceptre of grace, and be well-pleased to hear our supplications. "Thou shalt arise and have mercy upon Zion, for the time to favour her, yea, the set time, is come; for thy servants take pleasure in her stones, and favour the dust thereof" (Psalm cii. 13, 14). Then will the Lord say: "Rejoice ye with Jerusalem, and be glad with her, all ye that love her: rejoice for joy with her, all ye that mourn for her" (Isa. lxvi. 10). Well may they rejoice; for then will man be blessed, and God glorified.
the heathen shall fear the name of the Lord, and all the kings of the earth thy glory. When the Lord shall build up Zion, He shall appear in His glory."
Dear reader, just two questions, in closing. Did you ever spend a sleepless night with the thought that God's righteous sentence overhangs you, and that you are condemned to die? If you have never done so, may that restless night soon come! Then look to Jesus, on whom that sentence fell; believe on Him, and then be for ever free from condemnation; rejoice in Him, who is the alone Saviour and Redeemer. If such is your happy case, did you ever pass any sleepless hours, asking, "What shall I do for Him who hath thus loved me?" If you rejoice, with Paul, in God's great salvation, and sing "who shall condemn,' "who shall separate from the love of Christ," ought you not to be able in some measure to say with him in the next chapter, "I have great heaviness and continual sorrow in my heart?" This deep sorrow was on account of his Jewish brethren; it was most acceptable in the sight of God, and showed how deeply he was in sympathy with Him, who "beheld the city and wept over it." May grace be given us to go and do likewise!
RECEIVED FOR REVIEW.-"History of the Jewish Nation after the Destruction of Jerusalem," by Dr. Edersheim.-"Lectures on the Book of Ecclesiastes," by Rev. Benjamin Weiss.-Packet of books published by J. Groom.
[AN accident and slight indisposition have prevented the Editor from inserting two or three intended articles. For this he asks the kind forbearance of our readers, while he is grateful that the missionaries' journals supply ample materials for the allotted space, well adapted to sustain interest in the cause, and to excite an increase of faith and action, of prayer and praise. The most entire confidence may be placed in the truthfulness of the statements presented, although motives of prudence and delicacy forbid the insertion of personal and local names.]
Missionary Intelligence, &c.
From REV. P. E. GOTTHEIL: Friday, July 11.-Visited H--. The teacher, Mr.M--, received us very kindly and affectionately. Since the last visit, his wife has been called away into eternity. I mentioned this wife in one of my former reports, as having fallen in with her accidentally at H-, she being then in a very feeble state of health. She then seemed to receive the consolations of the Gospel with a ready heart; for whilst telling her of the Saviour's love to perishing sinners, her eyes filled with tears, and she listened with eagerness, as if every word
went to her very soul. Now she is gone to her account, and we would fain hope that the Gospel which she then heard, and the stronghold" to which she was then encouraged to flee for refuge, were present to her in the agonies of the dying hour. It is in viewing it in this light that the missionwork is made especially precious. We proclaim Jesus the sinner's friend, we exhort souls to believe in Him for the forgiveness of sins, we admonish them not to trust to * JEWISH HERALD for 1853, vol. viii.
their own works or merits, lest they be found wanting on the great day-and then we depart and leave the issue with the Lord of the harvest. On returning again, perhaps, after a season, we learn with concern, and not without hope, though with trembling fear, that the soul to which the Gospel had been proclaimed has departed, and that to it we can speak no more. What a solemn lesson to be up and doing! We had a long conversation with the husband of our departed sister, the above-mentioned teacher, Mr. M. He is still in hopes of modern Judaism reviving, from its own vital powers, by its own inherent energies. They (I mean those reflecting Jews who argue like him) seem to expect everything from the power of man, and nothing from the Spirit of God. As long as this is the case, they will and must fail. "Not by might, nor by power, but by my Spirit, says the Lord." Our Jewish brethren have yet to learn this fundamental doctrine in the divine economy, of which the rationalism of the natural heart has not the remotest notion. Mr. M thinks much of the moral power of rabbinism, or rather its restraining power over the hearts of men. In reality, facts are just to the contrary: those who have obtained an insight into the system of the Talmud, and its practical working on the hearts of its votaries, know that so far from its restraining human passions, it rather appeals to them, and encourages them for the specific purposes, and tampers with them under the cloak of religion. This is not speaking uncharitably, nor too strongly. Mr. Mthinks much of the Word of God, and places it high, but yet he pleads for the Talmud as an excellent auxiliary. What Mr. M- wants, in common with many others of his class, and what we urged upon him, is, the study of God's Word, with the single eye of faith, with the view of discovering the truth; not as a Jew seeking the establishment of his own system, but as a sinner seeking the way of salvation, the paths of righteousness and peace. Saturday, 12.-We went to Tthere had some intercourse with Mr. Ethe teacher I have frequently mentioned as being very friendly and kind. showed the same kind feeling now, and appears to be growing in knowledge. The experiences he makes at his own school seem to confirm him more and more in the conviction that the present system of rabbinic rule is insufficient for all purposes, except that of sending soul and conscience to sleep. Though advanced much further than the teacher mentioned before, he is not yet entirely freed from influences and fetters, which the force of education and
association from the earliest days almost assimilate with one's nature, and from which only the Spirit of God can deliver a soul. But I trust he may yet be delivered from this snare and thraldom, and enter into enjoyment of that liberty wherewith Christ has come to set the sinner free.
Tuesday, 14.-Went to K--. nesday, 15.-Early in the morning an opportunity was afforded to have a long conversation with a Jewish widow, who was friendly to us. Snatches of Hebrew, apothegms, and scriptural sentences, which she interweaved in her speech, though only imperfectly understood by her, as appeared from the application of them, showed us that her earlier education had not been neglected, at least as regards these things. Yet her notions of excellency and probity of character were exceedingly confused and unscriptural; honesty alone can make man happy, and save him for time and eternity, she meant. We showed her from Ezekiel xxxvi. 25-27, what kind of heart alone can stand, and will be approved of, in the sight of God. She also quoted the passage of the rabbis, that "all Israel is entitled to partake of eternal life;" we showed her the character and position of the true Israelite, the Israel of God. A Gentile Christian of great piety, who was present, spoke much to encourage her, and the Jewess spoke highly of her in her presence, extolling her goodness and excellency of her heart; and she was not a little astonished when that lady assured her that her own heart was of the basest and most sinful dye, that she had daily to humble herself in the sight of God on account of her many sins, daily to ask forgiveness, daily to ask for a new heart; and that whatever she was able to do, that seemed at all approvable, was not her own, but the Saviour's doing, whom she prayed daily and hourly to dwell in her by His Spirit. The Jewess would scarcely believe that. However, she continued in kindly converse with us, and enabled us to set before her many truths, which she never had heard of before that time. The Christian lady, who had won her heart previously, now seemed to have obtained even a stronger hold on her, and we trust that the intercourse of these two souls will be blessed. How much might individual Christians do in winning the Jewish heart for Christ!
The same morning we walked to N——, a village about two miles from K--. We called on the schoolmaster. He is an acquaintance of several years' standing, and had paid me a short visit a few weeks ago, at my own house. He and his family scem pleased, and gave us a hearty welcome. Our visit could only be short, as his
family's dinner-hour drew nigh, so we promised a second visit, and returned to KIn the afternoon we walked again toNand paid several visits. We called on Mrs. H. We found her at home with a daughter and the son; the latter bedridden for some time. He was a very
unusual thing in these days-reading in his Bible, the fourth book of Moses. We conversed on the right use of the Word of God, and the comfort to be drawn from it; the comfort it confers for time and eternity, in health and sickness, and in the hour of death. After we had been talking some time, the venerable mother began to fear our being "missionaries," the thought of which made her uneasy, and prevented our continuing our conversation. Meanwhile other parties had entered the room. First came a young lady, the daughter of the principal proprietor of the village. She re gretted very much that her father, the leading Israelite in the place, was absent, otherwise she would have been happy to sce us at her house: but meauwhile she remained in the room, and listened eagerly to all that was being said. We left this house, and went to that of a widow, to whom we were introduced by the friend at K-. This widow has recently been left with seven children to provide for. By her energy and perseverance she is able to do so respectably. She gladly heard the word of encouragement from the Word of God, that He especially calls Himself the God of the widows and fatherless. Our Christian friend, who had accompanied us, then related the happy and peaceful death of a sister of hers, who in her youth had been very thoughtless as to the things of eternity, but had been laid up, had found the Saviour on her dying bed, and departed in peace, rejoicing in the hope of salvation and glory that was in prospect for her. Meanwhile several sisters of the widow, several of her own children, and her own brother, had gathered around her, all eagerly listening to the recital of a dying Christian's triumphs. When our friend had finished her recital, M-- said, "Yes; such a soul is blessed not only in death, but in this life also;" a most striking admission on the part of this young Israelite. All this, we then explained, every soul can have in Christ, because it is or can be reconciled by His death, and justified by his resurrection. In this way we continued for some time. I wish some of our friends could have seen this interesting group of Israelites listening to the preaching of the Gospel. It was not controversy, for scarcely an attempt was made to controvert: it was merely the setting forth of the whole counsel of God concerning the
salvation of sinners on our part, and the listening to it with open ears on the other. The three sisters were clustered around us, and some of the children had mounted on the counter (for it was an open shop) looking over the shoulders of the others, whilst the brother stood near the door, because he had to attend to his own business on the other side of the way, and now and then left us in order to serve a customer, but immediately rejoined us, the minute he was free. We then repeated our visit to the teacher. We had scarcely sat down, when nearly all the people we had just left followed and rejoined us, among them the young man M, who sat down by our side. Here, in this room, controversy got the upperhand. teacher, Mr. K, maintained that Messiah could not have come, because Isa. xi. 6 was not yet fulfilled. We explained that what is predicted there must naturally have a gradual development, just as the curse or punishment pronounced on Adam: that he was to die yet did not find an immediate realisation, but an eventual one. This did not convince our opponent; but we adduced other cases in Scripture where the fulfilment of the divine purposes, though sure, was yet a gradual one. said, "Scripture must be explained by reference to Scripture:" in this we agreed, and from this principle endeavoured to show from Daniel ix. 24-27, Hagg. ii. 6, Mal. i., and from general history, that Messiah must have come already. Kreferred many of these passages, especially Isa. liii, to Agrippa or Vespasian! At last he got the length of admitting that in the development of God's plans there must be a beginning, and that this beginning has taken place already, but not through Christ, but through the Thora! (Bible, Old Testament.) We showed that this was not the case, but that it had its origin with twelve poor fishermen, who went about preaching the crucified Jesus. Nothing short of the divine power accompanying their labours, could have enabled these poor, friendless, and powerless men to shake the then mighty heathen world to its very foundations. Mr. K-got very warm on the subject: we fear he tried to maintain his very untenable position from a kind of feeling that he must sustain it in the presence of so many of his people, whose teacher and leader he was. We returned late to K, Mr. K accompanying
us, when we spoke much of the right use of the Word of God, with prayer for the aid of the divine Spirit; and of the danger of resisting the strivings of this Spirit.
Thursday, 17.—Went to E; not
finding the teacher* at home, and learning that he was at a neighbouring village some miles off, we went to that village, as it would give us an occasion to make the acquaintance of the teacher of that community. We found them both sitting together in friendly converse, and the minute we entered their joy seemed very great. They gave us quite a brotherly reception. The teacher of E-- had often spoken of us to his friend the teacher of 0--, in whose house we were at present. We found them to be very conversant with the question of Christianity, though the teacher at E is far more advanced in the knowledge of the truth than is his colleague. We soon turned to the 53rd chapter of Isaiah. The teacher of E-- plainly asked his colleague to explain this chapter; he, for his part (he added), could not otherwise but see it fulfilled in Jesus Christ. His friend assented after some hesitation. We then read the chapter together, applying one passage after the other to the history of Christ. It was all admitted. The question was then raised, Why Israel as a nation still was permitted to exist? The answer was on the part of the teachers: to testify to the truth of Holy Writ, and because they were under the curse.
We pointed out a more forcible answer, from Romans xi., viz. :-that Israel was to be engrafted again, to show forth the glorious loving-kindness of our God. We then conversed on the seventy weeks of Daniel, Isa. xi., and showed the right nature of prayer, as the heart's sincere desire. The teacher of Otold us the striking fact of the conversion of a working mason (a Christian), who, all his life long, had refused to have any intercourse with a Christian minister, or attend the means of At last he fell down from a great height, and injured himself mortally, and even then refused all spiritual consolations until the night before the day of his death, when his conscience awoke, and the terrors of judgment came into his soul, and he desired the minister to be sent for. But the minister had been called away on some duty to another place, and for six hours the poor sufferer had to struggle with his fears, and be agonised at the thought, lest he be called away ere he had heard of Christ. What an instance of God's wonderful love, even to this sinner at the eleventh hour! The delay, however grievous to the soul, was evidently caused for a blessed purpose; it was evidently meant to intensify the desire awakened in this soul, hardened by a lifelong career of thoughtlessness and obsti
nate sin. Had it been gratified at once, perhaps it would not have been valued nearly as much: and when at last the minister did come and proclaim to that soul, just hovering over the confines of two worlds, that Saviour who can render the departure from the one easy, and the entrance to the other sure, he found peace in God through Him who has died for him, and risen again to be the life of those that die in Him. In the enjoyment of this peace he left this world, in very truth a brand plucked from the fire.
We tried to improve this striking incident in the hearing of our two Jewish friends and the family present; and it is believed they saw the facts in their true light. We then conversed over a good many topics, the teacher's wife listening attentively, after having-which we ought not omit to mention-provided refreshment for us in so very kind a manner, that we could not refuse partaking of it. On leaving, the two teachers accompanied us, the one a good distance from his home, the other as far as his own village, when we continued our conversation on many points. We then took an affectionate leave. One of them said to me, on the way home-" Sir, we (Jewish) teachers are your best missionaries, for by introducing the Bible in our schools, we prepare the way for your labours most effectually."
We entered on a
July 13.-Visited BMr. H, the rabbi. conversation with regard to scriptural exegesis. Mr. H—— told us that he had attended the lectures of Prof. Paulus, late of the Heidelberg University (one of the most decided and clever rationalists of his day). Mr. His much in praise of De Wette's Bible translation. As an instance, the 45th Psalm was taken in hand, and the different readings considered, in which way we came to speak of the Messiah. Mr. H―― would not enter on that ground, but referred immediately to other subjects. We referred to the wonderful preservation of the Jewish people, and to the reasons and purposes God had in view in preserving them. Mr. H- did not admit these, but they were proved from Scripture. Ile did not see the necessity of a Mediator; we shewed that, all through the Old Testament, the idea of propitiation and mediation prevailed in the institution of sacrifices, which ceased as soon as the one Mediator had appeared, and the one sacrifice had been effected. Now the Jews have for 1800 years neither temple nor sacrifice. He maintained that repentance was quite sufficient to atone for sin. But how at death? We compared the deathbed of a Christian to that of a Jew -the one rejoicing as a conqueror, the other