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visit, and was much pleased with my reception, which was evidently kind and confiding; and the schoolmaster, a very interesting young man, begged me to make him a grant of some Scriptures and books, which, of course, I did, when, pointing to those I had already given, he observed that they were in daily use, and were in a good state of preservation.

I regret to say, that our school is at this time in a very shattered state, occasioned by the visitation of the cholera, and the frequent change of assistants, for my former one continues to act as interpreter to the colonel of the Bashi-Bazouks; but as there is now a prospect of peace, it is to be hoped that that noble appendage to the British army will soon be disbanded.”

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FRANCE. Mr. GINSBURG thus records his varied experience, and the mercy of God in educing good out of evil: I have seldom, if


experienced in my any circumstances. I said, “ If the former missionary career so much good and evil, rea- proposition be correct, and if you be sincere son of anxiety and gratitude blended toge- in the latter, then you are superstitious ther, in so short a space of time, as during and feeble.” He then endeavoured to rethe last few weeks. But all was decreed or tract it, by saying I misunderstood him, and permitted by Him who makes everything sub- insisted that every man ought to die in the servient to His holy and merciful purposes. creed of his forefathers. Directing him to

When I received two letters, one from the God of his forefathers, and not to their B. II—, and the other from M. K—, “creed," I asked him if he visited the expressing their wish that they might be synngogue daily?

"No," he replied. baptised together without any further delay, · Every Sabbath?" "No." Why?"I thought it better to advise M- that “ Business prevents me.” “When you trahe should inform his parents of the serious vel, do you abstain from forbidden meats?" change his mind had undergone of late. -"No; I dine at the Table d'Hôte." "Have But M. desired to pursue the course of your fathers transacted business during Leila Ada,—viz., to leave those around the synagogue-service, journeyed on sab. him to judge for themselves, what he was baths, and eaten terephoth?”. --" No." and what he was not, from his walk and “ So you have left the religion of your conversation. To consider the matter well, forefathers, and exchanged it that of I invited two ministers of the Gospel to mammon,

But," I added, " by acceptmeet my young friends in my house; and, ing Jesus as the Messiah, you are not leav. after some consideration, it appeared to all ing the God of your fathers nor His comof us that M- ought to state his case mandments, but you are approaching the to his parents, as soon as occasion presented former and obeying the latter — you are itself. The following morning, Mr. K., forsaking the traditions of your fathers, and M—'s brother, paid me a visit. This for them substituting the word of Jehovah. at once led me to perceive that M- had Christianity is, in fact, the Judaism of divulged the secret movements of his heart Abraham, the fulfilment of the promises to his parents.

Mr. K- then asked made to him." But he had not come to whether his brother was with me.

receive instruction in the Christian replied in the negative, and asked him to sit ligion, be said; he had only come to guard down, referring to his late illness, from

me against instructing his brother. As to which he had just recovered. But he at himself, he acts according to his opinion once introduced his brother's name, and, and circumstances, and does not desire to in a sneering way, began to speak of his be hindered or taught by any one. I seriousness and of his conversion. He pleaded the same liberty of action for his thought that religion was for the super- brother and for myself. After some stitious and feeble, and that he would not lengthy conversation he left, promising abandon the religion of his fathers under soon to call again.

On renewing his visit, he said he had severely beaten his brother. Of this the poor youth gave painful evidence, when, after spending the morning in weeping, in prayer, and in reading, he called on the Missionary, " not having partaken of anything that day, but plenty of stripes." An attempt was afterwards made to induce the police to remove Mr. G. from the place, but, through the providence of God, it mercifully failed.

The attention excited by this case appears to have been over-ruled for spiritual good. Mr. G. says:

I re



People of all classes, ages, and both sexes, will receive strength and grace, to gather now examine the mission question; some ther.selves one by one, and to become to be able to resist the inroads of the mis- believing and visible members of His sionary, others to discover the difficulties Church. Thus it was, also, with Simeon which have prevented the success of their B- He seems to have laboured, for a rabbis; and others, struck with the disin- considerable time, under the impression that terested conduct of their younger but be. Judaism could not save him. But no book lieving brothers, are anxions to know the or man had ever drawn his attention to the real case - which is the truth. At my Gospel which is mighty to save until the last monthly meeting, I was much grati- baptism of brother B-, last year, which fied to hear from a lady bookseller that she caused a great stir, when he visited him had sold, for the first time, several “ Old to inquire for the reason of his conversion. Paths” and Bibles to Jews subsequent to Brother B-- answered his questions, and the above affair, and I had several interest- spoke to his heart. He then expressed his ing visits from Jews formerly unknown to wish to see me, but feared his wife, who,

according to his own statement, was the Last Friday evening, two young Israelites, object that he loved and worshipped above entire strangers, came to inform me that Him who is the giver of all. It pleased, they had also been accused of having however, the Allwise to take his idol away visited me.

I asked them to take seats, from him. He had then nothing that and so we spent, in earnest conversation, should hinder him from inquiring after the three hours together, when I had good truth. The prince of darkness now whistime and opportunity to lay the state of pered in his ears, “ Curse God, and die.” their immortal souls, and the plan of their He was accordingly wandering for some salvation, before them. They seemed ready time, like a lost sheep, until, in His comand sincere listeners, and void of every de- passion, the Lord had at last mercy upon sire to contradict that which they thought him, and he has lately been under my was the truth, and of that self-righteous- regular instruction. ness which so generally characterizes their Another cause for gratitude I had brethren. The father of one of these in- since I last addressed you, in a letter teresting young friends had been a constant I received from my brother in Russia. visitor of mine until he died. It was the late- Six years my relatives have left me in ness of the hour that made us break up. the greatest ignorance as to their moveThey promised to look over some passages ments; but their hatred towards me as we pernsed that evening, and call again. a Christian, and their prejudices against These tokens of mercy do, I believe, more Christianity, have at last subsided ; and I than compensate all the trials and struggles have, within the last three months, reof missionary life; and though few, indeed ceived two most affectionate, long epistles. very few, come forward and confess what Touching the subject of religion, my dear their hearts have been led to believe, yet brother speaks very tolerantly, and saysI know there are many, even in M-, who " Though you are a Christian, I love you say with the Swiss monk: "It I cannot con- as before.It shows that the light of the fess the truth with my tongue, I will never- Gospel, proceeding from the West—the theless confess it with my heart.” Their fear modern Zion-is beginning to throw her of man is gradually lessening, beyond their emitted rays into the very North, into own perception, and in God's due time they inaccessible Russia !

We have great pleasure in inviting attention to the Second Annual Report of the BRUSSELS Auxiliary, communicated by Mr. KESSLER, the Society's Missionary in Belgium :

Bearing in mind that previous attempts sionary came here quite a stranger, you to establish a Jewish Mission in Bel. will not think me remiss in my duties gium have failed, you will think it right, when I say that there are from eighty to when, in presenting this second annual one hundred families regularly visited, report to you, I say my mission is pro- and from two to three handred individuals gressing. Not that there are any very constantly hearing of the Gospel and its palpable or obvious instances as yet to be Author. brought before the Committee-the work Besides this private intercourse, there is still in the embryo; but encouraging it have been held, during the past year, four is that your missionary is well received, public conferences--one in Antwerp, and and, on the whole, his message of love three in Brussels--and almost all those listened to with apparent attention.

towns visited where Jews live. Benring further in mind that your Mis- In addition to all this, may it suffice to mention that the Word of God, whole or in parts, and tracts in the Hebrew, German, Dutch, or French languages, have been distributed to the number of 493 copies.

Entering into details, I cannot do better than extract from my journal cases which will interest both the Committee and the public, and shew, in some measure, the procedure of my operations.

my thanks to the Revs. E. Panchaud, Anet, Van Mansdyck, Byron, and Dr. Scheler, who have lent their churches to all public meetings, and facilitated my operations in every way possible.

Thus much with respect to the public meetings; the personal interviews I had with many of my brethren are not less in


As regards the public conferences, 1 tioned in my last annual report two gen

have adopted a plan which seemed to me tlemen from the Alsace, deputies of a both simple and effective. The subject of Young Men's Association, whose object it the discourse to be delivered is announced was to go to America to be fully instructed by hand bills and large placards, the former in the doctrines of Christianity, and be. of which are sent by post or distributed to come followers of Jesus. The one, a Jews either known to me personally, or Roman Catholic, had, after several inter. with whose address I am acquainted. The views, been so far prepared by me, that he latter are posted at the corners of the was fully convinced of the errors of Rome, principal streets, and especially where and renounced, as I believe, influenced by Jews are supposed to live. The meeting, the Holy Spirit, his faith in the Catholic then, which usually takes place on a religion, and partook of the Lord's Supper Saturday, is opened by reading an appro- in the Protestant Church, under the pas. priate chapter in the Word of God, then torate of the Rev. E. Panchaud. prayer, and after this the discourse. The The following is an extract of a letter of Jews present are invited, at the end of the Mr. P-, in which he states his views: meeting, to bring forward their objections, “ Brought up in the Catholic faith, and and to make any observations relating to destined by my parents to become a minister the subject discussed.

of that church, I was sent to one of their The first two public conferences made seminaries, where the simplicity and piety quite a stir among the communities, which I had imbibed at home harmonised both in Antwerp and here, and as many but badly with the religious indifference as sixty Jews have listened patiently and and mockery of that institution. The study eagerly for more than an hour to a dis- of history attracted me much, and pursucourse, the object of which was to set ing it with all diligence, I soon found out before them Jesus, the Messiah they re- the abuses and usurpations of the Church jected. The attendance of Jews at such of Rome. I observed that the doctrines conmeetings, if nothing else were to follow sidered essential to salvation by the clergy, from them, is proof enough that, though were not taught by Jesus Christ; that indifferent to religion in general, they are human laws were substituted instead of not quite dead to all religious feeling, and Divine laws; in one word, I saw that Popery that, in course of time, and by the blessing was not such as it appeared to me at first. of God, a revival may take place among “ From one extreme I fell into another; them.

from simple belief I came to fearful unbeTrue it is that the two conferences held lief; I sought for truth, but could not find lately at Brussels--one by the Rev. E. it. But, thanks be to God, this state of Panchaud, in French,“ On the Dispersion mind was only for a little while; I felt more of the Jews," and the other by myself, in than ever the want of a religion-of a God. German, “ On the Doctrine of the Messiah," | I was afraid of the life to come. - have not been so well attended by our History, which led me from Popery, Jewish friends as the former; but though brought me to Protestantism; the Bible was they may get tired to hear of Him who, put into my hands: there I learnt the sinfrom times of old, was a stumbling-block, fulness of man; there I found the remedy we shall not be tired of setting before them, for it,-Jesus Christ crucified. Now I am whenever we have an opportunity, the eagerly looking forward to my being adonly Name by which they can be saved. mitted into the Protestant Church, I pray I fully believe that the more we persist in to God to strengthen my faith, and to shed preaching the Gospel to them, and en- abroad in my heart His Holy Spirit, so deavour to rouse their apatly, the more that some day I might be a worthy miniwill, in future, our labours be crowned ster of His, and proclaim the same good with success.

tidings to my fellow-sinners. ** I cannot refrain here from bearing testi- Mr. H, who had been with me mony to the kind co-operation of almost for some time, opened his heart fully to me all the Evangelical ministers of different denominations, and express more especially

* Translated from the French.

and confessed that he had often neglected a most obligatory duty, prayer to God; but as he travelled much, and, according to rabbinical commands, was not allowed to wear phylacteries after a certain time, nor thinking it right to pray without their appendages, he went rather without prayer altogether than to violate the rabbinical law. We sat, many a time, studying the prophecies relating to the Messiah, and often I thought his heart touched when he assented to what was written of Jesus as being fulfilled in Him. But when we came to speak of the Divine nature of Christ-when I set the Messiah before him, not only as man but equal with God, then the old man got the better of him, and he fell back into his old stubbornness.

With facts like these my journal is full; I could quote instance after instance, of Jews assenting to almost all, except the divinity of Christ. But this is not an isolated instance; the Jews all over the world oppose themselves to Christ as God; they think from what they see in many countries, especially here, that we have left the only true Jehovah, and worship a creature instead of the Creator. The Old Testament passages which attribute divinity to Jesus are, of course, misinterpreted. The New Testarnent, which treats plainly on the subject, is rejected. This, then, is the only real opposition, to counteract which we require faith.

But I am far from asserting that all my Jewish friends go with me the

whole length of my arguments. The greater part here, as I reported last year, and I must say they have not altered materially, are indifferent,

or, what is next to it, unbelievers, accepting rather a philosophical system, than the simple word of God, as their rule of faith.

On the other hand, the so-called orthodox Jews hold fast to rabbinical teaching, and, like the Pharisees of old, object to any renovation or abrogation of the law. Nor can we wonder much that it is so. Christianity, as it is set before them in this country, in the shape of Popery, is certainly no attraction to them; and Protestantism, I am sorry to say, lukewarm as it is here, does not contribute much to show the Jews that the religion of Christ is superior to theirs.

It is not so much what we say ought to be done, or what we teach, as what we do ourselves and practise, that will lead them to acknowledge the superiority of Christianity,

The Jew is neglected. Men of God, men of the Bible, fully alive to their duties as Christians, free from prejudices, showing, in a kind and loving spirit, that the Jew is not considered an inferior, nor despised by his fellow-man, will be able to advance the reign of Christ, and by perseverance and zeal in their mission, bring the lost sheep of the house of Israel back to their Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.

In how far I have done my duty, and carried out the object of the Society, I leave the Committee to judge; to prove myself a faithful servant to them, and a true disciple of Christ, is all I aim at.

Allow me, in conclusion, to express my thanks publicly to the Committee of the Brussels Auxiliary, who, during the past year, have aided your Missionary with their advice, and interested Christian friends in behalf of the Jews.

The following affecting extract from a letter by Mr. SCHWARTZ will excite sympathy and encourage hope :

During the last month I have had an and greatly altered him; and when I at unusually great intercourse with Polish and last recognised him, he did not utter & Austrian Jews, and have disposed of and word, but tears rolled down his careworn distributed a number of tracts amongst and furrowed cheeks. Under ordinary cirthem. It was good that I received, at the cumstances even, such interviews are calbeginning of this month, a considerable culated to move and agitate the soul, but supply of various books from Mr. Gottheil, how much more under circumstances like and I am very thankful that such excellent these! What reminiscences passed in his opportunities presented themselves for fur- and my own mind during the short interval thering the cause of Christ amongst persons of a few moments! I was carried back at to whose habitations and country we have once to the time when I was still a youth, ug access. Amongst those who visited me and saw that the affections of an only surat my own lodgings stands prominent my viving parent were still mine. I blessed own aged father. This was an event, the Lord in silence for this token of His though I stood upon very affectionate terms kindness, and prayed tervently for strength since my arrival here with him, still unex- from above, in order to be able worthily to pected and unforeseen. When he presented declare His name before him. And the himself I did not recognise him, and no Lord gave me strength. My father came, wonder. Seventeen long years of sepa

not to reproach me, that was evident-nor ration had elapsed, and time bad deeply did he come to upbraid me; but undertook

the journey solely on my own account, and he wept tears of sorrow that my mother did not live to see me again. Painful and affecting as this was to me, I nevertheless rejoiced that the good Lord had given me such a precious season for declaring the glad tidings of salvation to one so near and dear to me, and was especially thankful to see that my former correspondence with him had, so to say, prepared and paved the way for this interview. When I consider in what frame of mind he was formerly, how he hated the name of the adorable Redeemer, how he abhorred every thing be. longing to the Christian name, and compare it with his present state of mind, I can only say this is the Lord's doing. No human soul could have formerly persuaded him to enter the abode (much less to undertake a journey) of one whom he considered an apostate, and who brought disgrace upon his name and family; but now, since he had an opportunity to learn somewhat of the excellencies of the Gospel only from a distance, and from the pen of one whom he in former times cursed, lis proud heart yields to the soft influences of the Gospel; and instead of, as before, blaspheming and reviling the most holy things, he comes humble as a child, and speaks with veneration of the person of the glorious Redeemer, and admires His holy doctrines, and delights to converse about them. Oh, glorious results of the power of the Gospel! If the mind of the Jew is thus divested of its fearful prejudices by its influences, and is willing to receive and be impressed with its great truths, what may we nut legitimately expect for the future?

Pardon, dear sir, these digressions, but I could not but give you some idea of the state of the mind of my father in former times, and what feelings he entertains now of the things that belong to our eternal peace; and allow me to add, that though I put him here as a single individual, it is by no means an isolated case.

There are, especially in Poland, numerous Jews who have undergone similar transformations from similar causes, and this number is vastly and rapidly increasing, and seems to leaven the whole mass of that mighty and most interesting remnant of Israel; and, oh, that there was but a pure Church, or faithful disinterested labourers free from all intrigues, and a blessing from on high would assuredly follow in their footsteps. But even as it is, we have no cause to despair; where the Lord has begun His work, He will continue and carry it on to His own honour and glory, even though it be without our co-operation. But to return. As soon as we had in some degree calmed our mutual feelings, from which we were both

at first overwhelmed, the conversation assumed that character for which I most anxiously longed, and was still more ac. celerated by the entrance of the Rev. Mr. Behrens, in whom I am happy to say I found a most powerful auxiliary in defending and explaining our most holy and common faith. On the first appearance of the Rev. Mr. B., he felt a little shy, and was unwilling to open his mind before him, and therefore mustered all his rabbinical weapons and wit, which are so peculiar to the genuine Polish Jews; but when he saw the zeal and earnestness with which he defended the truth, he laid aside all reservedness, and our intercourse, in a very little time, assumed a most confidential tone. As I have stated in my former communications, and as intimated above, the mind of my father has undergone a great change. He has passed through that chasm (after a severe and long conflict) which has for ever severed and freed him from the bondage of rabbinism, and is now looking to the Scriptures alone for guidance in his spiritual welfare. And thankful as I was for such a favourable turn, there was still a great blank in his views as regards the Person of the ever-blessed Messiah; and also the ideas he entertained regarding his own depravity, and of the human race in general, were very defective. We therefore directed all our energy to these important points, rectifying his notions, and, above all, endeavouring to lead him to Jesus the Friend of sinners, in whom all predictions of the prophets of old were concentrated and fulfilled. To all this he listened most attentively, with very little interruption, for the space of seven hours, and would have probably stayed longer had not his time expired and obliged him to depart by the first train of next morning. To ail appearance the truth which he now 80 fully heard made a deep, and, I trust, lasting impression upon him; and I sincerely hope will be productive ere long, with the help of God, of lasting benefit to the salva. tion of his immortal soul. One circumstance, however, I must not omit. A few words and remarks which Mrs. Schwartz made to him deeply interested him, and he seemed greatly moved by her affectionate entreaty to consider well his spiritual wel. fare. Before his final departure he took a most affectionate leave of all of us, thanking also Mr. Behrens, and even kissing him according to the custom, with tokens of deep friendship, taking also with him a copy the Gospel of St Luke and the Epistle to the Romans, both in Hebrew, with rabbinical commentary. Oh, that the Lord may bless my work to him, and to all to whom I was permitted to preach the Gospel of peace!



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