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confusion this must create.
A poor German told us that very often whilst he is repeating his prayers, a Jew of the other party siands behind him, mocking and laughing at him. One part of the service, however, is very solemn and interesting ; when the Chazan repeats the priest's bles. sing (Nurnb. vi 23-27), the failer of the family gathers round him his children and grandchildren, and with outstretched hands pronounces over them the benediction. But you would I dare say rather hear something about the worshippers themselves. As I have been here only a very short time, it would be presumption on my part to speak positively about the Jews at large ; still I have every reason to fear, that the few we have already visited and conversed with, are but too true a sample of the whole community. We have ucw open doors to above twenty families ; to soine we have preached Christ as the only hope of salvation ; to others, the name of Jesus has not as yet been mentioned, but we have been paving the way for it, to excite in thein some religious feelings, to awaken the dormant conscience to a sense of danger, to prove to them, first of all, the Divine authority of Moses and the prophets before we can hope to lead them to Christ.
The religious state of the Jews here is most deplorable; they profess to be very orthodox, but, according to their own account, there are not tweuty Old Testament Scriptures to be found amongst them. We have as yet only found one German Jew in possession of a Bible, and that was given him by a Mis-ionary: it is therefore not astonishing that they should be without any knowledge of religion, and so deeply sunk into the abyss of infidelity. I will just give you the substance of some conversations we had with several of the most pious Jews here. Mr. A-. closes his shop every Saturday, and is very diligent in his attendance at synagogue.
Mr. Dividson found, on his bookstall, a work of De Sacy's, and read out part of the introduction, on the divine authority of the New Testament. A-remarked that Christians in the present day paid very little atten. tion to the teaching of the Gospel; and cited, as an instance, the conver-ation he had with a Jesuit priest. A-- told him that Roman Catholics had forsaken the Gospel, and adopted human tradition in its place. The Jesuit replied, in the presence of several Jews—"We priests care litile, and the people understand little of the Gospel; and 80 where is its use the teaching of the Church is quite sufficient." Mr. Aseems to have read the New Testament
and his remarks led us to the expectation of finding him a very enlightened man; but pressing him to state liis reasons for rejecting the Gospel, he replied that lie was a Mat rialist, and did not believe in the inmortality of the soul, nor in the existence of a future state; which, lie declared, ought to be the belief of every Jew, imusmuch that Moses always spoke of temporal promises, and never once alluded to a future state. As for the prophets, they were all deceivers; because, ly teaching the existence of a future state, they contradict Moses, who spake with God, face to face, Mr.
and his son-in-law, are also considered very pious Jews; the mother, a
a very int?lligent woman, said that they closed the shop because they lived so close to the synagogue and what would people think if they were not to do so. At our first visit, the son-in-law and his wife strongly advocated the divine authority of the Talmud. They soon gave up the point. We then proved to them the innpossibility of being saved by the Law; inasmuch as it was impossible to keep all that is written therein. He at once declared that he did not believe in the Law at all; that the Ten Commandments were his only rule of faith. On our second visit, ne tried to bring the subject bome to his heart and conscience, and told him that, as a Jew, he would be judged by Divine Revelation, and that liis condition was far worse than that of the heathen. He coolly replied, that he very much doubted ibe existence of a God. I asked him whether he did not think it absurd to pray to a Being whose very existence he doubted. He replied that he was bound to do what every body else did, especially as the repeating of some prayers could do him no harm.
I will only give you one more instance of the amount of incredulity we meet with amongst the Jews here. I gave two tracts to Mr. B-. One day he accosted us in the sireet to return one of the tracts, the other he had lent to a neightour. I asked him whether he found them interesting? He replied that these books were good for people with weak brains—ho had the religion of his fathers too much at heart to change it. Appealing to the prophets to substantiate the truths of Christianity, he said the prophets were all “ bêtise”-the Jews had no other prophet but Moses. I showed him the heading of one of the tracts (Deut. xviii. 15), to prove that Moses himself expected another prophet, and at once cut the conversatiou short by warning him of his danger, and implored
him to give his attention at once to the thivgs that belonged to lis pieace. "Well," he replied; “ when I die, my body will be luid in the dust; and as for my soul, let whoever will take it-I care very little whether it be devil or angel !"
But to turn to some more cheering instances, - we have met with Mr. D-, an intelligent tradesman, wlio told us that he had read the New Testament, and if he were not born a Jew, he would certainly have liked to be a Protestant. A Protestant neighbour of his was in the habit of hanging out white sheets for the procession to pass ; but this year the Jew persuaded him to remain firm to his religion, as a Protestant, and not put up any sheets. His religion, he told 18, was founded on these two principles—To love God with all his heart, &c., and his neighbour as himself. He admitted that the Jews were in an unconverted state, and needed the sprinkling spoken of by Ez kiel. Mr. Davidson watched him closely, whilst I read to him Isaiah liji.; and it seems that he was then very much moved. On another occa-jon I read to him partious of the Sucred Scriptuies, and he remarked that those propliecies ought 11 t only to be read, but closely studied; and added that he would give thein bis serious attention. He has agreed to come to my house aud read the Bible together in Englı h.
Mr. (— isanotberintelligent Jew; but, as he bad never read the Bible, he bad formed a theory of his own. He believed in the transmigration of souls. His idea was that all souls go 10 heaven; the good to remain there for ever, but the wicked were sent back into this world, to work all kind of abominations and wickedness. He asked us our view of the resurrection. We rend to biun Dan ix., and the explanation of the Aposile Paul, 1 Cor. xv., with which he scenied quite satisfied. We urged him no longer to neglect the salvation of his sul; and he expressed his desire of buying a Bilole, and at once beginning to search the Sacred Scriptures.
I ill only cite one more. We visited Mr. M-,on a Saturdav: lis shop was closed, and he was all the more prepared for religious conversation, as his child had been circumcised that very morning. We spoke to him upon the responsibility he
had taken upon himself of bringing the chiid up according to the Law; and the impossibility of redeeming his promise; for not only did he never observe the Law, but was actually ignorant of its demands, and liud not even a copy of it in the house. He as well as bis sister, seemed very much struck with the truth of my remarks. On our second visit his wife and another Jewess were present. They at first thought it a good joke to give Mr. M-a good talking; but they soon became serious when I addressed myself to them., and told them that they were in the same con dition, and that it was a very solemn matter, as we shall all have to give an account one day. Madame invited us to see her husband-Mr. M— followed us. Wespent more than an hour with them. The whole party looked like people awakening out of a dream-no one had ever told them of their real condition; their hearts seemed touched, and their consciences alive for the first tinie to a sense of their danger. They expressed a strong desire to read the Word of God; and, before parting, Mr.M— told me that he had been living on blindly, without ever bestoning a thought on re. ligion, but he was now determined to buy a Bible, and give his hcart and soul to the subject.
You will, I dare say, remember that, about two years since, sixty Russian Jewish prisovers were sent to the Ile d' Aix, and from thence to Algiers; fifty of them are to settle down at Bordeaux. Oily a few have yet arrived, and one of them told me that they had their own rabbi; and they with tbe Germans would form a separate synagogue.
I was glad to hear from Mr. Davidson that you intended sending Hebrew tracts, as they would be indispensable for the evado gelisation of the Russian Jews.
There are also here at present 150 Russian sailore; they are to man the two s'exmers that are building here for the Emperor of Russia; tliey will remain here several months ; there are seven Jews aniongst them. We visited them several times; gave them a New Testament and tracts, and they promised to come to my house on Sa: urday, when I hope we may be able, quietly and calmly, to set before them the truth as it is in Jesus.
FRANKFORT-ON-ODER. From Mr. JAFFÉ : Through the "good hand of the Lord pleasing and cheering facts. Some time upon me," am I again permitted, in my ago I had occasion to mention & family of present Journal, to comn, unicate several the name of M-, at whose place of business I was in the habit of meeting, argue with him from the Bible; but he from day to day, with Jews, of all castes showed an acquaintance with the Scripand creeds, to discuss the topios of our tures, especially with tho-e that refer to boly religion with them. This M the Messial, which a-tonished everyone. has a brother-in-law, who lives in a country "I take my stund us on this word," said place, a few miles from here ; and a son of he, “and so long as you cannot reasonably chat family, a youth of about fifteen or show me that the Messiah has not as yet sixteen, came a short time back on a visit to come, I shall believe that Jesus in he" Mr. M.- The youth, from the moment Murb, very much, bas he had to endure he came to know me, and to listen to my ever since, but he remains firm and unarguing with the Jews in his uncle's place shaken; and whenever he is drawn into of business, became so deeply interested perplexity by the subtle reasonings of some in an his curiosity so highly raised about, Jews, he always waits till I coine and cler the evidences of the truths of Christianity, up the ditficulty to him.
Ilis parents that he made it his care to be daily watch- know not as yet of his change ; but, ing for me, and to engage with me in con- whatever itay await him, he told me that, versation of a religious character. He through God's help, he will hold fast to his had many questions to ask about the pro
hope. mised Saviour; his office. the time of his A somewhat similar case I have to menadvent, &c.; and every time his soul seemed tion of a young Jewees. It is several weeks more drawn out in sympathiy with the since that I had to deliver a Missionary Lord Jesuig. When I had to contend with seruoli, in a place about fourteen wiles Jews at his uncle's, and to grapple with all
from here. I found a Jewish family there, their cavils, their prejudices, and, too fre
On Sunday morning quently, with their deeply-routed infidelity,
the eldest daughter of Mr. A— a young he took his station in one part of the woman of about twenty, accvinpamed by shop, and, with the utmost attention and a younger bruther, attended ny service. interest, listened to the varied arguments She paid the utmost attention to all I said, that were employed for and against the and seemed at times deeply moved. After Christian religion. Thus weeks passed service she came to the ciergymnau's huuse, by, and the young man's impressions with evidently with a view of speaking to me. reference to the truths of the Gospel, be- I entered into couversation with her, and came daily stronger and firmer. A light had the satisfaction of bearing ficm ber had gone up in his soul, which discovered owu lipo that the picture that I had druwn to him, not only the abyss of endless woe of the belpless and hopeless state of the and misery over which he was bovering, Jews was very correct, and the causes to but also the great remedy wbich boundless which their wisery wus traceable very love has provided for our recovery aud probable. I accompanied her home to her salvation, and that light urged him in ward parents, where a warın reception a waited in his heaven-born resolve. And thus it we, and where I had the opportunity of was one day, after I had been disputing preaching to them, for upwards of two with a sumber of Jews at his uncle's huurs, the unsearchable riches of Christ. place, that the young man, who was also
Mr. A- telt be wildered and perplexedpresent, suddevly rose up, and, in a firm maue several attempts to delend Juualan, and determined voice, said "I have now but failed; and ws at last coupelled, been listening, for some weeks, to the bowever unwilling, to couless that, if we arguments which were en ployed on buth strictly go by the Bible, thu Messlat must sides, for aud against Christianity, und, already have come. I could see ibat a deep wbilst I have been iborou bly disgusted impressiuu was made upon Miss A with the levity, ivdifference, and unbelief aud it was with peculiar feelings of plea. of many whom I have beard, I have also sure aud delight luat she accepled Leila been deeply convinced that Christ is the Ada," which I hauded wer beture l ieli. promised Messiah, and Christianity the The reading of that book, in cuunexive only true religion." It would be difficult with wbuat olie Heard, bas, through the for me to say what were the feelings which, Holy Spiri 's mutuencu, been blessed to her at the first tew moments, overwhelmed soul, aud ber desire and prayer is to tu.. those present; but this is certain, that, as low in the lootsteps of “ Leila Ada." Slie soon as they were recovered from the bas lallelly been to the clergywan, and first shock, contempt and imprecatious coutessed to hun her faith in Jesus, aud Wero abundantly heaped upon the head of expressed her intention of being baptised the young believer, and he had as much as - Bui," said she, "my father is deterbe could do to keep up under their derici ve mined to discard me, and where am I 10 acorn and mockery. They also began to
Hud another howe?" I begged the clergy
man to interest himself in her, and to stand by her in case of need, which he kindly promised to do.
A married son of Mr. A-lives about two miles further, and I made it my business to visit him also. I was deeply touched when I entered the house of that Jew to find that he has already, for eighteen years, been a severe sufferer, and for these last four years altogether confined to bed. He has a nice business, but as he cannot attend to it, it is being greatly neglected. The joy and satisfaction that that poor fellow evinced in my vi-it, and in all I said, was truly beyond description. With the greatest eagerness he listened to the truth, so that he sometimes felt quite exhausted, and I had to keep still till he was again recovered. Old Mr. A also came the same day to sce his son, and he had to hear once more those truths which on a foriner occasion were propounded to him. When I portrayed the present fallen state of the Jews, young Mr. A would often turn to his father and say, “ Dear father, is it not exactly so as Mr. Jaffé says ? Is not our state most deplorable ? I pine away on this bed of sickness ; but the Judaism, as we have it, is not able to impart one ray of light, or one drop of comfort, to me in my sickness ; I feel that I am living like a heathen and my children growing up so too “But, my son,” replied the old man,
we still believe in a Messiah to come ; and if so, what comfort can I derive from such an hope ?" “ Bit do not those parts of Scripture which have been nimed, go to prove that Messiah has coine already ? and is it not probable that Jesus is, after all, that Messiah ?" A cloud overspread the countenance of the old man, and in a depressed tone of voice he said, "Is it possible that the whole nation
should be deceived ?" This gave me the opportunity of entering once more into the great question which is at issue between Jews and Christians, and at length I showed that the Jews' unbelief arises principally from early imbibed prejudices and erro. neous views of Scripture doctrine, and that if they were to divest themselves of the former, and interpret the latter according to the Spirit's mind, they would not long hesitate of acknowledging that Jesus is of a truth their divinely appointed Saviour.
When I left, I presented young Mr. Awith several suitable tracts, and earnestly exliorted him to give heed to the things which he had beard, and look to it, that the impressions which his mind has received are not effaced again. He expressed the deepest gratitude for my visit, and said that this has been the most refreshing season he has had for many years, and that I could not honour him more than by another early visit.
Another Isiaelite about eight miles from here, to whoin I preached the Gospel for upwards of two hours and a lialf, was so powerfully wrought upon by the truths I uttered, that he declared hiinself fully convinced of the true Messiahship of Jesus, and desired to receive instruction in the Christian religion with a view of entering the Christian Church ; but his wife, an ignorant woinan, threatened to leave hiin the instant he carries his purpose into effect ; but I do not believe that it will tend to turn him from his desigu.
I shall make it my business to visit these fainilies occa-jonally, and deepen the impressions wherever such have been made. May the Lord watch over the seed which has been sown, and make it to bring forth an hundredtold to the praise and glory of His name !
MR. KESSLER reports thus concerning the Jews and his mission in Belgium :
There are, no doubt, from 350 to 400 means--public meetings, private meetings families in Brussels; 150 to 200 in Ante in my own house, individual visitation, all werp; 30 to 40 in Liege; the same nuinber, which, except the last, are only practicable perhaps, in Ghent; two or three families for some time, and at intervals. One great ia Louvain; about 50 families in Luxem. | drawback, too, is the utter iinpossibility of burgh, which, together with a few families erecting schools; as the Jews theinselves dispersed in other parts of the country, have schools for their poorer children, and would amount to 3,000 or 4,000 souls. those who can afford it send theirs tu Except Luxemburgh, I have, since my Cliristian schools. You can, therefore, feel arrival here, visited all the towns, and ene with me, and account for the doubtful deavoured to find out as many of my tone of my letters, as regards the mission, brethren as possible, and so far succeeded, wlien I tell you of the difficulties I have that the Messiah has been proclaimed to a to get hold of the minds of the people. goodly number.
The greater part are freethinkers, and You will remember that I have tried all their views in favour of Unitarianism, of LONDON
course, I cannot but oppose, from my conviction of its erroneous tendencies-endencies which, if acquiesced in by the missionary, would make his niission co nparatively easy. Could I do nothing else among the Jews than to counteract these pernicious tendencies by my teaching, my mission would, in some measure, be fulfilled; but, in spite of all discouragement, I am happy to say I can do moie.
There are some, though the minority, to whom I can fully preach Christ, and who seem to see, if not quite the correctness oi iny views, certainly the erroneousness of their
They feel the void which Judaism leaves upon their ininds and hearts; but cannot as yet, nor without aid from on. bigh, experience the truths of Christianity in theinselves. So, for instance, Mr.
— who has not ceased to visit me, and who, reading the New Testament daily, nevertheless tells me he sees in Christ but a great man, and in the New Testament the nearest approach of his ideal of moral teaching. The wonderful deels, and the blessed words of our Saviour, have no other effect on him than they had on the Jews of old; and he has strugglel for more than two years to arrive at a knowledge of the truth, and is still, huinanly speaking, far from it.
Another great obstacle is, and always will be, Popery. The Jew liates idolatry, and idolatry it is ; we can give 110 other name to it. Now, such a religion lie abhors, and that offered to hiin from the anti-Catholic quarter is infidelity. To choose between the two is his only alternative, and the latter would certainly have the preference, did he not meet with a similar infidelity in Judaisin as it now is. I ain therefore, so at least I consider it, placed here as a watchman on the tower, to lead those who really search the Scriptures to arrive at the truth, to the
true fountain of life. I have late'y met with a Mr. B from Glicia, who is married to a Dutch Protestant lady, and whose children are neither circuncised nor baprised. His opinion is they ought to grow up without any bias in favour of this or that religion, and when at the proper age, to choose for themselves which is right and which is rot. Meanwhile he thinks of explaining to them according to his views both Judaism and Christianity, and then let them have their own choice. He him. self has broken with Judaisin, as he does not acknowledge the Old Testament bind. ing for him, nor does he style himself a Christian, at least not in our sense of the word. We have, whenever we meet, and we meet often, long conversations, and last week a very interesting one on the providence of God, which he wished to make out to be something like fatalisin, whilst I endeavoured to give him a scriptural view of it. So you see I am going on quietly, and omit hardly any opportunity to speak to the lost sheep of the house of Israel, and my only prayer is, that their hearts may be touched to make them perceptible at the real spiritual advantages of the religion of Christ, and thus lead them to Hiin who was most emphatically the Savivur of the Jews.
Wben last in Germany, I met and heard from friends, that soine of my Jewish brethren who were last year in Ostind, would ag iiu be there this time, and were looking forward to meet me mgain. It is my intention, with your perini-sion, to go te Osteud lor a fortught in the course of next month, because I think, and I said so. last yeur, the Jews who come there are eager to speak on religious subjects more so than at loine, and a word in season, for auglit we know, inay bring them to study the Word of God inore, and by this nenus be led eventually to Christ.
Mr. Salmon gives the following notice of a young Israelite recently baptised :
Jacob Goldberg is a native of Jerusalem, the first interview I had with G., I and a brother to the Rev. John Goldberg, perceived that he was fully acquainted Missionary to the Jews at Constantinople. with the Scriptures, but totully ignorant On his journey from Africa to England, he of the deprivity of his own heart-stayed for a short time in Paris, where he of the preciousness of his soul, and of became acquainted with our missionary, the inestimable price paid for its redeinpMr. Brunner, who recommended him to the tion. With regard to his sincerity there British Society for the Propagation of the was, in my own inind, not the least doubt. Gospel among the Jews; and Mr. Yonge In addition to the religious instructions placed bim under my instruction. . From which I gave him daily, I also instructed