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only preparations for the Ambassador. Surely the greatness of these preparations, and the length of time which they occupied, prove how great He was, how important His work, and what an high estimate God set upon it. We should consider what He came to be; to say; and to do. He came to be God's representative, to exhibit His character, to show His mercy, pity, and tenderness in every act and deed; to prove that “God is love, he is "good, and ready to forgive." Jesus could, and did say, “He that hath seen me hath seen the Father;" “I and the Father are one;" “He that sent me is with me;" The Father is in me, and I in Him." An earthly ambassador is the representative of his sovereign, and for the time wields his authority; but still he is different from him, and not one with him. But the man Christ Jesus is also “the Son of the Blessed," equal with the Father; one with the Father as regards divine nature, yet by office the Father's servant (Isa. xlii. 1), “dealing very prudently,'' (Isa. lii. 12). How suited is He as How suited is He as "the only begotten Son” (Ps. ii. 7),
(. “the righteous Servant,” to be the ambassador! “ He spake as nerer man spake." He spake of pardon, of blessing, of peace, of life, and glory. The Word that God sent unto the children of Israel, preaching peace by Jesus Christ." He had rest for the burdened; comfort for the mourners ; health for the sick; and happiness for the broken-hearted. Grace was poured into His lips, and gracious words ever flowed from them. His one great aim and object, the great thing for which He lived and laboured, was to bring men to God. He saw and felt how fearful their condition was ; how guilty, how inexcusable they were ; what terrible danger they were in; and IIe came " to seek and to save them that were lost.” Unlike ambassadors generally, He did not only address the government and heads of the nation, but He had to do with individuals, with any single man or woman with whom IIe met. He showed that man was personally a sinner, and that he must be dealt with as an individual, personally pardoned and sanctified. Therefore He said “If any man thirst, let him come unto me and drink;" “ Him that cometh unto me, I will in no wise cast out;" and many like words. And this is still the Gospel method. It is to be preached to evcry creature. Its language is, “Repent, every one of you."
“Believe in the Lord Jesus, and thou shalt be saved.” But still, as God's ambassador, Hé had to do with the nation as such, through their leading men. The last time He came to Jerusalem, the heads of the nation, priests, scribes, lawgivers, Herodians, pharisees, came to Him with tempting words and puzzling questions, instead of listening reverently to His words as God's ambassador. The result was, they were all answered and confounded; convicted of ignorance, pride, and prejudice, yet still unchanged. Their hearts raged against God's Sent One-they insulted Him to His face, and as God's ambassador He withdrew from their court.
With streaming eyes, and in the tenderest tones, He said, “How oft would I have gathered thee, but ye would not”—“behold, your house is left unto you desolate.” 'They followed Him, saying, “ This is the heir ; come, let us kill him.” The people agreed to the proposal, and Heaven's great Ambassador, the Prophet of whom Moses spake, the Theme of all the prophets, was hanged on a tree, and then cast into a sepulchre. But God raised Him from the dead, and then raised His faithful ambassador to His throne in heaven.
But what shall be done to the nation which thus insulted God in the person of His representative ? Nay, what has been done to them. Their
“ His blood be on us and on our children,” has been fulfilled; and the scattered, afflicted, down-trodden people, have still to bear the consequences of this their fearful crime. It shall not be always so. They (even the men of Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem) shall look on Him whom they have pierced, and mourn.' Then shall they be washed in the fountain opened." “A nation shall be born in a day," and the new-born nation shall sing, "Blessed be He that cometh in the name of the Lord.” Then, when He becomes an ambassador to them, He will be a Saviour for them.
Wondrous fact! Astonishing wisdom and mercy! God has overruled this rejection of His Sent One, for the fulfilling of His one great purpose
of love. The Crucified One is our peace. Here Jew and Gentile meet, are saved and blessed. Reader, whosoever and whatever you are, this is the great matter now. Be willing for Jesus to be to you all God sent Him to be, and He will be all for you that you need, or that God requires. Receive Him, and you shall for ever possess Him. Oh, it is a solemn thing to belong to a race to whom God hath sent His Son; a terrible thing to reject Him, and a most blessed thing to have Him “in us the hope of glory.” For Jesus saith, "He that receiveth Me, receiveth Him that
“ , sent Me."
The Jewish Mission.
OUR hands are so full of Missionary papers, that we thankfully devote the larger portion of this month's number to their insertion. It is true that they do not record many facts of exciting interest, but the simple and truthful statements indicate, beyond a doubt, the progress of the work, and, as we judge, the presence of the Saviour with His faithful servants.
Our readers will not fail to perceive, in the details from France, the great importance of itinerant Missionary exertions. They cannot, however, be sustained, without considerable addition to our pecuniary resources, which have not this year equalled our ordinary expenditure. We think, , too, that it will be evident that the light is entering where all was darkness ; that inquiry is wakening up, where all was silent in the slumber of ages; and that souls are responding to the appeals of divine truth. Continue, then, in prayer, set us free from anxiety by suffering the warm emotions of Christian love to suggest liberal things for Israel, and encourage our Missionaries, not only by a larger share in your prayers, but by enabling them to meet the increase of expense connected with the necessaries of life on the Continent. Our first extracts are from the Journal of the Rev. P. E. GOTTUEIL, who on his recent tour was accompanied by one of his brethren in the service of a kindred Institution.
T-, -Soon after we had entered the controversy. We parted on very friendly village, we fell in providentially with the teacher, Mr. W- We spent nearly E-.--Visited the Jewish teacher the whole afternoon together. Our con
He has known brother Hversation comprised a great many ques- from a former visit. His reception, and tions; amongst others, on Mat. v. 17, 18,- that of his family, was of a most friendly that Christ did not come to put away the nature. He is father of fourteen chillaw, but rather to fulfil it. All our dis- dren, and seems an exceedingly kind and cussion was spoken in the presence of gentle parent. It was the day on which the Roman Catholic landlord and his the Jews commemorate the destruction of family, who seemed interested in the Jerusalem. This day is ordained to be a
day of fasting; at present, the Jews have reduced it to half a day of fast, and many never abstain from food at all. We referred to Zecha. vii. 4, &c., to shew the true nature of a day of fasting, with regard also to the great day of atonement. Mr. D himself quoted Isaiah lviii.: the sacrifice offered by the high priest on that day was the most important work of that day, sliadowing forth that which has been fulfilled in Christ; henee, to the Christian, every day is a day of atonement. Obedience to God's will is with him only a fruit of this atonement. Rabbinic Judaism is ignoring inward life by appealing merely to the understanding-and even then, only in order to corrupt it; whilst Christianity elevates man as a spiritual being. We spoke of Judaism and modern reform. He agreed with us as to the necessity of leading Israel back to the Old Testament, and to instruct it in a more spiritual manner, after the mind of Christ. He said it was extremely difficult for Jews to be led to this point. We stated the reason of this difficulty: because hitherto the Jews have always satisfied themselves with outward appearances, and not searched ont the deep things of God. We trust that their modern infidelity may become a stepping-stone for them, to lead them in search of the truth. We spoke of the Tephilim. The Christians fulfil this law in a spiritual manner, according to Jeremiah xxxi. 29-31. He accompanied us to the rabbi, Dr. F with whom we had a long conversation.
At L- we met Mr. W-, the second teacher of E-, a nice, open-faced young man, who spoke trustingly to us. G-.-Mr. L
gave us a friendly welcome; so much so, that a Christian pastor who accompanied us expressed bis astonishment about it. Mr. G- was at his school, and examined our children in his presence.
Dr. Solomons' translation of the Bible is introduced in that school. The passage, Gen. xlix. 10, Dr. S. has translated quite against all grammar and common sense, merely with a view to the existing controversy. In our conversation the question turned up, whether the Tal. mud or the Old Testament might be looked apon as the development of the New Testament. We gave the necessary explanations. Mr. L- - made very little opposition, and confessed, at last, that Israel could only be raised up from its present fall by returning to the Old Testa. ment once more, and making it the basis of their inner life. He referred to the doctrine of the uuity of the Godhead: We stated our view on the subject. He
said he could not comprehend the Trinity: we related to him Dr. Capadose's answer to a similar objection, which he admitted as conclusive. We spoke of the law, and its fulfilment in Christ. He gave us sketch of the poverty of the Jewish teachers, which was quite distressing. We took a friendly leave, and departed.
IV -- Mr. H- examined the children of the school in our presence on the subject of the first sin and its consequences. The views regarding sin which he seems to have given to the children were pretty correct; and we rejoiced at. this, because ore of the primary errors among the Jews is, their having erroneous views regarding sin. He shewed us the new synagogue, built in church fashion, but great complaints were made, on account of the absence of all devotion and interest in God's services. We pointed out the
There is no help save in Christ : That will yet be long coming." We referred to Hosea iii. 4, 5. We pointed out, also, the right sense of orthodoxy, and what in the Protestant church is meant by this expression. After many other explanations, we parted. We also visited the house of Mr. A—, of which two sons have embraced Christianity. We found only their sister at home, and had a short but friendly conversation with her.
B.–Visited the family of Mr. N-; met the two sons, who entered with us into a friendly conversation. H had visited this house three years ago; the conversation of that time was still in their memory. We spoke of the value of the Bible as a means of educating not only individuals, but also nations. They pleaded want of time, having too many things to learn for their earthly career. We pointed out the folly of caring only for this world; the parable of the rich man in the Gospel; eternal pains,—the awful idea referred to. We were urged to repeat our visit. The teacher, Mr. R-, gave us a warm reception. He is one of those of whom it might be said, that they are not far froin the kingdom of heaven. He is earnestly seeking and striving; and shewed us the New Testament, which is his study in the few hours of leisure he can find during a hard-working day. He referred us to a passage in one of Mendelsohn's posthumous works, in which that much extolled philosopher speaks of the scriptural prophets in the way a heathen would. Unless you knew him to be a Jew, you would scarcely guess it from expressions such as these.
We also met Dr. G. the rabbi of the place. He referred to Buxdorf's learned researches, and spoke highly of
his attainments. He complained of some High Priest, according to Psalm cx. The Christian writers of the middle ages, who sacrifices were then referred to that they made the nation responsible for every were without value, unless accompanied foolish sentence that happened to be uttered by faith and repentance; but repentance by somebody This we adınitted, but without sacrifice is also without value, pointed out the many essential and funda- because, on the great day of atonement, mental errors of the system, which he both were combined together. Explana. partly admitted. Spoke of Dr. Biesenthal's tion of the term Tedaka, or righteousness, commentary on Luke and Romans, which was then desired and given. They repreho seems to have perused. Delitzsch's sented alms as a sacrifice; we:-"yes, it is writings on Hebrew poesy he seems also to the sacrifice of a heart whose sins are forhave studied with profit. Pietism he re- given, and wiose peace has been esta. ferred to as something objectionable, but blished. All men are sinners, according we showed him that it was only positive to Genesis vi.” One of those present spoke Bible religion after all.
about the Aaronitic priesthood.
This was In the carriage that took us to L to be abolished, according to Psalm cx. we had an interesting conversation on the At last, sacrifices were represented as mere subject of abstinence. It was the tiine accommodation on the part of God to when the Talmud forbids the eating of Jewish prejudices. We shewed the conmeat, as a mark of repentance for sin. A sequences of such an assumption. Then young Jewess said, that abstaining from the change of Sabbath was touched on ; meat was, in her eyes, no sign of mourn- and finally, the whole of the fifty-third ing. We might be cheerful with a piece chapter of Isaiah was explained, amidst of dry bread. We shewed the nature of silent listeners. Thus was this long contrue repentance. Israel's repentance was troversy brought to an end.
It was a to be accompanied by their return to pleasant sight to see the children of the Canaan; and repentance ought to be the house gather so confidingly around us, and work of every day, as every day has its asking all kinds of questions. One little girl own sins to mourn over. “A new heart" is said, “We have a servant in the house the result of true repentance, and faith in who also prays very much,"-meaning a the great High Priest and King of Israel. Christian servant, whose prayerful walk How can I get a new heart ? We exem- did not fail to produce an effect on the plified the instance of a sick man, who child. can get well only by applying the right We also visited the teacher, Mr. Tremedy. Which is the right remedy in whom we met in his school, and who deplored the sinner's case ? “ The Messiah, wlio much the want of Scriptures, but stated died for the sins of mankind, and who rose that the School Committee had refused the for their justification." A general silence introduction of the Bible Society's Bibles followed this declaration.
in their school, and rather let the children Jew asked, “Have you, then, found the go without altogether. way ?" "Yes; we have found Him who
Since his return Mr. Gottheil has is the way, the truth, and the life.”
" Then " thoughtfully.
added the following to his interhearty
:. come on the part of the Jewish landlord of A crowd of work has been waiting for the ion and his whole family. The father me on my return from Berlin, whither the of the house almost immediately com- Committee kindly allowed me to proceed menced conversing on the prophecies, espe- for the sake of attending the meetings of cially Isaiah xi. 5, 6, and other passages. the Alliance. I am, therefore, able now Ere long, two Jews, father and son, en- only to write very shortly, reserving more tered. They had just come from a neigh- for a future letter. Brother Jaffe has no bouring village. They at once entered, doubt already informed you of the solema with great spirit but good humour, upon meeting we had just previous to my depar. our conversation. The divinity of Christ ture, and the interesting facts which were was defended from Deut. xviii. 15, 16; connected with it. The two Jewish ladies, Moses as the type, Christ the realisation when introduced to me by Brother Jaffe, Jer. xxiii, 5, 6,“ The Lord our righteous made an exceedingly good impression upon ness."
They have only one God, ---80 me, and it was delightful to observe the hava we; but we have Him who revealed eagerness with which they listened to the Himself in His Word, -not an imaginary Gospel truths, as we once more, the evening Deity far off : in Christ does all the fulness before the baptism, put them before them ; of the Godhead dwell, in order to His re- and when prayer was offered, their hearts deeming us, and becoming our sacrifice and seemed to melt with joy. On the day
you are happy," he rejoined, bruslen: esting communication :
following, when the solemn rite of baptism, with her. Mournful as the occasion was, for which they had been longing, was ad- for the poor sufferer was taken from us in ministered, it was most affecting to see the her twenty-second year, yet it was old lady of above eighty, so full of delight satisfaction to see her rest her faith and and vigour, yet bending at the Saviour's hope entirely on the Saviour and His cross, and rejoicing in His salvation. Her mercy. "I know that my Redeemer venerable appearance, and that of her liveth,” were almost the last words she widowed daughter, made a deep impression uttered in m
A few days ago we upon all present, many among as being committed her bodily remains to the grave, Jewish believers. My heart rejoiced for in the hope of a glorious resurrection. In Brother Jaffe's sake, and was filled with the midst of lite we are in death, is a gratitude to the Lord for having crowned very solemn lesson, read to us every day his faithful labours on these souls with such visible and glorious success. He, At Berlin, we were above thirty conwith us, yields all glory to Him, with whom verted Jews. It was refreshing to see so alone rests all success, and to whom alone many from the stock of Abraham, wko all glory is due. Let 'abundant prayer be had become the children of Abraham by offered to the Lord, that these two sisters faith in Jesus Christ ; and thus reingrafted from among Israel may live and die, and on the parent stock. It was a season of do everything in Him, who died for them, much prayer for Israel also, and it is to be and now liveth for ever, as their Mediator hoped that a blessing will follow it. and Saviour.
N.B.--I have recommenced a monthly Coming home, I found a youthful mem- meeting of believing Israelities for Scripture ber of my little English flock sick unto reading and prayer, to meet on the first death, and was called upon to read and pray Sunday of the month.
BORDEAUX Mr. FRANKEL's visits to towns in the south of France will, we trust, prove introductory to results of extensive interest.
B—.-Myvisit to this place had a two- which their forefathers have suffered the fold mission, to ascertain the spiritual con- direst persecutions. Still the promise is dition of the Jews, and by domiciliary visi- sure, “All Israel shall be saved," and tbe tation make known to them the truth as it command positive "beginning at Jerusais in Jesus; and also to excite amongst lem,”-the seed is to be sown, the bread is Christians an interest in the cause of Israel. to be cast upon the waters, the Gospel is With regard to the latter, I have sue- to be preached, and the word will not ceeded in forming a branch committee of return void. the “ Société des Amis d'Israel,” already In the midst of all these difficulties, howestablished at Bordeaux, and the few de- ever, I have been cheered by finding here voted Christians found here have promised and there one disposed to listen to the their prayerful sympathy, and, as far as lies Gospel message, and to ponder seriously its in their power, some pecuniary aid to the saving truths. British Society.
Mr. L a very respectable merchant, With regard to the Jews, I regret to say received me rather coldly when he learned that I have gained but little access amongst the object of my visit ; but finding that he them. A great portion of the population possessed some piety and reverence for the consists of very wealthy merchants and Word of God, I turned his attention to the bankers, the oldest and most respected fa- glorious promises still in store for Israel: milies in the place. I have lest tracts with he became at once very friendly, and consome of them, but when I tried to obtain versed freely on the various prophecies that an audience, the reply invariably was, “ Go relate to Israel's future glory and Messial's to the Rabbi, we bave nothing to do with exaltation. On future visits we resumed these intricate questions.". The middle the subject, and I led him on to those pasclasses are absorbed in their business; all sages where the humiliation and exaltation they care about is to make money: of the Messiah are spoken of in one and is not in all their thoughts," and the Bible the same prophecy, and proved to him that is an unknown book. Some still retain a Jesus suffered all that was written confaint belief in the coming of the Messiah, cerning him, and that He will appear again whilst the majority look upon this doctrine in glory. At the last interview he said as a tale of bygone ages.
To all this is to that he had thought more about religion be added, their bigotry and prejudice since his short acquaintance with me than against Christianity, from the professors of he liad done during his whole lifetime. He