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DEATHS. Thomas, on his return to England, the service. Having been nominated Lieut - Colonel Cleland Cumberlege, aide-de-camp general to the Emperor H.B. M.'s Consul at Tampico, second Alexander I., on the erection of the son of Joseph Cumberlege, esq., of kingdom of Poland, he soon asked Bombay. The deceased bad served and received leave to retire on acten years as Consul at Tampico, and count of his health. In 1831, at the died a victim to that unhealthy cli time when the Austrian Cabinet seemmate.

ed favourably disposed towards the Oct. 20. Aged 76, H. Curwen, esq., Polish cause, Prince Constantine Czarof Workington Hall, Cumberland, and toryski became an active mediator beBell Isle, Windermere.

tween that Cabinet and the InsurrecApril 23. At Vienna, aged 86, Prince tional Government. Prince Constantine Constantine Czartoryski. This distin was at Vienna what his brother is at guished Polish patriot was born at Paris, the protector of the Polish race. Warsaw in 1773, and was educated, His house was ever open to his Polish together with his elder brother, Prince compatriots, and he was the liberal Adam (now residing in Paris), under patron of all distinguished Polish artists the care of distinguished masters. A and men of letters. tour of Europe and a long stay in Eng. Dec. 19. At Dalhousie Castle, co. land served to complete the education Edinburgh, aged 48, James Andrew of the two princes. The insurrection Ramsay, Marquess of Dalhousie, and headed by Kosciuszko gave the first Lord Dalhousie, of Dalhousie Castle, opportunity for the display of their and of the Punjab, in the peerage of patriotism; and the Empress Catha England ; Earl of Dalhousie, and Lord rine having subsequently confiscated Ramsay of Dalhousie and Kerrington, the property of their father, only rein and Lord Ramsay of Melrose in the stated them in their rights at the earn peerage of Scotland; K.T.; Lord est solicitation of the Court of Vienna, Clerk Register and Keeper of the Sigand on condition that they should re. net in Scotland, Lord Warden of the side in St. Petersburg in the character Cinque Ports, Constable of Dover of hostages. After baving remained Castle, an Elder Brother of the Trinity until the year 1793, in Grodno, with House, &c. their uncle, King Stanislas Augustus, James Andrew Broun-Ramsay, first they repaired to the capital of the em Marquess of Dalhousie, was born on pire, and were compelled to enter the the 22nd of April, 1812, at Dalhousie Russian army. During the Revolu Castle, the third son of the ninth Earl tionary period, they quitted the Russian of Dalhousie, of a family dating with service; and when the Emperor Napo the most ancient Scottish nobles, and leon raised a Polish legion under Prince which was raised to the peerage in Poniatowski, Prince Constantine join. 1618, when Sir George Ramsay was ed him with patriotic ardour, and levied created Lord Ramsay by James VI. at his own expense a regiment of in His son was created Earl of Dalhousie fantry, of which he was colonel, and in 1633. With all the world before him, with which he served with distinction as it presents itself to the vision of a against Austria in 1809 and in 1812 younger son, the future statesman was against Russia. Among the various sent to Harrow, and from Harrow probrilliant feats of arms performed by ceeded to Christ Church, Oxford, where this regiment, its conduct at the siege in 1833 he took his degree with honours. of Smolensko is more particularly By the death of his elder brother the quoted. The Emperor Napoleon de honorary designation of Lord Ramsay corated the brave and intrepid colonel had already devolved upon him. Passwith his own hand, and nominated him ing from the University the distinan officer of the Legion of Honour. guished contemporary of distinguished Subsequently Prince Poniatowski pre men--for Earl Stanhope, Sir George sented him with the Polish Cross. Un Lewis, and Mr. Gladstone had taken fortunately, Prince Constantine Czarto honours during his term of residence, ryski's distinguished military career and the Earl of Elgin and Earl Canning was cut short at the battle of Mojaisk, in his year. Lord Ramsay seized the where his horse was killed under him, first opportunity that presented itself to and he himself received so serious a plunge into his element, politics. In the contusion that he was forced to leave elections for the Parliament of 1835 he

DEATHS. unsuccessfully contested the represen- pire less advanced in civilization, and tation of Edinburgh with Sir John especially needing the creation of simiCampbell and Mr. Abercrombie, the lar public works for the development Whig Solicitor-General and the Speaker- of its resources. He was, after a short elect of the House of Commons; but but active apprenticeship at the Board entered that Parliament which was of Trade, offered the splendid position summoned on the accession of Her of Governor-General of India, as sucMajesty as member for the county o cessor to Lord Hardinge. He accepted Haddington. He did not retain his the offer, and arrived at Calcutta on seat long, being called early in the the 12th of January, 1848. next year to the Upper House, in con It is not yet possible to write the sequence of the death of his father, history of Lord Dalhousie's administraWhether in the Lower or the Upper tion in India. Splendid to all appear. House, Lord Dalhousie never shone ance, it must be read by the light of much in debate ; but his administra that bloody commentary of the rebeltive faculty and business habits were lion which succeeded it. That his soon recognized by the chiefs of bis views were of the largest, that his amparty, and he was marked as a possible bition was of the noblest, that his Minister. When Sir Robert Peel re faculty of direction and government turned to power in 1841 he had to was of the highest order, cannot be satisfy so many expectants of a party doubted. Nor is it unlikely that, if he long excluded from office that he had been able to retain bis post, he, could find no office for the son of who had all the threads of policy in his Christ Church and the connection of hands, and who knew, as no one else the Duke. In 1843, however, an op knew, to what end a thousand wheels portunity served. Mr. Gladstone rose had been set a-working, who devised to the Presidency of the Board of the policy, who put it in motion, and Trade, and Lord Dalhousie took his who, after eight years of power, was replace as Vice-President. Then, again, garded with a confidence such as no when his chief resigned the Presidency Governor-General of later days had inin 1845, Lord Dalhousie reigned in his spired, might by his mere presence stead, and occupied the office during have averted all the calamities which the remainder of Sir Robert Peel's his departure seemed to invite, and term of government. The new Pre- might without the necessity of a dread mier, Lord John Russell, desired that ful ordeal have carried all his measures he should retain his post under the and projects to a successful and glonew Administration, but this Lord rious issue. But, on the other hand, it Dalhousie refused, deeming the only may be that the large conceptions honourable course to be to retire with which disturbed the constituted order his retiring patron. This unusual com of things to the very centre, the repliment was due to the untiring energy forms which were aceumulated the one and remarkable administrative ability upon the other, the absorption and rewhich Lord Dalhousie had displayed in construction of States, the wide con. the conduct of his department, at a quests and the vague anticipations of time when the sudden development of future annexations, may have so unthe railway system and the transition settled the enduring foundations of to a new commercial era had created government and made all seem to dean immense amount of work that pend upon the will of one mansorely taxed the resources of his office. Ruler not to be baffled, not to be The education thus obtained through turned aside, not to be subdued—that practice proved invaluable. Incessant when that awe-inspiring Presence was labour would have been inadequate removed that revulsion ensued, that to the performance of the task- & protest whose record is written in chastatesmauly and judicial power was in racters of blood and fire. dispensable to reduce the chaos to The best account of what Lord Dal. order and progress; and through the housie proposed to himself, and what compulsion which forced on him a he effected as Governor-General, will masterly comprehension of great pub. be found in the celebrated Minute lic works and the interests of a vast which he drew up, reviewing his adcommerce, the Earl was really training ministration in India from January, himself for the government of an en 1848, to March, 1856. It occupies



DEATHS. some forty folio pages, and is one of the thraldom of red tape, rising above the most remarkable State Papers forms, and directing everything with a ever penned. Beginning with his minute superintendence that nothing foreign policy and the wars to which could escape. In carrying out these he was compelled, he gives an account multiplied plans he made himself to a of his conquests. From conquest he certain extent independent of his subnaturally proceeds to annexation, and ordinates; he did their work, he was between the two, boasts that he has a sort of autocrat who broke through added to the dominion of the Queen all the officialism which is, perhaps, no less than four great kingdoms, be one of the necessary evils of a free Go. sides a number of minor principalities. vernment. He was a king in the sense Of the four kingdoms, Pegu and the wbich Mr. Carlyle admires-one who Punjab belong to the list of conquests; acts for himself and who comes directly while Nagpore and Oude belong to the into contact with the governed. Unclass of annexations, to which class happily, the Earl's constitution, never must be added the acquisition of Sat- strong, completely broke down under tara, Jhansi, and Berar. It was less, this excess of labour. He went to the however, to the acquisition of new ter mountains for health, but found it not. ritory that he looked with pride than He had, in 1853, sent his wife home to the means which he adopted for de- also in bad health; but she died on the veloping the resources of the country homeward voyage, and the first intimaand improving the administration of tion he had of her death was from the the Government. He could point to newsboys shouting the announcement railways planned on

in the streets of Calcutta. It was a scale, and partly commenced; to 4000 dreadful shock, and ere long it seemed miles of electric telegraph spread over doubtful whether he himself should India, at an expense of little more than survive the fatigue of a voyage home, £501. a-mile; to 2000 miles of road, or whether he might not even die bebridged and mettled nearly the whole fore the arrival of his successor. It was distance from Calcutta to Peshawur; at this moment, when Lord Dalhousie's to the opening of the Ganges Canal, health was inadequate to the responsithe largest of the kind in the bilities he had created for himself, that world; to the progress of the Punjab the home authorities announced their Canal, and of many other important policy of the deposition of the King of works of irrigation all over India; as Oude and the annexation of his kingwell as to the reorganization of an dom. The policy of this proceeding official department of public works. has been questioned by the highest Keeping equal pace with these public authorities - its justice still more. But works, he could refer to the postal sys whether politic or unwise, just or initem which he introduced in imitation quitous, no more difficult task has ever of that of Rowland Hill, whereby a let- been undertaken in India. The integ. ter from Peshawur to Cape Comorin, or rity of the Oude sovereignty was unfrom Assam to Kurrachee, is now con broken, there was a lawful Sovereign veyed for fd., or 1-16th of the old and a recognized Court, a numerous, charge; to the improved training or proud, and warlike nobility, a brave dained for the civil service, covenanted people, a country strong by nature, and uncovenanted; to the improve. and covered with feudal castles, a rich ment of education and prison disci- treasury, a large and not undisciplined pline; to the organization of the Legis- army. If such were the strengths of lative Council; to the reforms which it the Oude Sovereign at home, he had a had decreed, such as permitting Hindoo greater strength in the army of his foe, widows to marry again, and relieving for the Native army of Bengal was all persons from the risk of forfeiting chiefly recruited from the youth of property by a change of religion. These Oude. The Native princes, too, stood are but a few of the incidents of his ad- aghast at the magnitude of the blow ministration; and, knowing how much and of the crime. Lord Dalhousie was they were due to his own intelligence entitled to transfer to his successor the and energy, he might well regard them execution of the dangerous project and with pride. There is, perhaps, none of all the obloquy that must attend it. our living statesmen who have succeed. But he felt that the task, perilous in ed so entirely in breaking away from the most experienced hands, must al


DEATHS. most certainly fail in hands that knew Oct. 2. In Northgate-st., Bury St. not all the intricacies of Indian policy, Edmund's, aged 93, W. Dalton, esq. and he at once intimated to the Home An enthusiastic traveller, Mr. Dalton Government his willingness to remain had visited great part both of Europe until the task should be completed, and America, and his recollections The Indian Minister was well aware were interesting, both from the period how much depended on the strong will over which they extended and the scenes and firm band of their representative in he had witnessed. In spite of his frethe East, and they knew how terrible quent absence, he did not forget the was the prestige which attached to the claims of his native town, and Bury presence of the Earl of Dalhousie. And owes many of its improvements to his thus it was that the statesman who had care. Mr. Dalton married, rather late expended his strength in the successful in life, Miss Alexander, niece of the administration of a vast empire, and in first Earl of Caledon and aunt to Lord a victorious foreign policy, poured forth Cranworth, but had no family. the remnant of his life in accomplish Nov. 3. At Ootacamund, Sir Henry ing a deed for which he was not answer Davison, Chief Justice of Madras, and able, and which, whether wise and ne formerly Chief Justice of Bombay. cessary, or the wanton exhibition of March 22. At Market-jew-ter., Penpower, covered our great Indian pro zance, aged 81, Miss Kitty Davy, only vince with blood and confusion, and surviving sister of the late Sir Hum. had well nigh brought our empire in phrey Davy. the East to a setting in blood and Dec. 19. At his residence, Westbrooke, gloom.

Bolton-le-Moors, aged 56, Matthew Lord Canning arrived in India in Dawes, esq., F.S.A., F.G.S., &c. February, 1856, and took the reins of March 21. At Woodyeates, Mr. John government from his sinking predeces- Day, senior, the well-known jockey and

On the 10th March the Earl of trainer, who, from his straightforward Dalhousie left Calcutta, after receiving conduct in business, was commonly an address from all the principal per known as “Honest John." sons of that city, to which he replied Aug. Aged 57, M. Alexandre Gabriel in a touching answer, recapitulating Decamps, one of the most celebrated his labours, and expressing a too true painters of the Modern School. He foreboding of his future. He arrived met with an untimely death at Fonin this country with health so irretriev- tainbleau. He had mounted his horse ably broken, that he retired at once to to hunt with the Emperor's bounds, the family seat, and though spoken of when the animal took fright, dashed sometimes has rarely since been heard his rideragainst the overhanging branch

The people, viewing his great of a tree, and killed him on the spot. powers of

government, sometimes M. Decamps had travelled much, and named him in their speculations as a was a man of great originality of chafuture Prime Minister of England. racter. The Earl of Dalhousie was raised to Oct. 25. At Paris, aged 80, the Duke the dignity of an English marquess in

Decazes, once the favourite Minister of 1849, in recognition of his distinguished Louis XVIII. Born at Libourne, in services; and was appointed Lord War. the Gironde, he early came to Paris to den of the Cinque Ports, on the death study the law, and laid the foundation of the Duke of Wellington, in 1852; of his fortune by a marriage with the but unlike his illustrious predecessor daughter of Count Muraire, then Presihe was never able to visit the scene of dent of the Court of Cassation. He his jurisdiction. The first and last was a councillor in the Imperial Court, Marquess of Dalhousie married, in 1836, and afterwards private secretary to the Lady Sasan Georgina, eldest daughter Empress-mother; but on the restoration of the Marqvess of Tweeddale, who died of the Bourbons he at once joined in 1853. By this lady he has left two them, and remained faithful to their daughters, one of whom is married to cause during their temporary overthrow Sir James Fergusson, of Kilkerran. In in 1815. After the battle of Waterloo default of male issue, the earldom de he repaired to Paris, and assumed, on volves on Lord Panmure, who also in his own authority, the post of préfect herits the ancestral estate of Dalhousie of police, in which he did good service Castle,

in maintaining the tranquillity of the


DEATHS. capital. This gained him the confidence in the army he was preparing for the of Louis XVIII., who continued him in invasion of England in the early part office : but being a really honest, mode- of the century, and suggested that, in rate man, he became obnoxious to the the event of satisfactory service, the vehement partisans on both sides. He, old domain of Evereux in Normandy, however, kept his place near the king, from which the family took its name, and was made a peer. In 1818 he re should be repurchased for him, and signed the portfolio of police, and that he should be created a Count of became Minister of the Interior, and the Empire. This offer was pressed eventually President of the Council; upon him by the Emperor in a personal but the king, being obliged to part interview, and was firmly refused, to with him, M. Decazes was sent for a the Napoleon's no small wrath. The time as ambassador to England. In principal later event of John D'Eve1821 he returned, and took a conspi- reux's life was his raising and taking cuous place in the Chamber of Peers, out to South America the Irish Legion, where he took part in the opposition to which assisted Bolivar in conquering the unwise proceedings of Charles X. the independence of the South Ameriand his ministers, though he was can republics. The later disasters of greatly afflicted by their subsequent some of these communities have oboverthrow. He, however, returned to scured the recollection of the entbuthe Chamber of Peers after a time, siasm which greeted their birth, evinced and continued an active member until alike in the rhetorie of Canning, and the Revolution of 1848 drove him into in the sympathy of the general liberal private life, and he took no part in public. What the Englishman Guyon subsequent events. He also received was to the unsuccessful Hungarian infrom the King of Denmark the title of surrection of 1848-49, John D'Evereux the Duke of Glueksberg:

was in some sort to Venezuela and Feb. 25. In Hertford-st., May-fair, Nueva Granada in 1820 and the enaged 82, John D'Evereux, esq., a lieu- suing years. At the date of his decease, tenant-general in the armies of the he was the senior lieutenant-general of Republics of Venezuela and New these republics, and in the nominal Granada. The deceased soldier be- receipt of a considerable pension from longed to a state of things of which them. few relics are now left. He represented Nov. 14. At Hitebin Priory, aged 27, one of the oldest and most indisputably Seymour Walter Delmé-Radcliffe, ComNorman families in these islands. His mander in the Royal Navy, eldest son branch, the eldest of the D'Evereux, of Fred. Peter Delmé-Radcliffe, esq. had been settled for many centuries Oct. 5. At Woolwich, aged 55, Charles upon the family estates in Wexford, Dempsey, esq., Inspector-General of when the rebellion of 1798 broke out. Hospitals. That movement was, far more than is Sept. 20. In the Queen's Prison, generally understood, guided and pro where he had been confined four years, moted by the old Irish aristocracy of Sir Francis Desanges, knt., formerly all races; and among those who took Sheriff of London and Middlesex, and part in it was young D'Evereux, who, also of Oxfordshire. at the very early age of eighteen, had June 12. At Paris, aged 61, Admiral the command of a division in the rebel Parseval Deschênes. The deceased army. On the failure of the rising, entered the navy in 1804, was in the D'Evereux made his submission to the Bucentaure at the battle of Trafalgar, Government, and, through the influence and escaped by miracle in the destrucof Lord Cornwallis, the then Lord- tion of that vessel. In 1830 he com. Lientenant, received a free pardon and manded the Euryale in the capture of remission of all forfeitures, upon the Algiers. In 1833 he took part in the sole condition of remaining abroad for expedition against Rosas, the occupation some years. This condition was com of the Isle of Martin Garcia, and siege plied with, and the treatment he had of Saint Juan d'Ulloa. He obtained received converted the enthusiastic the grade of Rear-Admiral in 1840, rebel into a resoluteiy loyal subject. Vice-Admiral in 1846, and a member This attachment was strongly marked of the Council of the Admiralty in when the Emperor Napoleon offered 1851. In 1854, as commandant of the Mr. D'Evereux'a general's commission French squadron in the Baltic, he was

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