Sivut kuvina

1. & Tha long slender English a, as in fate, på per, &c.
2. &. The long Italian a, as in får, få ther, pa på, mam mi.
3. &. The broaa German a, as in fall, wall, wà ter.
4. &. The short sound of the Italian a, as in fåt, måt, már ry.
1. e. The long e, as in me, hère, me tre, me dium.
2. e. The short e, as in mét,fiet, gêt.
1. l. The long dipthongal i, as in plne, u tle.
2.1. The short simple i, as in pin, tit tle.
1. The long open o, as in no, note, no tice.
2. 8. The long close o, as in move, prove.
3. 8. The long broad o, as in nor, för, dr ; like the broad L
4. 8. The short broad o, as in not, hôt, gót.
1. a. The long dipthongal 1, as in tảne, cu pid.
2. &. The short simple u, as in tåb, cip, såp.
3. ů. The middle or obtuse u, as in bålí, fúll, půl).

81. The long broad 8, and the short 1, as in dil.
H. The long broad 6, and the middle obtuse å, as in thod, podada

[ocr errors]


MANY selections of excellent matter have been made for the benefit o. young persons. Performances of this kind are of so great utility, that fresh

productions of them, and new attempts to improve the young mind, will scarce. • ly be deemed superfluous, if the writer makes his compilation instructive and interesting, and sufficiently distinct from others.

The present work, as the title expresses, aims at the attainment of three objects: To improve youth in the art of reading; to meliorate their language and sentiments; and to inculcate some of the most important principles of piety and virtue.

The pieces selected, not only give exercise to a gr at variety of emotions and the correspondent tones and variatious of voice, but contain sentences ang members of sentences, which are diversified, proportioned, and pointed with accuracy. Exercises of this nature are, it is presumed, well calculated to teach youth to read with propriety and effect. A relection of sentences, in which va riety and proportion, with exact punctuation, have been carefully observed, in all their parts, as well as with respect to another, will probably have a much greater effect, in properly teaching the art of reading, than is commonly imagined. In such constructions, every thing is accommodated to the understanding and the woice; and the common difficulties in learning to read well, are obviated. When the learner has acquired a habit of reading such sentences, with justice and facility, he will readily apply that habit, and the improvements he has made, to seutences more complicated and irregular, and of a construction entirely dif ferent.

The language of the pieces chosen for this collection, has been carefully regarded. Purity, propriety, perspicuity, and, in many instances, elegance of dic. tion, distinguish them. They are extracted from the works of the most correct and elegant writers. From the sources whence the sentiments are drawn, the reader may expect to find them connected and regular, sufficiently important and impressive, and divested of every thing that is either trite or eccentrick.The frequent perusal of such composition, naturally tends to infuse a taste for this species of excellence; and to produce a habit of thinking and of composing, with judgmeut and accuracy. *

That this collection may also serve the purpose of promoting piety and virtue, the Compiler has introduced many extracts, which place religion in the most amiable light; and which recompend a great variety of moral duties, by the excellence of their nature, and the happy effects they produce. These sub

*The learner, in his progress through this volume and the Bequel to it, will meet with mumerous instances of composition in strict conformity to the rules for promoting perspicuous and elegant writing, contained in the Appendix to the Authour's English Grammar. By occasionally examining this conformity, he will be confirmed in the utility of those rules; and be enabled to apply them with ease and dexterity.

It is proper further to observe, that the Reader and the Sequel, besides teaching to read accurately, and inculcating many important sentiments, may be considered as auxillaries to the Authour's English Grammar; as practical illustations of the principles and rules contained in that work.

jects are exhibited in a style and mamer, which are calculated to arrest the atient'an of youth ; and to make strong and durable impressions of their mindo.

Th-Compiler has been careful to evoid every expression and sentiment that migt: gratify a corrupt mind, or in the lensi Legree, offend ihnya or ear of innocarce. This ha conceives to be peculiariy incumbent on every parson, who wriie: for the benefit of yorid. It would, indeed, be { gra, and happy improvement in educacion, f no writings were allowed to come unrer their notice,' but such as are perfectly innocent; and if, on ali proper occasiore, they were encouraged to peruse chose which tend to inspire a dus revolence for virtue, and en abhorrence of vice, as well as to animate them with seriments of piety and gundoess. Such' impressions deeply cngraven on thei: minds, and connected with a tho: attainments, could scarcely fail of attending them through life; ani producing a solidity of principle and chai scter, that would be able to the darger arising from future intercourse with the worid.

The Au cour has endeavoured to relieve the gra:e and perious parts of his colection, by the occasional admission of pieces, whicle anioca as well as instract. Lí, however, any of his readers should think it coargins too great a proportiva of the former, it may be some apology to observe. that in the existing publications designed for the perusał of young persous, ne preponderance is grcally on the side of gay and amusing productions. Too much attention may be paid to this medium of improvement. When the imagination, of youth especially, is much entertained, the sober dictates of the understanding are regarded with indifference; and the influence of good affections is either feeble or transjent. A temperate use of such entertainment seems therefore requisite, to afford proper scope for the operations of the understanding and the heari.

The reader will perceive, that the Compiler has been solicitous to recommend to young persons, the perusal of the sacred Scriptures, by interspersing through bis work, some of the most beautiful and interesting passages of those invaluable writings. To excite an early taste and veneration for this great rule of life, is a point of so high importance, as to warrant the attempt to promote it on every proper occasion.

To improve the young mind and to afford some assistance to tutors, in the arduous arid important work of education, were the motives which led to this production. If the Authour should be so successful as to accomplish these ends, even in a small degree, he will think that his time and pains have been well'employed; and will deem himself amply rewarded.

* In some of the pieces, the Compiler has made a few alterations, chiefly verbal, to adapt them the better to the design of his work.

[ocr errors]




nancy, idea

a Pro-pri-e-ty, prd-pri'--tè, exclusive shản, the act of imparting right, justness

19 Au-di-ence, dw'-je-ense, the act of Im-por-tant, Im-por'-tånt, momen- hearing, persons collected to hear tous, weighty

lr Doubt-less, dóůt'-lès, unquestionac At-taio-ment, át-táne'-mènt, acquisition

s Ex-tra-or-di-na-ry, éks-trồr’-de-nár-é, a Pro-duc-tive, pró-dåk'-tlv, fertile, eminent, unusua. generative

t Ex-cel-lence, ek'-sél-lense, state of e Es-sen-tial, és-sen'-shål, necessary, excelling, eminence important

u Art, årt, science, skill f Mi-pute-ly, me-núte'-12, exactly v Am-ply, am'-ple, largely, liberally s In-ac-cu-rate, In-ak'-ku-rate, not ex- - Re-ward, re-wård', a recompensē, io

recompense, to repay h Con-cep-tion, køn-sép-shản, preg- 2 Ex-er-tion, égz-êr'-shắn, the act of

exerting, effort i Re-sult, re-zúlt', to follow as a conse-y Nec-es-sarsy, nës'-sés-kêr-rė, needful, quence

requisite j As-cer-tain, ås-sêr-tane', to make cer- z Pause, påwz, a stop, suspense tain

a Em-pha-sis, em'-fa-sis, a remarkable k Ac-quire, ak-kwire', to gain by la- stress laid upon a word, bour or power

6 At-tain-a-ble, at-tane-8-bl, that may I Fa-cil-i-ty, fa-sil'-e-té, easiness, dex- be obtained terity

c Im-i-ta-tive, im'-e-ta-tiv, inclined to m Con-sti-tute, kõn'-ste-táte, to pro- copy duce, appoint

d Ut-ter-ance, it'-tår-&nse, pronuncian Com-pen-sa-tion, kom-pën-sa'-shån, tion Pleas-ure, plazh'-åre, delight, appro

le Ac-cu-rate, ak'-ku-råte, exact, with

out defect bation

If Com-prise, kom-prize', to contain, p Com-mu-ni-ca-tion, köm-mu-ne-ka- include OBSERVATIONS ON THE PRINCIPLES OF GOOD


TO read with proprietya is a pleasing and importanto attain ment:c productived of improvement both to the understanding, and the heart. It is essentiale to a complete reader, that he' minutelyf. perceive the ideas, and enter into the feelings of the author, whose sentiments he professes to repeat : for how is it possible to represent clearly to others, what we have but faint or inaccurate& conceptionsh of ourselves? If there were no other benefits resulting from the art of reading well, than the necessity it lays us under, of precisely ascertaining the meaning of what we read; and the

NOTE.-Far many of the observations contained in this preliminary tract, the author is indebted to the writings of Dr. Blair, and to the Encyclopedia. Britannica.

habit thence acquired,k of doing this with facility,' both when reading silently and aloud, they would constitutem a sufficient compensation" for all the labour we can bestow upon the subject. But the pleasure derived to ourselves and others, from a clear communication of ideas and feelings; and the strong and durable impressions made thereby on the minds of the reader and the audience, are considerations, which give additional importance to the study of this necessary and useful art. The perfect attainment of it doubtless" requires great attention and practice, joined to extraordinary natural powers : but as there are many degrees of, excellence in the art, the student whose aims fall short of perfection will find himself afplyv rewardedw for every exertion; he may think proper to make.

To give rules for the management of the voice in reading, by which the necessaryy pauses, emphasis,a and tones, may be discovered and put in practice, is not possible. After all the directions that can be offered on these points, much will remain to be taught by the living instructor : much will be attainableb by no other means, than the force of example influencing the imitativec powers of the learner. Some rules and principles on these heads, will, however, be found useful, to prevent erroneous and vicious modes of utterance ;d to give the young reader son:e taste of the subject ; and to assist him in acquiring a just and accurate mode of delivery. The observations which we have to make, for these purposes, may be comprised under the following heads : PROPER LOUDNESS OF VOICE; DISTINCTNESS; SLOWNESS; PROPRIETY OF PRONUNCIA TION; EMPHASIS ; TONES ; PAUSES ; and MODE OF READING VERSE.

SECTION I. a En-deav-our, én-dév'-år, to labour to an attempt a certain purpose

k Or-di-na-ry, or-de-na-rè, common, 8 Oc-cu-py, ok'-ku-pi, to possess, em- usual ploy

| Trans-gress, tráns-grès', to violate, to c Tal-ent, tål-ent, faculty, power

pass over, offend d As-sis-tance, as-sis'-tanse, help, fur-m Ve-he-ment, vé”-hd-mèut, forcible, therance

ardent e Man-age-ment, mån'-Idje-ment, con-In El-e-va-tion, dl-e-va'-shin, exaltaduct, administration

tion, dignity f Ap-proach, dp-protsn', to draw nearlo De-press-ion, de-présh'-&n, the act of g Con-found, kôn-foủnd', to mingle, pressing down perplex

p Har-mo-ny, hår'-mo-nė, just proporVa-ri-e-ty, vá-ri'-e-te, change, diver- tion, concord sity

9 Mo-not-o-ny, mo-not-to-ne, want of i Ren-der, rên'-dår, to restore, translate, variety in cadence make

fr Req-ui-site, rêk'-we-zit, necessary, j Per-se-vere, pêr-sd-vère', to persist in any thing necessary

PROPER LOUDNESS OF VOICE. Tuk first attention of every person who reads to others, doubt

« EdellinenJatka »