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human bones which we have seen for some days strewed by the way. At this place we have been joined by several large bodies of pilgrims, perhaps 2000 io number, who have come from various parts of northern India. Some of them, with whom ! have conversed, say that they have been two months on their march, travelling slowly in the hottest season of the year, with their wives and children. Some old persons are among them who wish to die at Juggernaut. Numbers of pilgrims die on the road, and their bodies generally remain unburied. On a plain by the river, near the pilgrim's caravansera at this place, there are more than an hundred skulls. The dogs, jackalls, and vultures, seem to live here on human prey. The vultures exhibit a. shocking tameness. The obscene animals will not leave the body sometimes till we come close to them. This Buddruck is a horrid place. Wherever I turn my eyes, I meet death in some shape or other.-.' Surely Juggernaut cannot be worse than Buddruck."
In sight of Juggernaut, 12th June. Many thousands of pilgrims have accompanied us for some days past. They cover the road before and behind as far as the eye can reach. At nine o'clock this morning, the temple of Juggernaut appeared in view at a great distance. When the multitude first saw it, they gave a shout, and fell to the ground and worshipped. I have heard nothing today but shouts and acclamations by the successive bodies of pilgrims. From the place where now stand I have a view of a host of people like an army, encamped at the outer gate of the town of Juggernaut; where a guard of soldiers is posted to prevent their entering the town, until they have paid the pilgrim's tax. I passed a devotee to-day who laid himself down at every step, measuring the road to Juggernaut, by the length of his body, as a penance of merit to please the god."
"Outer Gate of faggernaut, 12th June. A disaster has just occurred. As I approached the gate, the pilgrims crouded from all quarters around me, and shouted as they usually did when I passed them on the road, an expression of welcome and respect.
I was a little alarmed at their number, and looked round for my guard. A guard of sol. diers had accompanied me from Cuttack, the last military station, but they were now about a quarter of a mile behind, with my servants and the baggage. The pilgrims cried out that they were entiled to some iudulgence, that they were poor, that they could not pay the tax; but I was not aware of their design. At this moment, when I was within a few yards of the gate, an old Sanyassee (or holy man) who had travelled some days by the side of my horse, came up and said, "Sir, you are in danger; the people are going to rush through the gate when it is opened
I immediately dismounted, and endeavored to escape to one side; but it was too late.The mob was now in motion, and with a tumultuous shout pressed violently towards the gate. The guard within seeing my danger opened it, and the multitude rushing through, carried me forward in the torrent a considerable space; so that I was literally borne into Juggernaut by the Hindoos themselves. A distressing scene followed. As the number and strength of the mob increased, the narrow way was choaked up by the mass of people; and I apprehended that many of them would have been suffocated, or bruised to death. My horse was yet among them. But suddenly one of the side posts of the gate, which was of wood, gave way and fell to the ground. And perhaps this circumstance alone prevented the loss of lives. Notice of the event was immediately communicated to Mr. Hunter, the superintendant of the temple, who repaired to the spot, and sent an additional guard to the inner gate, lest the people should force that also; for there is an outer and an
inner gate to the town of Juggernaut; but both of them are slightly constructed. Mr. Hunter told me that similar accidents sometimes occur, and that many have been crushed to death by the pressure of the mob. He added, that sometimes a body of pil. grims (consisting chiefly of women and children and old men) trusting to the physical weight of their
mass, will make, what he called, a charge on the - armed guards, and overwhelm them; the guards not being willing in such circumstances, to oppose their bayonets."
"Yuggernaut, 14th June. I have seen Juggernaut, The scene at Bud. druck is but the vestibule to Juggernaut. No record of ancient or modern history can give, I think, an adequate idea of this valley of death; it may be truly compared with the “valley of Hinnom.” The idol called Juggernaut, has been considered as the Moloch of the present age; and he is justly so named, for the sacrifices offered up to him by self-devotement, are not less criminal, perhaps not less numerous, than those recorded of the Moloch of Canaan. Two other idols accompany Juggernaut, namely, Boloram and Shubudra, his brother and sister; for there are three Deities worshipped here. They receive equal adoration and sit on thrones of nearly equal height.”
This morning I viewed the Temple; a stupendous fabric, and truly commensurate with the extensive sway of “the horrid king." As other temples are usually adorned with figures emblematical of their religion; so Juggernaut has representations (numerous and various of that vice, which constitutes the essence of his worshisp. The walls and gates are covered with indecent emblems, in massive and durable sculpture. I have also visited the sand plains by the sea, in some places whitened with the bones of the pilgrims; and another place a
little way out of the town, called by the English, the Golgotha, where the dead bodies are usually cast forth, and where dogs and vultures are ever seen.*
“The grand Hindoo festival of the Rutt Jattra, takes place on the 18th instant, when the idol is to be brought forth to the people. I reside during my stay here at the house of James Hunter, Esq. the Company's collector of the tax on pilgrims, and superintendant of the temple, formerly a student in the College of Fort-William; by whom I am hospitably entertained, and also by Capt. Patton and Lieut. Woodcock, commanding the military force. Mr. Hunter distinguished himself at the college by his proficiency in the Oriental language. He is a gentleman of polished manners, and of classical taste. The agreeable society of these gentlemen is very refreshing to my spirits in the midst of the present scenes. I was surprised to see how little they seemed to be moved by the scenes of Juggernaut.They said they were now so accustoined to them, they thought little of them. They had almost forgot their first impressions. Their houses are on the seashore, about a mileormore from the temple. They cannot live nearer, on account of the offensive emuvia of the town. For independently of the enoranity of the superstition, there are other circumstances which render Juggernaut noisome in an extreme degree. The senses are assailed by the squalid and ghastly appearance of the famished pilgrims; many of whom die in the streets of want or of disease;. while the devotees with clotted hair and painted flesh, are seen practising their various austerities, and modes of self-torture. Persons of both sexes, with
The vultures generally find out the prey first; and begin with the intestines; for the flesh of the body is too firm for their beaks immediately after death. Butthe dogs soon receive notice of the circumstance, generally irom seeing the llurries or corpse carriers returning from the place. On the approach of the dogs, the rultures retire a few yards, and wait till the bods be suficiently torn for easy deglutition. The vultures and dogs orten feed tøgether; and sometimes begin their attack before tbe pilgriin be quite dead. There are four animals which are sometimes seen about a carcase, the dog, the jackal, the vulture, and the Hurgeela, or Adjutant, called by Pengant, the Gigantic Crane,
little regard to concealment, sit down on the sands close to the town, in public view; and the Sacred. Bulle walk about among them and eat the ordure*
“The vicinity of Juggernaut to the sea probably prevents the contagion, which otherwise would be produced by the putrefactions of the place. There is scarcely any verdure to refresh the sight near Juggernaut, the temple and town being nearly en. compassed by hills of sand, which has been cast up in the lapse of ages by the surge of the ocean. All is barren and desolate to the eye; and in the ear there is the never intermitting sound of the roaring sea.”
"fuggernaut, 18th of June. I have returned home from witnessing a scene which I shall never forget. At twelve o'clock of this day, being the great day of the feast, the Moloch of Hindoostan was brought out of his temple amidst the acclamations of hundreds of thousands of his worshippers. When the idol was placed on his throne, a shout was raised by the multitude, such as I had never heard before. It continued equable for a few minutes, and then gradually died away.After a short interval of silence, a murmur was heard at a distance; all eyes were turned towards the place, and, behold, a grove advancing! A body of men, having green branches, or palms in their hands, approached with great celerity. The people o ened a way for them; and when they had come up to the
throne, they fell down before him that sat thereon, - and worshipped. And the multitude again sent forth a v:ice "like the sound of a great thunder.” But the voices I now heard, were not those of melody or of joyful acclamation; for there is no harmony in the praise of Moloch's worshippers. Their num
This singular fact was pointed out to me by the gentlemen here. There i no vegetation or the sacred Balls on the rand plains. They are fed generally. with vegetables from the hands of the pilgrims.