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heritance; I am constrained to magnify that singular goodness of God in visiting nations so remote; and to account you, my brethren, highly honoured, whose ministry it hath pleased Him to employ, in this pious work, to the ghry of His name and the salvation of so many millions of souls.

“Let others indulge in a ministry, if not idle, certainly less laborious, amocg Christians at home.Let them enjoy in the bosom of the church, titles and honours, obtained without labour and without danger. Your praise it will be (a praise of endless duration on earth, and followed by a just recompense in heaven) to have labored in the vineyard which yourselves have planted; to have declared the name of Christ, where it was not known before; and through much peril and difficulty to have converted to the faith those, among whom ye afterwards fulfilled your ministry. Your province therefore, brethren, your office, I place before all dignities in the church. Let others be pontiffs, patriarchs, or popes; let them glitter in purple, in scarlet, or in gold; let them seek the admiration of the wondering multitude, and re. ceive obeisence on the bended knee. Ye have acquired a better name than they, and a more sacred fame. And when that day shall arrive when the chiet Shepherd shall give to every man according to his work, a greater reward shall be adjudged to you. Admitted into the glorious society of the prophets, evangelists and apostles, ye with them shall shine, like the sun among the lesser stars, in the kingdom of your Father, forever.

"Since then so great honour is now given unto you by all competent judges on earth, and since so great a reward is laid up for you in heaven, go forth with alacrity to that work, to which the Holy Ghost hath called you. God hath already given to you an illustrious pledge of his favour, an increase not to be

expected without the aid of his grace. Ye have bei gun happily, proceed with spirit. He, who hath

carried you safely through the dangers of the seas to such a remote country, and who hath given you favour in the eyes of those whose countenance ye most desired; He who hath so liberally and unexpectedly ministered unto your wants, and who doth now daily add members to your church; He will continue to prosper your endeavours, and will subdue unto himself, by your means, the whole continent of oriental India.

O happy men! who, standing before the tribunal of Christ, shall exhibit so many nations converted to his faith by your preaching; happy men! to whom it shall be given to say before the assembly of the whole human race, 'Behold us, O Lord, and the children whom thou hast given us;' happy men! who, being justified by the Saviour, shall receive in that day the reward of your labours, and also shall hear that glorious encomium, "Well done, good and faithful servants, enter ye into the joy of your Lord.'

“May Almighty God graciously favour you and your labours in all things. May he send to your aid fellow-labourers, such and so many as ye wish. May he encrease the bounds of your churches. May he open the hearts of those to whom ye preach the gospel of Christ; that hearing you, they may receive life-giving faith. May he protect you and yours from all evils and dangers. And when ye arrive (may it be late) at the end of your course, may the same God, who hath called you to this work of the gospel and hath preserved you in it, grant to you the reward of your labour-an incorruptible crown of

glory,*

"These are the fervent wishes and prayers of,
“Venerable brethren,
“Your most faithful fellow servant in Christ,

“GULIELMUS CANT."

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Such was the primary archiepiscopal charge to the protestant missionaries, who came to India for the conversion of the heathen. Where shall we look, in these days, for a more perfect model of Christian eloquence; animated by purer sentiments of scriptural truth, by greater elevation of thought, or by a sublimer piety!*

16. By the leiters of the king, and his long continued care of the mission, and by the frequent admonitory epistles of the archbishop, an incalculable sum of happiness has been dispensed in India. The episcopal charges infused spirit into the mission a. broad; and the countenance of majesty cherished a zeal in the society at home, which has not abated to this day. From the commencement of the mission in 1705, to the present year, 1805, it is computed that eighty thousand natives of all casts in one, district alone, forsaking their idols and their vices have been added to the Christian church.

17. In the above letter of the archbishop, there is found a prophecy, “That Christ shall subdue unto himself, through our means, the whole continent of oriental India. It is certainly not unbecoming our national principles, nor inconsistant with the language or spirit of the religion we profess, to look for the fulfilment of that prophecy.

Before this letter reached India, Ziegenbalgius had departed this life at the early age or thirty six years. The expressions of the archbishop corresponded in many particulars with the circumstances of his death. Perceiving that his last bour was at hand, he called his Hindoo congregation and partook of the holy communion, "ainidst ardent prayers and many tears:” and afterwards ad. dressing them in a solemn manner, took aa affectionate leave of them. Being reminded by them of the faith of the Apostle to the Gentiles at the prospect or death, who "desired to be with Christ, as being far better,” he said, “That alse is my desire. Washed from my sins in bis blood, and clothed with his righteous. Dess, I shall enter into his beavenly kingdom. I pray that the things ubich I have spoken may be fruitful. Throughout this whole warfare, 1 have entirely endured by Christ; and now I can say through him.”-- I have fought the good fight; 1 bare finished my course; I have kept the faith Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness;" which words having spoken, be desired tbat the Hindoo children about his bed, the multigude filling the verandah, and about the house, might sing the hymn, beginning *Jesus my Savior Lord." Which when finised, he yielded up his spirit, amidst ibe rejoicings and lamentations of a great multitude; some rejoicing at his triumphant death, and early entrance into glory. And others lamenting the early loss oi their faithtud apostle; who had first brought the light of the Gospel to their dark region from the western world, Niecampius, p. 217, and Aunales Miss. p. 20.

18. Many circumstances concur to make it probable, that the light of Revelation is now dawning on the Asiatic world. How grateful must it be to the pious mind to contemplate, that while infidelity has been extending itself in the region of science and of learning, the divine dispensation should have ordered that the knowledge of the true God should flow into the heathen lands!

Under the auspices of the college of Fort-Wil. liam, the scriptures are in a course of translation into the languages of almost the "whole continent of Oriental India." Could the royal patron of the Tamul Bible who prayed “that the work might not fail in generations to come," have foreseen those streams of revealed truth; which are now issuing from this fountain, with what delight would he have hailed the arrival of the present era of Indian administration. In this view, the oriental college has been compared by one of our Hindoo poets, to a "flood of light shooting through a dark cloud on a benighted land.” Directed by it, the learned natives from every quarter of India, and from the parts beyond, from Persia and Arabia, come to the source of knowledge; they mark our principles, ponder the volume of inspiration, "and hear, every man in his own tongue, the wonderful works of God.”

19. The importance of this Institution as the fountain of civilization to Asia, is happily displayed in a speech in the Shanscrit language, pronounced by the Shanscrit teacher, at our late public disputations. The translations of this discourse (being the first in that language) we are induced to give entire; not only from our difference to the authority of the venerable speaker, who describes with much precision, the present state, true object, and certain consequences of this Institution, but also, because the facts and reasoning contained in it bear the most auspicious reference to the various subjects which have been discussed in this Memoir.

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As Moderator of the Disputation, he addresses the student,* who had pronounced a declamation in the Shanscrit language:

“SIR,

“It being a rule of our public disputations, that the moderator should express before the assembly, his opinion of the proficiency of the student in the language in which he has spoken, it becomes my duty to declare my perfect approbation of the manner in which you have acquitted yourself, and to communicate to you the satisfaction with which the learned Pundits, your auditors, have listened to your correct pronunciation of the Shanscrit tongue.

“Four years have now elapsed since the commencement of this Institution. During that period the popular languages of India have been sedulously cultivated; and are now fluently spoken. Last in order, because first in difficulty, appears the parent of all these dialects, the primitive Shanscrit; as if to acknowledge her legitimate offspring, to confirm their affinity and relation to each other, and thereby to complete our system of oriental study.

"Considered as the source of the colloquial tongues the utility of the Shanscrit language is evident; but as containing numerous treatises on the religion, jurisprudence, arts and sciences of the Hindoos its importance is yet greater; espicially to those to whom is committed, by this government, the province of legislation for the natives; in order that being conversant with the Hindoo writings, and capable of referring to the original authorities, they may propose from time to time, the requisite modifications and improvements, in just accordance with existing law and ancient institution.

"Shanscrit learning, say the Bramins, is like an extensive forest, abounding with a great variety of beautiful foilage, slpendid blossoms, and delicious fruits; but surrounded by a strong and thorny fence,

Clotworthy Gowan, Esq.

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