Sivut kuvina


After the Speech, the Sitting terminated, and His Majesty retired amidst acclamations.-/Moniteur, Feb. 15).

tunes produced by the rigour of hoar frosts | manufactures, and of our interior comhave been made apparent in all their ex- merce, as well as the still constant increase tent. The grandeur and the solidity of of our population. In no age has agricul this empire, founded upon the efforts and ture and manufactories been carried to a the love of fifty millions of citizens, and higher degree of prosperity in France. upon the territorial resources of one of the I want great resources to meet the expenses finest countries in the world.It is with which circumstances demand; but by means lively satisfaction that we have seen our of the different measures which my Mipeople of the kingdom of Italy, those of nister of Finances will propose to you, I ancient Holland, and of the United De- shall not impose any new burdens on my partments, rival with Old France, and people." feel that there is for them no future hope but in the consolidation and the triumph of the Grand Empire. The agents of England propagate among all our neighbours the spirit of revolt against Sovereigns; England wishes to see the whole Continent become a prey to civil war, and all the furies of anarchy; but Providence has designed her herself to be the first victim of anarchy and civil war.I have signed with the Pope a Concordat which terminates all the differences that unfortunately had arisen in the Church.The French dynasty reigns, and will reign in Spain. I am satisfied with all my allies: I will abandon none of them. I will maintain the integrity of their States. The Russians shall return into their frightful climate. -I desire peace; it is necessary to the world.-Four times since the rupture which followed the treaty of Amiens, I proposed it in a solemn manner. I will never make but an honourable peace, and one conformable to the interests and grandeur of my empire. My policy is not mysterious; I have stated all the sacrifices I could make. So long as this maritime war shall last, my people must hold selves ready to make all kind of sacrifices; because a bad peace would make us lose every thing-even hope and all would be comprised, even the prosperity of our descendants.America has had recourse to arms, to make the sovereignty of her flag respected the wishes of the world accompany her in this glorious contest. If she terminates it by obliging the enemies of the Continent to acknowledge the principle that the flag covers the merchandize and crew, and that neutrals ought not to be subject to blockades upon paper, the whole conformable to the stipulations of the Treaty of Utrecht, America will have credit from all nations; posterity will say, that the old world had lost its rights, and that the new one re-conquered them.My Minister of the Interior will explain to you in the Exposé of the situation of the empire, the prosperous state of agriculture,

Paris, February 13. His Serene Highness the Prince ArchChancellor of the Empire appeared on this day, Saturday, the 13th of February, in the Senate, by order of His Majesty the Emperor and King, for the purpose of presiding at the Sitting. His Serene Highness having been received with the usual ceremonies, caused the Concordat, signed at Fontainbleau, the 25th of January, 1813, between His Majesty the Emperor and King, and his Holiness Pius VII. to be read by one of his Secretaries.


His Majesty the Emperor and King, and his Holiness, being inclined to put a termination to the differences which have arisen between them, and to provide against the difficulties that have taken place in several affairs concerning the Church, have agreed upon the following articles, which are to serve as the basis for a definitive arthem-rangement :

Art. 1. His Holiness shall exercise the Pontificate in France, and in the Kingdom of Italy, in the same manner and same forms as his predecessors. 2. The Ambassadors, Ministers, Charge d'Affaires, of Foreign Powers, to the Holy Father, and the Ambassadors, Ministers, or Charge d'Affaires, whom the Pope may have with Foreign Powers, shall enjoy such immunities and privileges as are enjoyed by the Diplomatic Body. ---3. The domains" which were possessed by the Holy Father, and that have not been alienated, shall be exempted from all kinds of imposts, and shall be administered by his Agents or Charge d'Affaires. Those which were alienated shall be replaced, to the amount of two millions of francs in revenue. 4. Within the space of six months following the notification of the usage of nomination by the Emperor to the Archbishopricks


and Bishopricks of the Empire and Kingdom of Italy, the Pope shall give the ca


nonical institutions in conformity with the Official Intelligence from the Russian


Concordat, and by virtue of this present indulto. The preluding information shall be given by the Metropolitan. The six months being expired without the Pope having accorded to the institution, the Metropolitan, or in default of him, where a Metropolitan is in question, the oldest bishop of the province, shall proceed to the institution of the new Bishop, so that a seat shall never be vacant longer than one year.


-5. The Pope shall nominate to the ten Bishopricks either in France or in Italy, which shall finally be designated by mutual 6. The six suburb bishopricks shall be re-established;-they shall be at the nomination of the Pope. The property actually existing shall be restored, and measures shall be taken for recovering what has been sold. At the death of the Bishop of Anagni and Rieti, their dioceses shall be re-united to the six bishopricks before mentioned, conformably with agreement which shall take place between His Majesty and the Holy Father.-7. With regard to the bishops of the Roman states, who are through circumstances absent from their dioceses, the Holy Father may exercise his right of giving bishopricks, in partibus, in their favour. A pension shall be given to them equal to the revenue before enjoyed by them, and they may be replaced in the vacant seats, either in the empire, or in Italy.——8. His Majesty and his Holiness will at a proper time concert with each other on the reduction to be made, if it should take place, in the bishoprick of Tuscany, and the country of Genoa, as likewise for the bishopricks to be established in Holland, and in the Hanseatic departments.-9. The Propaganda, the Penitentiary, and the Archives shall be established in the place of the Holy Father's abode.-10. His Majesty restores his good favour to those cardinals, bishops, priests, and lay brethren, who have in-ferent routes; his left wing takes the way curred his displeasure in consequence of of Wisna and Lomza to Ŏstrolenka, and. actual events.11. The Holy Father he is putting himself in order to pursue the agrees to the above dispositions, in consi- enemy with all celerity. Col. Joussisoderation of the actual state of the Church, witsch, whom he has in the meanwhile and in the confidence with which His Ma- detached with two regiments of Cossacks jesty has inspired him, that he will grant and Charkoff's regiment of dragoons on the his powerful protection to the numerous road to Wysokomasowetz, is likewise to, wants which Religion suffers in the times pursue the enemy and keep a communicawe live in. tion with his corps. NAPOLEON. PLUS, P. P. 7. Fontainbleau, Jan. 25, 1813.

Dec. 19 (31).-General Count states, under date of the 17th (29th), that Lieutenant-Colonel Teninhan, who was at Ragnet with his detachment, having received advice that a large body of the enemy's cavalry had shown themselves on the road to Tilsit, immediately put himself in motion to meet them. He discovered four squadrons of Prússian hussars, who were immediately attacked and broken by the Cossacks. We took from the enemy three officers and fifty soldiers. Lieutenant-Colonel Tettenborn perceiving that the enemy was reinforcing himself with infantry and dragoons, and that he had artillery with him, retired to Lenken and placed his advanced guard at Upper Erseln. After occupying Gumbinnen and Insterbourg, we took 81 prisoners in pursuing the enemy as far as Wehlau. The Aid-de-Camp General Wassiltchikoff reports, that four regiments of Don Cossacks had, on the 10th (22d) inst. united with his detachment. He likewise mentions, under date of the 15th (27th), that the Austrian corps under the orders of Prince Schwartzenberg had parted at Tikotchine, and taken two dif


The Commander in Chief of the Armies, Marshal Prince Kutusow of Smolensk, has presented to his Imperial Majesty the continuation of the Journal of military operations, from the 30th December to the 4th January (N. S.) which contains as follows:

Dec. 18 (30).-Major-General Prince Orousoff has, on the 15th (27th) inst. joined the army, with five complete regiments, which are under his orders, and are intended to complete it.

Major-General Ignateef, on the 13th (25th) instant, caused a battalion of Kourinski infantry, and a detachment of the regiment of Lithuanian Uhlans, to depart from the fortress of Bobrynsk for Lithuania.

Dec. 20 (Jan. 1).-Lieutenant-General Baron Von Sacken reports, under date of the 17th (29th), that Major-General Count,

de Liewen, who was marching on Wysso- whence he caused his van-guard to adkolitorsk, had detached Lieutenant-Colonel vance; which having on the 14th (26th) Minitzki from his corps, who having ad- come up with the enemy, between Rutzaw vanced on Brest Litovsky, occupied that and Polangen, near Buderscheff, beat town on the 13th (25th), and there made them, and took two Officers and eighty upwards of 100 prisoners. His patrols soldiers. On the 14th (26th), the column extended as far as Biala, Janow, and Dro-proceeded as far as Polangen, where it was gilchene. Major-General Boulatoff, who rejoined by Lieutenant-Colonel Kounitski. was marching by the way of Prougane and On the 15th (27th), it arrived before Chircheff to Kaminitz Letovsk, has, on his Memel. The garrison, after some resistway, picked up about 500 prisoners. He ance, surrendered prisoners of war, to the pushes his patrols as far as Briansk and number of two staff Officers, twenty subalBielsk. The Aid-de-Camp General Was- terns, and upwards of seven hundred solsiltchikoff reports under date of the 18th diers. It was thus that our troops entered (30th), that the corps under his orders en- Memel on the 15th (27th). We there tered Tikotchine on the preceding day. found 200 sick, and about 100 of our priThe inhabitants and the clergy, bringing soners. We seized on three armed sloops, bread and salt, came to meet the Russians of the French flotilla, in the harbour; we with transports of joy. The women left likewise took six sloops, belonging to the the houses with their children in the ten- Prussian flotilla, with 30 guns; 31 vessels derest emotions; the cries of hurra! a belonging to different nations, and a consithousand times repeated, and the name of derable quantity of colonial produce, imHis Imperial Majesty, which reverberated ported by the French. In the town we from all sides, announced the joy with found five pieces of cannon, 900 fusils, 19 which every one was animated. General carbines, 19 pair of pistols, 900 cartridge Wassiltchikoff is meanwhile in pursuit of boxes, 26,000 cartridges, 60 sabres, and the enemy on the road to Warsaw. 19 hussar saddles, three field batteries, with five Officers, 84 soldiers, 16 surgeons, one chariot, 85 horses, and four iron boilers. The magazines contain large quantities of all kinds of corn and of brandy.The head-quarters of His Imperial Majesty and the Marshal continued to be for some time past at Wilna. Thus, there no longer remains an enemy in the whole extent of the frontiers of Russia, and all the former Polish provinces, at this present time under subjection to the Russian sceptre, are evacuated by the foreign troops.

-The anointed of the Lord has, without doubt, said by inspiration" I will not lay down my arms until I have driven from the Russian soil the enemy who has dared to transgress its limits."-This prophecy is fulfilled. The only traces of the enemy which are yet perceptible, are his bones spread over the fields from Moscow to the frontiers of the Empire!

Dec. 21 (Jan. 3).-On the 17th (29th), General Count Platoff detached the Regiment of Dragoons of Negine to go to Bialystock, by the way of Grodno, under the orders of the Aid-de-Camp General Baron de Korff. General Doctoroff, who likewise takes the route to Bialystock, with the body of troops under his orders, arrived on the 19th (31st) at Wolkawilsk.

Dec. 22 (Jan. 2).-Lieutenant-General Paulucci reports, under date of the 18th (30th), that after the occupation of Mittau, he directed Lieutenant-Colonel Kounikski, of the Regiment of Polish Uhlans, to pursue the enemy who were dispersed in the woods, and that this Officer, in march ing by Granzhoff, Gegary, Martynischki, and Okmiana, had taken two Officers and eighty soldiers prisoners.-On the 9th (21st) ditto, the Marquis put himself in march with his column from Mittau to Troueuburg, where his van-guard, under the orders of Lieutenant-Colonel Sanden, of the artillery, came up with the enemy on the 11th (23d) and defeated him, taking 60 prisoners, and making himself master of several carriages, taken under requisition some waggons laden with biscuits, flour, and oats; and took about 40 horses. On the 12th (24th), he arrived at Sehrunden, where the enemy abandoned considerable magazines. On the 13th (25th), he was at Upper Barthau, from


Letter from General Field-Marshal Prince
M. G. Kulusow of Smolensko, to his
eminence Ambrosius, Metropolitan of
Novogorod and St. Petersburgh, dated
Dec. 23, 1812—(Jan. 4).

Bestow your benediction on this present offered by your warriors to the Giver of Victory, the brave Don Cossacks; restore to God the treasure plundered from his temples. They have intrusted me with the duty of transmitting to your Eminence

General D'York, by the detachment of Major-General Dubilsch, whom he at the same time instructed to enter into a negociation with that General.


On the 18th (S0th) of this month, Lieut. Gen. D'York signed an agreement to remain neutral with the troops under his command, consisting of thirty battalions of infantry, and six squadrons of cavalry, with thirty pieces of artillery. By this means, Macdonald has not more than about 5,000 men of all descriptions with him, and twenty pieces of artillery.--AdjutantGeneral Wassiltchikoff reports, on the 19th (31st) Dec. that the Austrian troops conti nue their retreat, having divided themselves into three columns, and directed their march towards Warsaw, and that he is at Menshenin, with his detachment.General Count Platoff continues his march towards Ingleburg, with the regiments of AdDon Cossacks under his command.. miral Tschitschagoff has sent in three Re

this silver, which was once the ornament of the images of the Saints, afterwards the prey of barbarous robbers, and at length wrested from their gripe by the brave Don The leader of this corps of Cossacks. Cossacks, Count M. J. Platoff, all his brave warriors, and myself, wish that this plate, which in weight amounts to forty pounds, shall be made into images of the four Evangelists, and adorn the Church of the Mother of God, of Kasan, in Petersburgh. All the necessary expenses of casting these holy images we take on our account; your Eminence will have the goodness to order that able artificers may be employed to fulfil the pious wish of our warriors, by casting these images of the Holy Evangelists, which they offer in their zeal for the Temple of God. As soon as shall inform me what the expense will you be, I will remit to you the money. It appears to me that these images would be appropriately placed close to the door of the sanctuary, and before the great Com-ports, all of the 20th inst. (Jan 1). In the munion table, that they may strike the eye first he states, that he had detached Majorof the devout when they enter the tem- General Lanskow from the van-guard with ple. On the pedestal of each of these the Alexandrian and white Russian regi images must be engraven the following in- ments of hussars, the Livonian regiment of scription:-The zealous offering of the dragoons, and the 3d Oural regiment, with Corps of Don Cossacks.- -Hasten to erect orders to march to Augustow. In the se in the temple of God this monument of cond, that he arrived on the 21st inst. (Jan, battle and victory, and while you erect it 2), in the village of Werbalin, from whence say with thankfulness to Providence-the he will proceed in three marches to Insterenemies of Russia are no more-the ven- burg, and that Gen. Count Platoff marches of God has overtaken them on the before the army with his regiments. In his geance Soil of Russia-and the road they have gone third he states, that all the Prussian inhais strewed with their bones, to the utter con- bitants are well satisfied with the approach of the Russian troops, and every where refusion of their frantic and proud ambition. Lieutenant-Ge ceived them with joy.neral Baron Säcken writes under date of Dec. 21 (Jan. 2), that he has pursued Gen. Regnier's corps as far as the Bug, and that the enemy had lost within that time upwards of 1,000 men in prisoners, and an equal number of sick, whom they had left behind at different places. Lieut-General Sacken, with his corps, is at present between Grannym and Thoren, in which latter place he has the left wing of his army,


The Commander in Chief, Field Marshal Prince G. Kutusoff, of Smolensko, has laid before His Imperial Majesty the continuation of the operations at War, from the 23d to the 29th Dec. 14th to 10th Jan.)

Dec. 23 (Jan. 4).-General Count Wittgenstein reports, under date the 19th (31st) instant, that in the direction which he had taken towards Prussia to act against the corps of Marshal Macdonald, he had overcome all the difficulties in his way on the country roads, and come up with the enemy already at Tilsit. He immediately surrounded Macdonald's troops of the van with his cavalry, and separated him from the Prussian troops under the command of

Dec. 24 (Jan. 5.-Gen. Count Wittgenstein reports, under date of the 22d inst. (Jan. 3), that when the Prussian troops, 10,000 men strong, with 60 pieces of artil(To be continued.)

Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent Garden.
LONDON: Printed by J. M'Creery, Black Horse-Court, Fleet street,






Letter II.

shape, a farthing of the public money as mine to do it, if I have it in my power to long as I live, and never to suffer any son prevent him, and I do flatter myself that neither of them will ever entertain such a design. Thus standing before the public, having nothing to complain of with regard to either party; having nothing to fear, and nothing to hope for, from either, I shall, I trust, be listened to without prejuwhich I shall bring forward, will, at the dice, and that the facts, or the reasonings, least, have a fair chance of producing their wished-for effect; a just decision in the minds of all persons of sense and integrity.

Bolley, 3d March, 1813.

My dear Friend,

Since the date of my last letter I have returned home, where I found my children delighted to hear, that I had resumed my correspondence with "Grand-daddy Pault" but very much surprised, that I did not write to you about sheep, and turnips, and carrots, in preference to the subject which I had chosen. To say the truth, I should prefer the former topics; but, I have a duty to perform with regard to the latter. certainly one of the most important public It is matters that ever has been discussed in England. It is a matter that must make a great figure in the history of a country which fills a high rank in the community of nations; and, viewing it in this light, I cannot help being anxious, that those, who, some years hence, may refer to the Register for information relating to it, should not have to blame me for their disappointment.

as to the separation of dwelling-places of My last letter concluded with a remark the Prince and Princess. The time, however, was not exactly named; and, as I wish to leave nothing less perfect than cirmind you, that this separation of dwellings cumstances compel me, I have now to retook place in April, 1796, twelve months after the marriage, and three months after the birth of the Princess Charlotte of Wales. It is said, that, as to the cause of this unhappy event, and as to the manner of its taking place, there is a Letter in existence, in the hands of Her Royal Highness the Princess of Wales; and, as this Letter was, as it is stated, written by the to be, at once, satisfactory in its reasons Prince himself, it will, doubtless, be found and delicate in its sentiments and diction. This being the case, we shall, I hope, see this Letter in print; because it will answer thing to the day of separation, and will, I one great purpose; it will clear have no doubt, show the world, that any

It is impossible for any one to enter on a discussion with more perfect impartiality than I have entered upon this. I know nothing personally of either of the Royal parties most concerned; I have never received either good or evil from the hands of either; I have never been under any indirect influence flowing from either. I re-infamous tales, which the tongues of base parasites may have been engaged in circulating, are wholly without foundation.

up every

side at a great distance from the scene of all cabals and intrigues; I hold no correspondence which the people at our Post-office may not, if they like it, amuse themselves with reading; I never deal in secrets, and never desire to hear any thing that may not be uttered by the mouth of the cryer in the open streets. I can have no motive to make my court either to the Prince or the Princess, seeing, that I am bound by the most solemn pledge never to touch, in any

which I have promised, of the several Before I come to that consideration, parts of the Princess's Letter, let me request you to bear in mind, that, in 1806, when Lord Grenville, Lord Erskine, Lord Grey, and Mr. Fox were in the ministry, there was, in our news-papers, many articles published, relative to an inquiry, which was then going on, respecting the


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