Oxwagon Sentinel: Radical Afrikaner Nationalism and the History of the 'Ossewabrandwag'

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LIT Verlag Münster, 2009 - 654 sivua
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This new approach to the social history of Afrikaner nationalism looks into the diverse causes for the rise of a political movement which was to shape South African history profoundly during the 20th Century. In the 1930s Afrikaner nationalism transformed itself from a populist into a cultural nationalism, becoming politically radicalised at the same time. The nationalist symbol of the oxwagon was used not only by the National Party, but also by the extra- and antiparliamentarian mass movement Ossewabrandwag, which was founded in 1939. Drawing on a broad range of archival resources the social history of this extremist organisation is analysed, showing local and regional differences. The Ossewabrandwag as a nationalist movement counted a considerable part of the Afrikaans white population among its members. Therefore, the Ossewabrandwag can be understood approprately only in the context of radical Afrikaner nationalism. Given that the potential for political radicalisation in the white South African population was considerable, ideological influences from overseas played merely an additional role. The book looks into the reasons for the mass participation in the Ossewabrandwag. In addition it analyses the organisation's fight with the National Party and its illegal and treasonable activities. In this context the book discusses which ideological influences on the apartheid policy can be identified as coming from organised right wing extremism.
 

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Sisältö

The spread of the Ossewabrandwag
308
The Ossewabrandwag as a mass movement
327
The Stormjaers as an elite organisation of the Ossewabrandwag
351
The beginnings of rivalry The National Party and the Ossewabrandwag until the end of 1940
361
The relationship between the Ossewabrandwag and the National Party after Van Rensburgs assumption of office
384
The advance of the antiparliamentary ultra right
403
Attempts at negotiation and their failure
412
The reorganisation of the Ossewabrandwag 194243
448

The Depression and the Grand Coalition of 1933
135
Organised nationalism
145
Radicalisation of nationalism into volk and cultural nationalism
171
Christian nationalism
189
Integral nationalism
210
The nationalists attack on the trade union movement
227
The fragmentation of the right and antiSemitism
238
Antidemocratic tendencies in the United Party government
259
The Symbolic Oxwagon Trek of 1938
265
The Symbolic Trek and the founding of the Economic Movement
281
South Africa and the outbreak of World War II The end of Hertzogism
289
Radical Nationalism of the War Years The Ossewabrandwag
295
The founding of the Ossewabrandwag
297
New target groups for the Ossewabrandwag the Ossewabrandwag moves to the left
464
The Afrikaner nationalism of the war years and Ossewabrandwag ideology
476
High treason violence and internment
513
The decline of the Ossewabrandwag
528
The victory of the National Party in 1948 and the end of the Ossewabrandwag
540
The Ossewabrandwag and the consequences
553
Bibliography
565
Literature
569
Appendix
635
Timetables
640
Index
645
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Tietoja kirjoittajasta (2009)

Christoph Marx is professor for extra-European history at the University of Duisburg-Essen (Germany).

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