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most evidently sets before us particulars absolutely incapable of admitting any allegorical interpretation whatsoever.
That the great point of which Moses informs us, is of this sort; absolutely incompatible with allegory, is, I think, evident beyond contradiction. I hope the ensuing pages will clearly shew, concerning every part of what he has related upon the subject, that, taken literally as he has recorded it, the whole very pertinently agrees with the great design of all subsequent scripture; and must shew us, that, in all that happen. ed to our first parents, nothing befel them, improper for their being ensamples unto us ; and that the account we have of them, so far from being mythic or unintelligible, is most plainly written for our admonition ; that we may indeed learn from it, in what manner and measure, from the beginning it was, as it still is, the one thing needful for man, truly and indeed to obey God. All scripture is given by inspiration of God; and
« 1 Cor. x. 11,
is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness; that the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works." If, in explaining Moses' narration of the fall literally, we can shew it to bear evidently all these characters of holy writ; as I trust from what is to follow will be seen, we shew what must be of more real weight for a literal interpretation, than all that is otherwise suggested against it.
But, though what I have here intimated, and have further evinced in the ensuing treatise, will inake it evident, that Moses did not here write. apologue and fables ; whether what I am going to suggest be certain fact or not, yet it may not be disagreeable to the reader to remark, that the relating mythologically physical or moral truths, concerning the origin and nature of things, was not, perhaps, as modern writers too hastily imagine, the customary practice in the age of Moses; but rather began after his
d 2 Tim. iii. 16, 17.
time. The poet's rule may be a very good one, to judge even of the stile and manner of authors,
Ætatis cujusque notandi sunt tibi mores.
And a few intimations may possibly shew us, that a due use of it may not be altogether ineffectual in the enquiry before us.
The wisdom of the east country, and the eastern sages, were in high esteem in the days of Solomon ;o but it is observed at the same time, that the wisdom of Egypt stood in competition with it. There were then western sages, as well as eastern ; and how readily soever eastern sages flow from the pen
of modern wrïters; as far as I can find, we must go to the western ones for the rise of mythologic writing. Mythology began in Egypt; where it was new and recent in the times of Sanchoniatho; the vEWTETOL Lepoawywv, the priests, who at that time were most modern, had then invented and in
• 1 Kings iv. 30.
troduced it. Sanchoniatho flourished about A. M. 2760:8 Moses died A. M:
* When Sanchoniatho made his enquiries, we are told that οι μεν νεωτατοι των μερολογων τα μεν γεγονοτα πραγματα εξ αρχής απεπεμψαλο αλληγορίας και μυθες επινοησαίες, και τους κοσμικους σαθημασι συ/γενειαν πλασαμενοι μυςηρια κατεγησαν, ,
και σολυν αυτοις επήγον τυφον, ως μη ραδίως τινα συνοραν τα κατ' αληOctav yevópava. Euseb. Præp. Evang. lib. 1. c. 9.
και Sanchoniatho fourished προ των τρωικών χρόνων, και σχεδόν 7054 Mwoéws. Euseb. ibid. Troy was taken, according to Usher, A. M. 2820 : according to the Arundle Mar, ble, 2796. Agreeably hereto, Sanchoniatho is said to have conversed with Jerombaal, priest of the god Jevo, in or near Phoenicia : the country of the Jews was often taken as part of Phænicia. The four letters of the word Jehovah may easily be so pointed as to be pronounced Jehvoh. Gideon, who was called Jerubbaal, Judges v. 32, was a prophet, a ruler, a great deliverer of bis people under the especial direction of this God, whose name was Jehovah, 017, Judges vi. yii. viii. With the heathens, and in the most ancient times, the ruler was also priest unto his people; see Connect. vol. ii. b. vi.; so that they might naturally deem Jerubbaal a priest of the God 'leuw, Jevoh, as they pro-, nounced it, from his having been appointed by Jehovah to rule and govern his people. Mr. Dodwell indeed wrote a treatise to prove that Sanchoniatho was not so ancient : but I cannot apprehend that his endeavours
2553 :" in the interval of these 217 years, we have reason to suppose the rise of mythology
It is remarkable, that in this interval the correction of the year was made in Egypt, when Aseth was king there.' Aseth, or Assis, was the sixth pastor king, the second after Apophis, who perished at the exit of the Israelites in the Red Sea, A. M. 2513." Assis began to reign at the end of 50 years after the death of Apophis,' i. e. A. M.
are at all conclusive. Take Jerombaal to be Gideon, to have ended his war against Midian about A. M. 2760, (see Usher's Annals,) about that time Sanchoniatho might have access to him.
See Connect. vol. iii. b. xii.
Αιγυπτίων εβασίλευσεν 'Αση--τέ δε Κόσμο [έτα] γψις έτΘ- τροσέθηκε των ενιαυτών τας έ επαγομενας και επί αυτέ, ως φασιν, έχρηματισεν τξέ ημερών Αιγυπτιακός ενιαυτός, τξ μόνων σρό sére mergéu eros. Syncellus, p. 123. According to Syn cellus, Aseth lived about A. M.. 2716. According to Sir John Marsham, we must place him in 2665. But from the years of the Egyptian kings, as I deduce them, his times are from 2563 to 2603. See Connect. vol. iii. b. xi.