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144, 145, 153, 156, 170, 179, 189, 214, 233, 253, sails for Port Jackson, 123; religious services, 125;
257, 266, 270, 276.

sails for Norfolk Island, 127; voyage to Tahiti, 129;
SANDWICH ISLEs, remarks of C. Wheeler re-
rks of C Wheeler res arrival there, 130; religious engagements there,

131 to 140; visit to Bunaauia, 141; do. to Papara,
specting, 325.

145 ; do. to Tautira, 149; sails for Eimeo, 162;

do. for Huahine, 169; goes to Raiatea, 173; do.
TESTIMONY of Balby monthly meeting, respect- i to Bolabola, 177: visit to a rebel chief and his
ing Daniel Wheeler, 2; testimony of New York party, 179; sails for Sandwich Islands, 181; arri-
Monthly meeting, 6.

val there, 185; meetings at Honolulu, 186, 188;
TESTIMONY borne by a friend in London yearly Interview with the Queen, 196; Address to the
meeting, 89.

Rulers, 199; sails for Hawaii, 206; Waimea, 210;
TAHITI, remarks of C. Wheeler respecting, 317. Koloa, 211; remarkable volcano and water-fall,

215; sails with the mission families for Maui, ib.;

arrival at Lahina, 217; at Oahu, 219; interview
UNIVERSALITY of Divine grace testified to by with the missionaries, 221; sails for Tawai, 222;
the South Sea Islanders, 154.

meeting there, 223; goes to Hanarei, 224; sails
for the Hervey Islands, 227; Farewell address of

the missionaries, ib. ; his answer, 228; arrival at
WHEELER, DANIEL, Journal of-his birth and Rarotonga, 227; visit to the schools, 230; goes to
education, 8,-9; goes to sea, 10; enters the British Aroragne, 233; religious services there, ib. ; sails
navy, 11; divine visitation, 12; joins the army as for Vavau, 235; meeting at Feletoa, 238: Neiafu
a volunteer, ib.; goes with his regiment to Ireland, and Otea, 241; meeting at Hihifo, 242; goes to
13; exposed to the danger of losing his life, 14; Matika, 243; parting meeting at Neiofu, 246;
preserved from killing a fellow creature, ib. ; ships sails for Lifuka, ib. ; meeting with the missiona-
for England with a regiment, 15; embarks for the ries, 249: Letter from them, 251; departure for
continent and lands at Ostend, 16; marches to Tongataboo, ib.; arrival at Nukulofa, 252; meet-
Ghent, and Nimeguen, 17; is taken sick 18; ill- ing with the natives there, 253; a kava party,
ness at Rhenin, 19; reflections on his recovery, 21; 254; interview with a Heathen Chief and his
returns to England and embarks for the West In-party at Mua, 255; sails for New Zealand, 262;
dies, 22; remarkable preservation from shipwreck, religious services there, 265; visit to Waimate,
23; his conversion without outward means, ib. ; 269; meeting with the members of the mission at
retires from a military life, ib. ; resides with his at Paihia, 272; Address to the missionaries at
sister in Yorkshire, ib.; is received among Friends, New Zealand, 275 ; Letter from them to him, 278;
ib. ; settles in Sheffield and is married, 24; retires sails for New South Wales, 279; arrival at Syd-
to the country, 25; appears in the ministry, 26; nev, 281 ; death of his son William, 284; sails for
goes to Russia, 29; interview with Prince Galitzin, Hobarton, 286; services there, 287; returns to
31; interview with the Emperor, 32; returns to Eng. England, 288; attends London yearly meeting,
land, 33; removes with his family and settles at Och- 289; opens his concern to visit America, ib.;
ta, near Petersburg, 34; Address to Balby monthly sails from Liverpool to New York, 290; arrival
meeting, 36, 39, 43, 46, 48, 57, 60 63; is visited there, 291; goes to Philadelphia, 292; attends the
by the Emperor, 46; awful inundation at Peters- yearly meeting there, 294 ; goes to Wilmington,
burg, 52; visits England, 53; do. in company 295; to Baltimore, 296; to Virginia vearly meet-
with his wife, 73; attends meetings in Durham, ing, 297; to New York and New England yearly
Devon, Cornwall, &c., 73, 74, 75; goes to Dublin meetings, 298; goes northward to Portland and
yearly meeting, 78; returns to Russia, 79; Cholera then to Nova Scotia, 301-2-3; goes to Ohio yearly
at Petersburg and vicinity, 79, 80; Address to meeting, 304; embarks for home, 305; alarming
York quarterly meeting, 82; prepares to quit Rus- illness of his son Charles, 306; his death, 307;
sia, 86; arrives in England, 87; is liberated to embarks again for America, 308; arrival at New
visit the South Seas, 89; illness in his family 93; York, 309; illness and death, 310 to 312; con-
death of his wife, 94; journey to Russia, 99; re- cluding remarks, 313.
turns to England and embarks for the South Pa-

1. WHEELER, JANE, account of her illness and
cific, 100; voyage to Rio Janeiro, 105; religious de

14.
services there, 110; voyage to Vandiemen's Land,
112; remarkable circumstance of the vessel's being

op! WHEELER, CHARLES, letters to his family re-
protected from the fury of the sea by whales. 115;i specting the South Sea Isles, 316.
arrival at Hobart Town, 120; illness there, 122; WILL-WORSHIP, 354.

MEMOIRS

of

THE LIFE AND GOSPEL LABOURS

OF THE LATE

DANIEL WHEELER,

A MINISTER OF THE SOCIETY OF FRIENDS.

"He brought me up also out of an horrible pit, out of the miry clay, and set my feet upon a rock, and estab.
lished my goings. And He hath put a new song in my mouth, even praise unto our God."-PSALM XI. 2, 3.

PREFACE.

The narrative of his religious visit to the

South Sea Islands, &c., has been carefully reIn presenting to the public the following vised since its last publication, and some addi. Memoirs, a few explanatory remarks may be tional matter from the original notes has been requisite.

interspersed. For some years previous to the decease of For the closing years of his life, the private our honoured parent, it was evidently a mat. journal has again been quoted. The brevity ter which he had much at heart, to leave be- of the American portion of it, will perhaps hind him some narrative of his life; no doubt be regretted, though easily explained by the believing that a record, in which might be increasing age and infirmities of the writer; traced so many instances of divine mercy and but although short, it was thought to contain interposition, could not but be instructive and matter of sufficient interest to warrant its in. strengthening to others. This work, how- sertion. The record of his last illness has ever, though commenced in the year 1831, been furnished by the amiable family, who was never completed ; and it has been our were then his kind attendants. duty to supply the deficiency from whatever. The appendix will be found to contain sesources lay within our reach. From the pe- veral articles which, though not actually a riod at which the auto-biography abruptly I part of the narrative, are yet interesting in terminates, to the time of his removal to connexion with it. The extracts from the Russia, the recollections of his family, and, notes of our brother Charles, written whilst in some instances, the memoranda of his in. accompanying his father amongst the islands timate friends, have furnished the only data : of the Pacific, exhibit a somewhat succinct but it must be observed, that nothing has been view of the condition of their inhabitants, and allowed a place, which could not be stated are the more worthy of notice, as their la. with entire confidence; more might undoubt. mented author was not only himself well quali. edly have been given, by including incidents fied to observe, but also to estimate the evi. not so distinctly remembered, and matter de- dence of others. rived from traditional, rather than personal It will be seen, that the present work is to knowledge, which in the present instance has be regarded chiefly in the light of a compila. been carefully avoided.

tion. From the nature of some of the mateOf the succeeding sixteen years, viz.: from rials, it will also be evident, that it has occa* 1817, the private correspondence of the de- sionally been as much a duty to omit, as in

ceased affords almost the only materials ; but other instances to insert; but the reader may as this was tolerably copious, and generally be assured, that the selection has been fairly written with the entire openness of friendship, and impartially made: and that whenever it constitutes not the least valuable part of the any alteration has been attempted, it has been work.

| merely a verbal correction, without affecting Vol. VII.-No. 1.

W

!

the sense of the passage. It is hardly possi. Alect a little on that account, I was made senble that so near a relation to the deceased sible of a divine visitation extended to me at should be an entirely impartial Editor, and if that time; disclosing, with indubitable clear. any passages should be found indebted for ness, the vanity and emptiness of every earththeir insertion rather to feeling than to judg. ly station, tarnishing the pride and glory ment, it is hoped that both the judgment and of this perishing world in my sight; and feeling of the reader will combine to induce which, though little understood and less rehim to make some charitable allowance. garded at the moment, has since, at different

It remains for me to acknowledge my obli- times been brought to my remembrance by gations to all those who have in any way as- Him that declareth unto man what is his sisted in the present work, and particularly to thought; that maketh the morning darkness, my esteemed friend A. R. Barclay, who has and treadeth upon the high places of the earth, kindly superintended its publication.

the Lord, the God of Hosts is his name! In conclusion I would express my hope that When this occurred, although then entered no passage occurring in the present volume into the bond of iniquity, yet I had not launchmay give just cause of offence to any; but ed so fully into its awful abyss, as was after. that on the contrary, many may derive from wards most lamentably the case; and from it edification and comfort.

what I have since witnessed, in unutterable DANIEL WHEELER.

mercy, of the strength and power of redeem

ing love, a belief is induced, that, if this warn. Tamerfors, Eighth month 18th, 1842.

ing voice, then sounded in the secret of my sinful heart, had been hearkened unto and

waited upon, my footsteps, even mine, would A Testimony of Balby monthly meeting in the have been conducted from the horrible pit to

county of York, concerning DANIEL WHEELER, which they were fast verging.' deceased.

It was after long exposure to the severity

of the weather, during a harassing service in Our beloved friend Daniel Wheeler was the one of most unhealthy districts of Europe, youngest son of William and Sarah Wheeler that Daniel Wheeler was seized with a preof Conduit street, Hanover square, London; vailing fever, which swept away many of his and was born there the 27th day of eleventh fellow-soldiers; and after all prospect of reco. month, 1771.

very seemed to be gone, he was în mercy His parents were rather above the middle raised up from the hospital, where numbers rank in society, and being consistent members were daily perishing round him, to become, of the established church, were strict in con- in future years, the messenger of mercy and forming to its rites and ceremonies, punctual glad tidings to others. At this period, howin attending their place of worship, and care- ever, although he maintained a fair character ful to train up their children to devotional ex- among his fellow-men, he was living in a state ercises.

of much estrangement of heart from God, and Before he was twelve years old, he was de often striving against his own secret convic. prived of parental restraint by the death of tions. In the discharge of those duties be. his father and mother; and was placed at a longing to his station, he had acquitted him. school at Fulham, for the purpose of learning self to the satisfaction of his superiors; he had navigation, to prepare him for his future sea- been advanced to the rank of serjeant-major, faring life.

and was afterwards further promoted. Thus left an orphan, through the interest In 1794 or 1795, he paid a short visit to of a relative, he was entered on the King's his eldest sister residing near Sheffield, who books as midshipman at an early age : whilst was married, and had become a member of he was preparing for the service, and before the Society of Friends by convincement. He he had completed his thirteenth year, circum- was not long allowed to enjoy this interval of stances led io the breaking up of the family quiet, before he was summoned to join the recircle, giving rise to a long separation from giment, in which he had obtained a commis. his brothers and sisters, to whom he was very sion, on its departure for the West Indies. warmly attached.

They set sail; twice the fleet put to sea, and He now sailed for the first time, cruising as often encountered a dreadful hurricane; on the coast of Portugal; and after remaining several of the vessels were lost, the troops six years in the navy, he finally quitted his perishing in them: but Daniel Wheeler was ship, and entered the ranks of the army as a providentially spared, experiencing a narrow private soldier.

escape. When about sixteen years of age,' he says, Reflecting on these disasters, and the renew. having been unwell, and probably led to re-led occurrence of wonderful preservation, so

unexpected and so undeserved, his heart was teem of all with whom he had to do. Yet it touched; he could not resolve a third time to was easy to see where his heart was fixed : expose his life as he had done, but determined his Bible was his favourite companion, and to quit the army, so soon as he could meet the few minutes that could be spared at a time with suitable employment. He communicated amidst his daily concerns, were spent in the this resolution to his sister at Woodhouse near | perusal of the inspired writings. Sheffield, and returned thither, having given For some time previous to 1813, the impres. up his commission, in 1796.

sion had become strong upon his mind, that His mind was now opened to embrace the he would be called to advocate the cause of principles of Friends, and he attended our truth and righteousness upon the earth. Very meeting at Woodhouse. This excited the ri- deep were his conflicts, and very close was dicule of some of his nearest relatives and his application of soul to his heavenly Father companions, whose astonishment was great at for strength to perform his will; and it was the thorough change that soon appeared in his practice, when he lived in the country, to him. The work was not suffered to be long withdraw early in the morning to a small on the wheel; the effect was decisive and per. field near his house, for the purpose of reli. manent, affording a display of divine power, gious retirement and prayer. not less remarkable in this rapid conversion, He was very watchful lest he should be led than where there has been a more gradual ac. away from the grace vouchsafed to him; frecomplishment of its purposes.

quently refraining from conversation apparent. He made an application to be admitted into ly inncocent, and in which he delighted, lest membership with Friends : and after a suitable at any unguarded moment he might grieve time, his request was complied with, in the that Holy Spirit, whom he felt to be his comsecond month, 1799.

forter and guide. He was recorded as an apIt is worthy of notice, that but little, if any, proved minister in the sixth month, 1816. instrumental means was concerned in th's re- About this period our friend was made sen. markable change. Whilst attending the small sible that some sacrifice would be called for and generally silent meetings of Woodhouse, on his part, as an evidence of his gratitude Daniel Wheeler had felt the truth of our prin- for the unutterable mercy and great condeciples, and had yielded to the conviction. His scension of the Almighty, in having plucked was a stability and growth in religion of no him as a brand from the burning; and he saw ordinary measure. In a very few years after clearly that it was indispensable for him, as his convincement he was appointed an over- much as might be, to separate himself from seer, and he was indeed a bright example of the world and the things of the world, by de. zeal, sincerity, and love to his friends, in that clining his prosperous trade, and retiring with responsible station.

| his family into a smaller compass. The ex. An opening to begin business in a small tent of his business was becoming a burden. way at Sheffield presenting itself, was readily He felt the force of our Lord's declaration, embraced; and in this, as in his future under. “Ye cannot serve God and mammon;" and his takings, the divine blessing appeared to attend obedience to the requirement was full and unhim, and to crown his exertions with success. reserved. "Not,' said he, that I have ac.

In the sixth month, 1800, he was married quired a sufficiency, without doing something to Jane Brady, the daughter of Thomas and for my livelihood ; far from it. I have still Rachel Brady of Thorne, in whom he found a prospect of maintaining my family comfor. a helpmate indeed, of sound judgment, guile, tably with care and industry, leaving the less and faithful. He remarks in a letter event to Him who knows the thoughts and written after her death, the heavenly Mas intents of the heart. I have no desire to acter's love has never ceased to follow us through cumulate riches for my children, the blessing all the vicissitudes of time, during a life, not seldom attends it; and the baneful effects a little chequered, for a term of more than thereof are too often visible, even in our thirty-two years and a half, when He was Society.' pleased to deprive me of my greatest earthly His mind was thus disposed to withdraw treasure, and to take back that which He from his concerns in trade, and he was in a gave; but it was His own, I verily believe, state of waiting preparation, when an inquiry even His,—the same who enabled me to say, was made, on behalf of the Emperor Alexin the moment of my greatest distress, “Bles- ander of Russia for a member of the Society sed be the name of the Lord.”

of Friends, to superintend some works of As a tradesman, he was diligent in busi- drainage and of agriculture in the neighbourness; he was also " servent in spirit, serving hood of Petersburg. Daniel Wheeler offered the Lord.” By the strictest attention to in himself for the service, and finally accepted tegrity in all his dealings, he gained the es. I the appointment,

On the 18th of sixth month, 1818, he ato his family; nor did they omit the frequent tended the meeting at Sheffield, when he took perusal of the writings of Friends. an affectionate leave of Friends there. He For the distant members of his own monthtold them that nothing less than apprehended ly meeting he evinced his concern, by addres. duty could have induced him to take the pre- sing them once a year, and occasionally at sent step; that four years ago it was clearly other times; putting them in remembrance intimated to him, that it would be required of of the things which belonged unto their him to remove into Russia ; and though the peace. prospect was very trying to the natural part, In the fourth month, 1825, our friend Daniel yet endeavouring to obtain resignation, he Wheeler was liberated by his monthly meeting had been favoured to feel sweet peace. His to attend the yearly meeting in Dublin, and for mind had been deeply affected while sitting other religious engagements in Ireland. He was among them, in viewing the prospect before also concerned in third month, 1831, to visit him, when he would be deprived of the pre. Friends in Devonshire and Cornwall, as well cious privilege of thus assembling with his as the inhabitants of the Scilly Islands. These friends ; that he wished none might suppose services appear to have been accomplished, his case a hard one, for he thought that there much to the satisfaction of his friends, and to was scarcely a person on the face of the the comfort of his own mind. earth, who had more largely partaken of the At the end of 1832, whilst he was confined gracious dealings and protecting care of a by indisposition at the house of a friend in merciful Providence. Twice he had been pre- Norfolk, the mournful intelligence arrived served from shipwreck,—he had been favour. from Russia of the death of his beloved wife. ed to escape the devouring pestilence when This was one of the greatest trials that could numbers were falling around him; and, when have befallen him; but the Almighty hand many were destroyed by the cruel hand of was near to comfort and sustain him; and he war, his life had indeed been marvellously was mercifully strengthened to say, “The spared. And surely the Almighty Being, Lord gave, and the Lord hath taken away; whose arm had been so often extended for his blessed be the name of the Lord.” preservation, when he was running headlong A little before this he had laid before his in the paths of error, had a right to dispose friends at their monthly meeting in ninth of the residue of his days, and was worthy of month 1832, his prospect of paying a visit in obedience,

| gospel love to the Islands of the Pacific ocean, He shortly after embarked for Petersburg, Van Diemen's Land, and New South Wales ; and took charge of the works committed to in which, as well as in the quarterly meeting him. These operations appear to have been and the morning-meeting of ministers and conducted successfully, much to the improve elders in London, he had their full concurrence ment of the extensive estates, and to the sat. and earnest desires for his preservation. isfaction of the parties concerned. There is For so very extensive a service, the neces. also ground to hope, that his labours will at a sary arrangements occupied a considerable future day prove a blessing to that empire. time; these being at length completed, he sail.

On account of circumstances connected ed from the Thames the 13th of eleventh with the religious profession of the country, month, 1833. The vessel was proceeding the gospel services of our dear friend were down the English Channel, when on the 21st much circumscribed to private interviews; and they were overtaken by a heavy storm, which in the line of his religious duty, he addressed induced them to take shelter off the Isle of the English residents in that city. The uni. Wight; and from adverse winds, and other formly guarded and consistent life and conver. causes, they were not able to take their final sation, the unbending integrity which no self. departure until the 15th of third month, 1834, interest could warp,-noinfluence from without He had been anxious to set out, and this decould suppress, will be long had in honourable tention was a great exercise to his faith. Yet, remembrance in that land, to the glory or prompt in his movements as our dear friend that Lord and Master, whom diligently to was accustomed to be, when his duty was serve and faithfully to obey, was more to our clearly defined, his example is strikingly indear friend than the smiles of princes, or all structive, in the patience and the stedfast faith that the world could bestow.

with which he would wait until the true light During the abode of Daniel Wheeler in so shone upon his path, as to point out not Russia, he was careful to keep up in his house only the way, but the right time to move in the regular attendance of meetings for wor- it; and closely as he had been tried on this ship, twice on first-days, and on fifthdays. occasion, he was at last permitted to see and An orderly and regular attention to the read. acknowledge, that he had not been detained ing of the Scriptures was daily observed in one day too long.

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