Sivut kuvina

little known. A few extracts from his us in ignorance of these laws, and of their correspondence with the writer of this constant operation throughout our whole sketch, will sufficiently indicate the pos- mental and animal economy. I can with session by the deceased of no ordinary difficulty refuse myself the pleasure of capacity for the enjoyment of those hea conversing with a friend upon these subvenly states of love and wisdom whieh he jects, when occasion offers. I look upon delighted to contemplate whilst on earth, these interesting topics as the flowers of and which he assuredly has realized in Paradise. Such questions, I am aware, heaven. The impressions he derived have no immediate reference to man's salfrom his first visit to New Church friends vation; but surely it will be granted the in this country, about six years since, is poor pilgrim to stop now and then on the thus warmly expressed in a letter from mountain's side, wipe his brow, and cast Paris:-“ Providence is continually re- a complacent look around him." Not. minding me, by the kindness and good withstanding this bias of his mind to such will of my fellow-creatures, that I am deep subjects of contemplation, our destill in the winter of my soul,—that I still parted friend had a still greater appreneed the genial warmth of indulgence to ciation of those qualities of the heart, foster the young grass and tho tender without which, the sublimest speculations herb. Nevertheless, if, in the frigid zone of the understanding are valueless in the of my heart, there is to be found a habit- estimation of the Christian spot, 'tis there I cherish the memory “I would, at any time,” he writes, “ give of the living church at B

I never a hundred sublime ideas for one single think of it, but with feelings of, I believe, humble desire, throbbing fresh and warm sincere affection. Our visit to B -I from the heart.” This evidence of a mind have always considered as an eminently so fitted for spiritual enjoyments, affords providential one. That good Being, in to the relatives and friends of the deceased, whose service I mean to live and die, the most consolatory reflections, aided by found means, by the most simple and a more abundant influence of that symunexpected combination of events, to pathy which he deemed so powerful even touch the hearts, and to satisfy the on earth, and which doubtless operates sympathies of us all three. How then with ten-fold efficacy through the free can I ever forget the beings so intimately spirit unrestrained by the limitations of associated in the Lord's work upon us. earthly space.

H. A. F. Nothing now, but what bears the secret mark of immortality will do for me, for Died, at Edinburgh, on the 17th of nothing else seems to satisfy me.” In a June last, in the 67th year of his age, subsequent letter, he thus deeply philo. Mr. GEORGE BRUCE. He had been a sophizes :-“How many curious subjects, member of the Church for nearly thirty of investigation, my dear Sir, are offered years, and his life and death bore equal to the students of spiritual science, and testimony to the purity of his religion what a luminous insight into the causes and the sincerity of his faith. He was of things is afforded by Swedenborg's liberal in his support of our local insti. writings; those every-day phenomena that tutions; and that his uses in this respect the uninitiated call wonderful coinci- might survive him, he bequeathed £50 dences, and believe to be fortuitous, how to the Society, to be employed in proeasily may we form, I will not say a moting the cause of the New Church. complete, but a good general notion of The immediate cause of Mr. B.'s death them from a consideration of the laws of was asthma. He had been a severe sufsympathy as operating incessantly in the ferer from it for several years previous to person of the Grand Man. Circumstances his decease, but he manifested no imhave of late convinced me, that not only patience, and uttered no complaint. As do individuals act mentally upon each he drew near death, he became more other, (for this is a truth that no New animated by the prospect before him, and Church-man will deny,) but that they act when the time of his departure arrived, upon each other without reference to dis- he passed tranquilly into the spiritual tance, in many instances, perceptibly, and world, followed by his own good works, in some cases, I believe, sensibly. and leaving behind him a memorial of It can only be the dulness resulting from the blessedness of living and dying in the inaction of our faculties, which keeps the Lord. ERRATA.--At page 442, 13th line from bottom, for “unveiling," read "uncoiling." 456, 5th

for“ is," read “as.



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It is with much pleasure that we insert the following authentic account of certain scientific MSS. of Swedenborg, which are still preserved in the Royal Academy of Sciences at Stockholm. Our readers will see that the celebrated Swedish Chemist, Baron Berzelius, has kindly interested himself in bringing these manuscripts to light, and that Dr. Svedbom, the learned librarian of the Academy, has investigated them so far as to be able to give a pretty full account of their nature and contents. The communication both from Baron Berzelius and from Dr. Svedbom, (the latter in Latin,) is addressed to Mr. J.J. G. Wilkinson, the translator of the Animal Kingdom, in reply to certain enquiries respecting the scientific manuscripts of Swedenborg.

It requires but little insight into the present state of human knowledge, to become sensible of the fact, that all the relations between science, philosophy, and theology are broken down, and, in many cases, annulled. Nothing, however, can be more evident, on the slightest reflection, than that there should exist amongst all departments of human knowledge,-Science, Philosophy, and Theology, a most congenial and beautiful harmony like that subsisting between the different parts of the body,—the head, the trunk, and the feet; or like the different provinces of mind, -the spiritual, the rational, and the natural. Theology belongs, in a peculiar sense, to the province of the SPIRITUAL; philosophy, to the RATIONAL; and Science, to the NATURAL; and when they exist in this order and harmony, that which is supreme, or Theology, will, like a sun of heavenly heat and light, influence the inferior departments, and array them with verdure, beauty, and fruitfulnesswith uses of every kind, establishing "peace on earth, good will towards man, and glory to God.” This is the true order in which the palace of

N.S. NO. 50.-VOL. V.


as the

human intelligence must be reared; and all efforts at improving the intellectual and moral condition of mankind can only succeed in proportion as they approach to this order. But do we not find that, at the present day, theology is banished from nearly all our scientific institutions; and is not, as a consequence, the relation between them entirely destroyed ? Is not philosophy, or a rational discernment of what is spiritual, entirely excluded from any converse and communion with the prevailing theology ?-a plain proof that not only all the sacred relations between the three great provinces of human knowledge are destroyed, but that science is not elevated and sanctified by the influence of theology,—to whom she does not look “


of a maiden look to the hand of her mistress;" nor is the prevailing theology characterized by that rational and spiritual intelligence, which can elevate the mind, and enable it to have its conversation, or citizenship, in heaven, as well as upon earth. The time, however, has now come, when these relations will be restored and established, and the system of philosophy developed in the scientific writings of Swedenborg, in union with the theology opened from the Scriptures in his theological works, will gradually bring about that desirable state, when there shall be a highway out of Egypt [science] to Assyria (the rational and philosophical], and the Assyrian shall come into Egypt, and the Egyptian into Assyria, and the Egyptians shall serve with the Assyrians; and when Israel [the spiritual and theological] shall be the third with Egypt and with Assyria, even a blessing in the midst of the land.” (Isa. xix. 23, 24.)

We consequently hail with peculiar delight the efforts which are now being made to bring fully out to public investigation the philosophical works of E. S. That all the laws of the great world, or macrocosm, are exhibited analogously in the little world of man's body, or microcosm, is a truth which has been generally admitted both in ancient and in modern times; but it was reserved for Swedenborg to discover and to explain those laws and analogies, which he has abundantly accomplished in his physiological and philosophical writings. The late venerable Clowes observed,* “ That if man's mind were enlightened with the light of heavenly truth, he would be enabled to see divine and holy things in the form and use of his own body, and of all its parts, and especially in the arrangement of those parts, and their mutual conjunctions, so as to make a one. Nothing can be conceived more astonishing or more edifying, than the human body thus viewed according to its correspondence with the heavenly forms and uses of which it is a type and image." We therefore consider that the publication, in English, of the physiological works of Swedenborg, which so beautifully unfold the order, forms, uses, analogies, harmonies, and correspondences of all parts, organs, and functions of the human body, will form a new and enlightened era in the history of science. It will be found that he has developed the true philosophy of anatomy and physiology. We sincerely hope and trust that every effort will be made to rescue the manuscripts enumerated below from destruction.

* Miscellaneous Thoughts and Observations, &c., p. 43.

By a reference to the letter of Baron Berzelius, inserted in the Intellectual Repository, Vol. IV., page 472, it will be seen that the Baron promised further information respecting the scientific manuscripts of Swedenborg, deposited in the Library of the Royal Academy of Sciences at Stockholm, so soon as the new librarian was elected. Faithful to his promise, that distinguished man, has now made the desired communication, which was received on the 30th of December.

He says:

Stockholm, December 3, 1843. “Sir,—I can at length answer the questions you put to me concerning certain manuscripts of Swedenborg. The new librarian to the Academy, who is a very learned man, and at an age not to be daunted by the work, has gone over the collection of Swedenborg's MSS. with peculiar zeal, and sends you the enclosed Memoir, written in Latin, in which he answers every one of your questions, and furnishes you with information upon some manuscripts which he believes to be still unpublished, and to contain the continuation of the Animal Kingdom, of which you have commenced an English translation. With respect to the copying of those MSS. which you may wish to have transcribed, he is willing to undertake it, and to become responsible for the correctness of his copy.—The price will be one shilling for two pages in quarto, and double that sum for two pages in folio, of the original ; that is to say, when it is easily legible: but when it is difficult to decypher, it will be impossible to determine the time required to copy two pages; and consequently to determine the price. The librarian thinks that, in this case, according to the degree of difficulty, the price will be double, and sometimes even treble. If you wish to enter into a correspondence with him upon this subject, you may very well write in English, which he understands perfectly well, although he does not write it. I have no doubt that Count Björnstjierna will take charge of your letters, which you can put into an envelope, addressed either to the Academy of Sciences or to myself.—Accept the assurance of distinguished consideration, with which I have the honour to be,

“ Sir, your very humble and obedient servant, Mr. James J. G. Wilkinson."



The following statement (says Dr. J. E. Svedbom,) is the result of an investigation undertaken for the purpose of replying to Mr. Wilkinson's question,-Whether the MSS. of Swedenborg, enumerated in the preface to the Animal Kingdom (pp. xiii. and xiv.), are to be found in the Library of the Royal Academy of Sciences of Stockholm? It appears best to give an answer to the particular details of the question separately, adding certain bibliographical observations, in order to enable the reader to form an idea of the contents and size of each manuscript, and of the amount of labor necessary for transcribing it.

1. "Fragments on the subject of the Economy of the Animal

Kingdom, and on the subject of the Animal Kingdom itself, among which is a Treatise on the Parts of Generation in

both sexes, and on the process of Generation." Among Swedenborg's manuscripts preserved in this library, there is one in folio, the title of which, a considerable portion of the beginning, and the end, are wanting ; but the matter seems to agree with the title given above. This book contains various treatises, each with some number and title prefixed to it. The leaves are not regularly numbered, but distinguished in some cases by numbers, in others by letters. The book begins with a page marked uu, in the middle of the twentysecond treatise, as it would appear from what follows. The other treatises, of which but little seems to be wanting, are as follow :—23. The Periosteum (p. vi.).—24. The Mamma (p. xii.).-25. The Ear and Hearing (p. xxix.). The end of this treatise is wanting, together with the title and beginning of the next treatise, bnt which, to judge from what is left of it, seems to have been headed,—26. The Eye and the Sense of Sight. Of this treatise there remain p. xl., but the end of it is wanting.—27. The Spermatic Artery (p. x.).—28. The Testes, Epididymes, etc. (p. xv.).—29. The Scrotum (p. v.).—30 The Vasa Deferentia (p. vi.).-31. The Vesicule Seminales (p. xvii.).—32. The Prostate Gland (p. vii.).—33. The Urethra (p. viii.).—34. The Penis and Corpora Cavernosa (p. xvi.).–35. The Semen (p. viii.).-36. The Membra Gen. Mulierum ext. (p. xi.).-37. The Uterus (p. xvi.).—38. The Ovaries (p. iv.).-39. The Fallopian Tubes (p. viii.).—40. The Uterus, a second treatise (p. xiii.).—41. The Placenta (p. xv.).—42. The Chorion, Amnion, and Liquor Amnii (p. x.).—43. The Umbilical Cord (p. ix.).—44. Conjectures respecting the State and earliest Stages of the Embryo (p. vii.). Next we have, in the same volume, various excerpts from the works of other authors respecting certain animals.

The heirs of Swedenborg, who delivered his books and manuscripts to the Royal Academy of Sciences, in the Catalogue which accompanied

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