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their letter of donation, state that the above treatises are fragments of the books entitled Economia Naturalis (so they write it), and Regnum Animale. In the course of reading and comparing, I have found that the style of treatment is the same as that adopted by Swedenborg in his Economia Regni Animalis ; in so far as this at least, that the facts and experiments of the learned are first premised ; and the author's own sentiments unfolded afterwards, under the heading “ Induction.”
The greater part of the contents of this volume is closely written, and will be difficult to read or make out. 2. “ The Animal Economy, (consisting of Treatises respecting
both parts of Man, respecting the Cerebrum, the Medulla Oblongata and Medulla Spinalis, and respecting the nerves, considered analytically, physically, and philosophically, &c.,
There is a book in 4to bearing this title, but the title is crossed out with the pén, and does not seem to correspond with the contents of the book. Thus the latter contains, in various places, the Author's Diary [Itinerarium] from 1733 to 1739, with a brief description of his travels from 1710, written partly in Latin, partly in Swedish : also extracts from various authors on physical and philosophical subjects : a Treatise on The Mechanism of the Soul and the Body, respecting which see below (3.), &c. It appears from the Catalogue mentioned above, that this volume once contained 760 pages, whereas it contains now only 714.
(Respecting the treatises which we have elsewhere, written by Swedenborg, on the Cerebrum, &c., see below under the head “ Additions," I. and II.)
3. “ The Mechanism of the Soul and the Body." The treatise to which this designation refers, is found in the volume last mentioned, of which it occupies pages 116 to 131. It is written, in places, in a hand somewhat difficult to read. From the kind of writing, I should infer that this treatise is only a sketch [adumbrationem], and not digested into the form of a fully developed work. 4. “ The Animal Spirit, p. 24."
Sensation, or the Passion of the Body, Chap. XIII.” 6. “ Action, Chap. XXXV." In the 4to volume (2.), we find these three little treatises, as well as certain others. The first, on The Animal Spirit, is in 24 pages, and XVII. Chapters. The second, on Sensation, or the passional state of
the Body, is in 11 pages, and XIII. Chapters ; but it ends with the heading, Chapter XIV., which would lead one to suppose that the subject was not finished. The third, on Action, is in 30 pages, and XXXV. Chapters, and appears to be complete. These little treatises are easy to read and make out.
(Respecting the other treatises that are contained in the same book, see below, Addition III.)
7. “ General Sense, and its influx into the Soul.” I find this title given in the Catalogue already referred to, as belonging to some “Fragment” preserved among the manuscripts of Swedenborg; but in the course of my examination, I have not been able, at this time, to discover any treatise so entitled in the manuscripts.
8. “ The Muscles of the Face."
9. “ The Human Ear.” These are two treatises having the above titles, both contained in one volume folio.
The treatise on the Muscles of the Face contains 13 pages and various chapters, headed separately (as for example :—The Muscles of the middle region of the Face ; The Muscles subservient to the Nose, 8c.). This treatise, however, has not the appearance of being fully carried out, but seems rather to contain the outline of some projected dissertation. It is closely written.
The other treatise, on The Human Ear, is in 11 pages. It appears, however, that this treatise, although written by the hand of Swedenborg, is not of his composition, but consists only of certain excerpts from a work by J. F. Cassebohm (Tractatus VI. de Aure Humanâ, Halæ, 1735). But there are two manuscript treatises by Swedenborg himself, on the same subject, in other parts of this collection, but with different titles. The one, On the Ear and Hearing, of which mention was made above (1); the other with the slightly different titleOn the Ear and the Sense of Hearing ; and which latter is found in the volume of which we are at present speaking. (Respecting this second treatise, see Addition I.)
ADDITIONS. I might here have brought this Memoir to a close, having given answers to the best of my ability, to all the particulars of the question proposed. But I hope it will prove agreeable and acceptable to the London Society, by whose efforts and labors so many of the writings of Swedenborg have been published; and particularly to Mr. Wilkinson, who is now engaged so sedulously in publishing a translation of the present time!
Animal Kingdom, if I proceed a little further, and record certain observations I have made in examining the MSS. of Swedenborg, and which have a close connexion with the design of the London Society,* and of the Translator of the work already alluded to.
I. While occupied in scrutinizing the MSS. of Swedenborg, (which have never yet been satisfactorily examined, nor indeed could be, until they were better arranged,) I chanced upon a manuscript, with neither title nor termination, but which, nevertheless, powerfully arrested my attention. Like many others in the Library Catalogues, this book was classed under the general designation Anatomica et Physiologica, along with the rest, without any indication of its subject matter; nor was there a trace to shew, that any searcher of the MSS. had hitherto turned his attention to it. Throughout, as I perused it, and considered the contents, I was led to the notion that it contains a CONTINUATION OF THE ANIMAL KINGDOM, unknown to exist, so far as I am aware, up to the
And although I am not sufficiently versed in Swedenborg's writings, to affirm with certainty that this conjecture is well founded, yet thus much I will say, that it has grown in probability in proportion as I have examined the book, and compared it with the treatises which Swedenborg himself published on the subject of the Animal Kingdom in his lifetime. This book is in 241 closely written folio pages. It begins with p. 1., Prologue, the subject matter of which is remarkably similar to that of the Prologue prefixed to the Animal Kingdom, Part III. (London, 1745); although the two do not coincide verbatim; the manuscript Prologue being much fuller and longer than the other. The treatise which follows, from p. 3 to p. 241, seems to embrace not only a summary of the subjects contained in the Animal Kingdom, Part III., (briefly stated however, and only the results indicated,) but also a good part of those subjects which the Author, in the Index of Contents of the whole work prefixed to Part I, promised the reader that he intended to treat of, but which he did not develop in the three parts which he himself published. In proof of this, we have the following titles prefixed to the several treatises. After the Prologue, which stands as n. I, we come to II. The common trunks of the Carotids; The external common branch of the Carotid; The first external branches of thc Carotid; The other external branches of the Carotid. (These subjects occupy p. 3—11).—III. The Sense of Taste and the Tongue ; Sense in General ; * The sensorium of Taste in general and in particular (p. 12—31).—IV. The Sense of Smell (p. 32–43).+ The sense of Touch, or the layers of the Skin (cuticulis] (p. 44—60.)— The ear and the sense of Hearing (p. 61-83, with additions on p. 99).
* Dr. Svedbom is not aware, that the “Society for Printing and Publishing the Writings of Swedenborg, instituted in London in 1810," is exclusively occupied in the publication of the Theological Works of the Author, and does not, as a body, take cognizance of any other department in Swedenborgian Literature.
-The Eye and the sense of Sight (p. 84—121), in which we have various sub-titles; for example, Light and Colors; The Muscles of the eye ; The Coats of the eye, &c.—Next follow, commencing from p. 122, Physical and Optical experiments, whether by Swedenborg himself, or extracted from the writings of other authors, I cannot say.—Epilogue, on the senses, or on sensation generally (p. 129–150). And afterwards, In brief, A general statement of the subjects of sensation and affection (p. 150—159). Next, A continuation respecting harmonic or musical laws (p. 160—187). In the course of which we have a Treatise on Speech (p. 185—187); next, The understanding and its operation (p. 187—196); last, an Index to the preceding, filling four pages, but which are not numbered. Then follows, Preface to the part on the Brain, but prefixed immediately to the first chapter (p. 198—202); also Chapter I. The Brain, its structure and motion, and sensation generally (p. 202—204). The following heads occur on the last-mentioned page (204): Chapter II. The Cranium, and the bones of the Cranium. Chapter III. The Dura Mater, and the power (?) of production, and so forth, without any development of the subjects indicated. There is next a continuation of the dissertation on The Structure of the Brain (p. 206—209); The functions of the Brain (p. 209–232); and a Summary of the same (p. 232, 233). The Dura Mater (p. 234-241).
The several treatises to which the above titles refer, do not appear to be finished productions, fully reasoned out, but rather to be outlines, which the author intended to develop farther at a future time, and digest into formal dissertations. Notwithstanding this, the author's opinion, unless I am mistaken, is for the most part sufficiently unfolded to be perfectly apprehensible. The style of treatment is the same aš that peculiar to Swedenborg in the former parts of the Animal Kingdom; there being first a statement of Experience [facts), and after this, an Analysis. The first department of each treatise, containing the Experience, is very brief; nor are the
from the authors [quoted], * A note of the Author is here appended, written, as it appears, subsequently to the Treatise, and in the Swedish language, stating that this Chapter is to be transferred from its present situation to the Epilogue, since such explication in this place would be contrary to the “ Analytic Method.” (J. E. S.)
+ The Roman numerals prefixed to the titles, cease in this place. (J. E. S.)
written out, as was Swedenborg's custom elsewhere in these essays : but the second department, or the Analysis, is much longer and more full. With respect to the handwriting, the greater part of this book is written very small, and is extremely difficult to read and make out; so much so, that it would task the best abilities of the copyist to perform his part correctly.
From these particulars, unless I am deceived, there is ground to hope, that this book, in conjunction with that mentioned above (I.), contains many things that will hereafter prove supplementary to Swedenborg's Animal Kingdom.
II. It will be recollected that the subject matter of the manuscript entitled The Cerebrum, &c. (2) greatly disappoints the expectation raised by that title.
On the other hand, from what has just been said, it appears that another volume, lately mentioned, presents the disappointed and almost unhoping reader, with a Dissertation on the Brain and its functions. But as this Dissertation, like all the others in the same book, seems to give nothing more than an outline of some future treatise, it will perhaps be agreeable to the reader to be informed, that I have found two other books, which seem to contain a development of the subject of the brain, accurately written out. Both these books are indeed incomplete,-both are destitute of beginning and termination.* part of them, however, appears to be left: and certainly quite enough to merit the close attention of the enquirer. Thus the one MS. has on the Brain pp. 65–433; the other, which is much the larger, pp. 731482. Both are in quarto, carefully written out, and not difficult to read; the latter more diffuse in its style of penmanship, and with somewhat wider lines than the former. But I have not yet had leisure to compare these books with each other, or with the above-mentioned outline; and therefore I can only mention them here, and must postpone the more accurate examination of them till another time.
III. In the manuscript mentioned above (4-6), there are certain matters which should not be passed over without notice; among these we have the Red Blood (p. 24, chap. xxiii.). The origin and propagation of the Soul (p. 6, chap. iv.), At the end of the same MS. a longer treatise begins, but both its title (p. 1 & 2) and continuation, are wanting. After a short preface, which occupies p. 3 and 4, we read on p. 5 the following: Treatise I. The Soul, and the Harmony between it and the Body,
considered generally. * This, I find subsequently to be an error; the second and larger Treatise appears to be complete with respect to its termination. (J. E S.)
N.S. NO. 50.-VOL. V.