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But his opinions on the highest subjects were modified by his political judgment. Few Tories—who had resisted the emancipation of the Roman Catholics which he had done so much to secure—had so genuine a dread of the political consequences of the spread of Roman Catholicism. Through the greater part of his life he hoped to find an adequate barrier to Rome in the Church ; and for this reason, even if it had stood alone, he would have desired to maintain the Establishment. But he was also throughout his early and middle life impressed with the notion that the clergy of an endowed Church were more likely to profess liberal views than the ministers of voluntary sects, who were dependent for their livelihood on the subscriptions of their congregations. The experience of a long life perhaps convinced him that a Stateendowed clergy would not extricate itself from the trammels of Creeds and Articles; and so, as years rolled on, he became less earnest in defence of the cause, and would often laugh as he brought out the well-known arguments. Writing early in 1870, the year of Mr. Forster's Education Act, to Mr. Forster from San Remo, he said—

The prospect of obtaining a national unsectarian education, founded on the exclusion of all catechisms and formularies, is, in the present temper of the nation, so fair a one that I think the country may well wait a year for the accomplishment of so great a blessing.

My wish and hope is [so he wrote a year afterwards], the rising generation may be taught to adopt, not the Church of Rome, or the Church of England, but the Church of Christ.

These few remarks may possibly help the reader to supply the lights and shadows of an imperfect portrait, and to gather some idea of the nature and character of the man whom the author has endeavoured, however vainly, to draw. It is a pleasure to recollect that his long life was, on the whole, a very happy one. His childhood was, indeed, clouded by the death of his mother, his middle years by the loss of his first wife, his old age by the deaths of his eldest son, his daughter

in-law, and their child; as well as by the afflicting illness of another son. Yet, in the children who were still left to him, in the children's children who were brought to his home, in the memory of the part which he had played in the past, in the interest which he was taking in the present, in the hope which he felt for the future, in the consciousness of his own integrity, in the respect of his fellow-countrymen, in faith in his God, Lord Russell may have found some consolation for his trials, and have reflected that, if his old age was clouded with sorrow, his grey hairs were descending with honour to the grave.


ABERCORN, Duchess of (half-sister to Lord John), i. 61 n Abercorn, Duke of (Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland), ii. 445 Abercromby, Lady Mary, i. 448; ii. 165,284 Abercromby, Mr. (Master of the Mint), i. 215, 216; declines the Speakership, 224; becomes Speaker, 226; O'Connell's support of, 229; resignation of the Speakership, 335; made Lord Dunfermline, 336; death of, ii. 449 Abercromby, Sir R. (afterwards 2nd Lord Dunfermline), British minister at the Hague, ii. 241 Aberdeen, Lady, letter to Lord John,

1. I A:n, Lord, brings the dispute with America in 1846 to a peaceful issue, i. 438; disapproves of Prince Leopold's selection as husband for the Queen of Spain, ii. 2; memorandum from M. Guizot on the Spanish marriages, 6 n ; his conciliatory policy towards France, 14; letter from Lord John on the AustroItalian conflict, 45; enjoined by the Queen to submit all important drafts to her before the despatches leave the office, 49 n; negotiations with Lord John on formation of a Ministry, 124; reply to Lord John's memorandum, 124; Lord John's answer, 126; declines further negotiation, 127; asked to form a Ministry and declines, 128; letter from Lord John, 156; his reply, 157; sent for by the Queen to form a Ministry, 161 ; accepts office, 161 ; proposes ultimately to retire from the Premiership

in Lord John's favour, 164; correspondence with the Duke of Bedford thereon, 164; completes his Ministry, 165; difficulties because of the jealousies of Whigs and Peelites, 166; misunderstanding with Lord John, 166; letters to and from Lord John on the latter's tenure of office, 167– 17o; letters from and to Lord John on the latter's speech on the Irish Church, 174, 175; letter to Mr. Monsell assuring him that Lord John's opinions on the Irish Church are not shared by many members of the Government, 175; on the necessity of circumspect instructions to Lord Stratford de Redcliffe on his mission to Constantinople, 179; does not credit the Czar's alleged hostile intentions towards Turkey, 181; conflict of views with Lord John on the Russian difficulty, 181, 182, 183; labours for peace, 184; hopes that Russia will accept the Porte's modifications of the Vienna Note, 187; Lord John's memorandum on the Eastern question laid before him, 188; letter to Lord John on the situation, 190; desires to draw up a new Note to be submitted to the Porte by the four Powers, 196; objections to his handing over the Premiership to Lord John, 196; agreement with Lord John on Reform and the Eastern question, 200, 201; explains and defends Prince Albert's action in public affairs, 205; against the postponement of Lord John's Reform Bill, 207; uneasy at the prospects of war, 207 n; on the further postponement of the Reform Bill,

209; asks Lord John to postpone
same, 21o; congratulates Lord John
on his speech on the postponement
of his Reform Bill, 213; Punch's
cartoon of him and Lord John, 214n;
divergence of policy between him
and Lord John in the Crimean War,
215; his treatment of the offer of an
Austrian alliance, 216; his dilatori-
ness in the execution of the plan for
the division of the War and Colonial
departments, 220; against subsidis-
ing Sweden, 220; prefers to subsidise
Austria, 220, 221; letters to and from
Lord John on changes in the Minis-
try, 223; concurs in Lord John's
acceptance of the Presidency of the

Council, 223; reasons for avoiding ||

the introduction of Sir George Grey
into the Cabinet, 225; agrees gene-
rally to Lord John's proposed Minis-
terial changes, 226; letter to Lord
John in reply to the latter's proposed
resignation, 229; declines to advise
the Queen to appoint Palmerston as
War Minister, 234; disclaims any
want of confidence in Lord John as
leader of the House of Commons,
236; declines to concert with the
French a new plan of campaign, 240;
letter in answer to Lord John's re-
signation, 242; interview with Lord
John respecting the latter being
asked to form a government, 295
Acheson, Lord, i. 475
Acland, Sir Thomas, i. 4 n, 176, 312 n,
318 n
Adair, Mr. (afterwards Sir Robert), i. 52
Adam, Captain (afterwards Admiral
Sir C.), i. 75
Adam, Rt. Hon. William (Duke of
Bedford's agent), i. 21, 28
Adams, Mr. (astronomer), pension to,

ii. 146
Adams, Mr. (American minister to
England), his correspondence with
Lord John regarding the Alabama,
ii. # asks redress for the injuries
inflicted by that vessel, 368
Adams, President, i. 437
Adams, Serjeant, i. 295
Adrianople, Treaty of, ii. 194
Adye, Captain, i. 78
Aidé, Hamilton, his poetical tribute to
\ the character of Lord John, ii. 411
Alabama case, the, ii. 365
Albemarle, Lord, his doggerel Latin
lines on the Masters of Westminster
School, i. 7 n. -

Albert, Prince, ‘on vastly good terms
with Lord John," i. 450; interest in
the Cracow matter, ii. 8; distrust of
Lord Palmerston, 9; on the action of
the King of Piedmont in the Italian
revolt against Austria, 34; attitude
in the Austro-Italian conflict, 41;
objects to the wording of a despatch
to the Porte on the Hungarian re-
fugees, 5o; letter to Lord John on
Palmerston's conduct in the Greek
dispute, 55; criticism of Lord John's
scheme of Reform, 129; differs with
Lord Palmerston on the Schleswig-
Holstein question, 132; charged
with interfering unconstitutionally in
foreign and domestic affairs, 205,
357; death of 359 . -

Ali Pacha, Turkish Plenipotentiary at
the Vienna Conference, ii. 263

Alice, Princess, visits the Russells, ii.

Alien Acts, the, i. 76
Allen, Mr., i. 44, 45, 117 n., 118; letter
to Lord John, 121
Althorp, Lord, undertakes conduct of
Lord John's Bribery Bill, i. 135, 137;
proposals for suppression of bribery,
139; his rumoured “falling off, 143;
discourages Lord John's project of
a Central Association, 153; becomes
leader of the Whig party, 160;
letter to Lord John, 16on ; wishes
to settle the new civil list, 161 ; offers
office to Lord John, 166; not on the
Reform committee, 172; aids Lord
John in passing a Reform Bill, 178;
coincides in coercive Irish legisla-
tion, 194; introduces Bill for Irish
Church reform, 196, 201; hoped, on
Lord Grey's resignation, that the
King would send for Sir Robert
Peel, 213; succeeds to the peerage,
216; letter to Lord John, 219; his
principle in respect to Church rates,
290 n; ii. 198
Amberley, Lady, death of, ii. 466
Amberley, Lord (eldest son of Lord
John), i. 403, 418; Landseer's sketch
of, ii. 112; in private theatricals at
Woburn, 114; writes to his father
as to his future education, 287; his
marriage, 418; defeated at Leeds in
the general election, 420; birth of a
son, 420; begins his Parliamentary
career, 445; death of, 467
American Civil War, causes of, ii. 349,

35o -
Ampthill, Lord; see Russell, Lord Odo
Anglesey, Lord (Viceroy of Ireland), i.
191, 192, 206

Anti-Corn Law League, the, i. 381,
403; ii. 199

Antonelli, Cardinal, sends the Pope's
blessing to the young King of Naples,

11. 333
Antwerp, bombardment of, ii. 190
Apponyi, Count (Austrian minister to
England), ii. 331, 405-407
Appropriation Clause, i. 256, 289, 310,
312, 3I4, 448
Arguelles, Sehor, ii. 43
Argyll, Duke of, i. 37; ii. 176, 203;
quoted, 248; letter to Lord John re-
specting the detention of the Ala-
bama, 366 n.
Armagh, Archbishop of, consulted by
Lord John on reforms in the Irish
Church, i. 312
Arms Bill, the, i. 404, 447, 485, 486
Arnould, Sir J., quoted, i. 497
Arrouca, convent of, i. 63
Arrow question, the, ii. 294
Ashley, Lord (afterwards Shaftesbury,
Earl of), his diary quoted, i. 415;
letter to Lord John, 473
Ashley, Mr. E., his publication of Lord
Palmerston's letters, ii. 158
Atherton, Sir William, his advice soli-
cited on the Alabama question, ii.
Atkin, Mr., i. 5
Attwood, Mr., i. 181 n
Auckland, Lord, i. 427; ii. 17; his
measures of national defence, 22;
letter from Lord John on the naval
estimates, 29; death of 77, 96 w
Augustenburg, Prince, his claim to the
Duchy of Holstein, ii. 399
Australia, i. 352; French plan for in-
vading and holding, ii. 177
Austria, loses Milan, ii. 33–35; sug-
gested transfer of Ionian Islands to,
36; seeks a compromise with the
Italians, 40; refuses a conference on
Italian affairs, 44; suppresses the
. Hungarian rebellion and demands
the extradition of Hungarian re-
fugees from Turkey, 49; action in
the Montenegrin difficulty, 178; pro-
position to subsidise, in the Russian
War, 220, 222
Austria, Emperor of, his abdication, ii.
26; a fugitive, 44
Austrian alliance with England, pro-
posals of an, in the Russian War, i.
216, 222
Aylmer, Lord, i. 279 n, 280

Azeglio, Signor, ii. 284

BALACLAVA, ii. 232
Ball, Mr. John, quoted, i. 243, 244 n.
Ballot, the, i. 299, 308,339
Bandon Bridge, borough of, i. 138
Bank of England charter revised, i.
202; in the crisis of 1847, 476
Bank Restriction Act of 1797, i. 86
Bannister (actor), i. 8
Barillon, M., despatches of, i. 107, 119
Baring, Sir Francis, i. 185; in the
Cabinet,349; at the Exchequer, 38o;
Budget proposals of, 383, 384; asks
for a committee on the sugar duties,
389; succeeds Lord Auckland in the
Cabinet, ii. 77; relationship to Sir
Charles Wood and the Greys, 77;
a stern economist, 77; accepts the
Admiralty, 97; votes for the Militia
Bill, 150 n; protests against Lord
John's supersession in the leader-
ship, 160; quoted, 213; consulted
by Lord John on a Ministerial crisis,

Barker, Mr. Russell, quoted, i. 11
Barnes, Mr. (editor of the Times), i.

Barnstaple, writ suspended, i. 125
Barrymore (actor), i. 9
Bath, Lady, i. 28
Bath, Lord (uncle by marriage of Lord
John), i. 28
Bathurst, Lord, i. 139
Baxter, Sir David, ii. 416
Baynes, Sir Christopher, i. 31
Beaumont, M. de (French minister in
London), ii. 41
Beauvale, Lord, i. 441
Bedford, Duchess of (Georgiana,
mother of Lord John), letters of, i.
3,4; chronic ill-health, 3; death of, 4
Bedford, Duchess of (Georgiana, step-
mother of Lord John), i. 5, 11, 119;
ii. 112 ; death, 175
Bedford, Duchess of (Lord Tavistock's
wife); see under Stanhope, Lady
A. M.

Bedford, fourth Duke of, i. 2
Bedford, Francis, fifth Duke of, i. 2, 3
Bedford, Francis, seventh Duke of ;
see under Tavistock, Lord
Bedford, John, sixth Duke of, i. 2;
death of his wife (a daughter of Lord
Torrington), 4; second marriage to
a daughter of the Duke of Gordon,
5; made Viceroy of Ireland, 19; his
part in the fall of the Talents Ad-
ministration, 29; retirement from the

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