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The babes unborn shall (O!) be born to bleed In this thy quarrel, if thou do proceed."
This said, she ceas'd-When he, in troubled thought
"This, this pretence," saith she, "the ambitious To smooth injustice, and to flatter wrong: [find, Thou dost not know what then will be thy mind, When thou shalt see thyself advanc'd and strong. When thou hast shak'd off that which others bind, Thou soon forgettest what thou learned'st long : Men do not know what then themselves will be, When as more than themselves themselves they see."
And herewithal turning about, he wakes,
Doubtful at first, he wary doth proceed;
Thou did'st conspire with pride, and with the time,
We will not say nor think, O Lancaster,
Though we might say and think that this pretence
But God forbid we should so nearly pry
Might think our blot the first, not done before, That new-made sins might make us blush the more.
And let unresting Charity believe,
That then thy oath with thy intent agreed,
Whilst those that are but outward lookers on,
Unto that course they see th' effects relate;
But by degrees he ventures now on blood,
This done, his cause was preach'd with learned skill,
By Arundel th' archbishop "; who there show'd
But the ambitious, to advance their might,
To strength the faction that the duke doth hold;
The king still busied in this Irish war,
34 The duke put to death William Scroope, earl of Wiltshire, treasurer of England; with sir Henry Green, and sir John Busby, for misgoverning the king and the realm.
35 Thomas Arundel, archbishop of Canterbury. Bis peccat, qui pretexu religionis peccat.
"Calm these tempestuous spirits, O mighty Lord;
But was by tempests, winds, and seas, debarr'd,
But at the length (though late) in Wales he lands;
Thinking the earl 39 had rais'd some army there;
In this disturb'd, tumultuous, broken state,
And blame their many years that live so long,
Unto the temples flock the weak, devout,
And "O! what do you now prepare," said they;
"Conspire against us, neighbour nations all,
That we, forgetting what doth so incense,
37 Edward duke of Aumarle, son to the duke of York.
38. Conway-castle in Wales.
39 Montague, earl of Salisbury.
HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR.
King Richard moans his wrong, and wails his reign;
In dearth of faith, and scarcity of friends,
Piercy', how soon, by thy example led,
And kings love not to be beholden ought; [worst:
And thus these mighty actors, sons of change,
But thus is Richard left, and all alone,
Thomas Piercy was earl of Worcester, brother to the earl of Northumberland, and steward of the king's house.
Like when some great Colossus, whose strong base
And look how Thames, enrich'd with many a flood,
So flock the mighty, with their following train,
So, often, things which seem at first in show,
And Richard, who look'd Fortune in the back,
Like when some mastiff-whelp, dispos'd to play,
Back straight the daunced chaser turns his face;
So, with this bold opposer rushes on
2 The duke of York, left governor of the realm in the absence of the king, having levied a great army, as if to have opposed against Bolingbroke, brought most of the nobility of the kingdom to take his part.
Which when he saw, thus to himself complains; Thus he complain'd-When lo, from Lancaster, “O why do you, fond, false-deceived, so
(The new entitl'd duke) with order sent Run beadlong to that change that nothing gains, Arriv'd Northumberland 3, as to confer, But gain of sorrow, only change of woe?
And make relation of the duke's intent:
On those the duke of Gloc'ster's death procur'd,
On humble knees before his grace be glad That shining promises had shadowed:
To ask him pardon, to be well secur'd, As th' hum'rous sick removing, find no ease, And have his right and grace restor'd again: When changed chambers change not the disease. The which was all he labour'd to obtain. “ Then shall you find this name of liberty, And therefore doth an enterparle exhort; (The watch-word of rebellion ever us'd;
Persuades him leave that unbeseeming place, The idle echo of uncertainty,
And with a princely bardiness resort That evermore the simple bath abus'd)
Unto his people, that attend his grace. But new-turn'd servitude, and misery ;
They meant his public good, and not his hurt ; And ev'n the same, and worse, before refus'd. And would most joyful be to see his face. Th' aspirer once attain'd unto the top,
He lays his soul to pledge, and takes his oath, Cuts off those means by which himself got up. The host of Christ, an hostage for his troth. “ And with a harder hand, and straiter rein, This proffer, with such protestations, inade Doth curb that looseness he did find before ; Unto a king that so near danger stood, Doubting th’occasion like might serve again: Was a sufficient motive to persuade, His own example makes him fear the more. When no way else could show a face so good : Then, O injurious land! what dost thou gain, Th' unhonourable means of safety bad To aggravate thine own afflictions' store?
Danger accept, what majesty withstood. Since thou must needs obey kings government; “ When better choices are not to be had, And no rule ever yet could all content.
We needs must take the seeming best of bad.” “What if my yonth hath offer'd up to lust Yet stands h' in doubt awhile what way to take; Licentious fruits of indiscreet desires,
Conferring with that small-remaining troop When idle heat of vainer years did thrust
Fortune had left; which never would forsake That fury on? Yet now when retires
Their poor, distressed lord ; nor ever stoop To calmer state, why should you so distrust To any hopes the stronger part could make : To reap that good whereto mine age aspires ? Good Carlisle 4, Ferby, and sir Stephen Scroope, The youth of princes have no bounds for sin, With that most worthy Montagues, were all Unless themselves do make them bounds within. That were content with majesty to fall. “Who sees not, that sees ought,(woe worth the wbile) Time, spare; and make not sacrilegious theft The easy.way, that greatness hath to fall ? Upon so memorable constancy: Environ'd with deceit, hemm'd in with guile;
Let not succeeding ages be bereft Sooth'd up in flatt'ry, fawned on of all;
Of such examples of integrity. Within his own living as in exile;
Nor thou, magnan'mous Leigh", must not be left Hears but with others ears, or not at all;
In darkness, for thy rare fidelity; And ev'n is made a prey unto a few,
To save thy faith, content to lose thy head; Who lock up grace, that would to other show. That rev'rent head, of good men honoured. “ And who (as let in lease) do farm the crown,
Nor will my conscience I should injury And joy the use of majesty and might;
Thy memory, most trusty Jenico?, Whilst we hold but the shadow of our own,
For b'ing not ours; though wish that Gascony
Claim'd not for hers the faith we rev’rence so; Pleas'd with vain shows, and dallied with delight: They, as huge unproportion'd mountains grown,
That England might have this small company Between our land and us, shadowing our light,
Only to her alone, having no mo. Bereave the rest of joy, and us of love,
But let's divide this good betwixt us both; And keep down all, to keep themselves above.
Take she thy birth, and we will have thy troth, “ Which wounds, with grief, poor unrespected zeal, 3 The earl of Northumberland sent to the king, When grace holds no proportion in the parts ; from Henry Bolingbroke, now duke of Lancaster. When distribution in the common-weal
4 The bishop of Carlisle. Of charge and honour, due to good deserts, Is stopt ; when others' greedy hands must deal
5 Montague, earl of Salisbury. The benefit that majesty imparts;
6 This was sir Peter Leigh's ancestor, (of Lyme What good we meant, comes gleaned home but light; in Cheshire) that now. is. Whilst we are robb'd of praise, they of their right.” 7 Jenico d'Artois, a Gascoign. VOL IIL
Grave Montagne 5, whom long experience taught "Twas greater hopes that bereto him did call; In either fortune, thus advis'd his king:
And he will thrust for all, or else lose all. “ Dear sov'reign, know, the matter that is sought Is only how your majesty to bring
“ Nor trust this subtle agent, nor his oath. (From out of this poor safety you have got) You know his faith-you try'd it beforehand. Into their hands, that else hold ev'ry thing. His fault is death-and now to lose his troth, For now, but only you they want of all;
To save his life, he will not greatly stand. And wanting you, they nothing theirs can call.
Nor trust your kinsman's profler ; since you bob " Here have you craggy rocks to take your part,
Show, blood in princes is no stedfast band. That never will betray their faith to you;
What though he hath no title?--he hath might : These trusty mountains here will never start,
That makes a title, where there is no right." But stand tupbraid their shame that are untrue. Here may you fence your safety, with small art, Thus he. When that good bishop, thus repla, Agaiøst the pride of that confused crew :
Out of a mind that quiet did affect: If men will not, these very cliffs will fihgt, “My lord, I must confess, as your case lies, And be sufficient to defend your right.
You have great cause your subjects to suspect,
And counterplot against their subtilties,
Or armed fary may incense them to.
“But yet, my lord, fear may as well transport And insolent those voluntary bands;
Your care, beyond the truth of what is meant; Presuming how by them he chiefly stands.
As otherwise neglect may fall too short,
In not examining of their intent: “ And bow can he those mighty troops sustain
But let us weigh the thing, which they exhort; Loug time, where now he is, or any where?
'Tis peace, submission, and a parli'ment: Besides, what discipline can he retain,
Which, how expedient 'tis for either part, Whereas be dares not keep them under fear,
'Twere good we judg'd with an impartial heart For fear to have them to revolt again? So that itself when greatness cannot bear,
“ And first, for you my lord, in grief we see With her own weight, must veeds confus'dly fall, The miserable case wherein you stand ; Without the help of other force at all.
Void here of succour, help, or majesty,
On this poor promontory of your land : “ And hither to approach he will not dare; And where how long a time your grace may be Where deserts, rocks, and hills, no succours give; (Expecting what may fall into your hand) Where desolation, and no comforts are;
We know not ; since th' event of things do lie Where few can do no good, many not live. Clos'd up in darkness, far from mortal eye. Besides, we have the ocean, to prepare Some other place, if this should not relieve :
“ And how unfit it were you should protract So shall you tire his force, consume his strength, And weary all his followers out at length.
Long time, in this so dangerous disgrace?
As though that you good spir't and courage lack • Do but refer to time, and to small time;
To issue out of this opprobrious place : And infinite occasions you shall find,
When ev'n the face of kings do oft exact To quell the rebel, even in the prime
Fear and remorse in faulty subjects base; Of all his hopes, beyond all thought of mind. And longer stay a great presumption draws, For many (with the conscience of the crime) That you were guilty, or did doubt your canse. In colder blood will curse what they desigo'd; And bad success upbraiding their ill fact,
“ What subjects ever so enrag'd would dare Draws them (whom others draw) from such an act. To violate a prince; t' offend the blood
Of that renowned race, by which they are “ Por if the least imagin'd overture
Exalted to the height of all their good ? But of conceiv'd revolt men once espy,
What if some things by chance misguided were, Straight shrink the weak; the great will not endure; Which they have now rebelliously wii bistood? Th’impatient run; the discontented fly:
They never will proceed with that despite, The friend bis friend's example doth procure;
To wreck the state, and to confound the right. And all together haste them presently, Some to their home, some hide; others that stay To reconcile themselves, the rest betray.
“ Nor do I think that Bolingbroke can be
So blind-ambitious to affect the crown; “What hope have you that ever Boling broke Having himself no title, and doth see Will live a subject, that hath try'd his fate? Others, if you should fail, must keep him doen Or what good reconcilement can you look, Besides, the realm, though mad, will never 'gree Where he must always fear, and you must hate? To have a right succession overthrown; And never think that he this quarrel took,
To raise confusion upon them and theirs, To re-obtain thereby his private state :
By prejudicing true and lawful heirs.
* The earl of Salisbury, his speech to king Richard.
9 The bishop of Carlisle.