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" And now it may be, fearing the success

And therefore on with careful heart he goes; Of his attempts, or with remorse of mind,

Complains, (but to himself) sighs, grieves, and frets; Or else distrusting secret practices,

At Rutland dines, though feeds but on his woes:
He would be glad his quarrel were resign'd; The grief of mind hinderd the mind of meats.
So that there were some orderly redress

For sorrow, shame, and fear, scorn of his foes;
In those disorders, which the realm did find : The thought of what he was, and what now threats;
And this, I think, he now sees were his best ; Then what he should, and now what he hath done ;
Since further actions further but unrest.

Musters confused passions all in one.
“ And for th’impossibility of peace,

To Flint from thence, unto a restless bed,
And reconcilement, which my lord objects; That miserable night he comes convey'd;
I think, when dying injury shall cease,

Poorly provided, poorly followed ;
(The cause pretended) then surcease th' effects :

Uncourted, unrespected, unobey'd :
Time, and some other actions, may increase, Where if uncertain sleep but hovered
As may divert the thought of these respects; Over the drooping cares that heavy weigh'd,
Others law 10 of forgetting injuries,

Millions of figures fantasy presents
May serve our turn in like calamities.

Unto that sorrow, wakeu'd grief augments.
" And for his oath, in conscience and in sense, His new misfortune makes deluding sleep
True honour would not so be found untrue,

Say 'twas not so:— false dreams the truth deny. Nor spot bis blood with such a foul offence

Wherewith he starts ; feels waking cares do creep
Against his soul, against his God, and you.

Upon his soul, and gives his dream the lie;
Our lord forbid, that ever with th' expense Then sleeps again:- -and then again as deep
Of Heav'n, and heav'nly joys, that shall ensue, Deceits of darkness mock his misery.
Mortality should buy this little breath,

So hard believ'd was sorrow in her youth; (truth.
T'endure the horrour of eternal death.

That he tbinks truth was dreams, and dreams were “ And therefore, as I think, you safely may

The morning-right presents unto his view
Accept this proffer, that determine shall
All doubtful courses by a quiet way;

(Walking upon a turret of the place)

The truth of what he sees is prov'd too true,
Needful for you, fit for them, good for all.

A hundred thousand men before his face
And here, my sov'reign, to make longer stay,

Came marching on the shore, which thither drew.
T'attend for what you are unsure will fall,

And more to aggravate his great disgrace,
May slip th' occasion, and incense their will:

Those he had wrong'd, or done to them despite,
For fear, that's wiser than the truth, doth ill."

(As if they him upbraid) came first in sight.
Thus he persuades, out of a zealous mind,

There might he see that false, forsworn, vile crew,
Supposing men had spoken as they meant;
And unto this the king likewise inclin'd,

Those shameless agents of unlawful lust;
As wholly unto peace and quiet bent ;

[bind

His panders, parasites, (people untrne
And yields himself to th’earl: goes, leaves be- To God and man, unworthy any trust)
His safety, sceptre, honour, government:

Preaching unto that fortune that was vew,
For gone, all's gone- he is no more his own :

And with unblushing faces foremost thrust;

As those that still with prosp'rous fortune sort,
And they rid quite of fear, he of the crown.

And are as born for court, or made in court.
A place there is, where provdly rais'd there stands
A huge aspiring rock, neighb'ring the skies, There he beheld, how humbly diligent
Whose surly brow imperiously commands

New Adulation was to be at hand;
The sea his bounds, that at liis proud feet lies ; How ready Falshood stept; how nimbly went
And spurns the waves, that in rebellious bands Base pick-thank Flatt'ry, and prevents command,
Assault his empire, and against him rise.

He saw the great obey, the grave consent,
Under whose craggy government there was And all with this new-rais d aspirer stand :
A niggard narrow way, for men to pass:

But, which was worst, his own part acted there

Not by himself; his pow'r not his appear.
And here, in hidden cliffs, concealed lay
A troop of armed men, to intercept

Which whilst he view'd, the duke he might perceive
The unsuspecting king; that had no way

Make twards the castle to an interview:
To free his foot, that into danger stept.

Wherefore he did his contemplation leave,
The dreadful ocean on the one side lay;

And down into some fitter place withdrew;
The hard-encroaching mountain th' other kept.

Where now he must admit, without his leave,
Before bim, he beheld his hateful foes;

Him, who before with all submission due,
Behind him, trayt'rous enemies enclose.

Would have been glad t'attend, and to prepare
Environ'd thus, the earl begins to cheer

The grace of audience with respective care.
His all-amazed lord, by him betray'd :
Bids him take courage, there's no cause of fear; Who now being come in presence of his king,
These troops but there to guard him safe were laid. (Whether the sight of majesty did breed
To wbom the king : “What need so many here? Remorse of what he was er.compassing,
This is against your oath, my lord,” he said. Or whether but to formalize his deed)
But now he sees in what distress he stood; He kneels him down with some astonishing;
To strive was vain; t' entreat would do no good. Rose-kneels again (for craft will still exceed)

When as the king approach'd, put off his hood, 10 Lex amnestiz.

And welcom’d him; though wish'd him little good.

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To whom the duke began : “ My lord, I know, Sick of delay, and longing to behold
That both uncalld, and unexpected too,

Her long-miss'd love in fearful jeopardies :
I have presumed in this sort to show,

To whom although it had in sort been told And seek the right which I am born unto.

Of their proceeding, and of his surprise ; Yet pardon, I beseech yon, and allow

Yet thinking they would never be so bold, Of that constraint which drives me thus to do. To lead their lord in any shameful wise; For since I could not by a fairer course

But rather would conduct him as their king, Attain mine own, I must use this of force." As seeking but the state's re-ordering. “ Well; so it seems, dear cousin,” said the king: And forth she lookes, and notes the foremost traio; “ Though you might have procur'd it otherwise: And grieves to view some there she wisb'd not there And I am here content in ev'ry thing

Seeing the chief not come, stays, looks again; To right you, as yourself shall best devise. And yet she sees not bim that should appear. And God vouchsafe, the force that here you bring Then back she stands; and then desires, as fain Beget not England greater injuries."

Again to look, to see if he were near. And so they part.—The duke made haste from At length a glittring troop far off she spies; It was no place to end this difference. [thence; | Perceives the throng, and hears the shouts and cries Straight towards London, in this heat of pride, “ Lo yonder! now at length he comes," saith she: They forward set, as they had fore-decreed ; “ Look, my good women, where he is in sight. With whom the captive king, constrain'd, must ride, Do you not see him ? yonder; that is be! Most meanly mounted on a simple steed:

Mounted on that white courser, all in white; Degraded of all grace and ease beside,

There where the thronging troops of people be. Thereby neglect of all respect to breed.

I know him by his seat: he sits upright. For th' over-spreading pomp of prouder might Lo, now he bows! dearlord, with what sweet grare! Must darken weakness, and debase his sight. How long have I long'd to behold that face! Approaching near the city, he was met

“ (what delight my heart takes by mine eye! With all the sumptuous shows joy could (levise; I doubt me when he comes but something near, Where new desire to please did not forget

I shall set wide the window—what care I To pass the usual pomp of former guise.

Who doth see me, so him I may see clear ?" Striving Applause, as out of prison let,

Thus doth false joy delude her wrongfully Runs on, beyond all bounds, to novelties;

(Sweet lady) in the thing she held so dear:
And voice, and hands, and knees and all do now For, nearer come, she finds she had mistook,
A strange deformed form of welcome show. And him she mark'd was Henry Bolingbroke.
And manifold confusion running, greets, (near: Then Envy takes the place in her sweet eyes,
Shouts, cries, claps hands, thrusts, trives,an presses Where Sorrow had prepard herself a seat; (rise,
Houses impov'rish'd were t'enrich the streets, And words of wrath, from whence complaints should
And streets left naked, that (unhappy) were Proceed from eager looks, and brows that threat:
Plac'd from the sight where joy with wonder meets; “ Traitor,” saith she, “ is 't thou, that in this si
Where all of all degrees strive to appear;

To brare thy loril api king art made so great ?
Where divers-speaking zeal one murmur finds, And have mine eyes done unto me this wrong,
In undistinguish'd voice to tell their minds. To look on thee? for this stay'd I so long?
He that in glory of his fortune sat,

“ Ah! have they grac'd a perjur'd rebel so? Admiring what he thought could never be,

Well! for their errour I will weep them out. Did feel bis blood within salute his state,

And hate the tongue desil'd, that prais'd my frie; And lift up his rejoicing soul, to see

And loath the mind, that gave me not to doubt. So many hands and hearts congratulate

What! have I added shame unto my woe? Th' advancement of his long-desir'd degree; I 'll look no more— Ladies, look you about ; When, prodigal of thanks, in passing by,

And tell me if my lord be in this train ; He re-salates them all with cheerful eye.

Lest my betraying eyes should err again."
Behind him, all aloof, came pensive on

And in this passion turns berself away.
The unregarded king; that drooping went The rest look all, and careful note each wight;
Alone, and (but for spite) scarce look'd upon : Whilst she, impatient of the least delay,
Judge, if he did more envy, or lament!

Demands again : “And what; not yet in sight?
See what a wondrous work this day is done! Where is my lord ? #bat! gone some other way
Which th' image of both fortunes doth present; I muse at this–O God, grant all go right !"
In th' one to show the best of glory's face,

Then to the window goes again at last,
In th' other, worse than worst of all disgrace. And sees the chiefest train of all was past;
Now Isabel, the young afflicted queen,

And sees not him her soul desir'd to see:
(Whose years had never show'd her but delights, And yet hope spent makes her not leave to look.
Nor lovely eyes before had ever seen

At last her love-quick eyes, which ready be, Other than smiling joys, and joyful sights: Fastens on one; whom though she never took Born great, match'd great, liv'd great, and ever been could be her lord ; yet that sad cheer which he Partaker of the world's best benefits)

Then show'd, his babit and his woful look, Had plac'd her self, hearing her lord should pass The grace he doth in base attire retain, That way, where she unseen in secret was;

Caus'd her she could not from his sight refrain

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“ What might he be,” she said, “ that thus alone " What! dost thou thus return again to me? Rides pensive in this universal joy?

Are these the triumphs for thy victories?
Some I perceive, as well as we, do moan:

Is this the glory thou dost bring with thee,
All are not pleas'd with ev'ry thing this day. From that unhappy Irish enterprise ?
It may be, he laments the wrong is done

And bave I made so many vows to see
Unto my lord, and grieves; as well be may. Thy safe return, and see thee in this wise?
Then he is some of ours; and we of right

Is this the look'd-for comfort thou dost bring; Must pity him, that pities our sad plight.

To come a captive, that went'st out a king?

“ And yet, dear lord, though thy ungrateful land, “ But stay: is 't not my lord himself I see? In truth, if 't were not for his base array,

Hath left thee thus; yet I will take thy part. I verily should think that it were he:

I do remain the same, under thy hand; And yet his baseness doth a grace bewray.

Thou still dost rule the kingdom of my heart: Yet God forbid-let me deceived be:

If all be lost, that government doth stand; And be it not my lord, although it may:

And that shall never from thy rule depart.

And so thou be, I care not how thou be :
Let my desire make vows against desire;
And let my sight approve my sight a liar.

Let greatness go, so it go without thee.

“ And welcome come, howso unfortunate; “ Let me not see him but himself, a king :

I will applaud what others do despise. For so he left me—so he did remove.

I love thee for thysclf, not for thy state : This is not he—this feels some other thing;

More than thyself is what without thee lies; A passion of dislike, or else of love.

Let that more go, if it be in thy fate; O yes, 't is he!—That princely face doth bring

And having but thyself, it will suffice. The evidence of majesty to prove:

I married was not to thy crown, but thee; That face I have conferr'd which now I see, And thou, without a crown, all one to me. With that within my heart, and they agree.”

“ But what do I here lurking idly nioan, Thus as she stood assur'd, and yet in doubt ; And wail apart; and in a single part Wishing to see, what seen she griev'd to see;

Make several grief? which should be both in one; Having belief, yet fain would be without ;

The touch being equal of each other's heart. Knowing, yet striving not to know 't was he: Ah ! no, sweet lord, thou must not moan alone; Her heart relenting ; yet her heart so stout, For without me thou art not all thou art; As would not yield to think what was, could be ; Nor my tears without thine are fully tears, Till quite condemn’d by open proof of sight,

For thus unjoin'd, sorrow but half appears. She must confess, or else deny the light.

“ Join then our plaints, and make our grieffull grief; For whether love in him did sympathize,

Our state being one, let us not part our care: Or chance so wrought to manifest her doubt; Sorrow hath only this poor bare relief, Ev'n just before where she thus secret pries, To be bemoan'd of such as woful are. He stays, and with clear face looks all about. And should I rob thy grief, and be the thief, When she—"'T is, O! too true I know his eyes : To steal a private part, and sev'ral share; Alas! it is my own dear lord"-cries out: Defrauding sorrow of her perfect due? And with that cry sinks down upon the floor ; No, no, my lord; I come to help thee rue." Abundant grief lack'd words to utter more.

Then forth she goes a close concealed way, Sorrow keeps full possession in her heart;

(As grieving to be seen vot as she was) Locks it within; stops up the way of breath;

Labours t’ attain his presence all she may; Shuts senses out of door from ev'ry part;

Which, with most hard ado was brought to pass. And so long holds there, as it hazardeth

For that night understanding where he lay, Oppressed nature, and is forc'd to part,

With earnest 'treating she procur'd her pass, Or else must be constrain'd to stay with death:

To come to him. Rigour could not deny So by a sigh it lets in sense again,

Those tears, (so poor a suit) or put-ber by. And sense at length gives words leave to explain.

Entring the chamber, where he was alone, Then like a torrent bad been stopt before,

(As one whose former fortune was bis shame) Tears, sigbs, and words, doubled together flow; Loathing th' upbraiding eye of any one Confus'dly striving whether should do more, That knew him once, and knows him not the same: The true intelligence of grief to show.

When having given express command that none Sighs hinder'd words; words perish'd in their store; Should press to him ; yet hearing some that came, Both, intermix'd in one, together grow.

Turns angrily about his grieved eyes;
One would do all; the other more than 's part; When lo! his sweet afflicted queen he spies.
Being both sent equal agents from the heart.

Straight clears his brow, and with a borrow'd smile;
At length, when past the first of sorrows worst, “ What! my dear queen! welcome, my dear,” he
When calm'd confusion better form affords; And (striving his own passion to beguile, [says:
Her heart commends, her words should pass out first, And bide the sorrow which his eye betrays)
And then her sighs should interpoint her words; Could speak no more; but wrings her bands the
The whiles her eyes out into tears should burst.

while : This order with her sorrow she accords;

And then—"Sweet lady!” and again he stays. Which orderless, all form of order brake;

Th' excess of joy and sorrow both affords So then began her words, and thus she spake : Affliction none, or but poor riggard words.

She that was come with a resolved heart,

Look how the day-bater, Minerva's bird", And with a mouth full stor’d, with words well chose ; | Whilst privileg'd with darkness and the night, Thinking, “this comfort will I first impart Doth live secure thimself, of others fear'd: Unto my lord, and thus my speech dispose : If but by chance discover'd in the light, Then thus I 'll say; thus look ; and with this art, How doth each little fowl (with envy stirr'd) Hide mine own sorrow, to relieve his woes." Call him to justice, urge him with despite ; When being come, all this prov'd nought but wind; Summon the feather'd flocks of all the wood, Tears, looks, and sighs, do only tell her mind. To come to scorn the tyrant of their blood ? Thus both stood silent, and confused so,

So fares this king, laid open to disgrace, Their eyes relating how their hearts did mourn: Whilst ev'ry mouth (full of reproach) inveighs, Both big with sorrow, and both great with woe, And ev'ry base detractor, in this case, In labour with what was not to be born;

Cpon th' advantage of misfortune plays: This mighty barthen wherewithal they go, Down-falling greatness, urged on apace, Dies undeliver'd, perishes unborn.

Was follow'd hard by all disgraceful ways, Sorrow makes silence her best orator,

Now in th' point t'accelerate an end, Where words may make it less, not show it more. Whilst misery had no means to defend. But he, whom longer time had learn'd the art Upon those articles in parliament, T'endure affliction, as a usual touch,

So heinous made, enforc'd, and urg'd so hard, Strains forth bis words, and throws dismay apart, He was adjudg'd unfit for government, To raise up her, whose passions now were such And of all regal pow'r and rule debarrd: As quite oppress’d her over-charged heart, For who durst contradict the duke's intent? (Too small a vessel to contain so much ;)

Or if they durst, should patiently be heard ? And cheers, and moans, and feigned hopes doth Desire of change, old wrongs, new bopes, fresh fear, As if himself believ'd, or hop'd the saine. [frame, Being far the major part, the cause must bear. And now the while these princes sorrowerl,

Yet must we think, that some which saw the course, Forward Ambition (coine so near her end)

(The better few, whom passion made not blind) Slecps not, nor slips th' occasion offered,

Stood careful lookers on, with sad commorse, T accomplish what it did before intend.

Amaz'd to see what headlong rage design'd; A parliament is forthwith summoned

And in a more considerate discourse In Richard's name; whereby they might pretend Of tragical events, thereof divin'd; A form to grace disorder, and a show

And would excuse and pity those defects, Of holy right, the right to overthrow.

Which with such hate the adverse part objects: Order, how much predominant art thou !

Saying, “ Better years might work a better care; That if but only thou pretended art,

And time might well have cur'd what was amiss; How soon deceiv'd mortality doth bow,

Since all these faults fatal to greatness are, To follow thine, as still the better part?

And worse deserts have not been punish'd thus. 'T is thought that rev'rent Form will not allow But yet in this, the Heavens (we fear) prepare Iniquity, or sacred right pervert.

Confusion for our sins, as well as his;
Within our souls since then thou dwell'st so strong, And bis calamity beginneth our:
How ill do thcy, that use thee, to do wrong? For he his own, and we abus'd his pow'r."
So ill did they, that in this formal course

Thus murmur'd they : when to the king were sent Sought to establish a deformed right;

Certain, who might persuade him to forsake Wbo might as well effected it by force,

Ind leave his crown, and with his free consent But that men hold it wrong what 's wrought by A voluntary resignation make; Offences urg'd in public, are made worse: (might. Since that he could no other way prevent The show of justice aggravates despite.

These dangers, which he else must needs partate The multitude that look not to the cause, For not to yield to what fear would constrain, Rest satisfy'd so it seem done by laws.”

Would bar the hope of life that did remain. And now they divers articles object,

And yet this scarce could work bim to consent Of rigour, malice, private favourings,

To yield up that so soon, men hold so dear : Exaction, riot, falsehood, and neglect;

Why, let bim take,” said he, “ the government, Crines done, but seldom answered by kings; And let me yet the name, the title bear. Which subjects do lament, but not correct.

Leave me that show, and I will be content; And all these faults which Lancaster now brings And let them rule and govern without fear. Against a king, must be his own, when he

What! can they not my shadow now endure; By urging others' sins, a king shall be.

When they, of all the rest, do stand secure ? For all that was most odious was devis'd,

“ Let me hold that, I ask no other good : And publish'd in these articles abroad :

Nay, that I will hold-Henry, do thy worst. All therrours of his youth were here compris'd, For ere I yield my crown, I'll lost my bloud; Calamity with obloquy to load,

That blood, that shall make thee and thine accurs." And more to make him publicly despis’d,

Thus resolute awhile he firmly stood;
Libels, invectives, railing rhymes were sow'd Till love of life, and fear of being fore'd,
Among the vulgar, to prepare his fall
With more applause, and good consent of all,

11 The owl is said to be Minerva's bird.

THE

Vanquish'd th' innated valour of his mind; “ Since when the greatness of his charge exceeds
And hope and friends so wrought, that he resign'd. The smallness of his pow'rs, he must collate

The same on others—whence," says he, "proceeds
Then to the Tow'r (where he remained) went This rav'nous expilation of the state:
The duke, with all the peers in company,

Whence no man any more the public heeds,
To take his offer with his free consent,

Than so much as imports his private state.
And this his resignation testify;

Our health is from our head: if that be ill,
And thereof to inform the parliament,

Distemper'd, faint, and weak, all the rest will."
That all things might be done more formally,
And men thereby rest better satisfy'd,

Then to the present all his speech he draws,
As of an act not forc'd or falsify’d.

And shows “ what admirable parts abound

In this brave prince; being fit to give them laws;
And forth he's brought unto th' accomplishment,

Fit for his valour ; fit for judgment sound.”
Deck'd with the crown in princely robes that day: And Lancaster, indeed I would thy cause
Like as the dead, in other lands, are sent

Had had as lawful and as sure a ground,
Unto their graves in all their best array.

As had thy virtues and thy noble heart,
And ev'n like good did him this ornament: Ordain'd and born for an imperial part.
For what he brought he must not bear away;
But buries there his glory and his name,
Entomb'd both in his own and others' blame.

Then had not that confus'd succeeding age

Our fields ingrain'd with blood, our rivers dy'd And there unto th' assembly of these states,

With purple-streaming wounds of our own rage, His sorrow for their long-endured wrong

Nor seen our princes slaughter'd, peers destroy'd. Through his abus'd authority, relates,

Then had'st not thou, dear country, corn'd to wage
Excuses with confessions mix'd among :

War with thyself, nor those afflictions try'd
And glad (he says) to finish all debates,

Of all-consuming discord here so long;
He was to leave the rule they sought for long ; Too mighty now, against thyself too strong.
Protesting, if it might be for their good,
He wonld as gladly sacrifice his blood.
There he his subjects all in general
Assoils, and quits of oath and fealty;
Renounces int'rest, title, right, and all

HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR.
That appertain'd to kingly dignity :
Subscribes thereto, and doth to witness call

Both Heav'n and Earth, and God, and saints on ti To testify his act; and doth profess [high, To do the same with most free willingness.

THE ARGUMENT.
'T is said, with his own hands he gave the crown
To Lancaster, and wish'd to God he might

Henry the Fourth the crown established.
Have better joy thereof than he had known; The lords that did to Gloc'ster's death consent,
And that his pow'r might make it his by right. Degraded, do rebel ; are vanquished.
Aad furthermore he crav'd (of all his own)

King Richard unto Pomfret castle sent,
But life, to live apart a private wight :

Is by a cruel knight there murtbered,
The vanity of greatness he had try'd,

After the lords had had their punishment.
And how unsurely stands the foot of pride.

His corps from hence to London is convey'd;

And there, for all to view, is open laid.
This brought to pass, the lords return with speed,
The parliament hereof to certify;
Where they at large publish'd the king's own deed,
And form of his resignment verbally:

Now risen is that bead, by which did spring os • And thereupor doth Lancaster proceed,

The birth of two strong heads, two crowns, two To make his claim unto the monarchy;

rights; And shows the right he hath, both by descent,

That monstrous shape, that afterward did bring And by recov'ry, to the government.

Deformd confusion to distracted wights.

Now is attain'd that dearly purchas'd thing,
Which being granted, Canterbury · rose,

That fill'd the world with lamentable sigbts;
And animates them by the sacred word

And now attain'd, all care is how to frame
In this their course: and by his text he shows

Means to establish, and to hold the same. da 13

“ How well they made their choice of such a lord;
Who, as a man, was able to dispose,
And guide the state: and how the royal sword

First, he attends to build a strong conceit
Ought to be at a man's commandment ;

Of his usurped pow'r in peoples' minds,
Not at a child's, or one as impotent.

Apd arms his cause with furniture of weight;
Which easily the sword and greatness finds.

Succession, conquest, and election straight
12 The archbishop of Canterbury takes his text Suggested are, and prov'd in all their kinds.
out of the first book of Kings, chap. ix. Vir domi- More than enough they find, who find their might
nabitur in populo.

Hath force to make all (that they will have) right.

BOOK II.

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