« EdellinenJatka »
DANIEL'S POEMS. And now the king alone all open lay, .
Which after follow'd ev'n as they did dread : No under-prop of blood to stay him by :
Which now the shameful loss of France is noch None but himself stands weakly in the way,
grieves, "Twixt York and the affected sov'reignty.
Which unto Suffolk is attributed,
T' have kept him back from mounting up so high. And is accus'd, that he 0 (with lacre led)
By his corruption is or lost or sold.
And as he deals abroad, so likewise here
He robs at home the treasury no less; And all affairs unto herself retains.
Here, where he all authorities doth bear, And only Suffolk 18 is advanced higher ;
And makes a monopoly of offices. He is the man rewarded for his pains :
He is enrich'd; he's rais'd, and placed near :
And only he gives counsel to oppress.
Offer to be revenged of these harms.
The queen perceiving in what case she stood,
To lose her minion, or engage her state; Was in their judgment, passion-drawn awry; (After with long contention in her blood, Found formal rigour fitter to direct,
Love and ambition did the cause debate) Than pride and insolent inconstancy.
She yields to pride; and rather thought it good • Better severity that 's right and just,
To sacrifice her love unto their hate zi, Than impotent affections led with lust.”
Than to adventure else the loss of all;
Which by maintaining him was like to fall.
She tries if that some short imprisonment
Would calm their heat. When that would not sufWherever one or other doth obtain,
fice, So high a grace thus absolute to deal ;
Then to exile bim she must needs consent ; The whilst th' aggrieved subject suffers still Hoping tbat time would salve it in such wise, The pride of some predominating will.
As yet at length they might become content,
And she again might have him home at last,
By some, that so far off his honour sent,
As put his back-return quite out of dread: What oft removes? what death of counsellors ?
For there he had his rightful punishment, What murder ? wbat exile of officers ?
Though wrongly done; and there he lost his head.
Part of his blood hath Neptune, part the sand; " Witness the Spencers, Gavestone, and Vere;
As who had mischief wrought by sea and land.
19 The dutchy of Normandy was lost in the year When worthy monarchs, that hold honour dear,
1449, after it had been held thirty years, CODMaster themselves and theirs; whichever brings
quered by Henry V. an. reg. 27. That universal rev’rence and respect. For who weighs him, that doth himself neglect ?
20 Articles objected against de la Pole, duke of
Suffolk. “ And yet our case is like to be far worse;
21 At the parliament at Leicester, the lower
house besought the king, that such persons as asHaving a king, though not so bent to ill,
sented to the rendering of Anjou and Main, might Yet so neglecting good; that giving force, By giving leave, doth all good order kill;
be duly punished : of which fact, they accused as Suff’ring a violent woman take her course,
principals the duke of Suffolk, the lord Say, trea
surer of England, with others. Whereupon the To manage all according to her will: Which how she doth begin, her deeds express;
king, to appease the commons, sequestered them And what will be the end, ourselves may guess."
from their offices and rooms; and after banished the duke for five years.
12 As the duke was sailing into France, be was
encountered with a ship of war appertaining to 18 De la Pole is created duke of Suffolk, an. the duke of Exeter; who took him, and brought reg. 26, and is banished and murthered the next him back to Dover; where his head was striken
off, and his body left on the sands, anno regni 27.
Whose death when swift-wing'd Fame at full con- T' attempt with others' dangers, not his own, vey'd
He counts it wisdom if it could be wrought; To this disturbed queen, misdoubting nought;
And t' have the humnour of the people known,
Was now that which was chiefly to be sought.
With whom, and with his own alliances,
In what a miserable case it lies ;
Then with the discontented he doth deal,
But when they grieved for the commonweal,
He doth persuade them to be patient,
And to endure—there was no other course :
Yet so persuades, as makes their malice worse.
And then with such as with the time did run,
But seem'd to like that which they took in hand :
Seeking all causes of offence to shun,
Praises the rule, and blames the unruly land;
Works so with gifts and kindly offices,
That ev'n of them he serves his turn no less.
Then as for those who were his followers,
(Being all choice men for virtues, or deserts) When as far greater tumults 23 now burst out;
He so with grace and benefits prefers,
That he becomes the monarch of their hearts.
He gets the learned for his counsellors,
And cherishes all men of rarest parts :
" To whom good done doth an impression strike Under a dang'rous head; who to deter
Of joy and love, in all that are alike.”
1 The state the more, himself nam'd Mortimer.
And now by means of th' intermitted war,
Many most valiant men impor'rished,
Only by him fed and relieved are;
Only respected, grac'd, and honoured.
Which let him in unto their hearts so far,
As they by him were wholly to be led.
“ He only treads the sure and perfect path
To greatness, who love and opinion hath."
As the main body that must work the feat;
Yorkshire he chose, the place wherein he is
No country he prefers so much as this;
Here is his justice and relieving hand,
And their alliances and amities;
All that shire universally attends 23 The commons of Kent assembled themselves His hand, held up to any enterprise. in great number ; and had to their captain Jack And thus far Virtue with her pow'r extends ; Cade, who named himself Mortimer, cousin to the The rest, touching th’ event, in Fortune lies. dule of York ; with purpose to redress the abuses With which accomplements so mighty grown, of the government.
Forward he tends with hope t'attain a crown.
So much he errs that scorns, or else neglects
And with a self-conceit himself beguiles :
Thinking small force will compass great effects,
And spares at first to buy more costly toils:
“ When true-observing Providence, in war,
For wareless insolence (whilst undebarr'd 'The bad success of Cade's rebellion.
Of bouuding awe) runs on to such excess, York's open practice, and conspiracy:
That following lust, and spoil, and blood so hard, His coming in; and his submission.
Sees not how they procure their own distress. Th' effect of printing, and artillery.
The better, loathing courses so impure,
(Led with an unforeseeing, greedy miod,
Run to all outrage in th' extremest kind;
And yet seeing all this sorting to no end, And now to fulness grown, boldly give out,
But to their own; no promis'd aid t' appear; That they the public wrongs meant to redress. No such partakers as they did attend, “ Formless themselves, reformiug do pretend ;
Nor such successes as imagin'd were;
Good men resolv'd the preseut to defend ;
Themselves feard of themselves; tir'd with exces, And on they march with their false-named head,
“ Found mischief was no fit way to redress." Of base and vulgar birth, though noble feign'd; Who puff’d with vain desires, to London led And as they stand in desp'rate comberment, His rash, abused troops, with shadows train'd.
Environ'd round with horrour, blood, and shame; When as the king thereof ascertained,
Cross'd of their course, despairing of th' erent, Supposing some small pow'r would have restrain’d A pardon (that smooth bait for baseness) came; Disorder'd rage; sends with a simple crew, Which as a snare to catch the impotent, (same : Sir Humphrey Stafford, whom they overthrew.
Being once pronounc'd, they straight embrace the
And as huge snowy mountains melt with heat, Which so increas'd th’ opinion of their might, So they dissolv'd with hope, and home they get; That much it gave to do, and much it wrought; Confirm'd their rage, drew on the volgar wight,
Leaving their captain ? to discharge alone Callid forth the tim'rous, fresh partakers brought. Too small a sacrifice for mischiefs done,
The shot of blood, consumed in their heat; For many, though most glad their wrongs to right, was one man's breath, which thousands did defeat Yet durst not venture their estates for nought: But seeing the cause had such advantage got,
“ Unrighteous Death, why art thou but all one
Unto the small offender and the great? Occasion makes them stir, that else would not.
Why art thou not more than thou art, to those
That thousands spoil, and thousands lives do lose?" · The commons of Kent, with their leader, Jack This fury passing with so quick an end, Cade, divulge their many grievances : amougst Disclos'd not those that on th' advantage lay; which, that the king was driven to live only on bis Who seeing the course to such disorder tend, commons, and other men to enjoy the revenues
Withdrew their foot, asham'd to take that way; of the crown ; which caused poverty in his majesty, or else prevented whilst they did attend and the great payments of the people, now laie Sone mightier force, or for occasion stay: granted to the king in parliament. Also they de- But what they meant, ill fortune must not tell; sire, that the king would remove all the false pro- Mischief being oft made good by speeding well. geny and affinity of the late duke of Suffolk, Put by from this, the duke of York designs which be openly known; and them to punish: Another course to bring his hopes about ; and to take about his person the true lords of his And with those friends affinity combines royal
blood; to wit, the mighty prince, the duke in surest bonds, his thoughts he poureth out; of York, late exiled by the traitorous motion of the false duke of Suffolk, and his affinity, &c. Also they crave, that they who contrived the 2 Anno regni 29. death of the high and mighty prince, Humphrey 3 The duke of York, who at this time was in les duke of Glocester, might have punishment. land, (sent thither to appease a rebellion; who
And closely feels and closely undermines “ And seem to cry, "What! can you thus behold
Your fathers' graves ; who gloriously did hold
Redcem our tombs, O spirits too too cold;
Pull back these tow'rs our arms bave honoured :
These tow'rs are yours: these forts we built for you:
These walls do bear our names, and are your due.' Great by their many-issu'd progeny;
“ Thus well they may upbraid our wretchlessness, But greater by their worth, that clearly shin'd,
Whilst we (as if at league with infamy)
Riot away for nought whole provinces;
Give up as nothing worth all Normandy;
So long, that nought is left but misery,
Poor Calais, and these water-walls about,
(Thrown from the glory of invading war)
Wherever men are not the same they are;
Beyond the usual pow'rs of valour far.
For more is he that ventureth for more,
Than who fights but for what he had before.
“ Put to your hands, therefore, to rescue now
Th’endanger'd state (dear lords) from this disgraces
And let us in our honour labour how
To bring this scorned land in better case.
No doubt but God our action will allow,
That knows my right, and how they rule the place,
Whose weakness calls up our unwillingness,
“ Though I protest, it is not for a crown
My soul is mov'd; (yet if it be my right,
I have no reason to refuse mine own)
My country shall be bless'd? If so it be;
By helping me, you raise yourselves with me."
Those in whom zeal and amity had bred
A fore impression of the right he had,
These stirring words so much encouraged,
That (with desire of innovation mad)
They seem'd to run afore, not to be led,
And to his fire do quicker fuel add:
The op'ning them makes them abound the more. quick ang
he effected in snch sort, as got him and his lineage Then counsel take they, fitting their desire :
North Wales; combines himself with Richard T'amove such persons as the state betray'd; gud
Nevil, ear) of Salisbury, second son to Ralph, earl And to redress th' oppression of the land; te of
of Westmorland, (whose daughter he had married) The charm which weakness seldoın doth withstand. and with Richard Nevil (the son) earl of Warwick,
with other his especial friends; with whom he 1917 12 consults for the reformation of the government,
4 The duke of York raiseth an army in the after he had complained of the great disorders Marches of Wales, under pretext to reinove divers therein : -laying the blame, for the loss of Nor- counsellors about the king; and to revenge the mandy, upon the duke of Somerset; whom, upon manifest injuries done to the commonwealth: and bis returning thence, he caused to be arrested and withal be publisheth a declaration of his loyalty, committed.
and the wrongs done him by his adversaries; offer.
Ten thousand straight caught with this bait of No noise of tumult ever wak'd them all;
Which ended, soon made better love begin ;
But no eruption did in general That all ambushments warily are fled;
Break down their rest with universal sin: Refusing ought to hazard by the way,
No public shock disjointed this fair frame, Keeping his greatness for a greater day.
Till Nemesis from out the Orient came; And to the city straight directs his course;
Fierce Nemesis, mother of Pate and Change! The city, seat of kings, and king's chief grace!
Sword-bearer of th' eternal Providence! Where having found his entertainment worse
(That had so long with such afflictions strange By far than he expected in that place;
Confounded Asia's proud magnificence,
On all the glory of her excellence)
Turns her stern look at last unto the West, Near to thy banks,fair Thames, doth pitch his tents. As griev'd to see on Earth such bappy rest. And there, intrench'd, plants bis artillery;
And for Pandora calleth presently; Artillery, th' infernal instruments
Pandora, Jove's fair gift, that first deceird New brought from Hell, to scourge mortality
Poor Epimetheus imbecility, With hideous roaring and astonishment.
That thought he had a wondrous boon receir'd; Engine of horrour! fram'd to terrify
By means whereof curious Mortality And tear the Earth, and strongest tow’rs to rent:
Was of all former quiet quite bereavd: Torment of thunder! made to mock the skies,
To whom being come, deck'd with all qualities, As more of pow'r in our calamities.
The wrathful goddess breaks out in this wise:
“ Dost thou not see in what secure estate If that first fire subtle Prometheus brought,
Those flourishing fair western parts remain ?
As if they had made covenant with Fate,
To be exempted free from others' pain;
At one with their desires, friends with debate;
In peace with pride, content with their own gain;
Their bounds contain their minds, their minds ap What plague deserves so proud an enterprise ?
To bave their bounds with plenty beautify'd. (ply'd Tell, Muse; and how it came; and in what wise.
“ Devotion (mother of Obedience) It was the time when fair Europa sat
Bears such a hand on their credulity, With many goodly diadems address’d,
That it abates the spirit of eminence, And all her parts (in flourishing estate)
And busies them with humble piety. Lay beautiful, in order, at their rest.
For see what works, what infinite expen se, No swelling member, unproportionate,
What monuments of zeal they edify ! Grown out of form, sought to disturb the rest:
As if they would (so that no stop were found) The less subsisting by the greaters's might;
Fill all with temples, make all holy ground.
“ But we must cool this all-beliering zeal,
And other revolutions must reveal,
Upon the souls of men, persuaded wrong; ten from his castle of Ludlow, January 9, ango And that abused pow'r which thus bath wrouge,
Feb. 16, the king, with the duke of Shall give herself the sword to cut her throat.
Of swelling sciences, the gifts of grief;
Enlarge this uninquisitive belief: about this time, or not long before.
Call up men's spirits, that simpleness retain; • This principal part of Europe, which contained Enter their hearts, and knowledge make the thiet, the most flourishing state of Christendom, was at To open all the doors, to let in light; this time in the hands of many several princes and that all may all things see, but what is right. coinmonwealths, which quietly governed the same: for being so many, and none over-great, they were
“ Opinion arm against opinion grown; less attemptive to disturb others, and more care
Make new-born contradiction still to rise, ful to keep their own, with a mutual correspou
As if Thebes' founder (Cadmus) tongues had son dence of amity. As Italy had then many more
Instead of teeth, for greater mutinies. principalities and commonwealtbs than it hath. Bring new-defended faith against faith known; Spain was divided into many kingdoms. France Weary the soul with contrarieties; consisted of divers free princes. Both the Germapies, of inany more governments,
? The church.