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DANIEL'S POEMS. And now the king alone all open lay, .

Which after follow'd ev'n as they did dread : No under-prop of blood to stay him by :

Which now the shameful loss of France is noch None but himself stands weakly in the way,

grieves, "Twixt York and the affected sov'reignty.

Which unto Suffolk is attributed,
Gone is that bar, that would have been the stay, As who in all men's sight most hateful lives;

T' have kept him back from mounting up so high. And is accus'd, that he 0 (with lacre led)
“But see, (ah!) see: what state stand these meu in, Betrays the state, and secret knowledge gives
That cannot live without, nor with their kin ?” Of our designs : and all that we did hold,

By his corruption is or lost or sold.
The queen hath yet by this her full desire;
And now she with her minion Suffolk reigns :

And as he deals abroad, so likewise here
Now she hath all authority entire,

He robs at home the treasury no less; And all affairs unto herself retains.

Here, where he all authorities doth bear, And only Suffolk 18 is advanced higher ;

And makes a monopoly of offices. He is the man rewarded for his pains :

He is enrich'd; he's rais'd, and placed near :
He, that did in her stead most chiefly stand,

And only he gives counsel to oppress.
And more advanc'd her than he did the land. Thus men object; whilst many, up in arms,

Offer to be revenged of these harms.
Which when they saw who better did expect,
Then they began their errour to descry,

The queen perceiving in what case she stood,
And well perceive that only the defect

To lose her minion, or engage her state; Was in their judgment, passion-drawn awry; (After with long contention in her blood, Found formal rigour fitter to direct,

Love and ambition did the cause debate) Than pride and insolent inconstancy.

She yields to pride; and rather thought it good • Better severity that 's right and just,

To sacrifice her love unto their hate zi, Than impotent affections led with lust.”

Than to adventure else the loss of all;

Which by maintaining him was like to fall.
And thereupon in sorrow tbus complain:
“ What wondrous inconvenience do they feel, Yet seeking at the first to temporize,
Where as such imbecility doth reign,

She tries if that some short imprisonment
As so neglects the care of commonweal?

Would calm their heat. When that would not sufWherever one or other doth obtain,

fice, So high a grace thus absolute to deal ;

Then to exile bim she must needs consent ; The whilst th' aggrieved subject suffers still Hoping tbat time would salve it in such wise, The pride of some predominating will.

As yet at length they might become content,

And she again might have him home at last,
“ And ever one remov'd, a worse succeeds: When this first fury of their rage was past.
So that the best that we can hope, is war,
Tumults and stirs, that this disliking breeds; But as he to his judged exile a2 went,
The sword must mend, what insolence doth mar. Hard on the shore he comes encountered
For what rebellions, and what bloody deeds

By some, that so far off his honour sent,
Have ever follow'd where such courses are?

As put his back-return quite out of dread: What oft removes? what death of counsellors ?

For there he had his rightful punishment, What murder ? wbat exile of officers ?

Though wrongly done; and there he lost his head.

Part of his blood hath Neptune, part the sand; " Witness the Spencers, Gavestone, and Vere;

As who had mischief wrought by sea and land.
The mighty minions of our feeblest kings;
Who ever subjects to their subjects were,
And only the procurers of these things.

19 The dutchy of Normandy was lost in the year When worthy monarchs, that hold honour dear,

1449, after it had been held thirty years, CODMaster themselves and theirs; whichever brings

quered by Henry V. an. reg. 27. That universal rev’rence and respect. For who weighs him, that doth himself neglect ?

20 Articles objected against de la Pole, duke of

Suffolk. “ And yet our case is like to be far worse;

21 At the parliament at Leicester, the lower

house besought the king, that such persons as asHaving a king, though not so bent to ill,

sented to the rendering of Anjou and Main, might Yet so neglecting good; that giving force, By giving leave, doth all good order kill;

be duly punished : of which fact, they accused as Suff’ring a violent woman take her course,

principals the duke of Suffolk, the lord Say, trea

surer of England, with others. Whereupon the To manage all according to her will: Which how she doth begin, her deeds express;

king, to appease the commons, sequestered them And what will be the end, ourselves may guess."

from their offices and rooms; and after banished the duke for five years.

12 As the duke was sailing into France, be was

encountered with a ship of war appertaining to 18 De la Pole is created duke of Suffolk, an. the duke of Exeter; who took him, and brought reg. 26, and is banished and murthered the next him back to Dover; where his head was striken

off, and his body left on the sands, anno regni 27.

year after.

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Whose death when swift-wing'd Fame at full con- T' attempt with others' dangers, not his own, vey'd

He counts it wisdom if it could be wrought; To this disturbed queen, misdoubting nought;

And t' have the humnour of the people known,
Despite and sorrow such affliction laid

Was now that which was chiefly to be sought.
Upon her soul, as wondrous passions wrought. For with the best he knew himself was grown
“ And art thou Suffolk, thus,” said she, “betray'd? In such account, as made him take no thought;
And have my favours thy destruction brought? Having observ'd in those he meant to prove,
Is this their gain whom highness favoureth; Their wit, their wealth, their carriage, and their love.
Who chief preferrd, stand as preferr'd to death?

With whom, and with his own alliances,
“ O fatal grace! without which men complain, He first begins to open (in some wise)
And with it perish—what prevails, that we The right he had ; yet with such doubtfulness,
Must wear the crown, and other men must reign; As rather sorrow than his drift descries :
And cannot stand to be, that which we be ? Complaining of his country's wretchedness,
Must our own subjects limit and constrain

In what a miserable case it lies ;
Our favours, whereas they themselves decree? And how much it imports them to provide
Must we our love at their appointment place? For their defence, against this woman's pride.
Do we command, and they direct our grace?

Then with the discontented he doth deal,
“ Must they our pow'r thus from our will divide ? In sounding theirs, not uttring his intent;
And have we might, but must not use our might? As being advis'd not so much to reveal,
Poor majesty, which other men must guide; Whereby they might be made again content:
Whose discontent can never look aright.

But when they grieved for the commonweal,
For evermore we see, those who abide

He doth persuade them to be patient,
Gracious in ours, are odious in their sight,

And to endure—there was no other course :
Who would all-mast'ring majesty defeat

Yet so persuades, as makes their malice worse.
Of her best grace ; that is, to make men great.

And then with such as with the time did run,
“ But well;—we see, although the king be head, In most upright opinion he doth stand ;
The state will be the heart. This sov'reignty As one that never cross'd what they begun,
Is but in place, not pow'r; and governed

But seem'd to like that which they took in hand :
By th' equal sceptre of necessity.

Seeking all causes of offence to shun,
And we have seen more princes ruined

Praises the rule, and blames the unruly land;
By their immod'rate fav’ring privately,

Works so with gifts and kindly offices,
Than by severity in general:

That ev'n of them he serves his turn no less.
For best he's lik'd, that is alike to all.”

Then as for those who were his followers,
Thus storms this lady, all disquieted;

(Being all choice men for virtues, or deserts) When as far greater tumults 23 now burst out;

He so with grace and benefits prefers,
Which close and cunningly were practised,

That he becomes the monarch of their hearts.
By such as sought great hopes to bring about.

He gets the learned for his counsellors,
For up in arms in Kent were gathered

And cherishes all men of rarest parts :
A mighty, insolent, rebellious rout,

" To whom good done doth an impression strike Under a dang'rous head; who to deter

Of joy and love, in all that are alike.”

1 The state the more, himself nam'd Mortimer.

And now by means of th' intermitted war,

Many most valiant men impor'rished,
The duke of York, that did not idle stand,

Only by him fed and relieved are;
(But seeks to work on all advantages)
Had likewise in this course a secret hand,

Only respected, grac'd, and honoured.

Which let him in unto their hearts so far,
And hearten'd on their chiefest 'complices;

As they by him were wholly to be led.
To try how bere the people of the land

“ He only treads the sure and perfect path
Would (if occasion serv'd) be in readiness
To aid that line, if one should come indeed

To greatness, who love and opinion hath."
To move bis right, and in due course proceed : And to have one some certain province his,

As the main body that must work the feat;
Knowing himself to be the only one

Yorkshire he chose, the place wherein he is
That must attempt the thing, if any should; By title, livings, and possessions great.
And therefore lets the rebel now run on,

No country he prefers so much as this;
With that false name, t effect the best he could; Here hath his bounty her abiding seat;
To make a way for him to work upon,

Here is his justice and relieving hand,
Who but on certain ground adventure would. Ready to all that in distress do stand.
For if the traitor sped, the gain were bis;
If not, yet he stands safe, and blameless is. What with his tenants, servants, followers, friends,

And their alliances and amities;

All that shire universally attends 23 The commons of Kent assembled themselves His hand, held up to any enterprise. in great number ; and had to their captain Jack And thus far Virtue with her pow'r extends ; Cade, who named himself Mortimer, cousin to the The rest, touching th’ event, in Fortune lies. dule of York ; with purpose to redress the abuses With which accomplements so mighty grown, of the government.

Forward he tends with hope t'attain a crown.

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So much he errs that scorns, or else neglects
The small beginnings of arising broils ;
And ceasures others, Dot his owo defects,

And with a self-conceit himself beguiles :

Thinking small force will compass great effects,

And spares at first to buy more costly toils:

“ When true-observing Providence, in war,
Still makes her foes far stronger than they are."
Yet'this good fortune all their fortune marr'd;
“ Which fools by helping ever doth suppress :*

For wareless insolence (whilst undebarr'd 'The bad success of Cade's rebellion.

Of bouuding awe) runs on to such excess, York's open practice, and conspiracy:

That following lust, and spoil, and blood so hard, His coming in; and his submission.

Sees not how they procure their own distress. Th' effect of printing, and artillery.

The better, loathing courses so impure,
Bourdeaux revolts; craves our protection. Rather will like their wounds than such a cure.
Talbot, defending ours, dies gloriously.
The French wars end—and York begins again; For whilst this wild, unreined multitude
And at St. Alban's Somerset is slain.

(Led with an unforeseeing, greedy miod,
Of an imagin'd good, that did delude
Their ignorance, in their desires made blind)
Ransack the city, and (with hands embru'd)

Run to all outrage in th' extremest kind;
Tue furious train of that tumultuous rout', Heaping up wrath and horrour more and more,
Whom close sub-aiding pow'r, and good success, They add fresh guilt to mischiefs done before.
Had made unwisely proud, and fondly stout,
Thrust headlong on, oppression to oppress ;

And yet seeing all this sorting to no end, And now to fulness grown, boldly give out,

But to their own; no promis'd aid t' appear; That they the public wrongs meant to redress. No such partakers as they did attend, “ Formless themselves, reformiug do pretend ;

Nor such successes as imagin'd were;
As if confusion could disorder mend."

Good men resolv'd the preseut to defend ;
Justice against them, with a brow severe;

Themselves feard of themselves; tir'd with exces, And on they march with their false-named head,

“ Found mischief was no fit way to redress." Of base and vulgar birth, though noble feign'd; Who puff’d with vain desires, to London led And as they stand in desp'rate comberment, His rash, abused troops, with shadows train'd.

Environ'd round with horrour, blood, and shame; When as the king thereof ascertained,

Cross'd of their course, despairing of th' erent, Supposing some small pow'r would have restrain’d A pardon (that smooth bait for baseness) came; Disorder'd rage; sends with a simple crew, Which as a snare to catch the impotent, (same : Sir Humphrey Stafford, whom they overthrew.

Being once pronounc'd, they straight embrace the

And as huge snowy mountains melt with heat, Which so increas'd th’ opinion of their might, So they dissolv'd with hope, and home they get; That much it gave to do, and much it wrought; Confirm'd their rage, drew on the volgar wight,

Leaving their captain ? to discharge alone Callid forth the tim'rous, fresh partakers brought. Too small a sacrifice for mischiefs done,

The shot of blood, consumed in their heat; For many, though most glad their wrongs to right, was one man's breath, which thousands did defeat Yet durst not venture their estates for nought: But seeing the cause had such advantage got,

“ Unrighteous Death, why art thou but all one

Unto the small offender and the great? Occasion makes them stir, that else would not.

Why art thou not more than thou art, to those

That thousands spoil, and thousands lives do lose?" · The commons of Kent, with their leader, Jack This fury passing with so quick an end, Cade, divulge their many grievances : amougst Disclos'd not those that on th' advantage lay; which, that the king was driven to live only on bis Who seeing the course to such disorder tend, commons, and other men to enjoy the revenues

Withdrew their foot, asham'd to take that way; of the crown ; which caused poverty in his majesty, or else prevented whilst they did attend and the great payments of the people, now laie Sone mightier force, or for occasion stay: granted to the king in parliament. Also they de- But what they meant, ill fortune must not tell; sire, that the king would remove all the false pro- Mischief being oft made good by speeding well. geny and affinity of the late duke of Suffolk, Put by from this, the duke of York designs which be openly known; and them to punish: Another course to bring his hopes about ; and to take about his person the true lords of his And with those friends affinity combines royal

blood; to wit, the mighty prince, the duke in surest bonds, his thoughts he poureth out; of York, late exiled by the traitorous motion of the false duke of Suffolk, and his affinity, &c. Also they crave, that they who contrived the 2 Anno regni 29. death of the high and mighty prince, Humphrey 3 The duke of York, who at this time was in les duke of Glocester, might have punishment. land, (sent thither to appease a rebellion; who

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And closely feels and closely undermines “ And seem to cry, "What! can you thus behold
The faith of whom he had both hope and doubt ; Their hateful feet upon our graves should tread ?
Meaning in more apparent, open course,

Your fathers' graves ; who gloriously did hold
To try his right, his fortune, and his force. That wbich your sbame hath left recovered ?

Redcem our tombs, O spirits too too cold;

Pull back these tow'rs our arms bave honoured :
Love and alliance had most firmly join'd
Unto his part that mighty family,

These tow'rs are yours: these forts we built for you:
The far distended stock of Nevil's kind;

These walls do bear our names, and are your due.' Great by their many-issu'd progeny;

“ Thus well they may upbraid our wretchlessness, But greater by their worth, that clearly shin'd,

Whilst we (as if at league with infamy)
And gave fair light to their nobility;

Riot away for nought whole provinces;
So that each corner of the land became
Enrich'd with some great worthy of that name.

Give up as nothing worth all Normandy;
Traffic important holds, sell fortresses

So long, that nought is left but misery,
But greatest in renown doth Warwick sit;

Poor Calais, and these water-walls about,
That brave king-maker, Warwick, so far grown That basely pound us in from breaking out.
In grace with Fortune, that he governs it,
And monarchs makes; and made, again puts down. “ And (which is worse) I fear we shall in th' end
What revolutions his first-moving wit

(Thrown from the glory of invading war)
Here brought about, are more than too well known; Be forc'd our proper limits to defend ;
The fatal kindle-fire of those hot days;'

Wherever men are not the same they are;
Whose worth I may, whose work I cannot praise. The hope of conquest doth their spirits extend

Beyond the usual pow'rs of valour far.
With him, with Richard earl of Salisbury,

For more is he that ventureth for more,

Than who fights but for what he had before.
Courtney and Brooke, and other his dear friends,
He intimates his mind; and openly

“ Put to your hands, therefore, to rescue now
The present bad proceedings discommends;
Laments the state, the people's misery,

Th’endanger'd state (dear lords) from this disgraces

And let us in our honour labour how
And (that which such a pitier seldom mends)

To bring this scorned land in better case.
Oppression, that sharp two-edged sword,

No doubt but God our action will allow,
That others wounds, and wounds likewise his lord.

That knows my right, and how they rule the place,

Whose weakness calls up our unwillingness,
“My lords,” saith he, “how things are carry'd here, As op'ning ev'u the door to our redress.
In this corrupted state, you plainly see;
What burden our abused shoulders bear,

“ Though I protest, it is not for a crown
Charg'd with the weight of imbecility:

My soul is mov'd; (yet if it be my right,
And in what base account all we appear,

I have no reason to refuse mine own)
That stand without their grace that all must be ; But only these indignities to right.
And who they be, and how their course succeeds, And what if God (whose judgments are unknown)
Our shame reports, and time bewrays their deeds. Hath me ordain'd the man ; that by my might

My country shall be bless'd? If so it be;
“ Anjou and Main, (the maim that foul appears;

By helping me, you raise yourselves with me."
Tb' eternal scar of our dismember'd land)
Guien, all lost; that did three hundred years

Those in whom zeal and amity had bred
Remain subjected under our command.

A fore impression of the right he had,
From whence methinks there sounds unto our ears

These stirring words so much encouraged,
The voice of those dear ghosts, whose living hand

That (with desire of innovation mad)
Got it with sweat, and kept it with their blood,

They seem'd to run afore, not to be led,
To do us (thankless us) their offspring good:

And to his fire do quicker fuel add:
For where such humours are prepar'd before,

The op'ning them makes them abound the more. quick ang

he effected in snch sort, as got him and his lineage Then counsel take they, fitting their desire :
exceeding love and liking with that people ever (For nought that fits not their desire is weigh'd)
after) returning home, and pretending great inju- The duke is straight advised to retire
ries to be offered him, both whilst he was in the Into the bounds of Wales, to levy aid :
king's service, and likewise upon his landing in Which, under smooth pretence, he doth require;

North Wales; combines himself with Richard T'amove such persons as the state betray'd; gud

Nevil, ear) of Salisbury, second son to Ralph, earl And to redress th' oppression of the land; te of

of Westmorland, (whose daughter he had married) The charm which weakness seldoın doth withstand. and with Richard Nevil (the son) earl of Warwick,

with other his especial friends; with whom he 1917 12 consults for the reformation of the government,

4 The duke of York raiseth an army in the after he had complained of the great disorders Marches of Wales, under pretext to reinove divers therein : -laying the blame, for the loss of Nor- counsellors about the king; and to revenge the mandy, upon the duke of Somerset; whom, upon manifest injuries done to the commonwealth: and bis returning thence, he caused to be arrested and withal be publisheth a declaration of his loyalty, committed.

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and the wrongs done him by his adversaries; offer.


Ten thousand straight caught with this bait of No noise of tumult ever wak'd them all;
Are towards greater look’d-for forces led; (breath, Only perhaps some private jar within,
Whose pow'r the king by all means travaileth, For titles, or for confines, might befall;
In their arising to have ruined:

Which ended, soon made better love begin ;
But their preventing head so compasseth,

But no eruption did in general That all ambushments warily are fled;

Break down their rest with universal sin: Refusing ought to hazard by the way,

No public shock disjointed this fair frame, Keeping his greatness for a greater day.

Till Nemesis from out the Orient came; And to the city straight directs his course;

Fierce Nemesis, mother of Pate and Change! The city, seat of kings, and king's chief grace!

Sword-bearer of th' eternal Providence! Where having found his entertainment worse

(That had so long with such afflictions strange By far than he expected in that place;

Confounded Asia's proud magnificence,
Much disappointed, draws from thence his force, And brought foul impious Barbarism to range
And towards better trust marcheth apace;

On all the glory of her excellence)
And down in Kent, (fatal for discontents)

Turns her stern look at last unto the West, Near to thy banks,fair Thames, doth pitch his tents. As griev'd to see on Earth such bappy rest. And there, intrench'd, plants bis artillery;

And for Pandora calleth presently; Artillery, th' infernal instruments

Pandora, Jove's fair gift, that first deceird New brought from Hell, to scourge mortality

Poor Epimetheus imbecility, With hideous roaring and astonishment.

That thought he had a wondrous boon receir'd; Engine of horrour! fram'd to terrify

By means whereof curious Mortality And tear the Earth, and strongest tow’rs to rent:

Was of all former quiet quite bereavd: Torment of thunder! made to mock the skies,

To whom being come, deck'd with all qualities, As more of pow'r in our calamities.

The wrathful goddess breaks out in this wise:

“ Dost thou not see in what secure estate If that first fire subtle Prometheus brought,

Those flourishing fair western parts remain ?
Stol'n out of Heav'n, did so afflict mankind,

As if they had made covenant with Fate,
That ever since plagu'd with a curious thought
Of stirring search, could never quiet find;

To be exempted free from others' pain;

At one with their desires, friends with debate;
What hath he done, who now by stealth hath got
Lightning and thunder both, in wondrous kind?

In peace with pride, content with their own gain;

Their bounds contain their minds, their minds ap What plague deserves so proud an enterprise ?

To bave their bounds with plenty beautify'd. (ply'd Tell, Muse; and how it came; and in what wise.

“ Devotion (mother of Obedience) It was the time when fair Europa sat

Bears such a hand on their credulity, With many goodly diadems address’d,

That it abates the spirit of eminence, And all her parts (in flourishing estate)

And busies them with humble piety. Lay beautiful, in order, at their rest.

For see what works, what infinite expen se, No swelling member, unproportionate,

What monuments of zeal they edify ! Grown out of form, sought to disturb the rest:

As if they would (so that no stop were found) The less subsisting by the greaters's might;

Fill all with temples, make all holy ground.
The greater by the lesser kept upright.

“ But we must cool this all-beliering zeal,
That hath enjoy'd so fair a turn so long;

And other revolutions must reveal,
ing to take his oath upon the blessed sacrament, Other desires, other designs among:
to have been ever true liege-man to the king, and Dislike of this first by degrees shall steal
so ever to continue. Which declaration was writ-

Upon the souls of men, persuaded wrong; ten from his castle of Ludlow, January 9, ango And that abused pow'r which thus bath wrouge,

Feb. 16, the king, with the duke of Shall give herself the sword to cut her throat.
Somerset, and other lords, set forward towards the
Marches ; but the duke of York took other ways, “ Go therefore thou, with all thy stirring train
and made up towards London.

Of swelling sciences, the gifts of grief;
The use of guns, and great ordnance, began Go loose the links of that soul-binding chain,

Enlarge this uninquisitive belief: about this time, or not long before.

Call up men's spirits, that simpleness retain; • This principal part of Europe, which contained Enter their hearts, and knowledge make the thiet, the most flourishing state of Christendom, was at To open all the doors, to let in light; this time in the hands of many several princes and that all may all things see, but what is right. coinmonwealths, which quietly governed the same: for being so many, and none over-great, they were

“ Opinion arm against opinion grown; less attemptive to disturb others, and more care

Make new-born contradiction still to rise, ful to keep their own, with a mutual correspou

As if Thebes' founder (Cadmus) tongues had son dence of amity. As Italy had then many more

Instead of teeth, for greater mutinies. principalities and commonwealtbs than it hath. Bring new-defended faith against faith known; Spain was divided into many kingdoms. France Weary the soul with contrarieties; consisted of divers free princes. Both the Germapies, of inany more governments,

? The church.

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reg. 30.

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