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State for the Colonies. In 1854 a fourth principal Secretaryship of State was created the Secretaryship for War; the affairs of the Colonies then became the entire charge of a principal Secretary of State. When the third Secretaryship of State was created in 1794 he had only one Under Secretary of State assigned to his Department. In 1806 an additional Under Secretary of State was appointed, thus bringing his establishment to the level of the Home and Foreign Departments. This appointment was discontinued after the end of the French War, but was re-established in 1825. This second Under Secretaryship is held by an officer changing with the Government. An Assistant Under Secretary of State was appointed in 1846, and a Legal Adviser was added in 1867, and made an Assistant Under Secretary of State in 1870. A third Assistant Under Secretary of State was appointed in 1874, and a fourth in 1898. A new post, that of Assistant to the Legal Assistant Under Secretary of State, was created in 1897. In 1907 the office was divided into the Dominions, Crown Colonies, and General Divisions, and a new post, that of Secretary to the Imperial Conference, was created. In 1911 a Legal Adviser was appointed in place of the Legal Assistant Under Secretary of State and the number of Assistant Under Secretaries of State was reduced to two. The number was again raised to three in 1916. On 1st March, 1921, when the affairs of the Middle East (including Iraq and Palestine) were placed under the Colonial Office, a fourth Assistant Under Secretary of State was appointed provisionally. The post was placed on the permanent establishment on 1st April, 1924. On the establishment of the Dominions Office in July, 1925, the number of Assistant Under Secretaries of State in the Colonial Office was reduced to three, but on the 1st October, 1930, a Personnel Division was created and a fourth Assistant Under Secretary of State was appointed to take charge of it.

During 1922, the arrangements for carrying out the Articles of Agreement for a Treaty between Great Britain and Ireland, signed on 6th December, 1921, were placed by H.M. Government under the supervision of the Secretary of State for the Colonies. Upon the passing of the Irish Free State Constitution Act 1922 (Session 2) (13 Geo. V ch. 1), and upon the exercise by the Government of Northern Ireland of the option provided in Article 12 of the Treaty, the Secretary of State for the Colonies became responsible for business relating to the Irish Free State and the Secretary of State for Home Affairs for business relating to Northern Ireland.


In July, 1925, a new Secretaryship of State for Dominion Affairs was created, and as a result the Dominions Office was set up, to take over, from the Colonial Office, business connected with the self-governing Dominions including the Irish Free State (now Eire), the self-governing Colony of Southern Rhodesia, and the South African territories (Basutoland, Bechuanaland Protectorate and Swaziland), and business relating to the Imperial Conference. One Minister combined the duties of the new post with those of Secretary of State for the Colonies until the 13th June, 1930, when Dominion Affairs became the entire charge of a principal Secretary of State.

The Staff of the Colonial Office and the Dominions Office is shown on pages xi to xvii. The Permanent Under Secretaries of State, Assistant Under Secretaries of State, Legal Adviser, Chief Medical Adviser, Financial Adviser, Labour Adviser and Assistant Legal Advisers are Officers selected by the Secretary of State. The rest of the Administrative and the Clerical Staff are recruited after competitive examinations held by the Civil Service Commissioners, from whom particulars can be obtained.

The present offices in Downing Street were occupied in 1875.

Frederick Lord North (afterwards
Earl of Guilford).

Wills Earl of Hillsborough (after- 1783, April 18.
wards Marquis of Downshire).
William Earl of Dartmouth.
Lord George Sackville Germaine
(afterwards Visct. Sackville).
Welbore Ellis, Esq. (afterwards
Lord Mendip).

1768, Feb. 27.

1772, Aug. 27. 1776, Jan. 25.

1782, March 8.

1782, April 15.

1782, July 17.

William Earl of Shelburne.
Thomas Townshend (afterwards
Lord Sydney).

1783, Dec. 23.

Thomas Lord Sydney.

1789, June 5.


William Wyndham
(afterwards Lord Grenville).

1791, June 8. Henry Dundas (afterwards Visct.

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1794. Right Hon. Henry Dundas (afterwards 1830. Viscount Melville).

Viscount Goderich (afterwards Earl of

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1892, Aug. 17.

1895, June 28.

1903, Oct. 9.

1905, Dec. 11.

1908, Apr. 16.

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Right Hon. Sir Edward Bulwer
Lytton, Bart. (afterwards Lord
Lytton. G.C.M.G.)

Duke of Newcastle, K.G.
Right Hon. Edward Cardwell
(afterwards Viscount Card well).
Earl of Carnarvon.

Duke of Buckingham & Chandos.
Earl Granville, K.G.
Earl of Kimberley, K.G.
Earl of Carnarvon.

Right Hon. Sir Michael E. Hicks-
Beach, Bart., M.P. (afterwards
Earl St. Aldwyn).

Earl of Kimberley, K.G.
Earl of Derby, K.G.

Colonel Right Hon. F.A. Stanley
(afterwards Lord Stanley of
Preston, G.C.B., and subse-
quently Earl of Derby).
Earl Granville, K.G.

The Marquess of Ripon, K.G.
Right Hon. Joseph Chamberlain,

Right Hon. Alfred Lyttelton,
K.C., M.P.

The Earl of Elgin and Kincardine,
K.G., G.C.S.I., G. C.I.E.
The Earl (now Marquess) of
Crewe, K.G.

Right Hon. Lewis. Harcourt, M. P.
(afterwards Viscount Har-

Right Hon. A. Bonar Law, M. P'.
Right Hon. W. H. Long, M.P.,
(afterwards Viscount Long of

Viscount Milner, G.C.B.,
G.C.M.G. (afterwards K.G.)
Right Hon. Winston S. Churchill,
C. H., M.P.

1922, Oct. 25. Duke of Devonshire,

1924, Jan. 23.

1924, Nov. 7.

1929, June 8.
1931, Aug. 26.
1931, Nov 9.

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(created Baron Knutsford, 1888, 1938, May 16. Right Hon. Malcolm MacDonald,

M P.

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1846-7 F. (afterwards Sir F.) Rogers. 1847-68. Sir T. Frederick Elliot, K. C.M.G. 1868-70. Sir F. R. Sandford, K.C.B. (afterwards Lord Sandford).


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1937. The Marquess of Dufferin and Ava.

1897-11. Hugh Bertram Cox, C.B. 1898-09. Sir Reginald Laurence

K.C.M.G., C.B.

1907-16. Sir Hartmann W. Just, K.C.M.G.. C.B.

1909-16. Sir George Vandeleur Fiddes, K.C.M.G.. C.B. (afterwards G.C.M.G., K.C.B.). 1916-24. Sir Herbert J. Read, K.C.M.G. (now G.C.M.G.) C.B.

1916. Sir Gilbert E. A. Grindle, K. C.M.G., C.B. 1916-21. Sir Henry Lambert, K.C.M.G., C.B. 1921-25. Sir Charles T. Davis, K.C.M.G. (afterwards G.C.M.G.)

1924. Sir John E. Shuckburgh, K. C.M.G., C.B. 1924-27. Sir Charles Strachey, K.C.M.G., C.B. 1927. Sir Cecil Bottomley, K.C.M. G., C.B., O.B.E.

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1892-97. Edward Fairfield, C.B., C.M.G.

Sir George J. F. Tomlinson, K. C.M.G., C.B.E.

Frederick Graham, K. C.B

1897-07. Frederick Graham, C.B. (afterwards Sir 1931-37. Sir Cosmo Parkinson, K.C.M.G., O.B.E.

1897-11. Sir Charles Prestwood Lucas, K.C.M.G.,

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C.B. (afterwards K.C.B.).


Arthur James Dawe, C.M. G., O.B.E.

1925. Rt. Hon. L. C. M. S. Amery, M.P.

1929. Rt. Hon. Lord Passfield.

1930. Rt. Hon. J. H. Thomas, M.P.

1935. Rt. Hon. Malcolm MacDonald, M.P.

1938. May, Rt. Hon. Lord Stanley, M. C., M.P.

1938. Nov., Rt. Hon. Malcolm MacDonald, M.P.

1939. Feb., Rt. Hon. Sir Thomas Inskip, K.C., C.B.E., M.P.


1925-30. Sir Charles T. Davis, K.C.M.G. (afterwards G.C.M.G.)

1930. Sir Edward J. Harding, K.C.B., K.C.M.G.

1925. The Earl of Clarendon.


1927. Lord Lovat, K.T., K.C.M.G., K.C.V.O., C.B., D.S.O., T.D., A.D.C.
1929. Jan., The Earl of Plymouth.

1929. June, A. A. H. Ponsonby, M. P. (now Lord Ponsonby).

1929. Dec.. W. Lunn, M.P.

1931. M. MacDonald, M.P. (now Rt. Hon.)

1935. June, Rt. Hon. Lord Stanley, M.C., M.P.

1935. Nov., Rt. Hon. D. H. Hacking, O.B.E., M.P.

1936. The Marquess of Hartington, M.B.E., M.P. (now the Duke of Devonshire).


1925-30. Sir Edward J. Harding, K.C.M.G., C.B. (now K.C.B.).




Sir Harry F. Batterbee, K. C.M.G., K.C.V.0.

Sir Geoffrey G. Whiskard, K.C.M.G., C. B.

E. G. S Machtig, C. M.G., O.B.E. (now Sir Eric Machtig, K.C.M.G., O.B.E.).
J. E. Stephenson, C.V.O., O.B.E.

The total estimated net expenditure from Votes administered by the Dominions and Colonial Offices for the year 1938-39 was as follows :—

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Secretary of State, The Rt. Hon. Malcolm MacDonald, M.P.
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, The Marquess of Dufferin
and Ava.

Permanent Under-Secretary of State, Sir Cosmo Parkinson,
K.C.B., K.C.M.G., O.B.E.*







Deputy Under-Secretary of State, Sir John E. Shuckburgh, K.C.M.G.,C.B.
Assistant Under- (Sir George J. F. Tomlinson, K.C.M.G., C.B.E.§
Secretaries of Sir Henry Moore, K.C.M.G.§§


A. J. Dawe, C.M.G., O.B.E.‡

Legal Adviser, Sir Grattan Bushe, K.C.M.G., C.B.

Assistant Legal Adviser, H. H. Duncan.

Second Assistant Legal Adviser, K. O. Roberts-Wray.
Third Assistant Legal Adviser, W. L. Dale.

Chief Medical Adviser, A. J. R. O'Brien, C.M.G.. M.C., M.R.C.P., D.P.H.

Assistant Medical Adviser, A. G. H. Smart, M.B.E.,M.D., Ch. B., D.P.H.

Financial Adviser, Sir John Campbell, K.C.M.G., C.S.I., O.B.E.
Agricultural Adviser, Sir Frank Stockdale, K.C.M.G., C.B.E.
Assistant Agricultural Adviser, Dr. H. A. Tempany, C.B.E.
Labour Adviser, Major G. St. J. Orde Browne, O.B.E.

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the Secretary of State Rear-Admiral A. Bromley, C.M.G., C.V.O.
(Ceremonial and Reception Secretary)
Private Secretary to the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State,
J. W. D. Locker, M.B.E.
Private Secretary to the Permanent Under-Secretary of State, R. Burns.
Publicity Officer, A. Ridgway.

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• Accounting Officer for the Colonial Office and Colonial and Middle Eastern Services Votes.
For the business of the General, Social Services, Middle East and Pacific and Mediterranean Departments
For the business of the West Africa, East Africa, and Tanganyika and Somaliland Departments and th
Royal West African Frontier Force and King's African Rifles.

For the business of Personnel Division.

ii For the business of the Economic, West Indies and Eastern Departments.


(A) General Department.

All general questions relating to the Colonies except those connected with economic matters and personnel. The list of subjects dealt with includes defence, finance, international and inter-imperial relations (other than commercial relations), mandates, League of Nations matters, merchant shipping, aviation, surveys, films, liquor traffic, legal and judicial matters, postal, telegraph and wireless matters, railway and transport developments, etc.

E. B. Boyd, C.M.G., C.V.O.

W. J. Bigg.

F. G. Lee.

G. W. St. J. Chadwick.

R. C. Cade.

E. H. Howell, M.B.E.

G. Walker, Officer of Colonial Accounts.

(B) Economic Department.

J. Megson, M.B.E.
L. S. Smith.

A. D. Garson.f

All questions relating to economic matters in the Colonial Empire or in individual Dependencies including tariff matters and commercial relations with other parts of the Empire and foreign countries.

J. A. Calder, C.M.G.

V. H. Boyse, O.B.E.

T. W. Davies.

(C) Social Services Department.

E. Melville.

H. T. Bourdillon.

R. H. Burt.
W. F. Warner.

All questions relating to labour conditions, nutrition, public health, education, housing, etc.
G. L. M. Clauson, C.M.G., O.B.E.
F. Farmer.

C. G. Eastwood.

J. G. Hibbert, M.C.

Clerical Staff of the General, Economic and Social Services Departments :-W. J. Daines, F. Kennedy, A. E. Gaunt, G. J. Lunnon, F. J. Ireland, L. F. Steed, E. T. Mitchell, A. W. A. Smith, H. L. Coggin, F. Bowler, S. H. Field, C. G. Gibbs, G. A. Lusby, A. L. Sampson, D. W. H. Wickson.

(D) Military Advisory Staff.

Maj. Gen. G. J. Giffard, C.B., D.S.O.
Maj. J. D. Chalmers.

Lt. Col. W. H. A. Bishop.

Lt. Col. S. J. Cole, O.B.E.


(A) Recruitment and Training Department.

All questions of recruitment and training, including courses of instruction for officers before and after entering the service.

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All questions relating to the Colonial Office and Dominions Office establishments and staff questions affecting the Colonial Service, e.g. general conditions of service, schemes for unification, promotions and transfers, pensions, discipline, honours and ceremonies.

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Jamaica, Turks Islands, British Honduras, H. Beckett.
British Guiana, Bahamas, Bermuda, Trini-A. H. Poynton.
dad, Barbados, Windward Islands, Leeward N. L. Mayle.

a Attached prior to taking up administrative appointments in the Colonial Service.

from Palestine.

Animal Health.

Miss O. Macpherson.

H. L. Allen.

W. F. Dawson.

Miss G. R. Orton.

R. J. Jenkins.

H. Nield.

Miss D. G. E. Walker.

Miss O. R. Biggs.

J. H. Emmens.
K. E. Robinson.
D. G. Maurice.g

b Seconded temporarily

e Establishment officer. f Secretary Colonial Advisory Council of Agriculture and g Seconded temporarily from Uganda.

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