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9. Shaft brackets. 10. Rudder and stock (also

trunk and bearing). 11. Shell plating. 12. Inner bottom, including

plating, side girders,

floors and margin plate. 13. Scantling in machinery

space. 14. Peak tanks. 15. Deep tanks. 16. F. W. storage tanks. 17. Steel decks and flats. 13. Transverse bulkheads. 19. Longitudinal bulkheads. 20. Bunkers, oil or coal. 21. Engine and boiler casings. 22. Shaft tunnels. 23. Oil trunks, expansion. 24. Centre keelson ( in single25. Side keelsons

bottomed

ships. 26. Hold and 'tween deck

stringers. 27. Panting arrangements. 28. Frames and reverse frames,

in double bottom, up

sides and at ends. 29. Floors, throughout in

single-bottomed ships, at ends and tail brackets in double bottom ships, also

reference to No. 12. 30. Web frames. 31. Deck beams and knee

brackets. 32. Stanchions to beams. 33. Strong beams in E. and B.

space. 34. Hatchways and coamings,

in oil or cargo spaces, covers, fore and afters,

bearers, etc. 35. Cargo and coal ports. 36. Grain trimming hatches. 37. Chain lockers.

38. Machinery Foundations ;

main, auxiliary and deck machinery, also boiler saddles and shaft and

thrust bearing seats. 39. Sheet steel bulkheads. 40. Steel deck houses, other

than erections 41. Bridges, navigating or dock

ing. 42. Steel masts. 43. Steel kingposts. 44. Steel derricks, spars, etc. 45. Wood masts, kingposts

and spars. 46. Wood decks. 47. Wood deck houses. 48. Ceiling and sparring. 49. Boat stowage. 50. Anchor stowage. 51. Watertight doors and scut

tles. General description of joiner work, including entrances and

stairways: 52. In passengers' quarters. 53. In officers' quarters. 54. In crew's quarters. 55. Pantry accommodations. 56. Galley accommodations. 57. Ice room. 58. Sidelights and decklights;

also borrowed lights. 59. Cattle fittings. 60. Hawse pipes. 61. Bollards and fairleads. 62. Hold ladders. 63. Ladders to erections and

bridges. 64. Davits, boat and anchor, also

provision or coaling davits. 65. Rails, bulwarks, also rail

and awning stanchions. 66. Standing and running rig

ging, including cargo boom handling gear.

CHAPTER III.

THE PREPARATION OF SPECIFICATIONS.

Too much care cannot be expended in the drafting of the bull specification. Clearness and conciseness should be aimed at consistent with an embodiment of all details of hull, fittings, and outfits supposed to be supplied, and all repetition or ambiguity of phraseology carefully avoided. Hampering restrictions should be left out. Know your requirements and state them distinctly. As in all other ship construction work, it will pay to have a definite routine or system in which to draft the specification. Of course, it is obviously impossible to have a standard specification which shall apply to all ships, as vessels are so diverse in their types, design, construction, and equipment as to make this an impossibility. But by keeping a routine list of headings of paragraphs before one, and taking these in rotation when drafting the clauses, the liability to omit important requirements is reduced to a minimum, besides the saving in time and distraction of thoughts through having to recollect what comes next. For this purpose the following headings have been selected which will apply to ordinary vessels. Of course, for special types these will require modifications and additions which will suggest themselves.

Specification Headings.

Title giving type of vessel.
1. Dimensions, moulded

length, breadth and
depth, depth of hold, load

draft and deadweight.
2. Classification. The Govern-

ment laws to which the
vessel and her equipment
are to conform, also full
particulars of the class
she is to take at the
Classification Society

concerned.
3. General Description Type

of stem and stern,
number of decks, laid or
otherwise, length and

character of erections, number of masts. Number of passengers, description of housing of passengers, officers, and crew. Nature of cargo and handling appliances. Location of machinery, and any special features

of the vessel. 4. Material of hull and rivets. 5. Keel, and centre girder in

double bottom ships. 6. Bilge or side fenders and

mouldings, docking keels. 7. Stem. 8. Stern frame.

38. Machinery Foundations ;

main, auxiliary and deck machinery, also boiler saddles and shaft and

thrust bearing seats. 39. Sheet steel bulkheads. 40. Steel deck houses, other

than erections. 41. Bridges, navigating or dock

ing. 42. Steel masts. 43. Steel kingposts. 44. Steel derricks, spars, etc. 45. Wood masts, kingposts

and spars.

9. Shaft brackets. 10. Rudder and stock (also

trunk and bearing). 11. Shell plating. 12. Inner bottom, including plating,

side girders, floors and margin plate. 13. Scantling in machinery

space. 14. Peak tanks. 15. Deep tanks. 16. F. W. storage tanks. 17. Steel decks and flats. 13. Transverse bulkheads. 19. Longitudinal bulkheads. 20. Bunkers, oil or coal. 21. Engine and boiler casings. 22. Shaft tunnels. 23. Oil trunks, expansion.

in single24. Centre keelson

bottomed 25. Side keelsons

ships. 26. Hold and 'tween deck

stringers. 27. Panting arrangements. 28. Frames and reverse frames,

in double bottom, up

sides and at ends. 29. Floors, throughout in

single-bottomed ships, at ends and tail brackets in double bottom ships, also

reference to No. 12. 30. Web frames. 31. Deck beams and knee

brackets. 32. Stanchions to beams. 33. Strong beams in E. and B.

space. 34. Hatchways and coamings,

in oil or cargo spaces, covers, fore and afters,

bearers, etc. 35. Cargo and coal ports. 36. Grain trimming hatches. 37. Chain lockers.

46. Wood decks. 47. Wood deck houses. 48. Ceiling and sparring. 49. Boat stowage. 50. Anchor stowage. 51. Watertight doors and scut

tles. General description of joiner

work, including entrances and

stairways: 52. In passengers' quarters. 53. In officers' quarters. 54. In crew's quarters. 55. Pantry accommodations. 56. Galley accommodations. 57. Ice room. 58. Sidelights and decklights;

also borrowed lights. 59. Cattle fittings. 60. Hawse pipes. 61. Bollards and fairleads. 62. Hold ladders. 63. Ladders to erections and

bridges. 64. Davits, boat and anchor, also

provision or coaling davits. 65. Rails, bulwarks, also rail

and awning stanchions. 66. Standing and running rig

ging, including cargo boom handling gear.

ers.

curves

67. Sails, covers, and awnings. 97. Trim and stability. 68. Cement and tiling.

98. Plans to be furnished own69. Paint work. 70. Heating system.

Capacity and dead71. Lighting system.

weight. 72. Ventilating

General arrangement. 72a. Refrigerating system.

Cabin booking plans. 73. Deck Machinery, including

Piping plans. windlass, winches and

Stability

and capstan, also steam and

information. exhaust piping

99. Docking. 74. Fresh and salt water ser- 100. Trial trips. vico.

101. Inspection fees (class, 75. Fire, pumping and drain

etc). ing system.

102. General clause relating to 75a. Cargo oil system.

material, workmanship, 76. Scuppers, from all exposed

inspection by owners, houses, etc., and from

alterations, extras, etc. sanitary quarters. 77. Engine room and docking

Flags. telegraphs.

National colors. 77a. Steering gear.

House flags, and burgee with 78. Anchors, chains, and line

name. outfit.

International signal.code. 79. Boats and outfits. 80. Flags, etc.

Boat Outfit. 81. Hose, fire and wash deck, Ash oars, thole pins or rowlocks. also fire buckets.

Rudder (lanyard). 82. Oil tanks, for lamps, etc. Tiller (lanyard). 83. Steaming lights.

Painter, 5 fathom line. 84. Lamps and lanterns, also Cable, 20 fathom line. rockets, etc.

Boat hook. 85. Navigating instruments. Water breakers. 86. Boatswain's stores.

Bread tank. 87. Carpenter's stores.

Plugs for bung hole ; 2, with 88. Cargo handling gear, slings,

chain. hooks, etc.

One anchor. 89. Cook's or galley outfit. One sea anchor. 90. Cabin outfit.

One bailer. 91. Cutlery outfit.

One mast yard and sail. 92. Crockery and glass.

One compass 4" card in case. 93. Table linen.

Four oil lanterns to burn 8 94. Bed linen and bedding.

hours. 95. Spare glasses for side-lights Four oil distributers, 1 gallon in passenger ships.

each. 96. Galvanizing.

Twelve boat hatchets.

66

66

Boatswain's Stores.

Carpenter's stores. Watch tackles.

Propeller " notice boards. Relieving tackles.

Smoking ” notice boards. Luff tackles.

"No admittance” notice boards. Spare blocks, double and single, Pump hook, jointed. assorted.

Chain punches.
Spare sheaves, for boat falls. Pitch pot, 3 gals. and ladle.
Snatch blocks.

Tar bucket.
Cargo gins.

Grindstone and trough, 18” Deck scrubbers.

diam. Wood fenders, with lanyards. Shifting spanner, large. Cork fenders, with lanyards. Ring spanners, to fit bunker Marline spikes.

plates, etc. Crowbars.

Keys for cargo ports. Chain hooks.

66 sidelights. Chain slings.

16 coal ports. Hair crate hooks.

66 mushroom ventilators. Screw shackles.

Rim spanner for sidelights. Pairs of grip-hooks.

Spanners for deep tank hatch Pairs of case-hooks.

bolts. Coir brooms and handles.

Rail straightener, 3'6" long. Mops.

Rod sounding rods. Ballast shovels.

Flexible sounding rods, 2' 0" Scrapers, triangular.

long. Scrapers, steel file.

Caulking tools. Set of funnel blocks and Caulking mallet. boards.

Spare hatch wedges. Boatswain's chairs, one to each Capstan bars and rack, mast.

Monkey wrench. Pilot ladder.

Wheel-house axes, large. Five-inch portable fire engine Tools in chest, with ship's pump with hose.

name

chest and Bath bricks.

tools. Hand spikes.

One 26" hand saw. Paint scrubbers.

One crosscut. Pairs of handcuffs.

One auger 11". Branding iron.

One purger iĽ". Paint brushes, assorted.

One adze. Paint pots, one-half gallon.

One hammer. Squeegees, large.

Two top mawls. Scraping box, tin.

Two screwdrivers. Sewing palins.

One jack plane. Needles.

One hand plane. Beam clamps.

Three chisels, assorted. Whitewash brushes.

Three gimlets, assorted.

on ;

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