A Treatise on the Law of Marine Collisions

Etukansi
Callaghan, 1895 - 481 sivua

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Sisältö

Answering signals
77
Danger signals
78
waters of the United States
79
In case of doubt
80
Speed
81
Right of
82
LIGHTS
92
Defective lights
98
Anchoring in an improper place
107
Exhibiting torch or flareup light
114
Stubbs The 412
121
Burden of proof
122
CHAPTER IV
123
Sound signals and appliances
124
Rate of speed in fog mist or thick weather
129
Moderate speed
133
What speed is permissible
134
Stopping and reversing
135
Error in locating vessel in fog
138
Navigating in fog near docks and piers
139
Sailingvessels navigating in fog
140
Vessels anchored in fog
142
Substitution of signals
143
Sound signals for vessels towing and towed
144
Passing signals in fog
145
CHAPTER V
146
Ada A Kennedy The
147
Passing Inspectors Rule VII
148
Hugging shore
149
Both closehauled
150
Both sailing free
151
Meeting end on
152
Eastern rivers
153
Change of course
154
East river
155
Navigation of Hell Gate
156
Overtaking vessels
157
Local ordinances
158
Crossing courses
159
Sailingvessels disabled
160
In stays
161
CHAPTER VI
162
Crossing courses
165
One steamer overtaking another
170
Overtaking vessel defined
171
Duties of overtaking vessels
172
Duty of leading vessel
174
Steamers passing Duty of vessel passing
176
Damage by suction and displacementwaves
178
Holding course
180
Change of course
182
Soundsignals for vessels in sight of each other
183
Fellowservants
184
Seaworthiness
185
The Bolivia 129 132 141 Alert The 326
189
In narrow channels Excessive speed
199
Sudden sheer
200
Departure from the rules Page 185 186 187 190 190 193 194 196 198 199 200
203
CHAPTER VII
207
When duty begins
208
Giving wide berth
209
Stopping slackening speed and reversing
212
Duty of sailingvesselHolding course
213
Beating out its course
216
Change of course
218
Appraising owners interest
219
At what time value of the vessel is to be determined
220
Exception to the rule
221
Presumptions 207 208 209 213 213 216 217 221
222
To what waters limitation of liability extends
223
CHAPTER VIII
224
Foreign vessels and owners
225
Navigating near piers
226
Between vessels entering slip and vessels moored there
227
Freight
228
Privity of owner
229
Duty of vessel moored
230
Effect of proceeding under the
231
Giving stipulation
232
Costs
233
Lien on funds in court
234
Mooring along side other vessels 99 Mooring in an unlawful place or exposed situation
235
Obstructing entrance to slip
236
Vessels projecting beyond pier or dock
237
Leaving vessel unattended
239
Vessels moored at river bank 104 Liability of dockowner
240
Vessels breaking from moorings
241
Dragging anchor
251
Vessels drifting
252
Vessels getting under way
253
To anchor at a distance
254
Vessels at rest not anchored
255
Dredges and wrecking vessels
256
Presumptions
257
CHAPTER IX
258
Liability of tug
261
When treated as a single vessel
263
294
264
Liability of tow
265
Joint liability
267
Negligent towing
268
Promoting dangerous situation
270
226
273
Right of way
275
Obstructing narrow channels
276
Making up tow
277
Shifting tow
278
Dangerous tow
279
Leaving tow exposed
280
Abandonment of tow
281
Towing rafts
282
Striving for precedence
283
Presumption of fault
284
CHAPTER X
285
Western rivers Inspectors Rule I
286
Inspectors Rule II
288
Narrow channels Inspectors Rule III
289
Inspectors Rule IV
290
296
296
227
301
CHAPTER XI
302
Collisions with small boats Rowboats
303
Sailboats
304
Pilots 163 Pilotboats
305
Fishingboats
306
Flatboats 166 Canalboats
307
Collisions with rafts
308
Collisions with wrecks
309
Collisions with fixed structures Bridges
310
230
311
Collisions with wharves and docks
313
Collisions with obstructions to navigations 302 303 304 305 306 306 307 307 308 309 310 313
314
CHAPTER XII
316
Sufficiency of lookouts 174 Where stationed
319
Failure to observe approaching vessel
321
Agnes Manning The Manhattan v Alling Sherlock v 7 46
322
Absence of lookouts excusable 177 When at anchor 178 Liability of ship not under control of owner
324
Burden of proof Page 330 330 332
333
CHAPTER XIII
334
Proximate cause of collision
336
Where only one is at fault
337
When both are at fault Contributory negligence
338
235
339
Division of damages
340
Gross negligence 193 What damages may be divided
346
Where neither is at fault
348
Inevitable accident
350
In extremis
352
Partial loss
353
Repairs
355
New for old material
359
Total loss
361
Valuation
363
Loss of freight
365
237
368
Demurrage
371
Appraisement Survey of damages
376
Interest
377
Insurance 208 Wages of crew
378
Personal effects of seamen
379
Setoff 211 Miscellaneous charges Costs 334 335 337 338 339 346 346 347 349 351 353 354 359 360 362 364 368 370 376 376 377 378 378 379 ...
380
CHAPTER XIV
382
What courts have jurisdiction
384
What acts limitation of liability may be asked
386
239
391
Where the act may be invoked 382 384 386 390 391
398
402
402
246
409
418
418
Admiralty rules of the supreme court of the United States
419
Pilot rules for the Great Lakes and their connecting and tribu tary waters as far east as Montreal
439
Defective appliances 180 Insufficient manning 181 Negligence of officers 182 Liability of the master 316 317 319 321 322 324 324 326 328 329 3...
468
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Sivu 77 - ... light, so constructed as to show an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of twenty points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light ten points on each side of the vessel, namely, from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on either side, and of such a character as to be visible at a distance of at least five miles.
Sivu 73 - A vessel which is closehauled on the port tack shall keep out of the way of a vessel which is closehauled on the starboard tack. (c) When both are running free with the wind on different sides, the vessel which has the wind on the port side shall keep out of the way of the other.
Sivu 108 - A vessel of one hundred and fifty feet or upwards in length when at anchor shall carry in the forward part of the vessel, at a height of not less than twenty and not exceeding forty feet above the hull, one such light, and at or near the stern of the vessel, and at such a height that it shall be not less than fifteen feet lower than the forward light, another such light.
Sivu 296 - ... shall be deemed to be an overtaking vessel : and no subsequent alteration of the bearing between the two vessels shall make the overtaking vessel a crossing vessel within the meaning of these rules, or relieve her of the duty of keeping clear of the overtaken vessel until she is finally past and clear.
Sivu 68 - ... points abaft the beam on the starboard side, and of such a character as to be visible at a distance of at least two miles.
Sivu 73 - A steam vessel hearing, apparently forward of her beam, the fogsignal of a vessel the position of which is not ascertained, shall, so far as the circumstances of the case admit, stop her engines, and then navigate with caution until danger of collision is over.
Sivu 69 - ... in a vertical line one over the other, not less than six feet apart, and of such a character as to be visible all around the horizon at a distance of at least two miles...
Sivu 188 - I am directing my course to port." Three short blasts to mean, "My engines are going at full speed astern.
Sivu 91 - Every vessel coming up with another vessel from any direction more than two points abaft her beam — that is, in such a position, with reference to the vessel which she is overtaking that at night she would be unable to see either of that vessel's side lights — shall be deemed to be an overtaking vessel...
Sivu 81 - Every vessel which is directed by these rules to keep out of the way of another vessel shall, if the circumstances of the case admit, avoid crossing ahead of the other.

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