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THE

DESORIPTION

OF THE

CITY OF NEW-YORK;

CONTAINING

ITS POPULATION, INSTITUTIONS, COMMERCE, MANUFACTURES,

PUBLIC BUILDINGS, COURTS OF JUSTICE,
PLACES OF AMUSEMENT,

&c.

TO WHICH IS PREFIXED,

A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF ITS FIRST SETTLEMENT BY THE DUTCH, IN THE YEAR 1629; AND OF THE MOST REMARKABLE EVENTS, WHICH HAVE OG

CURRED IN ITS HISTORY, FROM THAT TO THE PRESENT PERIOD.

BY JAMES HARDIE, A. M.

New-York:

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY SAMUEL MARKS,

63 VESEY-STR EET.

1827.

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SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW-YORK, SS.

Be it remembered, that on the 20th day of June, A. D. 1827, L. S.

in the 51st year of the Independence of the United States of America, SAMUEL Marks, of the said district, haib deposited in this office the title of a Buok, the right whereof he claims as proprietor, in the words following, to wit: “ The Description of the City of New-York; Containing its population, institutions, commerce, manufactures, public buildings, courts of justice, places of amusement, &c. To which is prefixed, a brief account of its first settlement by the Dutch, in the year 1629; and of the most remarkable events, which have occurred in its history, from that to the present period. By James HARDIE, A. M. In conformity to the Act of Congress of the United States, entitled “ An Act for the encouragement of Learning, by securing the copies of Maps, Charts, and Books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies during the time therein mentioned.” And also to an Act, entitled “An Act, supplementary to an Act, entitled an Act for the encouragement of Learning, by securing the copies of Maps, Charts, and Books, to the autbors and proprietors of such copies, during the times therein mentioned, and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving, and etching historical and other prints."

FRED. I. BETTS, Clerk of the Southern District of New York,

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

Page.

14

Chapter I. Of the Discovery of America, by Christo-

pher Columbus, on the 12th of October, 1492.

1

Chapter II. From the Discovery of America by

Columbus, to the settlement of Fort Amsterdam, (now

New-York,) by the Dutch, in the year 1629..

Chapter III. From the possession of the colony by

the Dutch, to its surrender to the British, under the com-

mand of Colonel Richard Nichols, in the year 1664. 16

Chapter IV. From the surrender of the province to

the English, in 1664, to the accession of King William

and Queen Mary to the throne, in 1688,

22

Chapter V. From the accession of William and Mary,

to the arrival of Govenor Burnet, in the year 1720. 28

Chapter VI. From the arrival of Govenor Burnet,

till the Negro Plot, in the year, 1739.

41

Chapter VII. From the Negro Plot, to the arrival of

Sir Charles Hardie, as Govenor, in 1755...

49

Chapter VIII. From the arrival of Sir Charles Har-

dy, to the Declaration of Independence, 4th July, 1776. 65

Chapter IX. From the Declaration of Independence,

to the evacuation of the City by the British, 25th of No-

vember, 1783.

82

Chapter X. From the evacuation of the City, till

the first meeting of Congress,under the New Constitution,

4th March, 1789.

107

Chapter XI. From the organization of the New Con-

stitution, to the procession in honour of the completion of

the Grand Canal, 4th November, 1825.

120

Chapter XII. A short account of the rise, progress,

and completion of the Great Canal, and of the grand

Celebration, which took place in this city, on that aus-

picious occasion.

135

.

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PREFACE.

* When the Author, (Mr Hardie), issued his Prospectus for this work, in August, 1825, public expectation was considerably excited; as he was well known to be competent to the task he had undertaken; and had he lived to finish it, there is no doubt that the most sanguine anticipations would have been realized. But bis course was arrested by the hand of death, and, after more than a year's delay, the completion of the work devolved on another, and a less experienced hand.

As regards the author's original design and intentions, they are fully developed in the following extracts from his prospectus:

“ With respect to the work, in which I am now employed, it is my design, as far as it may be in my power, to render it a COMPLETE STATISTICAL VIEW OF THE CITY OF NEW-YORK. In my proposals, I have promised much ; but if it shall please God to preserve my health, I shall faithfully perform every thing, which I have promised. I shall farther observe, that, in the prosecution of the work, I shall add such other interesting matter, as may either occur to myself, or be suggested by my learned and judicious friends, whose countenance in this arduous undertaking I most earnestly solicit, and on whose assistance I greatly depend.

“I am well aware, that the undertaking will be attended with great labour; for though it is easy to write works of fancy, there is nothing more difficult and tedious than to ascertain facts. It will, likewise, be attended with considerable expense. But I have counted the cost. I have had the subject under consideration for several years; but more particularly since April last, when I published a pamphlet, entitled “A cencus of the new buildings erected in this city, in the year 18241. &c. Also a number of statistical documents, interesting to the Christian, the Merchant, the man of inquiry and the public in general.” As this little work was honoured with uncommon patronage, I propose, early in the ensuing year, to publish a new edition, with material improvements. Í likewise determined to publish CITY OF NBW-YORK," upon an extensive scale, similar to that

A DESCRIPTION OF THE

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