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PARLIAMENTARY REFORM_Disinclination of the Country for any change in

the Representation—The Government resolve to postpone the subject-

Attempts of Private Members to introduce Partial Reforms—Mr. Locke

King renews his Bill to reduce the County Franchise to £10_Debate on

the introduction of the Bill-Remarks of Lord Palmerston and Mr.

Disraeli-On the second reading, the “ Previous Question” is moved by

Mr. A. Smith-Speeches of Lord Henley, Mr. Adderley, Lord Enfield, Sir

George Lewis, Mr. Bernal Osborne, Lord J. Russell, Mr. Disraeli, and

other Members-On a Division, the Bill is lost by a Majority of 19–Mr.

Baines proposes to reduce the qualification for Borough Members-After

a debate, in which Mr. Cave, Mr. Leatham, and Sir John Ramsden take

part, the House divides against the Bill-Mr. H. Berkeley renews his

Annual Motion on the Ballot-His Speech--After a brief debate the Mo-

tion is rejected by 279 to 154-A Bill is introduced by the Government

to assign the Seats vacated by the disfranchisement of Sudbury and St.

Alban's to other places.--After much discussion and some alteration, it is

passed through both Houses-Bill for taking the Poll at University Elec-

tions by means of Voting Papers--Introduced by Mr. Dodson-Remarks

of Sir George Lewis and other Members on the Measure-It is referred

to a Select Committee, where it undergoes modification-Again debated

in the House of Commons-Sir George Lewis, Mr. Walpole, Mr. Roebuck,

Mr. Henley, and Sir W. Heathcote take part in the discussion-It is

carried, after some opposition-The Bishops of Oxford and London raise

some objections to the Measure in the House of Lords—The Earl of

Derby vindicates the Bill, which is passed without a division-CHURCU

RATES --Sir John Trelawney again brings in a Bill to abolish the Rate-

Sir W. Heathcote moves the rejection of the Measure—Speeches of the

Chancellor of the Exchequer, Mr. Bright, Mr. Disraeli, Lord John Russell,

and Mr. Walpole-The Second Reading is carried by 281 to 266_Mr.

Newdegate proposes a scheme as a substitute for Church Rates, which,

after some discussion, is withdrawn-On the third reading a great strug-

gle takes place-Mr. S. Estcourt moves that the Bill be postponed for

Six Months--Speeches of Mr. Cross, Mr. Newdegate, Mr. Bright, Mr.

Stansfeld, Mr. Whiteside, and other Members- The Members, on a

division, are found to be equal—The Speaker is called upon to give a

casting vote--He states his reasons, and votes with the Noes--The Bill is

therefore lost. . . . . . . . . . . [24
CHAPTER III.

FINANCE.-The Angual Budget is brought forward by Mr. Gladstone on

the 15th of April-llis Speech and Financial Propositions : remission of

id. on Income Tax and Repeal of the Paper Duty-Remarks of Sir

Stafford Northcote, Lord Robert Cecil, and other Members The Motion

for going into a Committee on the Budget leads to protracted Debates-

The proposed Repeal of the Paper Duty excites much Opposition from

the Conservative Party-Speeches of Mr. Thomas Baring, Mr. Bentinck,

Sir S. Northcote, Mr. Seymour Fitzgerald, Mr. Milner Gibson, Mr. White-

side, Mr. B. Osborne, Mr. Horsfall, Mr. Llorsman, Mr. Bright, the Chan-

cellor of the Exchequer, Mr. Disraeli, and Lord Palmerston-No Division

takes place, and the House goes into Committee-Further objections

urged at this stage by the Opposition-Mr. Hubbard proposes a Resolu-

tion, which is withdrawn-On the Proposition to renew the existing Tea

Duties, Mr. Horsfall moves, as an Amendment, to reduce the Duty to ls.

-A Debate ensues, in which the Marquis of Hartington, Sir S. North-

cote, Sir George Lewis, Mír. Disraeli, and Lord Palmerston take part-

The Resolution of the Government is passed by a Majority of 18--The

other Resolutions are carried, the remission of the Paper Duty exciting

strong protests from the Conservatives-The Chancellor of the Exche-

quer announces bis intention of including all the financial arrange-

ments of the Budget in a single Bill_Objections taken to this mode

of proceeding--Mr. McDonough argues against the form of the Bill on

Constitutional grounds-He is powerfully answered by Sir James

Graham-Sir Williamn Ileathcote, on behalf of himself and Mr. Walpole,

expresses dissent from Mr. McDonough's views-Mr. Rolt, Mr. Whiteside,

Lord R. Cecil, and Mr. Horsman support the objections to the Bill-Mr.

Puller, Mr Mellor, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, and Lord Palmer-

ston justify the course taken by the Government-The Bill is read a

second time and committed-Further discussions on the Paper Duty-

On the 4th clause repealing that impost, a warın and protracted Debate

arises - After Speeches from the leading Members on both sides, a

Division takes place, which exhibits a Majority of 15 for the Govern-

ment- The result is hailed with acclamation by the Ministerial party-

The Bill gives up to the House of Lords-Karl Granville proposes the

Second Reading in a temperate Speech--the Duke of Rutland moves the

rejection of the Bill-The Earl of Derby strongly condemns the Budget,

and disapproves of the mode of proceeding by a single Bill, but advises

the withdrawal of the Amendment-Speeches of the Duke of Argyll,

Earl Grey, and Lord Monteagle-The Duke of Rutland withdraws his

Motion, and the Bill is passed, nem, con - Various tnotions for financial

redactions and inquiries-Mr. Hubbard moves for a Committee to in-

quire into the means of mitigating the inequalities of the Income Tax-

The Motion is carried against the Government by a majority of 4, but

the inquiry by Committee leads to no result--Mr. W. Williams moves a

Resolution in favour of assimilating Probate Duties on Personal and

Real Estate-Negatired by 167 to 51-Mr. Dodson bring forward
a Motion for the Repeal of the Hop Duty-The Motion meets with

CHAPTER IV.

ARMY AND Navy.-Improvements in Military Administration and in the

Construction of Ships of War-Numerous Discussions in Parliament on

these topics—Navy ESTIMATES—Moved by Lord Clarence Paget on the

11th of March-The Noble Lord enters into a full statement as to

the progress of the French Marine, and the necessity for constructing

Iron-cased Vessels for Defensive Purposes-Account of the French ship

La Gloire and the English Warrior-Remarks of Mr. Baxter, Mr.

Lindsay, and Sir John Pakington-Mr. Bright condemns the excessive

Amount of the Estimates—He is answered by Lord Palmerston-Motion

for Inquiry into the Constitution of the Board of Admiralty proposed

by Admiral Duncombe-Lord C. Paget, on behalf of the Government,

consents to the Motion, which, after some debate, is agreed to-Sir

James Elphinstone moves for an Inquiry into the System of Promotion

and Payment of Officers in the Royal Navy—The Ministers object to

the motion, as tending to the disadvantage of the Service--Remarks of

Lord Palmerston--The Motion is carried by 102 to 97-Debate on the

relative Merits of Iron and Wooden Ships-Mr. Lindsay, seconded by Sir

M. Peto, moves Resolutions-Lord C. Paget opposes them-Speeches of

Mr. Bentinck, Sir J. Pakington, the Earl of Giffard, Mr. Corry, and other

Members—The Resolutions are withdrawn-Furtber Debates on Iron-

cased Vessels-Sir John Pakington gives a startling Account of the

Progress made by France in this direction, as contrasted with our own-

Mr. Lindsay, Lord C. Paget, and Lord Palmerston controvert the facts

stated --The same subject is mooted by the Earl of Carnarvon in the

House of Lords-The Duke of Somerset makes an interesting Speech in

explanation, entering fully into details—Earl Grey expresses much satis-

faction at this statement-The Naval Estimates are passed in the House

of Commons after some opposition-Mr. Lindsay inquires of the Govern-

ment whether some limitation of the Marine, both of France and

England, cannot be settled by agreement between the two Powers-Lord

Palmerston states, with much force, the difficulties and objections to

such proceeding--The Army ESTIMATES—They are moved by Mr. T. G.

Baring on the 14th of March-His Speech-He describes the Progress

made in the Construction of Armstrong Gups, and the Improvements in

the Organization and Management of the Army-Criticisins by various

Members on this statement -The large amount of the Estimates is com-

plained of, and justified on the ground of necessity by Lord Palmerston

-Mr. B. Osborne denounces the Camp Establishment at Aldershott in

strong terms-Colonel Dickson proposes a Revision of the Estimates

with a view to greater Economy--Remarks of General Peel, Mr. Monsell,

Mr. Baring, and Lord Palmerston-Several Amendments are moved, but

without success-The Vote for the Volunteer Force gives rise to an

interesting Debate-Viscount Elcho calls the attention of the House to

the Requirements of that Force, and urges increased Contribution from

Government-Answer of Mr. T. G. Baring, who pays a high tribute of

Praise to the Rifle Corps, but deprecates Money Allowance to Volun-

teers-Remarks of Mr. H. Berkeley on the Yeomanry Cavalry-The

Votes are agreed to . . . . . . . . . . [78

CHAPTER V.

FOREIGN ATTAIRS-PROGRESS or EVENTS IN ITALY_They become the sub-

ject of Discussion early in the Session in both Houses of Parliament-In

the House of Lords the Marquis of Norinanby severely censures the con-

duct of Victor Emmanuel, and inculpates the policy of Lord John Russell

in regard to Italy-He is answered by Lord Wodehouse-The Earl of

Malmesbury repeats the Charges of Inconsistency against the Foreign

Policy of the Ministry--Remarks of Lord Llanover-Debate in the House

of Commons on Italian Affairs, introduced by Mr. P. Hennessy-Speeches

of Mr. Layard, Sir George Bowyer, Mr. Edwin James, Sir Robert Peel,

the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Mr. Maguire, Mr. Roebuck, Mr. Monsell,

Mr. White, and Lord John Russell --Debate in the House of Lords, on the

Motion of Lord Ellenborough, upon the Situation of the Papal Govern-

ment-Speeches of Lord Wodehouse, and the Earls of Clarendon and

Derby-Death of Count Carour-General sympathy excited by this event

in England-Expression given in the two Houses of Parliament to the

Public Regret on the occasion-Rumoured Cession to France of the Island

of Sardinia-Mr. A. W. Kinglake brings the subject under Discussion in

the House of Commons-His Speech-Speeches of Lord John Russell,

Sir George Bowyer, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, and Mr. Layard.

Diaruption of the United States of America - Various Questions addressed

to the Ministers on International Relations consequent upon this Event-

Proclamation of Neutrality by Her Majesty-Answers of Lord John

Russell on the subjects of Privateering, the Blockade of the Southern

Ports, &c.--The Policy of Neutrality between the contending Parties is

eamestly insisted upon by the Government-Mr. Gregory gives notice of

* Motion in favour of recognizing the Southern Confederacy-Col. W.

Patten objects, on grounds of public policy, to entering upon the Dis-

cussion--In deference to the general wish of the llouse, Mr. Gregory

abstains from bringing forward his Motion-Military Reinforcetnents are

sent to Canada-Sir James Ferguson, supported by Mr. Disraeli, disputes

the policy of this step-It is forcibly vindicated by Lord Palmerston-

Recent Transactions in China-Earl Grey fully enters into this subject in

the House of Lorde, and impugns the Measures adopted towards that

Nation-Speech of Lord Wodehouse in Answer, and of Lord Ellenborough

EAST INDIAN FINANCE AND LEGISLATION-Political and fiscal changes con-

sequent on the transfer of Government from the East India Company to

the Crown-Mission of Mr. James Wilson to India as Finance Minister--

Appointment of Mr. Laing on Mr. Wilson's Death-Measures adopted in

consequence of their Suggestions-Loans for India raised in this Country

to supply the Deficit of Revenue-Statement of Sir Charles Wood respect-

ing the Finances of India at the Opening of the Session-Further State-

ment on proposing a New Loan of 4,000,0001. on the 3rd of June-Obser-

vations of Mr. Bazley, Lord Stanley, Mr. J. B. Smith, Mr. Crawfurd, Mr.

Danby Seymour, and other Members—Sir Henry Willoughby animad-

verts on the Financial Policy of the Government—Sir Charles Wood vin-

dicates his Measures-He makes a full financial Statement on the 25th

of July, giving a detailed Account of the Revenue and Expenditure of

India-Proposes a Loan of 5,000,0001. to assist the Railway Companies-

The Resolution, after some Debate, is agreed to—Three Measures affect-

ing the Administration of Government in India brought in concurrently

by the Government: The Legislative Council Bill, the Court of Judica-

ture Bill, and the Civil Service Bill-Statement of Sir Charles Wood in

explanation of these Bills--The Bill for altering the Constitution of the

Council undergoes much discussion in the House of Commons-Several

Amendments are proposed, but negatived—The Government adopts some

Suggestions made by Members, and the Bill is passed by the House of

Commons—The Policy of the Measure is questioned by Lord Ellen-

torough and Lord Lyveden in the House of Lords, but is ably vindicated

by the Duke of Argyll and Lord Granville--The Bill for reforming the

Judicature meets with little opposition in either House, but undergoes

some criticism from Lord Ellenborough- The Civil Service Bill is much

debated in the House of Commons-It is opposed by Mr. Vansittart, Mr.

Liddell, Mr. Henley, Mr. Adams, Sir H. Farquhar, and other Members,

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