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Secretary of State for War, moves a Vote of Thanks to the officers and men engaged in the China Expedition-His Speech, giving an account of the operations of the War-The Earl of Derby gives his cordial assent to the Motion, and compliments the Military Department on the organization of the Expedition-Remarks of the Duke of Cambridge, Earl Grey, the Duke of Somerset, Earl of Ellenborough, and other PeersThe Resolution is adopted, nem. con.– A similar Resolution in the House of Commons is moved by Lord Palmerston, seconded by Mr. Disraeli - Remarks of Mr. White, Sir James Elphinstone, Lord John Russell, and other MembersThe Motion is voted unanimously-Law oF BANKRUPTCY The Attorney-General again introduces his Measure, somewhat altered since last Session, for the Amend. ment of the Bankrupt Laws--He explains the various provisions and details of the Bill-A general approval is expressed by the legal and mercantile Members of the HouseThe Bill is brought in-Death of H.R.H. the Duchess of Kent on the 16th of March--Addresses of Condolence moved by the Ministers in both HousesTheir SpeechesThe Addresses are agreed to, nem. con.

THE internal state of the coun- at home, attention was chiefly

I try at the opening of the bent upon the progress of afyear 1861 was generally pros- fairs abroad, especially upon the perous and tranquil. The harvest gradual development of Italian of the preceding autumn had, unity, in which a warm interest indeed, proved deficient, even to was felt, though the attitude of a greater extent than was at first neutrality was strictly maintained apprehended, but the policy of by our Government. The sucfree-trade had happily, in a great cessful and honourable terminameasure, obviated the effects of tion of the war in China was domestic scarcity, and very large hailed with cordial satisfaction. importations of grain having On the other side of the Atlantic, been received both from Europe the first scene of a revolution and America, the cost of the of great importance, no less than prime necessary of life was kept the disruption of the hitherto within moderate bounds, and United States into two hostile occasioned but little pressure sections, had just begun to excite upon the poorer classes. The a warm interest in this country. state of the agricultural and The sympathies of England were manufacturing interests at the at the outset distinctly engaged opening of the year was appa- on behalf of the Northern States, rently sound, and a spirit of con- the national abhorrence of slavery tentment and political tranquil- producing a strong alienation lity generally prevailed. What from the Southern cause; but in ever demand had temporarily this case, as well as in that of existed for constitutional changes Italy, both the British Adminis. appeared to have now completely tration and the people at large subsided, and the subject of.Par were firmly resolved in adhering liamentary Reform to be sus- to the policy of non-interference. pended by consent of all parties. On the 5th of February, ParIn the absence of stirring events liament was opened by Her

Majesty in person with the fol- vention will have been fully atlowing Speech :

tained.

“I announced to you also, at ** My Lords and Gentlemen, the close of the last Session of

Parliament, that the pacific over" It is with great satisfaction tures which my Envoy in China that I meet you again in Parlia- had made to the Imperial Gonient, and have recourse to your vernment at Pekin having led assistance and advice.

to no satisfactory result, my "My relations with foreign naval and military forces, and Powers continue to be friendly those of my ally the Emperor and satisfactory; and I trust that of the French, were to advance the moderation of the Powers of towards the northern provinces Europe will prevent any inter of China, for the purpose of supruption of the general peace. porting the just demands of the

* Events of great importance Allied Powers, and that the Earl are taking place in Italy. Be of Elgin had been sent to China lieving that the Italians ought to as special Ambassador to treat be left to settle their own affairs, with the Chinese Government. I have not thought it right to “I am glad to inform you that exercise any active interference the operations of the allied forces in those matters. Papers on this have been attended with comsubject will be laid before you plete success. After the capture

"I announced to you, at the of the forts at the mouth of the close of the last Session of Par. Peiho, and several engagements liament, that the atrocities which with the Chinese army, the allied had then recently been committed forces became masters of the in Syria had in iuced me to con- imperial city of Pekin; and the cur with the Emperor of Austria, Earl of Elgin and Baron Gros, the Emperor of the French, the the Ambassador of the Emperor Prince Regent of Prussia, and of the French, were enabled to the Emperor of Russia, in enter- obtain an honourable and satising into an engagement with the factory settlement of all matters Sultan, by which temporary mili- in di-pute. tary assistance was to be afforded “Throughout these operations, to the Sultan for the purpose of and the negotiations which folestablishing order in that part of lowed them, the Commanders and his dominions.

Ambassadors of the Allied Powers “That assistance has been acted with the most friendly conafforded by a body of French cert. Papers on this subject will troops, who have been sent to be laid before you. Syria as representing the Allied "The state of my Indian terriPowers. "The Sultan has also tories is progressively improving, placed a considerable military and I trust that their financial force in Syria, under the direc- condition will gradually partake tion of an able officer; and I of the general amendment. trust that tranquillity will soon " An insurrection of a portion be re-established in that province, of the natives of New Zealand and that the objects of the con- has interrupted the peace of a

part of that colony; but I hope Gentlemen of the House of that the measures which have Commons, been taken will speedily suppress “I have directed the estimates these disturbances, and enable for the ensuing year to be laid my Government to concert such

before you. arrangements as may prevent framed with a due regard to

They have been their recurrence. “Serious differences have arisen economy and to the efficiency of

the several branches of the public among the States of the North

service. American Union. It is impossible for me not to look with

My Lords and Gentlemen, great concern upon any events which can affect the happiness

“ Measures will be laid before and welfare of a people nearly you for the consolidation of imallied to my subjects by descent, portant parts of the criminal and closely connected with them law; for the improvement of the by the most intimate and friendly law of bankruptcy and insolrelations. My heartfelt wish is vency; for rendering more easy

the transfer of land; for estathat these differences

may

be susceptible of a satisfactory ad- blishing a uniform system of justment.

rating in England and Wales ;

and for several other purposes of “ The interest which I take in the well-being of the people of public usefulness. the United States cannot but be

"I confidently commit the increased by the kind and cordial great interests of my empire to reception given by them to the your wisdom and care; and I Prince of Wales during his recent fervently pray that the blessing visit to the continent of America.

of the Almighty may attend your “I am glad to take this oppor. liberations to the attainment of

councils and may guide your detunity of expressing my warm appreciation of the loyalty and

the object of my constant soliciattachment to my person and tude, the welfare and happiness throne manifested by my Cana- of my people.” dian and other North American In the House of Lords the subjects on the occasion of the Address in answer to the Royal residence of the Prince of Wales Speech was moved by the Earl of

Sefton, who began by congratu“I have concluded with the lating the House on the restoraEmperor of the French conven tion to health of Lord Derby, tions supplementary to the treaty and proceeded to comment in of commerce of the 23rd of the language of approval on January, 1860, and in furtherance the several paragraphs in Her of the objects of that treaty. Majesty's Address. The motion

“I have also concluded with having been seconded in an able the King of Sardinia a conven- maiden speech by Lord Lismore, tion for the reciprocal protection the Earl of Derby entered at of copyright.

some length upon the various “ These conventions will be topics which had been presented laid before you.

to the House. The noble lord

among them.

Majesty in person with the following Speech:—

“My Lords and Gentlemen,

“It is with great satisfaction that I meet you again in Parliament, and have recourse to your assistance and advice. “My relations with foreign Powers continue to be friendly and satisfactory; and I trust that the moderation of the Powers of Europe will prevent any interruption of the general peace. “Events of great importance are taking place in Italy. Believing that the Italians ought to be left to settle their own affairs, I have not thought it right to exercise any active interference in those matters. Papers on this "subject will be laid before you. “I announced to you, at the close of the last Session of Parliament, that the atrocities which had then recently been committed in Syria had induced me to concur with the Emperor of Austria, the Emperor of the French, the Prince Regent of Prussia, and the Emperor of Russia, in entering into an engagement with the Sultan, by which temporary military assistance was to be afforded

to the Sultan for the purpose of

establishing order in that part of his dominions. “That assistance has been afforded by a body of French troops, who have been sent to Syria as representing the Allied Powers. The Sultan has also placed a considerable military force in Syria, under the direction of an able officer; and I trust that tranquillity will soon be re-established in that province, and that the objects of the con

vention will have been fully attained. - * “I announced to you also, at the close of the last Session of Parliament, that the pacific overtures which my Envoy in China had made to the Imperial Government at Pekin having led to no satisfactory result, my naval and military forces, and those of my ally the Emperor of the French, were to advance towards the northern provinces of China, for the purpose of supporting the just demands of the Allied Powers, and that the Earl of Elgin had been sent to China as special Ambassador to treat with the Chinese Government. “I am glad to inform you that the operations of the allied forces have been attended with complete success. After the capture of the forts at the mouth of the 1’eiho, and several engagements with the Chinese army, the allied forces became masters of the imperial city of Pekin; and the Earl of Elgin and Baron Gros, the Ambassador of the Emperor of the French, were enabled to obtain an honourable and satisfactory settlement of all matters in dispute. “Throughout these operations, and the negotiations which followed them, the Commanders and Ambassadors of the Allied Powers acted with the most friendly concert. Papers on this subject will be laid before you. “The state of my Indian territories is progressively improving, and I trust that their financial condition will gradually partake of the general amendment. “An insurrection of a portion of the natives of New Zealand has interrupted the peace of a part of that colony; but I hope that the measures which have been taken will speedily suppress these disturbances, and enable my Government to concert such arrangements as may prevent their recurrence. “Serious differences have arisen among the States of the North American Union. It is impossible for me not to look with great concern upon any events which can affect the happiness and welfare of a people nearly allied to my subjects by descent, and closely connected with them by the most intimate and friendly relations. My heartfelt wish is that these differences may be susceptible of a satisfactory adjustment. “The interest which I take in the well-being of the people of the United States cannot but be increased by the kind and cordial reception given by them to the Prince of Wales during his recent visit to the continent of America. “I am glad to take this opportunity of expressing my warm appreciation of the loyalty and attachment to my person and throne manifested by my Canadian and other North American subjects on the occasion of the residence of the Prince of Wales among them. “I have concluded with the Emperor of the French conventions supplementary to the treaty of commerce of the 23rd of January, 1860, and in furtherance of the objects of that treaty. “I have also concluded with the King of Sardinia a convention for the reciprocal protection of copyright. “These conventions will be laid before you.

“Gentlemen of the House of Commons,—

“I have directed the estimates for the ensuing year to be laid before you. They have been framed with a due regard to economy and to the efficiency of the several branches of the public Service.

“My Lords and Gentlemen,

“Measures will be laid before you for the consolidation of important parts of the criminal law; for the improvement of the law of bankruptcy and insolvency; for rendering more easy the transfer of land; for establishing a uniform system of rating in England and Wales; and for several other purposes of public usefulness.

“I confidently commit the great interests of my empire to your wisdom and care; and I fervently pray that the blessing of the Almighty may attend your councils and may guide your deliberations to the attainment of the object of my constant solicitude, the welfare and happiness of my people.”

In the House of Lords the Address in answer to the Royal Speech was moved by the Earl of Sefton, who began by congratulating the House on the restoration to health of Lord Derby, and proceeded to comment in the language of approval on the several paragraphs in Her Majesty's Address. The motion having been seconded in an able maiden speech by Lord Lismore, the Earl of Derby entered at some length upon the various topics which had been presented to the House. The noble lord

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