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direct it, the nearest and best way; and the time of doing the business, the Cherokees shall be notified of,


In consideration of the above cession and relin. quishment, the United States agree to pay to the said Cherokee Indians sixteen hundred dollars in money, or useful merchandise, at their option, within ninety days after the ratification of this treaty.

Washington, A

hington, Articles of a Convention, made between Henry 7th January. Dearborn, Secretary of War, being special1806.

ly authorised thereto, by the President of the United States, and the undersigned chiefs, and head men of the Cherokee nation of In. dians, duly authorised, and empowered by said nation.



The undersigned chiefs, and head men of the Cherokee nation of Indians, for themselves and in behalf of their nation, relinquish to the United States all, right, title, interest and claim, which they or

their nation have or ever had to all that tract of Cession from the Chero

country, which lies to the northward of the river Tennessee, and westward of a line to be run from the upper part of the Chickasaw Old Fields, at the upper point of an island, called Chickasaw island, on said river, to the most easterly head waters of that branch of said Tennessee river; called Duck

river, excepting the two following described tracts, Two tracts

viz. one tract bounded southerly, on the said Ten. excepted from the ces- nessee river at a place called the Muscle Shoals, sion, westerly, by a creek called Te-Kee-ta-no-eh, or Cy.

prus creek, and easterly by Chu-wa-lee, or Elk ri. ver, or creek, and northerly, by a line to be drawn from a point on said Elk river; ten miles on a di. rect line, from its mouth, or junction, with Tennese see river, to a point on the said Cyprus creek, ten miles on a direct line, from its junction with the Tennessee river.

The other tract is to be two miles in width, on the north side, of Tennessee river; and to extend northerly, from that river, three miles, and bounded as follows, viz. beginning at the mouth of Spring creek, and running up said creek, three miles on a straight line, thence westerly, two miles at right angles with the general course of said creek, thence southerly, on a line parallel with the general course of said creek, to the Tennessee river, thence up said river, by its waters, to the beginning: which first reserved tract is to be considered the common pro. perty of the Cherokees, who now live on the same; including John D. Chesholm, Au, tow, we and Che Chout, and the other reserved tract, on which Moses Melton now lives, is to be considered the pro. perty of said Melton, and of Charles Hicks in equal shares.

ARTICLE II. The said Henry Dearborn, on the part of the Uni. ted States, hereby stipulates, and agrees, that in con. Compensa. sideration of the relinquishment of title by the " Cherokees, as stated in the preceding article, the United States will pay to the Cherokee nation, two thousand dollars in money, as soon as this convention shall be duly ratified by the government of the United States; and two thousand dollars in each of the four succeeding years, amounting in the whole to ten thousand dollars; and that a grist-mill shall, within one year from the date hereof, be built in the Cherokee country, for the use of the nation, at such place as shall be considered most convenient; that the said Cherokees shall be furnished with a ma. chine for cleaning cotton; and also, tiat the old Che. rokee chief, called the Black Fox, shall be paid annually one hundred dollars by the United States, during his life.


It is also agreed on the part of the United States U. States that the government thereof will use its influence, will try to fix

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a certain and best endeavours to prevail on the Chickasaw naboundary be. tion of Indians to agree to the following boundary tween Che

between that nation and the Cherokees, to the Chiçkasaws. southward of the Tennessee river, viz. beginning

at the mouth of Caney creek near the lower part of the Muscle Shoals, and to run up the said creek to its head, and in a direct line from thence to the Flat Stone or Rock, the old corner boundary.

But it is understood by the contracting parties. that the United States do not engage to have the a. foresaid line or boundary established, but only to endeavor to prevail on the Chickasaw nation to con, sent to such a line as the boundary between the two nations.



U. States to It is further agreed on the part of the U.States,

. that the claims which the Chickasaws may have to Chickasaws their claim the two tracts reserved by the first article of this to reserved convention, on the north side of the Tennessee riv

er shall be settled by the United States in such manner as will be equitable, and will secure to the Cherokees the title to the said reservations.




Whereas, by the first article of a convention, beOld Fields, tween the United States and the Cherokee nation, ilth Septem. entered into at the city of Washington, on the sevber, 1807.

enth day of January, one thousand eight hundred and six, it was intended on the part of the Cherokee nation, and so understood by the Secretary of War, the commissioner on the part of the United States, to cede to the United States all the right, title and interest which the said Cherokee nation ever had to a tract of country contained between the Tennes. see river, and the Tennessee ridge, (so called :) which tract of country had, since the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety-four, been claimed by the Chero. kees and the Chickasaws : the eastern boundary whereof, is limited by a line, so to be run from the upper part of the Chickasaw Old Fields, as to include all the waters of Elk river, any thing expressed in said

convention to the contrary notwithstanding. It is therefore now declared by James Robertson, and Return J. Meigs, acting under the authority of the executive of the United States, and by a delegation of Cherokee chiefs, of whom Eunolee or Black Fox, the king or head chief of said Cherokee nation, ac, ting on the part of and in behalf of said nation, is Limits ex. one, that the eastern limits of said ceded tract, plained. shall be bounded by a line, so to be run from the upper end of the Chickasaw Old Fields, a little above the upper point of an island, called Chickasaw Is. land, as will most directly intersect the first waters of Elk River, thence carried to the Great Cumber. land Mountain, in which the waters of Elk river have their source, then along the margin of said mountain, until it shall intersect lands heretofore ceded to the United States, at the said Tennessee ridge. And in consideration of the readiness shewn by the Cherokees to explain, and to place the limits of the land ceded by the said convention out of all doubt; and in consideration of their expenses in attending council, the executive of the United States will direct that the Cherokee nation, shall receive Compensa. the sum of two thousand dollars, to be paid to them tion. by their agent, at such time as the said executive shall direct, and that the Cherokee hunters, as hath been the custom in such cases, may hunt on said ceded tract, until by the fulness of settlers it shall become improper. And it is hereby declared by the parties, that this explanation ought to be considered as a just elucidation of the cession, made by the first article of said convention."

No. 7.

Treaties with the Chickasaus.


The boundary of the lands hereby allotted to the Hopewell,

Jan. 10, Chickasaw nation to live and hunt on, within the 1786 limits of the United States of America, is, and shall Boundaries: be the following, viz: Beginning on the ridge that divides the waters running into the Cumberland, from those running into the Tennessee, at a point, in a line to be run north-east, which shall strike the Ten. nessee at the mouth of Duck river; thence running westerly, along the said ridge, till it shall strike the Ohio ; thence down the southern banks thereof to the Mississippi ; thence down the same, to the Choctaw line of Natches district; thence along the said line, or the line of the district, castwardly, as far as the Chickasaws claimed, and lived and hunted on, the twenty-ninth of November, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-two ; thence the said boundary eastwardly, shall be the lands allotted to the Choctaws and Cherokees to live and hunt on, and the lands at present in the possession of the Creeks, saving and reserving, for the establishment of a trading post, a tract or parcel of land, to be laid out at the lower post of the Muscle-shoals, at the mouth of Occochappo, in a circle, the diameter of which shall be five miles on the*

river, which post and the lands annexed thereto, shall be to the use and under the government of the United States of America.


Chickasaw bluffs, Oct. 24, 1801.

Of reciprocal advantages and mutual conves

niences between the United States of America and the Chickasares.


- Permission to open a road.

The Mingco, principal men and warriors of the Chickasaw nation of Indians, give leave and permission to the President of the United States of America, to lay out, open and make a convenient waggon road through their land, between the settlements of Mero district, in the state of Tennessee, and those of Natchez, in the Mississippi territory, in such way and manner as he may deem proper; and the same shall be

* The name of the river not in the original.

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