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ments, fuel and apparatus, forage, postage, stationery, transportation, printing, clerks, miscellaneous and incidental expenses, and departments of instruction, thirty-five thousand two hundred and seventy-five dollars.

For gradual increase and expense of library, one thousand five hundred dollars.

For expenses of the board of visitors, three thousand dollars.

For forage for artillery and cavalry horses, eight thousand six hundred and forty dollars.

For supplying horses for cavalry and artillery practice, one thousand dollars.

For furniture for hospital for cadets, two hundred and fifty dollars.
For barracks for dragoon detachment, five thousand dollars.

For purchase of bell, and mounting the same with the clock on one of the public buildings, eight hundred dollars.

To procure the balistic apparatus for gun pendulum, five hundred dollars.

For repairs to officers' quarters, five hundred dollars.

For models for the department of cavalry, one thousand dollars.

For extension of water pipes and increase of reservoir, two thousand dollars.

For targets and batteries for artillery exercise, two hundred dollars. For gas pipes, gasometers, and retorts, seven thousand five hundred dollars.

Professor of

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That there shall be appointed at the Military Academy, in addition to the professors authorized by the existing Spanish to be appointed. laws, a professor of Spanish, at a salary of two thousand dollars per

annum.

Pay of master

SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That the compensation of the master of the sword be fifteen hundred dollars per annum with fuel and of the sword.

quarters.

APPROVED, February 16, 1857.

CHAP. XLVI.-An Act to incorporate the Columbian Institution for the Instruction of the

Feb. 16, 1857.

Deaf and Dumb, and the Blind.

1858, ch. 59.

Names.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Post, p. 293. States of America in Congress assembled, That Byron Sunderland, J. C. McGuire, David A. Hall, and George W. Riggs, of Washington city, William Edes, and Judson Mitchell, of Georgetown, and Amos Kendall and William Stickney, of the county of Washington, and such persons as may hereafter be associated with them, by contributions for the instruction of the Deaf and Dumb, and the Blind, are hereby created a body politic and corporate under the name of the "Columbia Institution for the Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb, and the Blind," to have perpetual succession and be capable to take, hold and enjoy lands, tenements, heredita-. General power. ments and personal property, to use a common seal, and the same to alter at pleasure: Provided, That no real or personal property shall be held by said corporation, except such as may be necessary to the maintenance and efficient management of said institution.

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That the Institution shall be managed as provided for in its present Constitution, and such additional regulations as may from time to time be found necessary; but as soon as sufficient contributions shall have been paid in to authorize an election according to the provisions of said Constitution, the provisional officers therein named shall give notice of a general meeting to the contributors for the election of officers, and the officers elected at such general meeting shall hold their offices for one year and until their successors shall be elected as in said Constitution provided: Provided, That said Constitution may be altered in the manner therein provided, but not in such manner as to VOL. XI. PUB.-21

Title.

Election of officers.

dumb in the Dis

trict.

violate the Constitution or any law of the United States or of the District of Columbia.

Report of per- SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the sons deaf and Justices of the Peace in the several wards of the cities of Washington and Georgetown and of the county of Washington, to ascertain the names and residences of all Deaf and Dumb and Blind persons within their respective wards and districts; who of them are of a teachable age, and also who of them are in indigent circumstances, and report the same to the President of the Institution hereby incorporated.

United States

tenance and tui

SEC. 4. And be it further enacted, That whenever the Secretary of to pay for main- the Interior shall be satisfied by evidence produced by the President of tion of deaf and the Institution hereby incorporated, that any Deaf and Dumb or Blind dumb residents person of teachable age properly belonging to this District, is in indigent

of the District.

Persons not res

ceived and in

circumstances and cannot command the means to secure an education, it shall be his duty to authorize the said person to enter the said Institution for instruction, and to pay for his maintenance and tuition therein at the rate of one hundred and fifty dollars per annum, for such Deaf and Dumb pupil, and at the rate of one hundred and fifty dollars per annum for such Blind pupil, papable quarterly out of the Treasury of the United States.

SEC. 5. And be it further enacted, That it shall be lawful for said ident may be re- Institution to receive and instruct Deaf and Dumb and Blind persons from any of the States and Territories of the United States on such terms as may be agreed upon by themselves, their parents, guardians, or trustees, and the proper authorities of said Institution.

structed.

Annual report.

Feb. 17, 1857.

SEC. 6. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the President and directors of said Institution to report to the Secretary of the Interior the condition of said Institution on the first day of July in each year, embracing in said report the number of pupils of each description received and discharged during the preceding year, and the number remaining in the Institution; also the branches of knowledge and industry taught and the progress made therein; also a statement showing the receipts of the Institution and from what sources, and its disbursements and for what objects.

APPROVED, February 16, 1857.

CHAP. L.—An Act for the Construction of a Wagon Road from Fort Kearney via the South
Pass of the Rocky Mountains and Great Salt Lake Valley, to the eastern Portion of the
State of California, and for other Purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Appropriation States of America in Congress assembled, That the sum of three hunfor a wagon road dred thousand dollars, or so much thereof as may be necessary, be and from Fort Kear- the same is hereby appropriated, out of any moneys in the treasury_not ney to California. otherwise appropriated, for the construction of a wagon road from Fort Kearney, in the Territory of Nebraska, via the South Pass of the Rocky Mountains, to the eastern boundary of the State of California near Honey Lake, to be expended under the direction of the Secretary of the Interior, pursuant to contracts to be made by him-said road to connect with and form an extension of the road already authorized from Fort Ridgely to the aforesaid South Pass.

Also from El Paso to Fort Yuma.

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That the sum of two hundred thousand dollars, or as much thereof as may be necessary, be and the same is hereby appropriated out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the construction of a wagon road from El Paso, on the Rio Grande, to Fort Yuma, at the mouth of the Gila River, to be expended under the direction of the Secretary of the Interior pursuant to contracts to be made by him.

SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That a sum of fifty thousand dollars

be and the same is hereby appropriated out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the construction of a wagon road from Fort Defiance in the Territory of New Mexico, to the Colorado River, near the mouth of the Mohava River.

APPROVED, February 17, 1857.

Also from Fort Defiance to the Colorado.

Feb. 21, 1857.

CHAP. LV.-An Act to increase the Pay of the Officers of the Army. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Pay of army States of America in Congress assembled, That from and after the com- officers increased. mencement of the present fiscal year, the pay of each commissioned officer of the army, including military storekeepers, shall be increased twenty dollars per month, and that the commutation price of officers' subsistence shall be thirty cents per ration.

Commutation price for rations.

Additional pay

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of War be authorized, on the recommendation of the council of administration, to may be extended to chaplains at extend the additional pay herein provided to any person serving as army posts. chaplain, at any post of the army. APPROVED, February 21, 1857.

CHAP. LVI.-An Act relating to Foreign Coins and to the Coinage of Cents at the Mint Feb. 21, 1857. of the United States.

How much

Mexican coins

are to be received

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the pieces commonly Spanish and known as the quarter, eighth, and sixteenth of the Spanish pillar dollar, and of the Mexican dollar, shall be receivable at the treasury of the for by United United States, and its several offices, and at the several post-offices and States. land-offices, at the rates of valuation following,-that is to say, the fourth of a dollar, or piece of two reals, at twenty cents; the eighth of a dollar, or piece of one real, at ten cents; and the sixteenth of a dollar, or half real, at five cents.

Said coins to

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That the said coins, when so received, shall not again be paid out, or put in circulation, but shall be be recoined. recoined at the mint. And it shall be the duty of the director of the mint, with the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury, to prescribe such regulations as may be necessary and proper, to secure their transmission to the mint for recoinage, and the return or distribution of the proceeds thereof, when deemed expedient, and to prescribe such forms of account as may be appropriate and applicable to the circumstances: Provided, That the expenses incident to such transmission or distribution, and of recoinage, shall be charged against the account of silver profit and loss, and the net profits, if any, shall be paid from time to time into the treasury of the United States.

Former acts

coins a currency or legal tender repealed.

SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That all former acts authorizing the currency of foreign gold or silver coins, and declaring the same a legal making foreign tender in payment for debts, are hereby repealed; but it shall be the duty of the director of the mint to cause assays to be made, from time to time, of such foreign coins as may be known to our commerce, to determine their average weight, fineness, and value, and to embrace in his annual report a statement of the results thereof.

Assays of foreign coins to be made, and nually reported.

Weight

SEC. 4. And be it further enacted, That from and after the passage of this act, the standard weight of the cent coined at the mint shall be seventy- composition two grains, or three twentieths of one ounce troy, with no greater devia- cents. tion than four grains in each piece; and said cent shall be composed of eighty-eight per centum of copper and twelve per centum of nickel, of such shape and device as may be fixed by the director of the mint, with the approbation of the Secretary of the Treasury; and the coinage of the half cent shall cease.

an

and

of

Purchase of ma

SEC. 5. And be it further enacted, That the treasurer of the mint, terials therefor. under the instruction of the Secretary of the Treasury, shall, from time to time, purchase from the bullion fund of the mint the materials necessary for the coinage of such cent piece, and transfer the same to the proper operative officers of the mint to be manufactured and returned in coin. And the laws in force relating to the mint and the coinage of the precious extended to such metals, and in regard to the sale and distribution of the copper coins, shall, so far as applicable, be extended to the coinage herein provided for: Provided, That the net profits of said coinage, ascertained in like manner as is prescribed in the second section of this act, shall be transferred to the treasury of the United States.

Former laws

cents.

Profits.

Such cents may

be paid out and transmitted, &c.

SEC. 6. And be it further enacted, That it shall be lawful to pay out the said cent at the mint in exchange for any of the gold and silver coins of the United States, and also in exchange for the former copper coins issued and it shall be lawful to transmit parcels of the said cents, from time to time, to the assistant treasurers, depositaries, and other officers of the United States, under general regulations proposed by the director of the mint, and approved by the Secretary of the Treasury, for exchange To be paid out And it shall also be lawful for the space of two years from as aforesaid. for certain coins the passage of this act and no longer, to pay out at the mint the cents at old rate for aforesaid for the fractional parts of the dollar hereinbefore named, at Time extended. their nominal value of twenty-five, twelve-and-a-half and six-and-a1859, ch. 80, § 2. quarter cents, respectively.

two years.

Post, p. 422.

of director of the

SEC. 7. And be it further enacted, That hereafter the director of the Annual report mint shall make his annual report to the Secretary of the Treasury, up mint to be made to the thirtieth of June in each year, so that the same may appear in his up to June 30. annual report to Congress on the finances.

Feb. 21, 1857.

districts.

APPROVED, February 21, 1857.

CHAP. LVII.—An Act to divide the State of Texas into two Judicial Districts. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Texas divided States of America in Congress assembled, That the State of Texas be into two judicial and the same is hereby divided into two judicial districts, in the following manner, to wit: All the territory of the State of Texas embraced in the counties of Newton, Jasper, Jefferson, Orange, Tyler, Polk, Liberty, Galveston, Harris, Montgomery, Austin, Fort Bend, Brazoria, Colorado, Wharton, Matagorda, Lavacca, Jackson, Calhoun, Dewitt, Victoria, Goliad, Refugio, San Patricio, Nueces, Cameron, Starr, Webb, and Hidalgo, as they existed in eighteen hundred and fifty-two, shall compose one district, to be called the eastern district of Texas; and all the remaining part of the territory of the said State shall compose another district, to be called the western district of Texas.

Terms of Court.

Transfer of

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That there shall be held in each year four terms of the district court of the eastern district of Texas, two of which terms shall be begun and held at Galveston on the first Mondays in December and May, respectively; and the other two shall be begun and held at Brownsville on the first Mondays of March and October, respectively; and four terms of the district court of the western district of Texas shall be held in each year, two of which terms shall be begun and held at Austin on the first Mondays of January and June, respectively; and the other two shall be begun and held at Tyler on the first Mondays of March and November, respectively; and the said courts are hereby authorized to hold adjourned terms when the business of the said courts shall, in the opinion of the judge or judges, require it.

SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That all suits and proceedings of suits and process. whatever name or nature pending in the district court of Texas, at any of the places at which terms of the said courts were enjoined to be held, and which said places may be within the eastern district of Texas, shall be

transferred to the district court of the eastern district of Texas; and such suits and proceedings pending at any of the places at which terms of the said district court were enjoined to be held, and which said places may be within the western district, shall be transferred to the district court of the western district of Texas; and this act shall not produce a discontinuance of any such suit or proceeding, or of any order, issue, or process therein; and jurisdiction is here given to the said district courts respectively* and perform all duties appertaining to the said suits and proceedings, and to proceed to try and dispose of the same as fully as the district court of Texas was authorized to do; and all process, mesne or final, which may have issued from any of the courts of the district of Texas, shall be proceeded in and returned to the district court to be holden at the place from whence the same issued, and shall be of as full force and effect as if the said district had not been divided into two districts; and all process which may have issued from the said district court of Texas in any cause pending therein, or any penal or other process which may hereafter issue from any of the said courts to enforce any order, judgment, or decree, in any cause heretofore ended and determined therein, shall be issued from and made returnable to the court in which the said cause or the record thereof may be, and may issue and be executed by the marshal of the district from which issues in any part of the State.

SEC. 4. And be it further enacted, That either of the said district courts may, on application of the parties defendant, and for good cause shown, order any suit now pending, and transferred to such court by this act, to be removed to the proper court of the other district for further proceedings; and thereupon the clerk shall transmit all the papers in the cause, with a transcript of all the proceeding and orders in relation thereto, to the clerk of the court to which the suit shall be removed, and all further proceedings shall be had in the said court, as if the suit had been originally commenced therein.

Same subject.

The present

Judge to be appointed for the

SEC. 5. And be it further enacted, That the present judge of the district of Texas be and he is hereby assigned to hold said courts in the eastern district judge as signed to the district of Texas, and shall exercise the same. jurisdiction and perform eastern district. the same duties within the said district as he now exercises and performs within his present district. There shall be appointed a district judge for the western district of Texas, who shall possess the same powers, and do and perform all such duties in his district as are now enjoyed, or in any manner appertaining to the present district judge for the district of Texas. And the district judge of each district shall be entitled to the same compensation as by law is provided for the present judge of the district of Texas.

western district.

neys and mar

SEC. 6. And be it further enacted, That there be appointed one person District attoras district attorney, and one person as marshal, for said western district, shals for said diswhose terms of appointment and service, as well as duties and emoluments, tricts. shall be the same with those respectively appertaining to the said offices in the district of Texas; and said marshal shall give the same bond that other marshals are required to give, to be approved and recorded as now directed by law: Provided, That the present district attorney of the district of Texas shall be the district attorney for the eastern district, but shall retain charge of all suits already commenced until the final termination, unless the President of the United States shall otherwise direct; and the present marshal of the district of Texas shall be the marshal of the eastern district, during their respective official terms.

SEC. 7. And be it further enacted, That all suits hereafter to be brought in either of said courts, not of a local nature, shall be brought in the court of the district where the defendant resides; but if there be more

Something seems wanting here to complete the sense, but the Rolls are as is

printed above.

Apportionment of jurisdiction between said districts.

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