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COURTOWN, Wexford, Ireland. Lat. 52 39' N ; long. 6° 14' W. Auth. Commissioners, under Act 5 Geo. IV., 1824. Accn. Works undergoing repairs. D. 2ft on bar at LWST. W. prev. SW., most dang. SE. A lifeboat station. Charges. Harbour dues, ad per ton, 1/ per ton charged for cargoes landed from colliers lying outside; fishing boats pay £1 a year when laid up on slip during the winter, and 1 5s if left in harbour basin.

Official.-Harb. Master, G. Mordaunt.

COVE, Berwickshire, Scot. Lat. 55 58' N: long. 2° 18' W. Auth. Owner, B. F. Hall, of Cockburnspath. Accn. Stone piers. D. at HW. 20ft. W. prev. E and NE. LV. 300 tons. COWES, Isle of Wight, Hampshire. On the Solent and river Medina. Lat. 50° 46′ N. ; long. 1° 18′ W. Pop. 7,000. Auth. Corporation of Newport, I. of W.; P. NC. THW.'f. and c. 10h 45m, and 11h 45m.; Sp. rise 12ft; N. rise 9ft. D. on bar at LW. Ioft; ST. 22ft to 23ft; N. 18ft to 19ft. W. prev. SW by W.; most dangerous are N. and NE. Rys. Ryde, Newport, and Cowes. Tr.-I. Timber, grain, coals, &c.; E. Cement, stone, bark, &c. LV. The roadstead of Cowes affords a safe and sheltered anchorage for vessels of any tonnage. Vessels discharge at railway jetty about 300ft. in length. There are several patent heaving up slipways for vessels up to 1,500 tons. Dry Docks, &c.:

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Charges. Harbour dues: Under 50 tons 1/4 vessel, exceeding 50 and under 100 2/6 vessel, over 100 5/ vessel. Ballast: in harbour 1/6, in roads, 2/ ton.

Pilotage. See Portsmouth.

Officials. Town Clerk (Newport), R. Roach Pittis; Harb. Master, W. H. Lawrence; Coll, of H.M. Cust., W. Dear.

CRAIL, Fifeshire. Lat. 56° 16' N ; long. 2° 37′ W. entrance to Frith of Forth. THW. f. and c.

A life boat station.

At N ; 2h 20m.

CRAMOND, a creek of Leith, at the mouth of the Almond, D. HWST. 12ft, HWNT. 5ft.

CREETOWN, a sub-port of Dumfries.

CRINAN, at N. end of Crinan Canal, which extends from Ardrishaig to Crinan, 9 miles (see Ardrishaig). D. on sill of lock 9ft, length of lock 94ft by 24 wide. The distance from Ardrishaig to Crinan round the Mull of Cantire is upwards of 132 miles. Vessels to Glasgow using the canal save about 85 miles of exposed sea passage.

Official. Superintendent, John Groves (see Ardrishaig). CROICH Harbour. North Uist, Hebrides. Lat. 57° 37' N ; long. 7 35' W. A well-sheltered harbour.

CROMARTY, Cromarty, Moray Frith, a small harbour having a depth of 14ft at HWST., and 9ft at HWNT. inside, and anchorage in 22ft ST., and 18ft NT. outside. Arca, 70yds by 40yds; 2 wharves; crane 3 tons.

Harb. Auth.-Trustees.

Charges.-20 ton reg., ballast 13.
Official.-Harb. Master, W. Mackay.

CROMBIE POINT, N. side of Forth 2 miles from Charlestown.
D. HWST. 12ft, HWNT. Sft.

Charges.-Harb. dues, 2d per ton.

Official. Harb. Master, T. Ford.

CROMER, Norfolk. Lat. 52 46' N; long. 1° 19′ E. A fishing town and lifeboat station.

CROOKHAVEN, Co. Cork. Lat. 51° 30' N; long. 9° 40′ W.
D. from 3 to 5 fms at LWST.
Official.-Chief Coast Officer, W. Wright.

CULLEN, Banffshire, Scotland. Moray Frith. Lat. 57° 41' 30" N; long. 2 49' 30" W. Auth. Harbour Board. A small tidal harb. En. dry at LW. Used by vessels of 8 to 10ft draught. W. prev. N and NE. THW. f. and c. 12h 26m.

Charges.-Shipping per ton reg. 4d; light dues, 4d; pilotage, 34d; ballast, 2d. Cartage by agreement. Laying out kedge, 5/. Official.-Harb. Master, K. McDonald.

CULMORE, Lough Foyle, Ireland.
Charges.-Same as Londonderry.
CUMBWICH, a creek under Bridgwater.
24ft, HWNT. 14 to 17ft.

DALBEATTIE, Kirkcudbright, Scotland.

D. HWST. 19 to

Lat. 54° 53′ N; long, 3 48' W. No Auth., but an agreement amongst shippers to tax themselves to support quay and its roads, in conjunction with the Dalbeattie Road Trustees. THW. f. and c. 11h 30m. W. prev. SW. Accn. Harb. dries at low water; 9ft at HWST, with 10ft at the Low Quay, which is about 500yds below the harb. Large quantities of granite shipped by Messrs. D. H. & I. Newall.

Charges. - Harb. dues, merely nominal. Truckage, 5/ per horse. Tide work, 3/6 per tide.

Officials.—Clerk, Alex. Wilson; Harb. Master, Wm. Cope

land.

Hotels. "Donaldson's," "Tibbald's."

DARTMOUTH, Devon. Seaport. Lat. 50° 20' 20" N; long. 3 33' 10" W. Pop. 5,725. Auth. Harbour Commissioners. P. NC. THW. f. and c. 6h 16m; Sp. rise 15ft; N. rise 10ft. Ry. G.W. Tr.-I. Coal, salt, timber, fruit; E. Timber, "coaling vessels, cider, &c. Accn. En. to harb.

220yds wide, opening into a safe and commodious harbour of considerable capacity for vessels of any dft. A pier with a depth of 20ft at LW.

Charges.

Harb. dues 3d reg. ton. for vessels discharging and d reg. ton. for windbound vessels, and 3d per reg. ton on vessels coaling.

Pilotage.-District. From Bob's Nose to the Start and vice versa. Rates. For ships boarded without the Run of the Mewstone East, or the Blackstone West, to Dartmouth (inwards), 1oft dft. and under, 2/6, 10ft to 12ft 3/, 12ft to 14ft 3/6, 14ft to 16ft 4/, 16ft and upwards 5 per foot, (outwards) two-thirds of these rates; steamships putting into Dartmouth harb. for coal only pay for pilotage in and out, the rate above provided for inwards only. If boarded within the above-named line they pay one-half these rates; if boarded within the Castle they pay one-quarter these rates, subject to the circumstances of weather, &c. Ships boarded without the Run of Bob's Nose, or Berry Head, to Brixham or Torquay (inwards), 1oft dft. and under 16, 1oft to 12ft 2/, 12ft to 14ft 2/6, 14ft to 16ft 3, 16ft and upwards 3/6 foot, (outwards) two-thirds of these rates; if boarded within the above-named line one-quarter part less; if boarded half a mile only from the outer piers, vessels of all sizes pay 1/foot dft. The pilotage to Tor Bay is not compulsory, but should the master of any vessel choose to employ a pilot, the charge is two-thirds less than for Brixham and Torquay; vessels bound to Teignmouth with a Teignmouth pilot on board, and piloted from Tor Bay to Bob's Nose by a Dartmouth pilot, pay Id foot. Castle Line of steamers call fortnightly for mails and passengers. There are also two lines of steamers to W. Indies and S. America, and a German line to the Falkland Islands. Vessels of any tonnage coaled from hulks in centre of harb.

Towage.-In or out 2d reg. ton.

Officials.-Ry. Man. J. Davies; Harb. Master, W. C. S. Lewis; Coll. of H.M. Cust., W. L. Massy.

Hotels." Castle," " Royal Yacht," "Queen's," and "King's Arms," " Raleigh," &c.

DEAL, Kent. Lat. 51° 13′ 30′′ N; long. 1° 24' 40" E. A maritime town of 9,050 inhabitants, and an increasingly popular seaside resort for summer visitors, situated between the N. and S. Forelands, opposite to and sheltered by the Goodwin Sands. An open beach with an iron pleasure pier. It is in contemplation to construct a harb. at this place, in front of land belonging to H. S. Chapman, Esq., for shelter to fishing vessels and for local trade. Sheltered from all but NE. and SE. winds. A lifeboat station. THW. f. and c. 11h 35m.

DERBYHAVEN.-See Isle of Man.
DEVONPORT.-See Plymouth.

DINGLE, Co. Kerry, Ireland. Lat. 52° 8' N; long. 10° 16' W. About 20m SW. of Tralee. A tidal pier with 3 to 4ft at LW. Auth. Dingle Harbour Commissioners. Tr. Corn, coal, iron and earthenware. Vessels drawing 13ft can come alongside Pier at HW. ordinary tides. D. in anchorage, 34 fathoms.

Anchorage. D. HWST. 7 fathoms, HWNT. 6 fathoms.
Official. -Harb. Master, W. Collier.

DINGWALL, Ross-shire, Scotland. Frith of Cromarty. Ry.

Highland and Sutherland.

DONAGHADEE, Co. Down, Ireland.

A fishing harb.
Lat. 54° 38' 45' N ;

long. 5° 32′ W. 16 miles NE. of Belfast. Ry. Belfast and Down. THW. f. and c. 11h 13m. Auth. Commissioners of Public Works in Ireland, under Act I Geo. IV., c. 113. Accn. Area about 16 acres at HW, and 6 at LW. D. at entrance LW. 12 to 12ft 9in, and inside from 2 to 11ft, with 11ft additional at HWST. Used by vessels up to 200 tons. Cranes to W. prev. SSW., most dangerous SSE.

3 tons power. Charges.-None.

Officials. Sec., W. B. Soady, Esq., Dublin; Harb. Master, William Cruse.

Hotel." Arthur's."

DONEGAL, Co. Donegal, Ireland. Lat. 54° 40′; long. 8° 7′ W. At the mouth of the Eask. THW. f. and c. 5h 18m. Auth. Quays belong to the Earl of Arran. Accn. Two quays with D. alongside of 7 to 11ft at HWST; Sp. rise 11ft and N. 8ft.

No Charges for quays.

Pilotage.-Doon Rock to Green Island 1/6, Green Island to Quay 1, out to sea 1/3 per foot.

Officials.-Harb. Master, Alex. Kyle; Chief Coast Officer,

R. Bell.

Hotels." Blain's" and "McGinty's." DOUGLAS.-See Isle of Man. DOVER, Kent. A seaport. Lat. 51° 7' N; long. 1° 18' E. Pop. 30,270. Auth. Government Pier, Board of Trade; Harb. Dover Harb. Board, consisting of members appointed by the Admiralty, the Board of Trade. The S.E. and L. C. & D. Rys., and the Town. P. C. THW. f. and c. 11h 12m; Sp. rise 183ft; N. rise 15ft. D. on bar at LT. is, ST. 18ft; N. 14ft. W. prev. SE. to SW.; most dangerous from SW. the L.C. & D. and SE. Tr.-I. Coal, timber, seed, &c. ; E. Chalk, oil, oilcake, &c. LV. H.M.S. Himalaya. Accn. Tidal harb., 14 acres in extent, communicates with the Granville Floating Dock and the Wellington Dock. En. to tidal harb. is between two piers. W. of E. 140ft. Docks, &c. :—

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lift from 4 to 30 tons.

Quayage space about 2,400ft.

Charges. Tonnage dues 3d ton, in ballast 1d ton. using harb. tow-ropes pay 10/ per mast.

Pilotage. See London District.

Vessels

If

Towage.-Out of the harbour to the edge of the flood-tide, for vessels of 100 and under 200 tons 1; rising 5 per 100 tons, the steam is got up for a single vessel, a sum of £1 is charged over these rates. Vessels using the harbour tow-ropes 10/ mast.

SHIPPING WORLD

Officials. Registrar to Dover Harb. Board, J. Stilwell; Harb. Master, J. Durden; Man. L.C. & D. Ry., M. Harris; Coll. of H.M. Cust., R. Henderson; Lloyd's Agents, Hammond & Co. Hotel."The Lord Warden."

DOWNS, THE. A roadstead on the SE. coast, between Ramsgate and Deal, the Goodwin Sands forming a breakwater, and affording a valuable refuge from all but NE. and SE. winds. It is proposed to construct a harb. of refuge at Deal, so as to give perfect security from all winds.

NE. Ry.

DROGHEDA, Louth. On the river Boyne, four miles from the sea. Lat. 53 43' N; long. 6 18' W. Pop. 14,400. Auth. Port and Harbour Commissioners, under Act 5 Vict., c. 56. P. NC. THW. f. and c. 11h 45m; Sp. rise 11ft; N. rise 9ft. D. on bar 6ft LWST. W. prev. SE. to W. They increase the height of the tides, but they do not form heavy seas; the most dangerous are from SE. to G.N. (I.) Tr.-I. Timber, grain, coals, slate, salt, iron, and general goods; E. Cattle, horses, pigs, and agricultural goods. LV. Vessels of 17ft dft. have entered the river and arrived in their berths in the harb. on the same tide. Accn. The area of the harb. is 15 statute acres, with a quayage of 1,000yds in length on N. side, and 1,100ft on S. side (80oft lin. of which is not available to the public). Depth of water at quay Sp. 21ft; N. 14ft; medium 16ft. Good warehouse

accn.

Charges. Harb. dues, including deck cargo, 6d per reg. ton. Plankage 1/ each for discharge, 1/ each for ballasting or loading.

Pilotage.-District. From between Clogher Head and the Skerries to quays of Drogheda, and from quays to bay. Rates:

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