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CREETOWN, a sub-port of Dumfries.
CRINAN, at N. end of Crinan Canal, which extends from Ardrishaig to Crinan, 9 miles (see Ardrishaig). D. on sill of lock 9ft, length of lock 94ft by 24 wide. The distance from Ardrishaig to Crinan round the Mull of Cantire is upwards of 132 miles. Vessels to Glasgow using the canal save about 85 miles of exposed sea passage.
Official. Superintendent, John Groves (see Ardrishaig). CROICH Harbour. North Uist, Hebrides. Lat. 57° 37' N ; long. 7 35' W. A well-sheltered harbour.
CROMARTY, Cromarty, Moray Frith, a small harbour having a depth of 14ft at HWST., and 9ft at HWNT. inside, and anchorage in 22ft ST., and 18ft NT. outside. Arca, 70yds by 40yds; 2 wharves; crane 3 tons.
Charges.-2d ton reg., ballast 1/3.
Official.-Harb. Master, W. Mackay.
CROMBIE POINT, N. side of Forth 2 miles from Charlestown. D. HWST. 12ft, HWNT. 8ft.
Charges.-Harb. dues, 2d per ton.
Official. Harb. Master, T. Ford.
CROMER, Norfolk. Lat. 52 46′ N; long. 1° 19′ E.
CULLEN, Banffshire, Scotland. Moray Frith. Lat. 57° 41' 30" N; long. 2 49′ 30′′ W. Auth. Harbour Board. A small tidal harb. En. dry at LW. Used by vessels of 8 to 1oft draught. W. prev. N and NE. THW. f. and c. 12h 26m.
Charges.-Shipping per ton reg. 4d; light dues, d; pilotage, 34d; ballast, 2d. Cartage by agreement. Laying out kedge, 5/. Official.-Harb. Master, K. McDonald.
CULMORE, Lough Foyle, Ireland.
DALBEATTIE, Kirkcudbright, Scotland.
D. HWST. 19 to
Lat. 54° 53' N ; long. 3° 48′ W. No Auth., but an agreement amongst shippers to tax themselves to support quay and its roads, in conjunction with the Dalbeattie Road Trustees. THW. f. and c. 11h 30m. W. prev. SW. Accn. Harb. dries at low water; 9ft at HWST, with 10ft at the Low Quay, which is about 500yds below the harb. Large quantities of granite shipped by Messrs. D. H. & I. Newall.
Charges. - Harb. dues, merely nominal. Truckage, 5/ per horse. Tide work, 3/6 per tide.
Officials. Clerk, Alex. Wilson; Harb. Master, Wm. Cope
Hotels. "Donaldson's," "Tibbald's."
DARTMOUTH, Devon. Seaport. Lat. 50° 20' 20" N; long. 3° 33' 10" W. Pop. 5,725. Auth. Harbour Commissioners. P. NC. THW. f. and c. 6h 16m; Sp. rise 15ft; N. rise 10 ft. Ry. G.W. Tr.-I. Coal, salt, timber, fruit; E. Timber, coaling vessels, cider, &c. Accn. En. to harb.
220yds wide, opening into a safe and commodious harbour of considerable capacity for vessels of any dft. A pier with a depth of 20ft at LW.
Harb. dues 3d reg. ton. for vessels discharging and d reg. ton. for windbound vessels, and 3d per reg. ton on vessels coaling.
Pilotage.-District. From Bob's Nose to the Start and vice versa. Rates. For ships boarded without the Run of the Mewstone East, or the Blackstone West, to Dartmouth (inwards), 10ft dft. and under, 2/6, 10ft to 12ft 3/, 12ft to 14ft 3/6, 14ft to 16ft 4/, 16ft and upwards 5 per foot, (outwards) two-thirds of these rates; steamships putting into Dartmouth harb. for coal only pay for pilotage in and out, the rate above provided for inwards only. If boarded within the above-named line they pay one-half these rates; if boarded within the Castle they pay one-quarter these rates, subject to the circumstances of weather, &c. Ships boarded without the Run of Bob's Nose, or Berry Head, to Brixham or Torquay (inwards), 1oft dft. and under 16, 10ft to 12ft 2/, 12ft to 14ft 2/6, 14ft to 16ft 3/, 16ft and upwards 3/6 foot, (outwards) two-thirds of these rates; if boarded within the above-named line one-quarter part less; if boarded half a mile only from the outer piers, vessels of all sizes pay 1/ foot dft. The pilotage to Tor Bay is not compulsory, but should the master of any vessel choose to employ a pilot, the charge is two-thirds less than for Brixham and Torquay; vessels bound to Teignmouth with a Teignmouth pilot on board, and piloted from Tor Bay to Bob's Nose by a Dartmouth pilot, pay Id foot. Castle Line of steamers call fortnightly for mails and passengers. There are also two lines of steamers to W. Indies and S. America, and a German line to the Falkland Islands. Vessels of any tonnage coaled from hulks in centre of harb.
Towage.-In or out 2d reg. ton.
Officials.-Ry. Man. J. Davies; Harb. Master, W. C. S. Lewis; Coll. of H.M. Cust., W. L. Massy.
Hotels."Castle," "Royal Yacht," "Queen's," and "King's Arms," "Raleigh," &c.
DEAL, Kent. Lat. 51° 13' 30" N; long. 1° 24′ 40′′ E. A maritime town of 9,050 inhabitants, and an increasingly popular seaside resort for summer visitors, situated between the N. and S. Forelands, opposite to and sheltered by the Goodwin Sands. An open Leach with an iron pleasure pier. It is in contemplation to construct a harb. at this place, in front of land belong. ing to H. S. Chapman, Esq., for shelter to fishing vessels and for local trade. Sheltered from all but NE. and SE. winds. A lifeboat station. THW. f. and c. 11h 35m.
DERBYHAVEN.-See Isle of Man.
DINGLE, Co. Kerry, Ireland. Lat. 52° 8' N; long. 10° 16' W. About 20m SW. of Tralee. A tidal pier with 3 to 4ft at LW. Auth. Dingle Harbour Commissioners. Tr. Corn, coal, iron and earthenware. Vessels drawing 13ft can come alongside Pier at HW. ordinary tides. D. in anchorage, 3 fathoms.
Anchorage. D. HWST. 7 fathoms, HWNT. 6 fathoms.
DINGWALL, Ross-shire, Scotland. Frith of Cromarty. Ry. Highland and Sutherland.
A fishing harb. Lat. 54° 38' 45' N ; long. 5° 32′ W. 16 miles NE. of Belfast. Ry. Belfast and Down. THW. f. and c. 11h 13m. Auth. Commissioners of Public Works in Ireland, under Act 1 Geo. IV., c. 113. Accn. Area about 16 acres at HW, and 6 at LW. D. at entrance LW. 12 to 12ft 9in, and inside from 2 to 11ft, with 11}ft additional at HWST. Used by vessels up to 200 tons. Cranes to
DONAGHADEE, Co. Down, Ireland.
3 tons power.
W. prev. SSW., most dangerous SSE.
Officials. Sec., W. B. Soady, Esq., Dublin; Harb. Master, William Cruse.
DONEGAL, Co. Donegal, Ireland. Lat. 54° 40'; long. 8° 7' W. At the mouth of the Eask. THW. f. and c. 5h 18m. Auth. Quays belong to the Earl of Arran. Accn. Two quays with D. alongside of 7 to 11ft at HWST; Sp. rise 11ft and N. 8ft.
No Charges for quays.
Pilotage.-Doon Rock to Green Island 1/6, Green Island to Quay 1, out to sea 1/3 per foot.
Officials.-Harb. Master, Alex. Kyle; Chief Coast Officer,
Hotels." Blain's" and "McGinty's."
DOUGLAS.-See Isle of Man. DOVER, Kent. A seaport. Lat. 51° 7' N; long. 1° 18' E. Pop. 30,270. Auth. Government Pier, Board of Trade; Harb. Dover Harb. Board, consisting of members appointed by the Admiralty, the Board of Trade. The S.E. and L. C. & D. Rys., and the Town. P. C. THW. f. and c. 11h 12m; Sp. rise 183ft; N. rise 15ft. D. on bar at LT. is, ST. 18ft; N. 14ft. W. prev. SE. to SW.; most dangerous from SW. the L. C. & D. and SE. Tr.-I. Coal, timber, seed, &c. ; E. Chalk, oil, oilcake, &c. LV. H.M.S. Himalaya. Accn. Tidal harb., 14 acres in extent, communicates with the Granville Floating Dock and the Wellington Dock. En. to tidal harb. is between two piers. W. of E. 14oft. Docks, &c. :
Quayage space about 2,400ft.
lift from 4 to 30 tons.
Extensive pier accn. Cranes to
Charges. Tonnage dues 3d ton, in ballast 1d ton. Vessels using harb. tow-ropes pay 10 per mast.
Pilotage. See London District.
Towage.-Out of the harbour to the edge of the flood-tide, for vessels of 100 and under 200 tons £1; rising 5 per 100 tons. the steam is got up for a single vessel, a sum of £1 is charged over these rates. Vessels using the harbour tow-ropes 10/ mast.
Officials. Registrar to Dover Harb. Board, J. Stilwell; Harb. Master, J. Durden; Man. L.C. & D. Ry., M. Harris; Coll. of H.M. Cust., R. Henderson; Lloyd's Agents, Hammond & Co. Hotel."The Lord Warden."
DOWNS, THE. A roadstead on the SE. coast, between Ramsgate and Deal, the Goodwin Sands forming a breakwater, and affording a valuable refuge from all but NE. and SE. winds. It is proposed to construct a harb. of refuge at Deal, so as to give perfect security from all winds.
DROGHEDA, Louth. On the river Boyne, four miles from the sea. Lat. 53 43' N; long. 6 18' W. Pop. 14,400. Auth. Port and Harbour Commissioners, under Act 5 Vict., c. 56. P. NC. THW. f. and c. 11h 45m; Sp. rise 11ft; N. rise 9ft. D. on bar 6ft LWST. W. prev. SE. to W. They increase the height of the tides, but they do not form heavy seas; the most dangerous are from SE. to G.N. (I.) Tr.-I. Timber, grain, coals, slate, salt, iron, and general goods; E. Cattle, horses, pigs, and agricultural goods. LV. Vessels of 17ft dft. have entered the river and arrived in their berths in the harb. on the same tide. Accn. The area of the harb. is 15 statute acres, with a quayage of 1,000yds in length on N. side, and 1,100ft on S. side (80oft lin. of which is not available to the public). Depth of water at quay Sp. 21ft; N. 14ft; medium 16ft. Good warehouse
Charges. Harb. dues, including deck cargo, 6d per reg. ton. Plankage 1/ each for discharge, 1/ each for ballasting or loading.
Pilotage.-District. From between Clogher Head and the Skerries to quays of Drogheda, and from quays to bay. Rates:
Towage.-Vessels from foreign parts including deck cargo ton 6d; vessels to foreign parts in ballast 5d. Coasting vessels with cargoes or limestone 4d; coasting vessels in clay ballast or light 3d reg. ton. NOTE.-Should vessels from foreign parts, or coasters, sail in without the aid of the Commissioners' tugboat, the former shall be charged 6d ton, and the latter 4d ton outward towage. Minimum charge for towage £1.
Officials. Sec. to Commrs., J. McNamara; Harb. Master, Captain Leach; Coll. of H. M. Cust., G. Keith.
DRUMORE, Wigtownshire, Scotland. Near Mull of Galloway. Auth. Owner, the Earl of Stair. Accn. Dry at half tide. D. at HWNT. 8ft, and at HWST. 12ft. W. prev. SE. to SW. THW. 11h 15m. Used principally by local boats and windbound vessels entering at HW.
Charges. Loading 2d per ton, windbound Id per ton.
Officials.-Agent, T. C. Greig, of Stanraer; Harb. Master, W. McMillan.
Hotels." Queen's Arms" and "Commercial."
DUBLIN, Dublin. On the river Liffey, 7m from the Irish Sea. Lat. 53° 21' N; long. 6' 16' W. Pop. 414,597. Auth. Port and Docks Board, under Act 30 Vict., c. 81. P. NC. THW. f. and c. at Dublin bar (Poolbeg lighthouse) 11h 12m; Sp. rise 12 to 14ft; N. rise 9 to 11ft. D. on bar at LWST. about 15ft, and at the following docks as under :
W. prev. W. are SW. to NW., and most dangerous are from ENE. to SE. Rys. G.N. (I.); G.S. & W.; L. & N.W.; M.; G. W. ; D.W. & W. Tr. (chiefly cross Channel)-I. Sugar, grain, ice, timber, merchandise, manure, &c.; E. Grain, manure, whisky, beer and porter, linen, merchandise, &c. Largest sailing vessel at HW. was Donald McKay, 2,500 reg. ton. 24ft dft. This vessel discharged her cargo of 3,000 tons guano at the new works direct on the quay. The largest vessels that come up at LW are steamers of 400 to 480 tons of 13ft dft. The Great Eastern lay alongside Northern Quays for a winter. The En. to the harb. between the North Bull and Poolbeg lighthouses is 1,cooft wide, and is formed by the channel of the Liffey, which is quayed on both sides through the city. The area available for shipping extends from the entrance of Alexandra Basin to Butt Bridge, and, inclusive of the Alexandra Basin, the Custom House, and the Royal and Grand Canal Docks, it is 205 acres in extent. The Alexandra Basin contains 50 acres of water, having a depth of 24ft at LW. over three-fourths of its area, and 2,355 lin. ft of quay wall, on the S. and W. sides, with 24ft in line of keel at LW. The Grand Canal Docks, on the S. side of the harb., have an acreage of 25 acres, and about 2,000 yards of quayage. George's Dock (inner) is 65oft long by 300ft wide, and (outer) 320ft by 250ft wide; W. of E. 36ft. The Spencer Dock (belonging to the Midland Ry. Co. of Ireland has about one mile of quayage, is 26ft wide at entrance, and