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CHAPTER VII.

Treasury Report for 1832.—Appropriations for Pensions.—for support of Government.for Naval Service.for Fortifications.—for Military Service.for Indian Department.for District of Columbia.—for Internal Improvement.LightHouse Bill lost.

The annual report of the secretary of the treasury on the state of the finances, was transmitted to congress on the 5th day of December, 1832.

The balance in the traasury on the 1st of January, 1832, was stated at $4,502,914 45. The actual receipts, during the first three quarters of 1832, were estimated as follows:—

Customs, 21,730,717 99

Lands, 1,620,130 18

Bank dividends, . . .490,000 00

Incidental receipts, . . . 87,811 34

23,918,659 51 Estimated receipts during the fourth quarter, including Danish indemnity, 7,834,000 00

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and internal improvement 5,655,280 52

Naval service, .... 3,213,517 98

Public debt, 11,335,857 89

The expenditures for the fourth quater, including 86,744,199 57, an account of the public debt, were estimated at, . . 10,742,774 22

Making the total expenditure of the year, . . . 34,611,466 03

Leaving in the treasury, on the 1st of January, 1833, including the Danish indemnity, $1,644,107 93. Of this, however, $1,400,000 were unavailable funds, consisting of the notes of broken banks.

The receipts for 1833 were estimated at 24,000,000.

Customs, $21,000,000 00

Public lands, .... 2,500,000 00 Bank dividends, and incidental and miscellaneous receipts 500,000 00

The expenditures for the year 1833, for all objects, other than the reimbursement of the public debt, are estimated at, 17,638,. 577 35, viz j—

Civil, foreign intercourse, and miscellaneous, . . . 3,045,361 70 Military service, including fortifications, ordnance, Indian affairs, pensions, arming the militia, and internal improvements, . . 6,878,790 09 Revolutionary pensions under the act of 7th of June, 1832, including arrearages from the 4th of March, 1831, in cases in which payment has not been

. made, 4,000,000

Naval service, . . ; . . 3,377,429 38 Interest on the public debt, . 336,996 18

During the year 1833, however, the moneys received from Denmark, for the payment of the indemnities due to American citizens, under the convention, will be payable, estimated at 694,000 00. Which, added to the expenditures, make the aggregate charge upon the treasury for the year, exclusive of the reimbursement of the public debt, 18,322,577 35. The public debt, on the 2d of January, 1832, amounted to 824,322,235 18. The amount disbursed on that account, during 1832, was, for payment of principal, 17,302,410 82. Interest 777,646 64. Leaving only 7,001,698 83 of public debt, existing on the 1st January, 1833,

As the bank shares belonging to the United States, with the premium, amounted to more than that sum, the secretary regarded the stock as substantially extinguished, ar d congress was congratulated upon that event. The secretary then went on to recommend a reduction of the duties to the revenue standard.

The estimates for the public service, having been referred to the committees, the bills providing for the wants of the several departments, were reported by the committee of ways and means, and that providing for the pension list, was taken up in the house on the 3d of January, and, having received the sanction of both houses, became a law.

By this act $624,685, were appropriated to the revolutionary pensioners, in addition to an unexpended balance of $360,540: 898,732, to the invalid pensioners, in addition to an unexpended balance of $201,942, and $5500 to widows and orphans.

A bill making appropriations in part for the support of the government for 1833, and for certain expenditures in 1832, was brought forward in the house on the 17th of December. By this bill, it was proposed to allow for the pay of congress, and its officers, 8342,268, and for stationery, and contingent expenses, $25,600, for the senate, and $100,000, for the house.

An amendment was proposed in the house by Mr. Foster, so as to prevent the expenditure of any part of the contingent fund for any printing, except such as was connected with the ordinary proceedings of congress, and executed under contract of the the public printer.

This amendment was carried, ayes 101, nays 70, and the bill was sanctioned by the senate, and became a law.

The general appropriation bill for 1833, was not taken up in the committee of the whole house, until the 1st of March.

At this late period of the session, it was not possible to go into an examination of the public expenditures.

The committee on public lands had been directed to investigate the affairs of the land office, and Mr. Wickliffe, when this bill was taken up, stated that the committee had not been able, for want of time, to complete the investigation of the concerns of the land office, but from the progress which had been made, he was fully convinced that the commissioner had made an improper application of the funds placed in his hands.

Mr. Verplanck proposed an item to cover certain arrearages which had improperly accrued in that office. He said he did it with great reluctance, and merely because the government must of course pay debts contracted by its authority. But the expenditure had the decided disapprobation of the committee of ways and means.

This amendment was adopted, but one proposed by Mr. Verplanck allowing $34,000, for extra clerk hire in the post office department, was promptly negatived, as was an amendment proposed by Mr. Washington, granting $250,000, to enable the city of Washington to pay up its subscription to the stock of the Washington and Ohio canal.

An amendment was also

made, providing for the appointment of a commissioner of pensions, with a salary of $2500, and the privilege of franking.

The bill was then reported to the house, and the next day was taken up in the house, and the amendments were agreed to.

The amendment providing for the appointment of a commissioner of pensions with privilege of franking, was amended, on motion of Mr. E. Everett, extending the franking privilege of members of Congress.

Mr. Verplanck moved an additional appropriation of $34,000, for clerks in the post office department.

Mr. E. Whittlesey opposed this amendment.

Mr. Conner supported it— and read a letter from Mr. M'Lean, late postmaster General, on the subject.

Mr. Wickliffe opposed the amendment at length, which was further supported by Messrs. Connor and R. M. Johnson, and adopted.

Mr. Bell moved to amend the bill, by inserting a clause granting Stephen Pleasanton $5,000 for certain extra services performed by him.

Mr. Hubbard moved the previous question on the bill as previously amended—which was sustained, and the bill was passed and sent to the senate for concurrence.

In that body, the bill was amended by making appropriations for custom-houses at Baltimore and Newburyport; ordering the instalments to be received from France, under the treaty to be invested either in stock of the United States, or of the bank of the United States, or to be loaned to the United States bank upon interest; and allowing to the revenue officers the same income as before the tariff of 1832.

These amendments were concurred in by the house, and the bill became a law. By this act, the following appropriations were made.

For the expenses of the executive department, including vice-president's salary, and of the territorial governments $793,500 72

survey of the public

lands, 180,500

diplomatic intercourse, 256,282 35 Expenses of the judiciary, 335,400 of light houses,

beacons, &c. . . 231,850
survey of the

coast, .... 20,000
to execute the
Chickasaw trea-
ty, 50,000

Miscellaneous expenses, . 561,192 74

The bill making the appropriations for the naval service, was taken up on the 9th of February, in committee. After various unimportant amendments were made without opposition, Mr. Wickliffe moved an amendment, prohibiting the increase of midshipmen without the authority of law. He said that of late, the power of appointment by the secretary, had been abused.

Four hundred and fifty midshipmen were now on the navy list, and within the two last years a great number of appointments had been made.

Mr. Anderson was not pre

pared to support the amendment, until after a formal inquiry.

Mr. Dearborn hoped the amendment would not prevail. He would not presume that the secretary of the navy had abused the power intrusted to him, without full inquiry.

Mr. Hoffman said, that he was satisfied that the number of naval officers was too great, but he thought the house could not exercise a power in limiting the number in any other mode, than by limiting the pay, and emoluments of the officers.

Mr. Adams thought the subject ought not to be introduced in examining this bill, which was to provide for the service of the current year.

He was unwilling to do any thing which might look like a censure of the secretary of the navy, without giving him an opportunity of being heard; and he hoped that the amendment would not prevail.

The amendment, after some further discussion, was lost, ayes 59, nays 62. It was again pressed in the house, and was again rejected, ayes 88, nays 102. The bill was then passed, and having received a verbal amendment in the senate, became a law.

By that act, there were appropriated,

For pay, subsistence and

provisions, - - - $1,905,000
repairs of vessels, - - 506,750
medicines and hospitals, 35,000
repairs and improvements
of navy yards, - - - 328,863
superintendents and civil
establishment at do., - 57,330
ordnance, ----- 10,009

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For enumerated contingencies. 295,000
non-enumerated do, - - 5,000
expenses of the marine
corps, ------ 187,573

claims and miscellaneous
expenses, ----- 26,718 suppression of the slave trade, 5,000

An act was also passed for the gradual improvement of the navy, and appropriating $500,000 annually for six years, from March, 1833, for that purpose. Provision was made therein, for the preservation of the live oak on the public lands, and all collectors were required to ascertain, before clearing vessels with live oak on board, whether it had been cut from the public lands.

The act for carrying on the fortifications of the United States was taken upon January 2nd, and passed into a law, without opposition.

By this act, there were appropriated

For completing forts already

commenced, $575,900

For repairing forts, 67,100

And for contingencies 10,000

An act was also passed, appropriating

For a fort on Throgg'sncck, . . $05,000 Rebuilding fort Delaware, . . 50,000 A fort on Foster's bank, Pensa

cola, 25,000

Do. on Grande Terre Barabaria, 25,000

Additional appropriations were made for this branch of the public service in the act making appropriations for the engineer and ordinance departments. By this act were appropriated

For a fort on Georges Island,
Boston $25,000

Buildings at West Point, . . . 16,000 For building and improving armories and arsenals 95,995 For barrics at Savannah, . . . 35,000 For repairs of old fort at St. Augustine, 20,000

The military appropriation bill was taken up on the 16th of February, and passed without any discussion worthy of note.

By this act the following appropriations were made for 1833

For pay, forage, and subsistence, $1,778,028

clothing 280,000

medical and hospital de-
partment, 31,000

quarter master's do, . . 210,000

transportation, .... 165,000

West Point academy, . 20,765

contingencies of army, . 10,000

arrearages, 8,500

armories 36* 1,1 NX)

amiamentof fortifications, 100,000

ordinance service, . . . 69,300

arsenals, 96,500

recruiting services, . . 46,996
pay of western militia,
called into service in '29

and'32 633,200

purchase of arms and ca-
non 34,098

purchase of arms to be

given to S. Carolina, . 6,732

barracks, 43,300

repairing forts, and pur-
chasing lund 22,560

An act was also passed, for the defence of the frontier, creating a regiment of dragoons.

The bill making appropriations for the indian department, was also taken up in the committee of the house, on the lffth of February, and passed in the same manner.

This act appropriated,

For the expenses of the Indian agencies, ....;.. $6(1,000 presents to the Indians, . . 15,000 expenses of Indian intercourse, 21,300

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