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1813.) Mr. Adamson's Specimens of Portuguese Poetry. 17 In the Royal Archives, a grant is enu- on the 9th September, 1589, as appears merated, hearing date 15th July, 1556, by a memorandum in the Chancery of from Joao III. to him, of part of the Phiiip II. attached to a grant made by duties imposed upon the wines at Opor- that king to him ; whereby he is allowed to, which had been before conceded to to alienate his pension of 200 mill-reas, his mother, as a recompence for the ser. in moities, to his daughter Dona Maririces of her brother Gaspar de Andrade, anna and his wife Dona Pascoalla de who was slain by the Moors.
Guzmao. It appears, from the singular marks of The works of Pedro de Andrade rêesteem conferred upon him, that Pedro mained in MS. until the year 1991, when de Andrade was the favourite of bis they were arranged for publication and princely master. Sometime previous to printed at the press of the Royal Aca. the death of this nobleman, he gave him demy, in Lisbon, in an octavo volume. the Alcaidaria of Celorico de Basto, and They consist of almost every description a pension of 200 mill-reas, huth of which of the minor species of poetry; but epis grants were confirined to him by King grams, of which he wrote iwo on the Dom Sebastiao. In the will of the prince, death of his parents, and several on bis the name of Pedro de Andrade is fre brothers, sisters, and relatives, appear quently mentioned in terms highly in his to have been his favourite compositions. favour. Besides recommending him to His poetry is severely cri.icised by the Infante Cardinal Dom Henrique, Francisco Dias ;" yet that author urges, amongst the Fidalyos, of whose services in extenuation, his ignorance of the be approved, he desires that no account learned languages, which conduced, at should be demanded from him of the that time, so much to the improvement gold, silver, and jewels, which might be of Portuguese literature, and bestows entrusted to his care, and bequeaths him upon hiin praise for some of his periorbis favourite horse Liina.* In a codicil, mances. lle studied the poetry of Sa he leaves him seven hundred mill-reas, á de Miranda and Antonio Ferreira, and, pension of which the king bad given himn where he followed these authors, he has ihe power of alienation, and concludes succeeded best. with the following approving and recom- Although, perhaps, no solid advantage mendatory sentence. " Pero de An- may be derived from the publication of drade hath served me, as is known to the works of Caminha, by the Royal all, for a length of time, and without Academy; yet considerable merit is due erer displeasing me in any thing; where to the poet for contributing towards the fore I beg the Senhor Cardinal, that in advancement of his native language, ac all things, wherein he can conduce to a period when every effort was required his advancement in the favour of my for its amelioration. lord the king, he will. For the doing The specimen which follows is a sorra this I confide in his highness. Of this net, written by Caminha, in praise of notice, Pero de Andrade is deserving, the Segundo Cerco de Diu (second siege and it will be a great consolation to my of Diu) of Jeronimo Cortereal, a consvul.”+
temporary poet, of no very brilliant abio Our poet survived his affectionate lities, though much esteemed in his day; master nearly thirteen years, and died and who, besides this poem, wrote the
Naufragio de Sepulveda, and the Austri• It is not improbable that Pedro de An. ada, upon which Caminha composed a drade was indebted to his friend Antonio Fer- sonnet, commencing seira, for some part of the favour shewn him by the prince. Ferreira, in a letter to his Heironymo aqui escreve, e d'aqui canta, &e. Highness, and also in an eclogue, speaks of Cortereal wrote in the verso sciolto, a Caminha in high terms of praise and recom- measure at that time much used by the mendation. See Obras de Ferreira, Canta. poets of Italy, Spain, and Portugal. xii. liv. i. eclog. x.
† “ Pero de Andrade me tem serrido, como todos sabem com umita continuaçao, e
Espritos valerosos, e esforçados, dar desgosto em nada; peço
Que tanto as mundo tem de si mostiado; mito per mercê ao Senhor Cardial, que em Deviaõ dignamente ser cantados.
De hum valeroso esprito e esforçado, tudo o que o puder favorecer em suas cousas com el Rey meu Senhor, o faça como en de 8. Altez a confio, e me Pero de Andrade we- * Memorias da Lit. Port, publicadas pela tere, porque será grande consolaçaõ para academia Real das Sciencias de Lisboa. Tom, noistra alma."
iv. p 104. MUNTHLY Mac. No. 237,
E a feitos com razaõ tam celebrados,
carefully instilled into her mind, the Se devis alto verso e celebrado ;
principles of virtue and religion. E que tudo a alto som fosse cantado
Lady Colambre did not think it ne. Em branda voz, e com cantos desusados.
cessary to make a public profession of A tudo isto respondes ignalmente,
her laith; she trusted that, in this Rarissimo Heironymo! e em cores
'Christian land,' none would have so Vivas, mostras aos olhos quanto cantas : little Christian charity, as to suspect Desse louvor ai heo, mil louvores
her of being an in Gdel." lustamente te vem, nain só da gente, Mas dos que entendem mais, que mais es
Clonbrony Castle, Aug. 26, 1812. pantas.
For the Monthly Magazine. With equal force should swell the poet's lyre,
LETTERS FROM ATHENS; by M. FAUVEL, As grac'd the spirits of those sons of Fame,
VICE-CONSU'L of FRANCE ut that CITY, Whose val’rous deeds secure the world's
and CORRESPONDENT of the IMPERIAL acclaim ;
INSTITUTE When chosc brave actions forma the poet's
Athens, April 4, 1811. theme:
IR,--I have had considerable diggings
And inheries calence of his verse should Samade in the bestande satule foreigners
ers have caused sull greater excavations The hero's ardour and the warrior's fire.
so be undertaken; we have been fortu. For them to deeds of bold emprise belong nate enough to make soine interesting Harmonious sounds, unknown in vulgar discoveries. Our search took place ne
the great road which leads from the HipFull well thy lay, Jeronimo! displays pades gate to Acharnes, to the left, on
In lively tint, revealing to the eye, going towards those suburbs, at about 1' achievements great that bear thy muse's 1so fathoins from the gate just m^ntioned, praise.
and nearly 140 froin the present gate. To chee from all the meed of loud applause
We there found some ancient burying Is due ; but most irom those who can descry grounds, about fifteen feet below the .The beauties of thy verse, and know its laws.
It may not, perhaps, be irrelevant to To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. inform you that the spot in which are the SIR,
remains of the Hippades gate, is still R. EDGEWORTI will thank the called by the Greeks and Turks the Race
Editor of the Monthly Magazine, gale, because it is here that the diverto insert the annexed letter from Lady sion of foot-races is still performed. One Colambre «o the Quarterly Reviewer, circunstance worthy of notice is, that in the Monthly Magazine for
the competitors run naked, with only a month. *
simple piece of linen round the middle. “ Lady Coiambre presents ber com.
There are three prizes, or, inore properly pliments to the Quartery Reviewer. speaking, two, as the third is nothing She begs that he may be more careful iu but an enormous radish, or carrot, which future, in speaking of her character.
causes the gais er to be rewarded by the " The Riviewer" says, p 341, of the bootings of the populace. These roots Quarterly Review for last June, Grace
are here two feet long, and about three Nugent surely deserved to be a Ciristian. inches in diameter. Lady Colarbre refers the Reviewer
You know that the moderns have their to p. 148, of the second volume of the wrestlers, the same as the ancients hari, Absentee, where she says that her mother, These persons are naked, except a cloth whom she so loved and respected, bad round the loing, which is steeped in oil,
with which the body is likewise rubbed.
They also roll themselves in the sand, * We insert this communication out of that they may take a firm hold of each respect to Mr. Edgeworth ; but we think he other at the time of the contest. The condescends 100 much, in noticing the wanlon misrepresentations of an anonyinous writer prize is gained by him who throws his adin a trading Review. It begins now to be
yersary. pretty generally felt, that perversion is deem
I found, as I have told you, the ancient ed as necessary to the success of an Hüreling soil at fifteen feet below the surface; the critic, as exiggeration is to the eclat and ex.
coinbs were close together. We saw setensive patronage of a Newspaper.-EDI. veral cippi of different forms, which were
turned, as well as sarcophagi of mar.
1813.) M. Fauvel's Letters from Athens.
19 ble, and others of common stone; there merly those of the divine Achilles, are were some tombs formed of fine tiles, still of the same shape as were those of three feet long, which had belonged to the ancients; so that, if the son of Thetis grand buildings. On some of these were could return to earth, he would think he painted handsome ornaments, as was also was again be holding his fleet at the Sio' ihe case with those marble tombs, the geum. stones of which must have belonged to But a circumstance more curious than grand temples; a fact which it is difficult old Charon is an obolus which I found io make our architects comprehend, as fixed in the mouth of a skeleton, bethey will not believe that ihe ancients (ween the last tooth on the right side and painted their statues and bas-reliefs. In the jaw; I retained it in this situation, these sarcophagi I generally found the Here is an incontestable proof that it was skeleton lying on a thick bed of olive- customary to put the coin in the mouth leaves, in a burnt state: I also found in of the deceased; a practice stiil kept up them several thin pieces of beaten gold, in some villages of Baotia, as I was ino' in the shape of serpents' tongues; and formed by one of the inhabitants of those hkewise blades of copper, on which was parts. I also found in one of these jnscribed the name of the deceaselt. On tombs a thin sheet of lead, about five the ends, or the small columns affixed to inches long by three broad; it was folded these tombs, were brief inscriptions, the in four folds the long way, and then dou. letters of which were alternately black bled in half: it contained an inscription and red. There were also bas reliefs, of ten lines, which proved to be an ima which were painted. On one of these precation against one Cleophrades and columns I read,
his whole family. (This inscription has been translated by M. VISCONTI, and will be printed in some of the early Reports
of the Proceedings of the Institute.) On another was,
The following is a description of a ΟΡΟΣΣΗ
handsome vase which I have found:-A winged Genius, in a car drawn by four
white horses with wings, has arrived at On a third,
an altar, on which is a tripod: he is using all his strength to restrain his coursers. Another Genius is flying before him, as if
to check the horses and seize the tripud, On a fourth,
the prize of the race. Another, richly
dressed, follows the car, and appears to On some riles were,
he watering, from a vase, a laurel, wbich
has grown up in the path of the car. On 1ΕΡΑΝΜΙΤΡΙΘΕΩΝ AIONTZIOEKAIAMMONIOS.
the car is written XPYEO2; on the victo
rious Genius NIKH, and on the third one On another, in bustrophedon, was, ΓΙΛΟΤΟΣ. . TOIEAIM.
I also found some superb urns about Many of these tombs contain only the two feet high. On one is a figure of Ceres, ashes of burnt bones, or handsome urns, sitting, the little Plutus at her feet, near in which are likewise ashes. Amongst a great fruit basket; by the side of the these I have frequently found the obolus, goddess is a Ceryx, with bis caduceus, which has not been paid to Charon. two Dadouchi, and a Bacchante. On
Respecting this pilot of the shades, I the other side of the vase is a beautiful have a representation of him on a vase. woman, dancing between two Fauns. He is painted in the act of pushing his On another part Mercury appears, bringbark ashore with a pole, which indicates ing the little Bacchus to Silenus. An' that the infernal rivers were not very Ethiopian king is seen at table, served by deep. He has no oars in his boat, which winged genj, and by a kind of clownish is exactly similar to the Piades employed master of ihe ceremonies, On another at Constantinople for the conveyance of part are Isis and Serapis ; Isis is lying in passengers at ibat
proves The lap of Serapis, and playing on the that the people of Asia have not changed lyre: a youth is bringing fruits, dates, and their customs: hence I am convinced that a species of ananas: the place appears to the large boats of the Hellespont, which be lighted by a candelabra; on one are toned along here, and which I have table are vases, crowns, and vine-leaves, seen on the very parts wbere were for. I am translating an inscription which I
saw on a cippus, amongst the tombs, similar to those of the pretended tomb of about fifteen feet below the surface. It Achilles, in the Troad; and from this cir. ailudes to a man of Megara, who sared cumstance I am inclined to think that & corps of Athenians in one of the wars. the temple in question is not that of the (It is in Greek verse, and will be printed Panhellenian Jupiter, but that it was dein the Reports of the third Class of the dicated to Isis. In the middle of each Institute.) I have likewise met with pediment was a statue of Pallas, armed many other curious inscriptions.
with a lance and shield, and her breast covered with the agis. She was stand
ing in the midst of combatants, who surAthens, August 26, 1811. rounded her on every side, and she apSir,-) must apprise you, and request pears as if animating ibem by her looks. that you will make known the circum This figure of Minerva is of the most stance to the Third Class of the Institute, antique style, and of the kind which we of a discovery of great importance to the improperly call Etruscan, with regular arts, which has just been made in the folds. jsle of Ægina. Four young artists and On each side were the combatants, all architects, two of whoin, Baron Haller of which appear to be the heroes of the and M. Liuk, are Germans, having met Iliad. The faces seem to bave been together in this country, and being in portraits, and the bodies are scientific pursuit of the same object, caused some cally correct. These warriors are coexcavations to be made at the foundation vered with offensive and defensive weaof the Temple of the Panhellenian Jupi. pons, such as were in use at the time of ter; and they have found the statues ihe Trojan war: they are shaped with which ornamented the front of this tem great nicety, and consist of quivers, helple. These statues are of Parian marble, mels of different sizes, lances, shields, and they are as interesting on account of &c. The figures are rather less than the subject they represent, as from their the natural size. We thought we could great antiquity and the beauty of their discover Priam, with his sons, like a sculpture. It appears that this temple Phrygian archer, resting one knee on the was overthrown by an earthquake, and ground, and drawing an arrow. His the statues, falling first, were covered by dress appears to be of leather, and made the rest of the ruins: the lapse of time to fit close to the body; pantaloons, added heaps of vegetable strata to the likewise tight, which descend to the an. rubbish, and the roots of large trees had cles; the helmet has over it a leather shot amongst the buried architraves and bonnet, which terminates in a point, and cornices. Our young artists caused the falls over behind: this is the only figure whole to be brought to light, and they that is dressed. Another is taken for have found the statues, which have not Philocietes; it is in the same attitude as been much injured by the fall. The Paris, and is opposed to the one just delimbs, which were broken from the scribed: it is armed with a bow. The trunks, were lying beside them, and they front of its helmet represents a lion's can be easily replaced. There are se muzzle; perhaps the figure is meant as a venteen of these statues, all of the finest friend of liercules. He wears a cuirass specimens of sculpture: the heads alone of a single piece, which could only open are a little degraded, but they are highly on the left side, which leads to the opiBeautiful, scarcely any of the fragmenis nion that it was thin and elastic. Hecare missing. These figures much re tor, or another Trojan Prince, is over. sembles those which are seen on the thrown; he has received a large wound most ancient medals of Corinth, Thebes, in the breast; his hair, twisted symmeand Athens. They are of the old school trically on the forehead, and fastened by of Ægina, one of The first which became a kind of diadem, falls over his shoulders. distinguished in Greece.
One loead, with a small beard, and the I went to Ægina in order to profit by casque throwu back, seems to be Ulysses. aliis discovery, which much interested of these figures, the archers alone are nie : I measured this ruined temple, su clothed; the others are of the heroia as to gain all the particulars of its plan. kind; that is to say, literally naked, and The pediments were five feet in height. armed with casques and shields; some Over each periment were two statues of have also swords, others have lances and Isis, which were attached tu the border; pikes. end at the four angles of the edifice were On the western pediment is a young Suboxes. These figures were exactly girl, such as Venus is represented on the
M. De Luc, on Geological Phenomena.
most ancient silver medals of Corinth; dedicated to Isis. But I have now ré she wears a large diadem, raised above nounced this idea. I have since found, the forehead, and which seenis to imitale in the excavations that have been made the rouylmess of metal, The bead of a at Athens, a vase, on which is reprefine young man, who is supposed to be sented a marriage, and whereon is a Achilles, has an elegant helmet, raised figure exactly similar to those which are over the top of the head, falling back on the border of the pediment of the wards, and ornamented with a large Temple of Ægina. The figure is that of crest. Beneath the casque the hair ap: Juno, in a bridal dress ; so that this pears twisted over the forehead, and Temple may have been that of the Pan. fastened by a kind of diadem. Another helleniap Jupiter, and not dedicated to figure appears in the attitude of a rower, Isis, as I at' first supposed. All these and is rising from his seal, that he may figures serve to elucidate tl:at which pull with greater force. This statue has was found in the tomb of Achilles, and no hair, except on the forehead. Amongst which has been so much metamorphosed these ruins we found an eye of ivory, by different writers. It is exactly the four inches long, and the ball of which saine as the one on my vase, and those was blank, which indicates that it be- which are on the border of the Temple longed to a colossal statue.
of Ægina : the same sex, the same attiIn this sarne isle of Ægina, towards tude, and the same folds of drapery. the north-western end, near a great oval Sphinxes were at the angles of the Temtumulus, which I took for the tomb of ple of Ægina, and Sphinxes are on the Phocus, and about a quarter of an hour's head and arms of the figure of the tomb walk northwards from the temple of of Achilles. Hence we know the great Venus, is a square place, regularly cut antiquity of this figure, and of that of the in the rock, sunk about fifteen feet, and tomb in question; though many efforts at least a hundred fathoms in diameter; have bcen made to diminish it. If the iç seems to have been nothing but a mere Temple on the isle of Æyira be that of quarry, from which stone has been taken Panliellenian Jupiter, I can'say, that I for building. On this subject, however, have seen the aliar on which the Greeks there may be a difference of opinion. vowed the destruction of Troy. I have Near this spot are a number of cisterns observed, that I assisted at several of the cut in the rock, which is tolerably soft; excavations which were made near the there are also many large blocks of stona, Hippades Gate, at Athens : some others regularly squared.
have since been made near the Gate Dipylon; and at the depth of twenty
five feet, some fine vases have been disAthens, Dec. 19, 1811. covered, particularly several which apSIR, I have received your fine map pear to be of Phoenician manufacture. of Greece. It is very neat and cient, i have also dug behind the Museuni, and and I dare say very exact. But why afterwards all round the ancient walls; place Phygalia at the temple of Apollo and the contiguity of the sepulchres Epicurius, on Mount Coiylius? I as- which were discovered, leaves no doubt şure you that Phygalia is at present Ca- as to the ancient site of ihe town). I ritena. Pausanias has so well described found a bas-relief, and many cippi, of it, the steep rock, on which was the ci- different forms: the inscription on the tadel, which rises in the middle of the bas-relief speaks of a man named Aristown, and the river Limax, which runs totle; but who, without doubt, is not the through a deep ravine, that one cannot philosopher of Stayira. mistake it. Besides, on Mount Cotylius there are no ruins of a town; and To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. the neighbouring village, Andritzena, has . Caritena, in- ITH
of our strata that have produced the Cotylius, which is three times the dis- valleys, a point towhich I shall return more tance laid down by Pausanias: but Pau. directly afterwards, for the purpose of arisanias is soinetimes in error.
swering Mr. Farer's objections; these I have already said, that I do not be- catastrophes are impressed in the coal. lieve the Temple, around which the dig- beds, as much as in all the other strata, gings have heen made in the isle of Ægi. I have visited a great extent of coalna, to be that of Panhellenian Jupiter, fields in Staffordshire, Shropshire, and Oxand that it rather appears to have been fordshire, descending into the coal-pits,
deed, is six hours journey froite Mount Wfu respect to those catastrophes