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The total exports from New-York to foreign ports, exclusive of specie, since January 1st, are larger than for the first six months of any previous year. On the other hand, the exports of specie are less than for the same period for many years : EXPORTS FROM New-YORK TO FOREIGN PORTS FOR Six MONTHS, FROM JANUARY 1.

1858.
1859.
1860.

1861. Domestic produce, ...... $28,580,392 .. $ 28,435,582 ..$38,775,862 .. $61,477,439 Foreign merch., (free,)... 782,561. 1,384,318 1,719,475 1,685,329 For’gn merch., (dutiable,) 2,280,425. 1,789,363 3,092,509 3,438,463 Specie and bullion....... 12,359,959.. 33,197,972.. 21,579,752 .. 3,249,438

Total exports..... $ 44,003,337 .. $ 64,807,235 .. $ 65,147,598 .. $69,850,669 Total, exclusive specie, 31,643,378.. 31,609,263 .. 43,567,846 .. 66,601,231

It will be seen that the total, exclusive of specie, even compared with the very large figures for the corresponding period of last year, shows an increase of over fifty per cent., and, as compared with the previous year, the gain is over one hundred

per

cent. We now produce our comparative tables for the whole year, from which it will be seen that the largest previous exports of produce and merchandise were for the year ending June 30th, 1857, when the total was about eighty-two millions; it will be seen, therefore, that the total for the twelve months just ended was forty-five millions larger than for any foriner year in the history of the trade. In consequence of the disturbed condition of the South and West, a large amount of produce will be diverted from other channels to this port, but the natural outgoes to foreign ports can hardly be as large during the next twelve months as they have been in the year just closed. Even if the same quantity were to be shipped, the total value must be greatly diminished by the falling off in price. The business of the coming year depends largely upon the results of the English harvest.

IMPORTS OF FOREIGN Dry Goods at New-YORK FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDING JUNE 30.

Entered for Consumption.
MANUFACTURES OF 1858.

1859.
1860.

1861. Wool,

$ 17,035,032 .. $28,275,434 .. $31,437,083 .. $21,311,212 Cotton,

9,012,911 19,003,825 18,339,131 7,613,005 Silk,

17,581,099 26,740,909 33,683,706 22,080,682 Flax,..

3,701,555 8,583,246 8,548,281 3,944,214 Miscellaneous,

3,761,788 4,890,755 5,469,601 4,806,586

Total,

$51,092,385 .. $ 87,494,169 ..

$ 97,477,801 .. $ 59,755,699

MANUFACTURES OF
Wool,
Cotton,
Silk,
Flax,..
Miscellaneous,

Withdrawn from Warehouse.
1858.
1859.

1860.
$ 6,369,118 $3,245,046 . $3,388,431

4,018,693 1,750,716 2,466,919
5,394,970 1,308,739 1,396,011
2,215,427 1,292,722

911,214
1,385,173 789,773

635,293

1861. $5,589,542

3,968,671 3,841,430 1,581,324

808,507

Total, ..

$ 19,383,381 $8,387,046 .. $ 8,497,868 $ 15,789,474 For consumption, 51,092,385 87,494,169 97,477,801 59,755,699

Total on market,.. $70,475,766 .. $ 95,881,215 .. $ 105,975,669 .. $ 75,545,173 FOREIGN COMMERCE OF THE STATE OF New-YORK, FROM JULY 1, 1850, to July 1, 1860.

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In order to distinguish the dry goods from the general imports, we have compiled a table which gives at a single glance the whole imports of dry goods for the year, compared with the preceding three years :

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IMPORTS OF Dry Goods At NEW-YORK FOR THE YEAR ENDING JUNE 30. MANUFACTURES OF 1858.

1859.

1860.

1861. Wool,

$22,063,565 $ 30,923,248 .. $35,418,825 $28,687,676 Cotton,

13,061,441 20,419,968 21,268,306 14,057,141 Silk,

21,248,620 27,517,771 35,462,352 27,827,488 Flax,.

5,666,446 9,302,852 9,452,974 6,623,375 Miscellaneous,

5,277,664 5,385,244 6,240,748 6,114,665

Total imports,.... $67,317,736 .. $ 93,549,083 .. $ 107,343,205 .. $83,310,345

The total cash duties received at New-York for the past five fiscal years have been $170,540,990, an average of about thirty-four millions of dollars, viz. :

1856–7,.. 1857-8, 1858-9, 1859-60, 1860–61,

$42,271,645
27,434,667
34,899,800
37,711,740
28,223,137

In order to illustrate the commerce of the State for ten years, we republish the tabular returns of domestic and foreign produce exported, the imports, and the increase of tonnage for each year, 1850—1860:

EXPORTS.

IMPORTS.

TONNAGE CLEARED.

YEARS. Domestic Foreign. Total.

Total. 1851,.... $ 68,104,542 .. $ 17,902,477 .. $ 85,007,019 .. $ 141,546,538 1852,

74,042,581 13,441,875 87,484,456 132,329,306 1853,

66,030,355 12,175,935 78,206,290 178,270,999 1854,

105,551, 740 16,982,906 122,534,646 195,427,933. 1855,.... 96,414,803 17,816,430 113,781,238 164,776,511 1856, 109,848,509 9,262,991 119,111,500 210,162,454 1857,.... 119,197,301 15,605,997 134,803,298 236,498,485 1858, 69,039,790 19,801, 134 108,340,924 178,475,736 1859,

104,726,546 12,813,279 117,539,825 229,181,849 1860,.... 126,060,967 19,494,452 ..

145,555,449 249,489,877

American, Foreign. $ 1,588,813 .. $ 878,819

1,570,927 906,793 1,959,902 .. 1,084, 742 1,918,317 1,035, 134 1,861,682 .. 1,140,197 2,186,877 1,385,577 2,188,670 1,405,211 2,152,835 1,132,563 2,554,134 .. 1,276,706 8,333,535 . 1,190,750

Total,..

959,017,189 154,297,506 $ 1,118,314,645 $ 1,915,184,188 $ 21,315,192 $ 11,436,517

RECAPITULATION OF FOREIGN COMMERCE OF NEW-YORK AND THE UNIT¥D STATES

FOR FIVE YEARS, AND THE PER CENTAGE OF New-York TO THE WHOLE.
YEAR.
Imports State N. Y. Other States.

Total T.S. Per Cent. 1855—1856, $ 210,160,454 $ 104,479,468 $ 314,639,922

66.79 1856–1857, 236, 493,485 124,396,656 360,890,141

65.53 1857-1858, 178,475,736 104,137,414 282,613,150

63.15 1853–1859, 229,161,349 109,586,781 888,768, 130

67.65 1859-1860, 249,489,877 113,676,377 362, 166,254

68.61

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The foreign export of wheat from this port to Great Britain, since 1st September last, has been over seventeen millions bushels. We extract the following from EDWARD Bill's flour and grain circular:

Bush, Corn.

Frov

BU18. Flour. Bol8. Corn Meal, Bush. Wheat. New York, to July 12,.... 1,547,657 2,815 17,825,883 New Orleans, to June 14,. 179,427

996

66,767 Philadelphia, to July 4,. 173,894

1,433,803 Baltimore, to July 4, 127,031

48

947,346 Boston, to July 5,. 96,081

106

13,032 Other ports, to June 28,.. 128,470

2,236,192

6,326,927 1,464,267

695,628 853,200 14,100 15,451

Total since 1st Sept., 1860,... 2,252,560
Same period, 1860,.

443,245
1859,

91,230 1858,

3,965
651

58
143

22,523,023
2,383,369

415,800
5,847,159

9,369,573 2,063,592

342,013 3,274,676

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1,163,148

Bols. Flour.

Bush, wheat.

Bush. Corn.

TO TIIE CONTINENT FROMNew-York, to July 2, 1861,.. Other ports, to latest dates,..

Bush, Rye.

124,116

54,276
7,796

1,760,489

9,073

41,023
3,042

Freights to English ports have checked the export demand, viz. : To Liverpool, 28. 104d. @ 38. per bbl. on flour, and 9 @ 101d. per bush. on grain ; to London, 3s. 6d. on flour, and 104 @ 111d. on wheat; to Glasgow, 38. 3d. on flour, and 10d. on wheat; to France, 18c. on wheat.

EXPORTS FROM NEW-YORK TO FOREIGN PORTS FOR THE FISCAL YEARS ENDING JUNE 30.

1858.
1859.
1860.

1861. Domestic produce,....$ 55,931,987 ..$ 53,894,893 ..$ 70,249,811 ..$ 118,189,900 Foreign merch., (free,) 3,104,160 2,202,868 3,335,038 6,111,200

(dutiable) 7,309,672 3,596,336 6,354,055 2,224,600 Specie and bullion,.... 34,322,071 46,839,444 58,097,646 23,860,800

Total exports........$100,667,890 $ 106,443,541 $ 138,036,550

exclusive of specie, 66,345,819 59,604,097 79,938,904

$ 150,386,500

126,525,700

the

The message of Secretary Chase to Congress contemplates an aggregate expenditure by the general government of $320,000,000 for the year. Of this sum, it is proposed to raise $80,000,000 by the tariff and the ordinary receipts of the Treasury, and $220,000,000 by loans and treasury notes.

I. Three year treasury notes or exchequer bills, bearing 7.30 per cent. interest, for the convenience of calculation, or two cents per day for each hundred dollars, or twenty cents per day for each thousand dollars ; this interest payable semi-annually. It is thought that this mode of loan may become a popular measure, by distributing it in small sums among people, to the extent of one hundred millions of dollars.

II. A thirty year funded stock, inscribed or coupon bonds, bearing seren per cent. interest, in sums of $500, $1,000 and $5,000, not to exceed one hundred millions of dollars, including sterling bonds in sums of £100, £500 and £1,000.

III. Treasury notes to the extent of twenty millions of dollars, in sums of ten and fifty dollars, for general circulation.

The Secretary proposed to Congress that a duty of 2} cents per pound be laid on brown sugar, of 3 cents per pound on clayed sugar, of 4 cents per pound on loaf and other refined sugars, of 2} cents per pound on the syrup of sugar cane; of 6 cents per pound on candy; of 6 cents per gallon on molasses, and of four cents per gallon on sour molasses; and it is also proposed that a duty of 5 cents per pound be imposed on coffee; 15 cents per pound on black tea, and 20 cents per pound on green tea. From these duties it is estimated that an additional revenue of not less than $20,000,000 annually may be raised, while the burden of this revenue upon our own people will be to some considerable degree mitigated by participation on the part of the foreign producers.

IV. Treasury notes, of $10 and $20, payable one year from date, bearing an interest of 3.65 per cent., or one cent per day

per

hundred dollars, convertible into treasury notes or exchequer bills, bearing 7.30 per cent. or on demand in coin. The aggregate not to exceed $50,000,000.

The dividends on rail-road shares, payable in July at Boston, were $1,150,156, viz. :

DIVIDENDS.

Jan.,

1861.
14
4

July, 1561.

17
3
31
4
4

4
4
3
2
2

STOCKS.
PAIL-Road COMPANIES.
Berkshire Rail-Road,.
Boston and Lowell,..
Boston and Maine,
Boston and Providence,..
Boston and Worcester,
Fitchburg,
Eastern,
Eastern, in New-Hampshire,..
Metropolitan, (horse,)...
Middlesex, (horse,)..
New-Bedford and Taunton,.,
Old Colony and Fall River,..
Pittsfield and North Adams,..
Providence and Worcester,.
Stoughton Branch,.
Taunton Branch,.
Waltham and Watertown,.
Western,...
Worcester and Nashua,.

Capital,
$ 320,500
1,830,000
4,155,700
3,160,000
4,500,000
3,540,000
2,853,400

492,500
600,000
348,000

500,000
3,015,100

450,000 1,600,000

84,500 250,000

20,000 6,150.000 15,222 shares,

Amount July, 1861.

$ 5,609

54,900 145,450 126,400 180,000 106,200 57,068

9,850 18,000 13,920 15,000 90,453 13,500 64,000

2,562 10,000

800 206,000 30,444

4
3
3
3
4
4
4
4
4
$21

4
3
4
4

Total at Boston,

$ 1,150,156

The following is a recapitulation of rail-road and other dividends payable at Boston in July: Miscellaneous,

$ 217,191 Manufacturing dividends,. $ 545,900 Interest on bonds,..

439,984 Rail-road dividends,... 1,150,156 Total for July, 1861,. $ 2,353,231 .. Total for January, 1860,. . $ 2,992,891 do. Jan., 1861, 3,049,710 do. July,

1859,..

2,270,736 do. July, 1860,

3,088,759 do January, 1859,.. 2,435,342 The Bank of Commerce received instructions in June to pay, when due, the July coupons on the three millions Missouri State bonds issued to the Hannibal and St. Joseph Rail-Road Company. These bonds were issued under stringent restrictions, and, in case of default on the part of the

company, the State authorities have the right to foreclose the road, they being a first mortgage on the entire line. The first mortgages of the Hannibal and St. Joseph Rail-Road Company are a lien, simply, on a million of acres of land. The company have also an issue of second mortgage bonds which is a second lien on the line.

The Secretary of the Treasury, in his communication to Congress, under date July, 1861, examines closely the sources of revenue for the coming year. His estimates are as follow for increased duties on sugar, molasses, tea and coffee:

Estimated Consumption, 1860. Duty. 27 cents on foreign sugar,..

300,000 tons, $ 16,800,000 6 cents per gallon on molasses,.

28,000,000 gallons, 1,680,000 15 cents per lb. on black tea,.

13,800,000 lbs.

2,070,000 20 cents per lb, on green tea,..

16,300,000 lbs.

3,260,000 5 cents per lb, on coffee,

180,000,000 lbs.

9,000,000 Total on sugar, tea and coffee,...

$ 32,810,000 Allow for the large stock on hand, on which no duty will be realized, and for diminished consumption owing to the increased duty and the troubles at the South, the revenue this year may be estimated, as Secretary CHASE states, at twenty millions of dollars. The duties above stated are

$ 32,810,000 Direct tax, about

21,000,000 Real property,..

$ 11,272,053,881 Personal property,..

4,830,880,235 Total United States,.....

$ 16,102,934,116 Omitting the seceding States, the amount is as follows: Real property,..

$ 7,630,530,603 Personal property,.

3,270,227,404 Total,..

$10,900,758,007 The direct tax on these amounts would be as follows: One-eighth of one per cent. on $16,102,934,116,.

$ 20,128,667 Or, one-fifth of one per cent. on $10,900,758,007, property in the nonseceding States,...

21,800,056 Or, 30-100 of one per cent. on $7,630,630,603, real property only,... 22,891,590

In other words, the tax of 124 cents per hundred dollars on the whole real and personal estate of the country would be $20,128,000. Or, twenty cents per hundred dollars on the gross value, excluding the seceding States, would be $21,800,000. Or, thirty cents per hundred dollars on the real property alone, $22,891,000.

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