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The loss of the enemy could not between his own country and the be computed at less than four thou- sea, by successively attacking, and sand killed ; and, owing to the dis- overpowering, the native princes in position of the cavalry, hardly a the British interest, and surprising man, bearing arms, escaped. Thus, British Accra. It was not possible as by the surrender of the town, for him, however, to make the new all the stores, arms, and ammuni« cessary preparations, without the tion fell into the possession of the knowledge of the neighbouring victor, the whole military power of chiefs, whose fears at length led the Bhurtpoor state might be con- them to supplicate assistance from sidered as annihilated. The forti- colonel Purdon, commanding at fications were demolished, the prin Cape Coast. They promised, if cipal bastions, and parts of several he would give them muskets and curtains were blown up on the 6th powder, to purchase an equal February, and it was left to the quantity from the merchants, raise rains to complete the ruin. The twelve thousand men, and put Futty Bourg, or “ Bastion of Vic themselves under his command; and tory,” built, as the Bhurtporeans they engaged, in the most solemn vaunted, with the bones and blood manner, not to run away, as they of British soldiers who fell in the had done on the occasion of sir assault under lord Lake, was now Charles M-Carthy's unfortunate laid low; and among its destroyers defeat. Colonel Purdon, taking were some of those very men who, what assurances he could get, ac twenty years before, “had been cepted their offer, gave them what permitted,” in the boasting language assistance he could, and divided their of the natives, “to fly from its force into five brigades, with two eternal walls.” All the other for- strong corps of observation, to protresses within the Rajah's domi- tect each flank. He then assembled nions immediately surrendered ; such of the settlers, merchants, and the inhabitants returned to their civilians as he could, and formed abodes, and the prince was re-in-them into one corps as a reserve. stated in his authority. Lord Com. The only British troops he had bermere broke uphiscamp, to return were eighty men of the Royal to Caleutta, on the 20th Feb- African corps, with four field ruary, and arrived there early in pieces, of six and three-pounders. April.
The united force amounted to less
than twelve thousand men. The IN AFRICA, during this year, our natives were composed of the folsettlements on the coast of Guinea lowing kings, nations, and tribes : were again threatened by the rest. Accatoo, king of Aquimbo ; Adlessness of the Ashantees. Since the ononaqua, king of Aquapim : Donunfortunate battle with sir Charles gua, queen of Aikim; Cudjoe, king M'Carthy, which emboldened of Assin ; the king of Tuful, and them, by the death of the British many other caboceers, and captains commander, rather than discou- of tribes. They brought into the raged them by the ultimate failure field about ten thousand men ; to of the enterprise, the king of that whom, and the eighty men of the nation had silently been collecting regular troops, were added fivesupplies, and forming an army to hundred militia, British, Dutch, effect his favourite object of making and Danish, belonging to Accra himself master of all the territory and Cape Coast Castle. The
Ashantees' force amounted to orders he had received, to bring up twenty-five thousand men. his division, the moment he should
On the 29th of July, colonel hear the report of the British guns, Purdon marched to Wongassey, and attack the Ashantees on their about eighteen miles from British left flank. This simultaneous Accra. On the 4th of August he movement, with the forces immemoved to Ashroocan, and on the 6th diately under the direction of colohe took up a position (twenty-four- nel Furdon, had the desired effects miles from Accra) on an extensive and decided the fate of the battle. plain. The morning of the 17th If the whole of the allies had acted happened to be a Monday, and a in asimilar manner, neither the king remarkably fine day, which was ren of the Ashantees, nor any part of garded by the wise men” of the his army would have escaped. But Ashantees as a Fetish (or good omen) it is difficult to prevail upon such a and a favourable day for the king race of people to act upon a systemto fight on; he was assured by atic plan of operation, if it be at these soothsayers that it would i variance with their own notions ; render him invincible. He ac- and the cause of the flight of part cordingly, acting under their in- of them was that, in disobedience fluence, at half past nine in the of orders, they broke from the line morning, moved to the attack, in a formed, and rushed into contest very imposing and determined man- without regularity, without any ner. Colonel Purdon instantly reserve to support them, or pru. put his force in motion, met the dence to guide them, nin case Ashantees half-way upon the plain, of difficulty. The loss of the and commenced the battle with great Ashantees, in killed, wounded, bravery. After the engagement had and prisoners was estimated at lasted more than an hour, a pause not less than five thousand men." ensued, in consequence of the left Many of the Ashantee princes and of the British right centre bri- generals were killed and taken, gade and nearly the whole of the About eight hundred were killed, right wing giving way. At this and two thousand wounded on the critical moment, as soon as the side of the British. The whole of centre reserve (composed of the the camp equipage, of great value, Royal African Corps) became un- fell into the hands of some of the covered by the flight of the natives, least deserving of the allied forces. colonel Purdon opened on the Amongst those spoils were, thegoldAshantees a destructive fire, of en umbrella of State, the golden stool rockets, grape, and cannister, which of State, and gold dust, ivory, and did great execution; and, perceive other valuables to a large amount. ing that they were panic-struck, Adononaqua, king of Aquapim, reand in the utmost confusion, he covered the head of the late sir moved forward to the attack with Charles M'Carthy, which was conevery man he had, and cut through sidered by the Ashantees as their the enemy's centre. They gave greatest charm or fetish. It was way in all directions, and the enveloped in two folds of paper, victory was no longer doubtful. covered with Arabic characters, Accatoo, king of Aquimbo, who tied up a third time, in a silk commanded a strong corps of ob- handkerchief, and lastly sewed up servation on the extreme right, in a leopard's skin. The captor bravely and accurately obeyed the refused to give up. I
IPSA ils s', 122 FRANCE-Meeting of the Chambers-Expenses of the Army of Occupa. : * tion in Spain--Ouvrard's Contracts The Budget--Roads -Army and * Navy-Operation of the Sinking Fund--Corn Lans---Trade Law
of Primogeniture--Speech of M. Villèle-The Slave Trade--Com+ plaints against the Government for shewing partiality to Turkey
against Greece Independence of St. Domingo, and Indemnity to i the Colonists--Motion against Reading Speeches-The Press-Trial of the Abbé Mennais- Montlosier's Denunciation of the Jesuits Treaty with Brazil
Policy of France towards Portugal --Recal of the French Minister from Madrid, and of the Swiss Guards.
XCEPTING the excitation as from the other powers, the
of opinion kept up by the most positive assurances of the efforts and intrigues of a high 'ec- continuance of their friendly disclesiastical party to extend their positions ; and I have the confiinfluence, and the clamours of in- dence, that nothing will impair terested men who declaimed against the harmony between me and my the financial measures of the minis» allies for the tranquillity of nations. try because they had been losers “I have concluded with his by fluctuations in the funds, every Britannic majesty, a convention thing'was tranquil and prosperous which will render more uniform in France; when the king opened the conditions to which the recithe Session of the Chambers, on procal navigation of the two kingthe 31st of January, with the fol- doms and their colonies' is sublowing speech:
ject. I expect, from this ar« Gentlemen,
rangement, happy results for our « It is with real satisfaction that maritime commerce. I see myself again among you.
“I have determined to fix, at Attentive to the movements of the length, the fate of St. Domingo. public mind, and to the course of The time was come to close a affairs, I have judged that no se- painful wound, and to put an end rious 'motive required that the to a state of things which comtime at which I proposed to call promised so many interests. The you together should be anticipated. definitive separation of this colony, My foresight has been justified, which has been lost to us for these and I am happy at not having thirty years, will not disturb the abridged the repose on which you sécurity of those which we prewere allowed to depend.
<< Death has just struck in the :A law became necessary for midst of his career one of my the division of the indemnity most magnanimous allies : this loss which I have reserved for the has profoundly afflicted me. I ancient planters; it will be proreceive from his successor, as well posed to you. Vol. LXVIII.
“I shall immediately cause to Providence has intrusted to my be laid before you the accounts
You will not be more for 1824, the statement of the re- moved than I am at the inconceipts and expenditure of 1825, siderable alarms which still agitate and the budget of 1827. The some minds, notwithstanding the development of our commerce security we enjoy. and our manufactures daily aug., “This security, gentlemen, will menting the produce of the taxes not be hazarded, depend upon it; on consumption and transactions, I will watch with equal solicitude will allow an amelioration of the over all the interests of the State, situation of the ministers of our and I shall find means to conciliate holy religion, an increase of the what is required, by the exercise of dotation of several of the services, legal liberties, the maintenance and make it possible to reduce, by of order, and the repression of nineteen millions more, the direct licentiousness." taxes, which have already been The superiority of the ministers, diminished this year.
although opposed both by the “You will rejoice with me, party which styled itself liberal, gentlemen, at thus finding, in the and by the party whose creed, as progress of our internal prosperity, ultra royalists and ultra religionmeans to redress the burdens ists, went as extravagantly wrong which are the most onerous to the the other way, was manifested by subject.
the decisive majorities by which "The legislature should provide, they carried the election of the by successive ameliorations, for all committee to prepare the address the wants of society.
in the Chamber of Peers, and the “ The progressive subdivision of election of the presidents in the landed property essentially contrary Chamber of Deputies. In the to the principle of monarchical former, one opposition member was government, would weaken the chosen, the archbishop of Paris ; securities which the charter has but that was a compliment which given to my throne and to my the ministry allowed to be paid to subjects.
his ecclesiastical rank. Of the " Means will be proposed to re- topics adverted to in the speech, store the agreement that should the proposed introduction of the exist between the political law and law of primogeniture, the expresthe civil law, and to preserve the sions relating to the press, and patrimony of families, without, the recognition of the independhowever, affecting the liberty of ence of St. Domingo, were the disposing of property.
only matters which much « The preservation of families difference of opinion was expressed leads to and guarantees political in the course of the debates uponi stability, which is the first want the address : on each of them the of a state, and especially that of Chamber of Deputies divided, but France, after so many vicissitudes. in all the divisions the ministers
“ You will second me, gentle were triumphant. On the recogmen, in accomplishing the designs nition of Hayti, and the liberty of which I have meditated, and in the press, their majority was ensuring more and more the hap- small; for on these questions they piness of the people whom Divine were opposed by the ultra adhe
rents of both parties for reasons the law of primogeniture, although diametrically opposite to each specially directed to maintain their other. The ultra royalists resisted own wealth and splendor; and the recognition of Haytian inde- the courts of law had always shewn pendence, because it was a sanc- themselves unfavourable to the tion to revolt, and a cession of part extension of the majorat, or exof the territory of France; by the elusive rights of the first-born. liberals, again, the conduct of the The lawyers, likewise, and even government was blamed, because the courts had of late been disthe recognition had been an act of playing much zeal, and some indethecrown, whereas they maintained pendence, in defence of the press. that, constitutionally, it could take Towards the close of the preceding place only with the consent of the year, the Royal Court had acquitted legislature. The former party held the editors of the Constitutionel and that the ministers were regardless the Courier Français, who were of monarchy and religion by in- under prosecution for political dulging the press with too great libels ; and when the judges of liberty : the latter party declaimed that court waited upon the king, on against them as persons who wish- New Year's day, along with other ed to lay it in chains, and extirpate public bodies, to pay him the cusall freedom of discussion.
tomary compliments, his majesty The whole address was carried, received them coldly, and did not aš prepared by ministers, by à ma condescend to make any other jority of 174 votes against 87. reply to their address than “I The Chamber of Peers, however, accept the homage of the Royal made some modifications of the Court.” (Je recois l'hommage de original address. Instead of the la Cour Royale.) decided manner in which the law On the 11th of February, the of primogeniture had been recom- minister of finance brought fora mended from the throne, the Peers ward not only the budget, but declared they would adopt such likewise a project of a law for measures as « would not restrain finally closing the public acparents in the disposal of their counts for 1824, which had still property," a provision inconsistent been kept open in consequence of with the system of strict entails the pecuniary transactions conwhich formed part of the plan of nected with the occupation of the ministers; and in replying to Spain. This latter was a sore and that part of the speech which al- unpopular subject. France found luded to the press, they made re the protection of Ferdinand a úseference to the rights secured by less load upon her finances; the the charter, and, while admitting expenses of the enterprise had the evils and dangers of licentious- much exceeded the anticipated ness, expressed an opinion that sums: it was with difficulty that reason, and the conscience of the Spain could be brought, even now, public were its most efficient pre- to strike a balance, and acknowventives. On both these topics ledge a debt, and she had strained the opinion of the higher chamber her resources to the utmost to be was greatly influenced by the able to make, in the preceding lawyers. Even the great families month, a payment on account of were much divided in opinion on 1700,000 francs, not 30,0001.