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- ness. Can this then, the Reader asks, can this be the power, that, dazzling the world by the rapidity and the extent of its conquests, and the assertions of its happiness and glory, attacks our faith in the Providence of God, by the Splendor which feems to surround acknowledged wickedness? Can this be the power held up for the imitation, for the friendship of nations ? It is. But let us listen to the awful explanation of this phenomenon " I will give to all nations my cup of trembling and they shall be given up to a strong delusion, and they shall believe a lie-because they have not kept my testimonies, nor walked in my statutes, but have perverted their way before me. I have spoken, and they would not hearken unto me; I have 'called, and they would not answer ; therefore shall this evil come upon them, faith the Lord of the whole earth." ...

I repeat, that the history of this Revolution will fully authorize this dreadful representation. But such is the nature of those deeds, which have blackened this period of human misery, and disgrace, that though too horrid to be particularly detailed, my plan requires that I should briefly VOL. II.


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state authorities to prove the power in France to be indeed that of the Infidel Antichrift, so accurately foretold by Daniel and St. John, and according with the principles and views already stated in this Chapter.

The French Revolution was begun and carried on upon principles of demolition. It aimed at the complete overthrow of the religious and civil establishment; and every engine that the wit of man could devise, was set to work to accomplish its purpose. As preparatory steps to its commencement, Royalty was rendered odious and contemptible the characters of the King and Queen were libelled in pamphlets, and calumniated in conversation :-Religion was held up to ridicule as priestcraft and imposture--Its ministers were made the objects of satire and scorn.—The jargon of equality, of the rights of man, and the divinity of human reason, were industriously circulated among the ignorant multitude --and the tics of law, of order, and of morality, were loosened. Thus the great springs of Infidelity and Anarchy being set in motion, the mass of the people, particularly the crowds of Paris and the other


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large cities, were placed in a state of preparation to execute whatever plans of destruction the ambitious and designing demagogues, who had been educated in the school of the Philosophists, were ingenious enough to project, and flagitious enough to propose.

The Infidel Revolutionists well knew that Christianity was the furest pledge to the government for the obedience of the people--they knew likewise that in the minds of the people the character of the Clergy, their dignity and independence on the state, the respectability of their external appearance, as well as the regular exercise of public worship, are all intimately blended and connected with the precepts and the doctrines of Christianity itself. They therefore directed their attack against the Establishment as combined with Religion, and against Religion as combined with the Establishment. They made no compromise, no reserve, or exception in favour of any Reformed system of Christianity, such as was actually presented to their view in Protestant countries; because they were fully convinced that the precepts of a Christian Church were absoQ 2



lutely incompatible with the meditated horrors of Revolutionary atrocity, and they were besides actuated by dire&t and inveterate hatred against Christ, and his religion. That such were their principles, the following relations of facts, chiefly extracted from the accounts of the agents of the Republic, or its advocates and admirers, will furnish very fufficient proofs.“ The first step taken by these enemies to all religion was, to destroy from the foundation that discipline which is considered by all sincere members of the Roman communion as of holy origin, the subject of spiritual authority alone, and an essential of their religion. To require the Clergy therefore to take the new oath to the Constitution, was to require them to renounce the solemn vows of their religion, and to commit an act of perjury. Every engine was set at work to persuade or intimidate the clerical order of the assembled states into a compliance, but with little effect. Not above thirty out of three hundred freely obeyed, and about twenty more were with


'Jan. 4, 1791. New Annual Register, 1796, p. 241, .&c. Ann. Reg. 1792. p. 85, 197. See the note in the last mentioned page.

difficulty induced, by casuistical interpretations of different kinds, to conform the rest nobly sacrificed their means of sublistence, rather than wound their consciences.”

“ In 1792, the Jacobin Club having consulted the Ecclefiaftical Committee of Constitutional clergy) through Mr. Voidel, had been told in a circular letter, that whatever lengths they might go, they should be supported. They of course com. manded all the violent and turbulent characters of the neighbourhood, and in some places they seduced the common people to take a part, by using the name of the King, who had sanctioned the decree. In different parts of the country, many, who declined taking the oath, were killed at the doors of the churches; and in Brittany, even thus early, several priests are said to have been hunted through the forests, where, after enduring every extremity of hunger and fatigue, they perished miserably, and their mangled carcases were afterwards found torn by briers, and half de

February, 1792. Ann. Reg. p. 90, 91.
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