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instrument are still held, and of the excellence of the system of government which they established. He urges on the attention of the legislature the propriety of establishing a hospital for the insane, as required alike by policy and humanity, and presents to their consideration the expediency of making provision for the education of the indigent blind belonging to the state, in the asylum established in this city. After congratulating the legislature on the probable termination of the controversy with South-Carolina, he closes, by announcing his determination to retire from office at the expiration of his present term of service. In the house of representatives, a resolution for the appointment of a committee to nominate a chaplain was indefinitely postponed, by a vote of 109 to 76. On the following day, a resolution was submitted, inviting each clergyman who is a member of the house to serve as chaplain during the session, "provided they feel free to do so." Alter several amendments were proposed, the resolution was ordered to lie on the table.
The following laws were passed at the June session of the legislature, in 1833.
Corporations.—All shares in any corporation liable to be taxed by the laws of the state, shall be taxed in the same manner when owned by a corporation, as if owned by an individual.
If the principal officer of any corporation in this state, the shares or property of which are liable to be taxed, on application of the selectmen of any town in this state, shall neglect for the space of four days to furnish an account in writing, under oath, of all the shares, property or deposits in such corpo
ration, and their amount in value owned by any corporation, or by any inhabitant or resident of any town in this state, he shall forfeit for every such offence a sum not less than $100 nor more than
All shares or deposits in any corporation in this state, for which residents are liable to be taxed, shall, when not owned by inhabitants of this state, be taxed to the corporation in the town where such corporation is located.
All shares or stock in any corporation or company situated without this state, belonging to any person or corporation in this state, shall be taxed in the same way and manner as said shares or stock would be liable to be taxed, if said company or corporation were located in this state; provided said shares or stock be not assessed in public taxes, in the state where such corporation or company is situated.
Highways.—An act was passed to amend the act for the prevention of encroachments upon highways. Whenever there shall be occasion for any fence or gate across any highway leading through land liable to freshets, the selectmen of the town are authorized to grant a license to the applicant, to keep a gate at a suitable place, under such restrictions as shall best accord with the accommodation of the applicant and the public convenience.
Militia.—This act makes further provision for the regulation of the militia of the state, prescribes the mode of levying fines by distress, &c.
Paupers.—An act was passed providing that when any poor person shall happen to die in any town not chargeable by law with hi* maintenance, the overseers of the poor shall cause him to be buried; and such town may recover by ac-" tion the expenses thereof, of the town or person chargeable with his maintenance; but if such poor person shall not be an inhabitant of the state, nor by the laws thereof the proper charge of any town or person in this state, then the expenses so incurred shall be a proper charge on the county.
Weighing Of Beef.—An act was passed regulating the weighing of beef in this state.
State Tax.—An act providing that the sum of $45,000 shall be raised for the use of the state.
Blind, And Deaf And Dumb PerSons.—The sum of $1500 was appropriated for the purpose ofeducating indigent deaf and dumb children belonging to this state, at the asylum in Hartford; and the sum of $500, for the education of blind children belonging to this state, at the New-England asylum in Boston. By resolution the governor was requested to direct the selectmen of the several towns to make inquiries as to the number and condition of all such persons, as are blind or par
tially blind, within their respective towns, and to report to the legislature, at its next session. . Report Of Decisions.—The secretary of state is authorized to procure to be bound a sufficient number of the surplus sets of the New Hampshire Reports remaining in his or the treasurer's office, and exchange for the reports of the decisions of courts of such states as may offer or be willing to exchange.
Nullification And Thf. Tariff.— A resolution was passed, declaring, that it is inexpedient at this time, to legislate on the subject of the tariff and the doctrines of nullification; and that it is also inexpedient for congress to call a convention for proposing an amendment to the constitution at this time. From the list of the private acts passed at this session, it appears that four religious and charitable societies were incorporated.
Seven manufacturing companies were incorporated.
Acts were passed to incorporate three fire insurance companies, two savings banks, two canal companies and one marine railway company.
Banks.—Abstract of the returns of banks in Massachusetts, showing the state of said banks, on the first Saturday of October,
Capital stock paid in, $28,236,250 24,520,200 Bills in circulation. - 7,889,111 7,122,856 Net profits on hand, - 1,293,280 1,031,900 Balances due to other
banks, 2,881,447 1,993,904
Cash deposited, Ate. aot
bearing interest, - - 3,716,182 2,938,970 Cash deposited, bearing
interest, - - - - 7,949,440 6,268,585 Due from the banks, - 52,120,11343,996,900 Gold, silver, &c. in
basks, ...... 922,301 902,206
Rate of dividend on amount of capital of the banks, as existing when dividend was made, 8T'T per cent, nearly: for 1832, 3J per cent.
Levi Lincoln, 33,946
Marcus Morton, 15,197
Samuel Lathrop, ----- 14,755 Scattering, 327
Militia.—The total number of the militia for the year 1832 was 46,786; and, exclusive of the commissioned officers, of 44,472, of which last number the cavalry are 726, artillery 2,694, infantry 22,074, and light infantry and grenadiers 8,978. Of the ordnance belonging to the state, there are 92 pieces of brass, two of iron. There are also 15,277 muskets, and 2,383 rifles.
State Prison.—From the fifth annual report of the inspectors of this institution, it appears that at the beginning of the year 1832, there were 258 convicts in the prison, of whom 84 were discharged on the expiration of their sentences, 10 by pardon, and 11 by death. The number received was 76, and the number now in prison, is 227. Of these 9 are hospital patients, and 21 are employed in domestic services, and the remaining 197 in the various arts and trades pursued in the prison. The whole expenses of the prison were $24,907—of which $2,898 were for clothing convicts, $5,793 for provisions, $12,250 for salaries. The income was $29,099.
The Poor.—From a report on the pauper system of the state, it appears that in sixty-eight towns, containing a population of 264,327 inhabitants, the whole number of poor assisted by the overseers the last year, is estimated at 12,331—about one in 214 of the population. By n approximate estimate, it is there
calculated, that of this number5,927 were state's poor, or foreign pau. pers. In 1792, the amount allowed by the state for this class of poor was $14,000, and in 1820, $72,000, an increase of more than 500 per cent, in twenty-eight years. To relieve the commonwealth from this accumulating burden, the allowance for the maintenance of foreign paupers has been reduced at different times, and is now seventy-cents a week for adults, and less for children. This, however, has had but little if any effect in reducing the number of this class. There were in the almshouse, Boston, 160 white men, and 134 white women, 82 white boys, and 59 white girls, and 29 coloured persons. Total 256 males, and 208 females—together 464 persons.
Of the adult males 88 are foreign, era—48 Irish; of the adult females 65 are foreigners—36 Irish ; of the children 105 are of foreign parents. So that of the whole number in the almshouse, no less than 258, or considerably more than one half, are foreigners.
No state tax was required for 1833.
State Debt, 170,000
Funds applicable to the same, - 568,831 Schools.—There are in Massachusetts 140,000 children, of five yearsof age and under fifteen years; and not less than 150,000 pupils who receive instruction in the primary free schools.
Public Lands.—The lands belonging to Massachusetts, situate in Maine, are estimated at 4,750,000 acres. There are involved in the question of boundary betwixt Maine and New.Brunswiek, 1,250,000 acres, leaving 3,500,000 acre*, valued at forty cents the acre, and worth, at that rate, $1,400,000.
Fishehiks.—Many of the towns in the colony of Massachusetts beRan, at an early date, to cultivate their river fisheries. In 1041, 300,000 dry fish were sent to market. Previously to the American revolution, the cod fishery of Massachusetts employed 28,000 tons of shipping and 4,000 seamen; making an annual value of industry and enterprise of about $1,000,000. In 1775 Great Britain broke up this profitable employment, by prohibiting the colonies the exercise of the right of fishery on the banks of Newfoundland. The restoration of peace with Great Britain, revived this branch of industry and hardy enterprise, which was further stimulated by a bounty granted by congress in 1789, on exported fish, and a few years after, to vessels employed in the business. In 1807, 71,000 tons of shipping were employed in the cod fishery alone, and the average value of exports from this country, of the productions of the sea, for that and the four preceding years, was estimated at $3,000,90Q. The unwise restric tions then imposed on our commerce, caused the fisheries to diminish in value, from that period until the close of the second war with Great Britain. The return of peace again effected their revival, and the very next year 68,000 tons of vessels, employing 10,000 seamen, were again upon the ocean. In 1804 the number of barrels of mackerel packed in Massachusetts was 8,079; ■in 18H, 19,000. The war nearly destroyed this business; but in 1815 it rose again to 16,000 barrels. In 1820 the increase was so rapid, that the number of barrels packed amounted to 236,243. This was before the separation of Maine. In
the subsequent year, Massachusetts alone packed 111,000 barrels—and in 1831, the amount had swelled to 348,750 barrels. The number of vessels employed in 1831, was near 400, and the seamen probably exceeded 4,000. The probable value of the mackerel fishery for 1831, exceeded $1,500,000.
From Marblehead alone there are 54 vessels engaged in the bank cod fishery, employing 324 men and 46 boys. In 1832, theirproduct consisted of 60,000 quintals offish, 810 barrels of oil, valued at $160,000, and sounds and tongues valued at
Shoe Manufactures.—In 1831 the whole value of boots and shoes made at Lynn was $942,000: 60 manufactories; total average of stock on hand $153,015; average to each one $2,550; materials used in the manufacture worth $413,350; of which the lasting cost $98,531, sole leather $145,236, ribbon $31,236, morocco skins $35,735, galloon $17,575, sheep skins $19,188, neats leather $14,224, domestic sheeting $8,192, shoe thread $7,401, Russia sheeting and ticklenburg $21,936, sewing silk $6,500, and even the binding thread $3,955, and the steel ornaments $3,938; all these, exclusive of several thousand dollars worth of rosin, paste and other small articles. The total number of boots and shoes made was 1,675,781; average num. ber of journeyman employed 1,741; of binders 1,675, in the whole business, about seven eighths of the working people of the town, besides some hundreds from other towns.
Lowell.—In 1818 a small satinet mill, employing about 20 hands, was established in this place, which was then a small part ofChelmsford, and contained about two hundred inhabitants. The town embraoei about four miles square, and is situated where the Concord falls into the Merrimack river. The chief fall however is derived from the Merrimack, by a canal sixty feet wide, and eight feet deep, extending from above the falls to the Concord river. In 1823 this canal, which had been used for the conveyance of lumber round the rapids, was bought, together with a large tract of land, by the lock and canal company. In 1825 the Merrimack manufacturing company was founded, with a capital of $1,500,000; the same year the Hamilton, with acapitalof$800,000. In 1828 there were incorporated the Appleton, Lowell and Middlesex companies, with capitals of half a million each, the Mossix falls with 200,000, and the Lowell brewery with $50,00.
In 1830 there were incorporated, the Suffolk, with $450,000 capital, the Zemount, $500,000, and the Lawrence, 1,200,000.
The whole amount of capital invested, is 6,150,000 dollars. The number of large mills in actual operation is 19; these mills are each about 157 feet in length and 45 feet in breadth—of brick, five stories high, each averaging from ten to thirteen feet high, thus giving opportunity for a free circulation of air. The aggregate number of spindles used is 84,000, looms 3,000. The whole number of operatives employed is about 5,000, of which 1,200 are males, 3,800 are females. The quantity of raw cotton used in these mills per annum, exceeds 7,000,000 lbs.,or 20,000 bales. The dumber ot yards of cotton goods of various qualities manufactured annually, is about 27,000,000. In this estimate is included about 2,000,000 of yards of course mixed cotton and woollen negro clothing, in the manu
facture of which about 80,000 lbs. of wool are used per annum.
The quantity of wool manufactured annually into cassimeres, is about 150,000 lbs., making about 150,000 yards.
The Lowell carpet manufactory is in itself a curiosity; 68 looms are kept in operation by hand labour, viz: 50 for ingrained or Kidderminster carpeting, 10 for Brussels, and eight for rugs of various kinds. 140,000 lbs. of wool in the course of a year, are manufactured into rich and beautiful carpets, the colours of which will vie with any imported. The number of yards of carpeting made per annum, is upwards of 120,000, besides rugs. The operatives employed in all these mills receive for their labour about $1,200,000 per annum.
The Lawrence company's mills will contain about 16,500 additional spindles for cotton, and 550 looms, and will use 2,500,000 lbs. of raw cotton annually, furnishing employment for 700 operatives.
The Middlesex company has lately erected another mill for the manufacture of cassimeres and broadcloths, which is said to be one of the first manufacturing edifices in the United States. It is 153 feet in length, by 46, and six stories high. Nearly 1,000,000 of bricks has been used in its construction. It will go into operation in about two months, and will contain 2,880 spindles, and 64 looms for cassimeres, and 40 for broadcloths. It will work up about 300,000 lbs. of wool annually, and employ about 225 operatives.
The edifice in which all the machinery employed in the mills is manufactured, is termed the "machine-shop," belonging to the locks and canal company, and is probably the largest "shop" in the country,