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The situation of the Castle is delightful.? It is built in the north-west angle of the town, upon a rock, commanding an extensive and beautiful prospect northward. On the west it is shaded by

Gilbert Bourne, Bishop of Bath and Wells, then held the office till Mary's death.

SirJohnWilliams, Lord Williams of Thame, co. of Oxon, on the accession of Queen Elizabeth: he died in the first year of her reign.

Sir Henry Sidney, in the ad

of Elizabeth: he died, in

1586, at Ludlow. Henry Earl of Pembroke,

son-in-law to Sir Henry

Sidney. Edward Lord Zouch, who

appears from Mr. Dovas

ton's MS. to have been Lord President in i60S.

Ralph Lord Eure, in 1610.

William Lord Compton, afterwards Earl of Northampton, 1617.

John Earl of Bridgewater, 1631, from Mr. Dovaston's MS.

Prince Rupert.

Richard Lord Vaughan, Earl of Carbery.

Henry Marquis of Worcester, afterwards Duke of Beaufort.

Sir John Bridgeman.

Charles Earl of Macclesfield.

P So Churchyard describes it:

"It stands right well, and pleasant to the view, "With sweet prospect, yea all the field about." The Lords of the Marches, selecting the most agreeable and fertile parts of their territories, erected castles for their own residence, and towns for the accommodation of their sol

a lofty hill, and washed by the river. It is strongly environed by walls of immense height and thickness, and fortified with round and square towers at irregular distances. The walls "> are said to have formerly been a mile in compass; but Leland in that measure includes those of the town. The interior apartments were defended on one side by a deep ditch, cut out of the rock; on the other, by an almost inaccessible precipice overlooking the vale of Cone. The Castle was divided into two separate parts: the castle, properly speaking, in which were the palace and lodgings; and the green, or outwork, which Dr. Stukeley supposes to have been called the Barbican.' The green takes in a large compass of ground, in which were the court of judicature and records, the stabLes, garden, bowling - green, and other offices. In the front of the castle, a spacious plain or lawn formerly extended two miles. In 1772' a public walk round the Castle was planted with trees, and

diem. It was in this manner that most of the present towns and castles on the frontier of Wales were built. Warrington's Hist, of Wales, 3d ed. vol. i. p. 379.

1 Grose's Antiquities.

'Itinerary, Iter. iv. p. 7p.

■ Hodges's Hist. Acc. p. 54.

[graphic]

laid out with much taste, by the munificence of the Countess of Powis. ,

The exterior appearance of this ancient edifice bespeaks, in some degree, what it once has been. Its mutilated towers and walls still afford some idea of the strength and beauty which so noble a specimen of Norman architecture formerly displayed. In contemplating its ruin, however, sensations of regret and indignation will arise: for the Castle is now a melancholy monument, exhibiting the irreparable effects of remorseless pillage and unregarded dilapidation. Ds. Todd.

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