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Viz:—From interest on U. S.
Tax on non-resident
Avails of state prison 5,000 00
Dividends on bank
Fines and miscella-
The disbursements were 71,626 00
Viz:—For the ordinary expen-
For public buildings
Connecticut School Fund.—The capital of this fund consists of bonds, contracts and mortgages, viz:
Against residents of the state g of New-York $575,929 34"Connecticut 526,387 18 "Massachu'ts 233,544 27 "Ohio 88,815 43
"Vermont 7,943 79
Stock in Connecticut banks, 147,450 00
Wild lands in Ohio, 84,444 66
! 134,302 06
Stock and farming utensils, 1,810 00
Principal on hand, 1st April,
1833,-Cash, 16,638 29
Town taxes, $398,389
County do. 4,871
State do. 130,146
Salaies of clergy, 159,779 Expense of roads and bridges, 105,609
1833. May. The Connecticut river rose 20 feet above the ordinary height, and occasioned much damage.
Atmospheric Phenomenon.— By Professor Olmsted.
Ihe meteors.—About day-break this morning, our sky presented a
remarkable exhibition of fire ballsr commonly called shooting stars. The attention of the writer was first called to the phenomenon about half past five o'clock, from which time until near sunrise, the appearance of these meteors was striking and splendid, beyond any thing of the kind he has ever witnessed or heard of.
To form some idea of the phenomenon, the reader may imagine a constant succession of fire balls, resembling sky rockets, radiating in all directions from a point in the heavens near the zenith, and following the arch of the sky towards the horizon. They proceeded to various distances from the radiating point, leaving after them a vivid streak of light, and usually exploding before they disappeared. The balls were of various sizes, and degrees of splendour : some were mere points, but others were larger and brighter than Jupiter or Venus, and one, seen by a credible witness, before the writer was called, was judged to be nearly as large as the moon. The flashes of light, though less intense than lightning, were so bright as to awaken people in their beds. One ball that shot off in the north-west direction, and exploded near the star Capella, left, just behind the place of explosion, a phosphorescent train of peculiar beauty. This line was at first nearly straight, but it shortly began to contract its length, and dilate in breadth, and assume the figure of a serpent folding itself up, until it appeared like a small luminous cloud of vapour. This cloud was borne eastward by the wind, opposite to the direction in which the meteor had proceeded, remaining in sight several minutes. The light was usually white, but was occasionally prismatic, with a predominance of blue.
A little before sis o'clock, it appeared to the company, that the point of radiation was moving castward from the zenith, when it occurred to the writer to mark its place, accurately, among the fixed stars. The point was then seen to be in the constellation Leo, within the bend of the sickle, a little to the westward of Gamma Leonis, and not far from Regulus. During the hour following, the radiating point remained stationary in the same part of Leo, although the constellation in the mean time, by the diurnal revolution, moved westward to the meridian, nearly 15 degrees. By referring to a celestial globe, it will be seen, that this point has a right ascension of 150 degrees, and a declination of about 20 degrees. Consequently, it was 20 degrees 18 minutes south of our zenith.
The weather had sustained a recant change. On the evening of the 11th, a very copious southerly rain fell, and on the 12th, a high westerly wind prevailed, by gusts. Last evening the sky was very serene; a few falling stars were observed, but not so numerous as to excite particular attention.
The writings of Humboldt contain a description of a similar phenomenon observed by Bonpland, at Cumana. It is worthy of remark, that this phenomenon was seen nearly at the same hour of the morning, and on the 12th of November.
As the cause of " falling stars" is not well understood by meteorologists, it is desirable to collect all the facts attending this phenomenon, stated with as much precision as possible. The subscriber, therefore, requests to be informed of any particulars which were observed by others, respecting the time when it was first discovered, the position of the radiant point above mentioned, whether progressive or stationary, and of any other facts relating to the meteors.
Denison Olmsted. Yale College, November 12, 1833. Legislation.—Public statutes passed at the May session of the legislature of Connecticut, in 1833.
Anatomical Subjects.—Whenever any person shall die in any town in this state who may be, at the time of such death, supported by the public, whose interment must be at the public expense, and incase no kindred, relation, or friend of such deceased person shall, within thirty-six hours after such death may take place, appear and object to the delivery of the body of such deceased person, then it may be delivered to such professor, surgeon, or physician, as the selectmen may deem proper, to be used for the advancement of anatomical and medical science; but before such delivery, the person entitled to receive the body is required to give a bond in the penal sum of 8500, condition. ed that the body shall be so used, and that the remains thereof shall afterwards be interred; the application of any professor, belonging to any medical college in this state, shall be entitled to a preference over other applications.
Banks.—Six banking companies were incorporated, the aggregate capital stock of which is $1,350,000, which may be increased, upon certain conditions, to $2,800,000.
Birds.—Acts were passed for the protection and preservation of birds and feathered game, and for the protection of cornfields against crows. .
Corporations.—Whenever any bond, note or other security, taken and executed to the officers of any corporation in this state, wherein
the beneficial interest appears to belong to such corporation, all suits or actions at law or in equity to recover or enforce the same may be commenced, and prosecuted to final judgment, by such corporation in their own corporate name.
The cashiers of banks, and the secretaries of insurance and turnpike companies, are required annually on the first of October, to make out on oath, and deliver to the comptroller of public accounts, a true statement of the whole amount of capital stock of their respective institutions, and how much thereof belonged on said first day of October to resident, and how much to non-resident stockholders ; and the secretaries, treasurers, or clerks of all banks for savings are also required to return to the comptroller a true statement of all the moneys belonging to their respective institutions at the same time, under the penalty of $100.
Debiors.—The discharge of any debtor from imprisonment for debt, by the direction of the creditor, shall not operate as a release or discharge of the debt, so as to prevent the creditor from collecting the same out of the property of such debtor; but no debtor so discharged, shall thereafter be imprisoned for such debt.
If any debtor imprisoned for debt shall not, within three months from his commitment, be admitted to take the poor debtor's oath, he shall be deemed an absconding debtor within the meaning of the act authorizing the collection of debts by foreign attachment; and the creditor may proceed against his goods, effects, and credits, in the manner provided in that act.
Justices Of The Peace.—Where a justice shall not be reappointed, all processes which shall have been
begun before such justice, may be continued before said justice, to final judgment and execution. Where any writ, &c. shall be made returnable belbre any justice, and at the time appointed, he shall be absent from the town where the trial is to be had, he may, at any time within twenty days thereafter, proceed to try the cause, upon giving six days' previous notice to the parties.
Limitations.—Where the time limited by the statute of limitations for the commencement of any personal action, which survives to the representatives of any deceased person, shall not have elapsed at the time of his decease, the term of one year shall be allowed to his executor or administrator from the time of such decease to institute a suit therefor.
Mortgages—The foreclosure of any mortgage shall not preclude the mortgage creditor from recovering so much of his demand as the property mortgaged shall be insufficient in value to satisfy; and where an action is brought by such creditor upon his demand, after foreclosure, this shall not open the foreclosure.
Notaries Public.—Notaries public are authorized to administer oaths in any case in which a justice of the peace might administer the same, and also to take acknowledgements of deeds.
All grants, deeds of bargain and sale, and mortgages of lands, executed by any grantor resident in any foreign state or country, without the limits of the United States, and acknowledged before any notary public or justice of the peace in such foreign state or country, shall be valid.
Partnerships An act was passed in addition to the act authorizing limited partnerships, prescribing the mode of renewing such partnerships^ requiring the terms to be published in some newspaper, &c.
Taxes.—So much of the act for the assessment of taxes, as exempts ministers of the gospel of all denominations, during the time of their ministry, instructers of colleges and incorporated academies, from the poll tax, is repealed.
War, Expenses Of.—This act provides that when the money advanced by the state for its defence, during the war with Great Britain, shall be received from the government of the United States, it shall be the duty of the treasurer of the state to apportion it among the several towns in the state.
An act was passed by a vote of 116 to 62, repealing so much of an existing statute as prohibits "all servile labour and vain recreation" on fast and thanksgiving days.
An act to repeal two acts by which the amount of the state claim upon the United States for services rendered during the late war, was appropriated for the benefit of Yale College, and the different religious sects of the state. This bill was passed in the house 190 to 5.
Another act, which was severely censured in various ways, grew out of the circumstances which gave notoriety to the town of Canterbury,
in reference to the determination of a Miss Crandall to establish in that town a school for the education of coloured females. The preamble recites, that attempts have been made to establish literary institutions for the education of coloured people belonging to other states, "which would tend to the great increase of the coloured population of the state, and thereby to the injury of the people." It is therefore enacted, that any person who shall establish a school for the education of coloured persons now belonging to the state, or shall become an instructor in any such school, or shall harbour any such coloured person for the purpose of being instructed, without the consent of "a majority of the civil authority," and of the selectmen of the town where such school is situated, shall pay a fine of $100 for the first offence, for a second $200, $400 for the next, and so on. Another section renders any coloured person, who shall come into the state for the purpose of being instructed, liable to be removed.
A section of a previous act in relation to settlement of persons providing for the infliction of corporal punishment, was repealed.
Elections, (1832)—For Governor.
Mr. Palmer, Anti-mason, - - - 17,318 Mr. Crafts, nat. rep., - - - - 15,499 Mr. Meech, adm., 8,210
There being no choice, the legislature, after 43 ballotings, elected Mr. Palmer by 112 votes, Mr. Crafts having 72, Mr. Meech 33, and Mr. Bradley 1 vote.
1833.—Mr. Palmer, .... 20,565
Mr. Meech, 15,683
Mr. Seymour,'- - - - 1^765
Abolition Of Masonry.—October, 1833.
The grand lodge met at Montpelier on the seco d Tuesday of this month, and by a vote of 79 to 41 surrendered its charter; declared the masonic body, so far as it existed under the grand lodge, at an end, and recommended its property to be appropriated to the support of common schools.
1833. Manganese.—There has been discovered in the state of Ver
mont, a mine or bed of manganese, of a quality superior to the imported article. The manganese mine is in the town of Chittenden, Rutland co., 29 miles from the shore of Lake Champlain, and has been worked since 1826. The manganese is raised from the mine, cleansed from the earthy particles, and is sent to New-York and other markets in barrels. The principle use of manganese is for making the chloride of lime, or bleaching powders, and for glass. The price of the manganese is between thirty and forty dollars per ton in market.
Legislation.—At the October session of the legislature of Vermont, in 1832, twenty seven public acts, seven resolutions, and sixtyfour private acts were passed.
Actions, Limitation Of.—If any person, against whom there may be any cause of action, of a personal or transitory nature, shall leave the state before such cause of action shall he barred by the statute of limitations, and shall not have known property within the state which could be attached, the statute of limitations shall not run against any such cause of action, during the absence of such person.
Every clause of any statute of limitations, exempting any person without any of the United States from the operation of any statute of limitations, is repealed.
Banes.—Four banking companies were incorporated, the aggregate capital stock of which is $300,000.
Champlain, Lake.—The governor is requested, by a resolve of the legislature, to open a correspondence with the governor of Lower Canada, upon the subject of removing obstructions at the outlets of this lake.
Dead, Disturbing The Eemains
Of.—Justices of the peace are required, upon complaint and oath of any person, that the remains of any dead person have been disinterred and removed, and that the person making such complaint has reason to believe that they are secreted in any dwelling-iiouse, &c, to issue a warrant to make search in such place, for such dead person; and such officer shall not be made liable, in any suit or prosecution, for executing said warrant, if such dead person is or is not found.
Fihe Companies An act was passed prescribing the mode of forming fire companies, authorizing the selectmen to establish the limits of villages, for the purpose of forming fire societies therein, &c.
Foxes.—By an act to encourage the destruction of foxes, a premium of twenty-five cents is directed to be paid to any person who shall destroy any fox within the state.
Lands, Public.—The senators and representatives were requested to sustain, by all proper means, a division of the moneys arising from the sale of public lands, in accordance with the principles contained in the report made by Mr. Clay, to the senate of the United states, at the session of congress in 1831—32.
Manufacturing Coepoeations. Acts were passed to incorporate the Olympus Mineral Company, with a capital of $209,000; the Lake Dunmore Glass Company, with a capital of $80,000; the Ascutney Manufacturing Company, with a capital of $100,000; and the Rutland woollen Manufacturing Company, with a capital of $200,000.
Mills.—The act relating to mills and millers is not to be so construed as to make any owner or occupier ofanymill liable to the penalty therein named, who shall neglect or refuse to grind any grain, brought to