« EdellinenJatka »
Industry and Trade.
The staple products of British Guiana are sugar, rum, molasses, molascuit, concentrated lime juice, rice, coconuts, coconut-oil, copra, coffee, balata and rubber. Sugar and rice are the chief industries of the Colony. Sugar and its by-products furnish 64 per cent. in value of the total exports. Timber -including the famous Demerara Greenheart, which is unrivalled for underwater structures, piling, etc., and Mora, which is becoming increasingly known and valued for railway sleepers-charcoal and hides are also exported.
Within recent years there has been a marked tendency towards the amalgamation of sugar estates and at present 24, run under separate management, are in active operation; the acreage under sugar is 70,233 English acres and the area reaped 64,890 English acres. The rice cultivation in the Colony was returned at 60,079 English acres, but including the second or Spring crop the actual area reaped was 70,787 acres. Other crops grown, such as ground provisions, coffee, rubber, coconuts, cacao, citrus and other fruit, and limes amounted to 40,231 acres.
The forests, with which the interior of the colony is covered, abound in woods of rare beauty and value. Some of the hard woods are, from their remarkable durability, peculiarly suitable for house and shipbuilding purposes, and for railway sleepers, while others are equally prized for the manufacture of household furniture.
During 1937, 186,875 tons of sugar, and 1,888,331 pf. gallons of rum, were produced. The bulk of the production is high-class vacuum pan sugar for refining purposes, while certain quantities of the far-famed "Demerara Crystals" are still exported.
Coconuts, coffee and cocoa are grown on the
alluvial soils on the banks of the rivers. Rice is now grown to a considerable extent, chiefly by East Indians, on the low lands within the empoldered areas. Rice exported, 1937, 18,795 tons, valued at 163,2371.
Gold and diamond working is carried on by about 5,500 diggers. The diamonds exported during 1937 amounted to 34.556 carats, valued at 86,9187.
The values of the principal exports besides sugar (181,574 tons valued at 1,585,0221.) and rice are:
3,588 716 539,231 11,203 700 1,968,665
Twenty-three hospitals, with dispensaries, with 1,567 beds, are maintained by proprietors of sugar estates. Attached to the Public Hospital, Georgetown, (Demerara) are X-Ray and Electrical-treatment, Ophthalmic, Dental and Bacteriological Departments, and Venereal Diseases and Tuberculosis sections. Infirmaries are attached to the Prisons (2), Alms House (1) and Industrial School.
The Public Health Department consists of 1 Medical Officer of Health and 3 Assistant Medical Officers of Health and 39 Sanitary Inspectors.
£358,290 211,023 There are three institutions where nurses are trained 108,451 by qualified medical and nursing staffs.
61.922 There is a Surgeon Specialist attached to the 48,949 Public Hospital, Georgetown, and the European 20,926 nursing staff consists of 1 Nurse Superintendent and 10,250 5 Divisional Sisters.
The chief imports are beef, pork, cheese, butter, cornmeal, flour, machinery, motor vehicles, dried fish, manure, tobacco, oils, earthenware, glass and hardware, cutlery, textiles, spirits, wines and malt liquors.
goods subject to ad valorem rates. The prevailing ad valorem duty rates (calculated on c.i.f. values) are 16 per cent. (British Preferential tariff) and 33 per cent. (General tariff). Jewellery, motor vehicles and parts, plate and plated ware pay 20 per cent. and 40 per cent. respectively, while agricultural and other industrial machinery is exempt from duty if of British Empire manufacture but is liable to a 7 per cent. ad valorem duty if of foreign origin. Most dutiable articles of British Empire manufacture or production receive a preference equivalent to one-half of the General tariff rates, but the preference on certain specified articles, viz., apples, beef (pickled), boots and shoes (not being of rubber), butter, cement, cheese, cocoa, confectionery, cordage, fish (canned, dried or otherwise preserved), lard, milk, pork is a minimum of 663 per cent. The preference on flour is 48 cents a bag of 196 lbs., on spirits 60 cents a gallon, and on wine, beer and ale 20 per cent. Boots and shoes of rubber of the general rate. receive a preference of over 100 per cent. The following are the principal revenue-yielding articles of import on which duty is payable specified weight or other measure of quantity:Tobacco, flour, spirits, kerosene oil, motor spirit, wines and malt liquors.
Fifty-three per cent. of the trade is with the United Kingdom, 14 per cent, with Canada, and 10 per cent. with the United States; other important customers being British India, British West Indies, Japan, Germany, Holland, Belgium, and Argentina.
Import duties are leviable both on an ad valorem and a specific basis, the total amount of revenue collected in 1937 from goods paying specific duties being 379,2231. as compared with 178,2661. from
There are six Government public (general) hospitals providing beds for approximately 958 patients. The accommodation varies from 8 beds in smaller out-stations to 622 beds in the Public Hospital, Georgetown (Demerara).
There is also a Mental Hospital in Berbice and a Leprosy Hospital at Mahaica (Demerara) providing accommodation for 758 and 520 patients respectively.
There are in addition to the dispensaries attached to the general hospitals 13 Government dispensaries in outlying parts of the Colony.
A State-aided system of elementary education was established by Law-The Education Ordinance, Cap. 196. Elementary education is compulsory and free.
The elementary schools are denominational. The central administration is vested in a Director and Education Committee, and the local control in managers, who are usually ministers of religion.
The number of schools receiving aid in 1937 was 240, with 52,276 scholars, and the aid granted amounted to 76,0921.
Provision is made for the higher education of boys by a Government college in Georgetown, in which the course of instruction is similar to that of a public school or first grade grammar school in England. Two secondary schools for girls, one for boys, and one for boys and girls, receive grants in-aid from the Government, and there is awarded annually one public scholarship of the value of 9001., open to boys
and girls and tenable at a University or College in the British Empire. Twelve Scholarships, entitling the holders to free education at the Government College or at other approved schools, are granted to scholars of the elementary schools. In 1924-25 the whole system of education in the Colony was investigated by a Commission. Important changes were recommended, and are being made as opportunity arises.
A Teachers' Training Centre was established in September, 1928.
During 1931 a Government School with accom-
P. C. Wight, O.B.E., J. Eleazar, J. Gonsalves, O.B.E., J. I. de Aguiar, J. B. Singh, Peer Bacchus, H. C. Humphrys, K.C., C. R. Jacob, A. G. King, T. Lee, elected Members; E. M. Walcott, J. W. Jackson, F. A. Mackey, (vacant), nominated unofficial Members.
Clerk to the Council, J. J. Rodrigues.
Governor, Sir W. E. F. Jackson, K.C.M.G., 4,000l., allowance 1,000l.
Chief Clerk, R. N. Gilchrist, 480l. to 5801., service allowance, 501.
Accountant, A. B. Campbell, 480l. to 5801., service allowance, 501.
Class I Clerk, G. F. Hopkinson, 375l. to 4751. Class II Clerks, P. Ruhomon, service allowance 401, L. Dummett, service allowance 401, J. A. T. Ries, 3251. to 3751., C. L. Kranenburg, T. A. Wason, C. K. Franker, 2621. 108. to 3371. 10s. Treasury-Income Tax Branch.
Commissioners, E. F. McDavid, M.B.E., 1001.; P. W. King, 1001.
Official Reporters and Librarians, H. A. Grimshaw Secretary, C. T. Uchlein, 3751. to 4751., service allowand F. A. Leubin, 2001. to 3071. 10s.
Class I Clerk, E. A. Q. Potter, 3571. 10s. to 4171. 108. Class II Clerk, J. V. Bourne, 2621. 108. to 3371, 10s. Stamps.
Commissioners of Stamps, The Colonial Treasurer, The Postmaster-General, The Registrar. Currency.
Commissioners of Currency, The Colonial Secretary The Colonial Treasurer, The Comptroller of Customs.
Secretary, I. O. Smith, 2621. 10s. to 3371. 10s.
Comptroller of Customs and Rum Duties, and Kegistrar of Shipping, W. A. D'Andrade, 8501., with personsi allowance 501.
Sub-Controller, New Amsterdam, F. F. Dias.
Inspector of Distilleries, J. S. Psaila, 4171. 108.
Class I Clerks :-C. G. Chalmers, 525l., N. L. Fraser, J. L. D. Goulding, 3571. 10s. t 4171. 108.
Commissioner of Labour and Local Government, Class II Clerks :-C. D'Ornellas, J. R. Tranquada, M. B. Laing, 9001.
Inspector of Labour, W. Roberts, 500l. to 6501. Secretary District Administration, E. S. Christiani,
District Commissioners, W. A. Macnie, C. H. Norton,
E. Brand, G. H. Croal, E. V. D
Department of Immigration and Repatriation.
Interpreter-Clerks, Hindi, one at 1901. to 2501.; two at 1401. to 2001.
Medical Department. Director of Medical Services, N. M. Maclennan, M.D. (Aberd.), D.P.H., D.T.M. & H. (Eng.), 1,200, travelling allowance according to authorised scale, consulting practice.
Chief Clerk, J. R. Farnum, 480l. to 580l., service allowance, 501.
Class II Clerk, S. Sandiford, 3251. to 3751., 401. service allowance.
Government Medical Officers. Government Medical Officer of Health, (vacant), 750l. to 900l., travelling allowance according to scale, house allowance 1007.
First Assistant Government Medical Officer of Health, P. A. T. Sneath, M.C.P. & S. (Ont.) M.B. (U. Toronto) 650l. to 800l. Travelling according to scale.
Second Assistant Government Medical Officer of Health,
Third Assistant Government Medical Officer of Health,
Resident Surgeon and Surgeon Specialist, Public
Assistant Surgeon, Public Hospital, Georgetown,
Bacteriologist, P. A. Clearkin, M.D. (Q.U.Belf.),
I Resident Surgeon, Public Hospital, Berbice, J. Glavina, M.D. (U. Malta), 500l. to 700l., duty allowance 2001., free house.
Resident Surgeon, Public Hospital, Suddie, Government Medical Officer, Suddie District, and Medical Officer, Onderneeming Industrial School, E. W. Reece, M.C.P. & S. (Ont.), M.D.C.M. (Ont.), D.T.M. & H. (Eng.), 500l. to 700l., free house, duty allowance 501., travelling allowance 751. Private practice.
Medical Superintendent, Leprosy Hospital, F. G. Rose, M.B.E., M.D., B.A. (Cantab.), M.R.C.S. (Eng.), L.R.C.P. (Lond.), D.M.R. and E (Camb), M.R.C.P. (Lond.), 700l., free house, duty allowance 2001., personal allowance 1001. Consulting practice. Skeldon District, C. R. Subryan, M.B., Ch.B., B.Sc. Hons. (N.U. Irel.), 500l. to 700l., private practice and travelling allowance 751.
Port Mourant District, L. R. Sharples, M.B., Ch. B.
West Bank, Demerara District, J. Nedd, L.R.C.P., L.R.C.S. (Edin.), L.R.F.P.S. (Glasg.), 500l. to 7001., private practice and travelling allowance 751. West Coast, Demerara District, R. N. Cozier, L.M.S.S.A. (Lond.), 500l. to 700l., private practice and travelling allowance 751.
and travelling allowance 501. Mahaica District, G. T. G. Boyce, L.R.C.P., L.R.C.S. (Edin.), L.R.F.P.S. (Glasg.), 500l. to 700l., private practice and travelling allowance 75%. Buxton District, J. E. R. Ramdeholl, L.R.C.P., L.R.C.S. (Edin.), L.R.F.P.S. (Glasg.), 500l. to 7007., private practice and travelling allowance 751. Peter's Hall District, G. M. Kerry, L.R.C.P., L.R.C.S. Edin.), L.R.F.P.S. (Glasg.), 500l. to 700l., private practice and travelling allowance 751.
Medical Officers attached to Institutions, E. G. H. Payne, M.B., Ch.B. (Edin.), W. W. Besson, M.B., Ch.B. (Edin.), D.T.M. & H. (Liv'pl.), S. T. M. Sang, M.D. (Edin.), H.Ho., M.R.C.S. (Eng.), L.R.C.P. (Lond.), D.L.O., D.O.M.S. (Eng.), N. J. Abbensetts, M.B., Ch.B. (Edin.), C. Ramdeholl, M.B., Ch.B. (Edin.), N. J. Dias, M.R.C.S. (Eng.), L.R.C.P. (Lond.), F. A. Viapree, M.B., Ch.B. (Edin.), L. S. Jaikaran, M.R.C.S. (Eng.), L.R.C.P. (Lond.), Surgeon to Prison, Georgetown, and Medical Officer, 500l. to 7001. Quarters.
No. 1 Dispensary and Alms House, D. J. Taitt, B.A., M.D., C.M. (Q.U. Ont.) M.C.P. & S. (Ont.) 500l. to 700l., travelling allowance according to authorised scale, free house.
Temporary Assistant Medical Officers, M. O. Luck, L.R.C.P., L.R.C.S. (Edin.), L.R.F.P.S. (Glasg.), (one vacant).
Mental Hospital, Berbice.
Resident Surgeon, Public Hospital, Bartica, Government Medical Officer, Bartica District, W. D. Pollard, M.B., Ch.B. (St. And.), 500l. to 700l., free house, and private practice. Resident Surgeon, Public Hospital, Mabaruma, and Government Medical Officer, North-West District, Steward, S. O. Mortimer, 260l. to 310l., free house. (vacant), 500l. to 7007., free house and private practice. Medical Superintendent, Mental Hospital, A. W. H. Smith, M.R.C.S. (Eng.), L.R.C.P. (Lond.), D.P.M., 1,000l. free house; consulting practice limited to mental diseases.
Public Hospital, Georgetown.
Steward, A. F. Camacho, 3251. to 375l., 621. 10s.
Divisional Sisters, Miss M. Hepenstall, and Mrs. J. M. Type (two vacancies), 180l., and furnished quarters.
Public Hospital, Berbice. Steward, C. E. Millington, 1951. to 2451., 50l. house allowance.
Superintendent of Nurses, Miss A. B. Howe, 2001., and furnished quarters.
Deputy Registrar-General, J. R. Farnum (Chief Clerk,
Class II Clerk, J. W. Barker, 3401., service allowance
Postmaster-General, J. O. Reilly, 8001.
Chief Accountant, B. O. Smith, 480l. to 5801. and
Inspector of Post Offices and Staff Officer, W. G. G.
Class II Clerks, H. Mc. N. Brassington, E. G. D.
Postmaster, Georgetown, D. Simpson, 2671. 108. to 4751.
Postmasters, 5 at 190l. to 250l., 10 at 140l. to 2007., 14 at 1187. 158. to 150l., 5 at 931. 15s. to 1251.
Post Office, Telecommunications Branch.
Engineer-in-Chief and Electrical Inspector, F. J. R. Chairman of the Poor Law Commissioners, Dr. O. M.
Francis, 2nd Assistant Govt. Medical Officer of
Chief Accountant, V. C. Johnson, 500l. to 6501.
Store. Storekeeper, M. Harding, 2927. 10s.
Engineering (Maintenance) Branch.
Engineering (Mechanical and Marine Branch.) Chief Mechanical Engineer, G. I. Goring, A.R.T.C., Glasgow, A.M.I.Mech. E., 1st Class B.Ö.T. Mar.E., 7501. to 8501.
Assistant Mechanical Engineer, A. H. July,
Traffic Branch. Traffic Inspector, J. De Cambra, 3251.
(East Coast Railway).
Stations Superintendent, E. Greeves, 3127. 10s.
(West Coast Railway). Stations Superintendent, A. C. Isaacs, 2501.
Harbour Master, Lieut. R. D. Baird, R.N.R. (retd.),
450l. to 6001.
Deputy Harbour Master, New Amsterdam, District
2nd Class Pilots, V. Stoll, A. S. Mittelholzer, 2501. to
Hydrographer and Pilot, E. R. Davies, 4501.
Marine Supt. and Training Officer, E. A. Crosse, 450l. to 5501.
Secretary, Poor Law Commissioners, and Super-
Medical Officer, D. J. Taitt, M.D., C.M. (Queen's
Inspector of Schools, L. G. Crease, M.A., 550l. to 650!.
2nd Inspector of Schools, A. A. Bannister, B.A., 400%.
Assistant Inspector and District Educational Officer,
Class I Clerk, W. O. Fraser, 3751. to 4751., and personal
Class II Clerk, W. E. Davis, 3251. to 3751., service allowance, 401.
Queen's College. Principal, Captain H. Nobbs, M.Sc., F.I.C., 750l. to 8001. House allowance 1001.
3 Assistant Masters E. O. Pilgrim, B.Sc., H. A. M. Beckles, M.A., and J. H. Bevis, B.Sc., 450l. to 600%. 4 Assistant Masters, W. R. Clark, B.Sc., A.I.C., G. F. Baldwin, M.A., G. P. Dartford, B.A., N. E. Cameron, M.A., 450l. to 5251.
2 Assistant Masters, H. V. Taitt, M.A., F. T. Weston, B.A., 4251.
1 Assistant Master, G. Lighton, M.A., 3251. to 4251.
Government Industrial School (Onderneeming). Headmaster, J. A. Carnall, 450l. to 550l. House. Chief Officer, Wm. Earle, 270l. and quarters. Schoolmaster, A. S. Dolphin, 1801. and quarters.
Director of Public Works and Sea Defences, G. C. Case, F.S.E., 1,2001. p.a., personal allce, 300l. p.a., travelling allowance.
Deputy Director of Public Works, F. H. Allen, M.Inst.C.E., M.I.Mech. E., 6001. by 251. to 8007., personal allce. 150l. and travelling allowance.