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is to be utterly and entirely abolished. After that day, any person who shall be in any wise concerned in the sale or exposure to sale of any lottery ticket, and any person who shall advertise, or be in any way concerned in the managing, or drawing of any lottery, or device in the nature of a lottery, shall, for every such offence, forfeit and pay a sum not less than $100, nor more than 810,000, or be sentenced to an imprisonment not exceeding six months, at the discretion of the court. A resolution was passed by which the governor was requested to transmit a copy of the preceding act, together with a copy of the resolution to the several states, and request their co-operation to effect the entire abolition of lotteries. The governor is also reqested to transmit the same to the president, with a request that he lay the same before congress, and use such measures as may, in his opinion, be best calculated to effect the abolition of lotteries in the district of Columbia.
LoiHSVILLE AND PORTLAND CA
jf Al.—The senators and representatives in congress from this state were requested to use their exertions to obtain the passage of a law to enable the general government to open and render free for the passage of boats and other craft, the Louisville and Portland canal.
Penitentiaries.—An act was passed appropriating the sum of 8190,000 for the purpose of altering the western state penitentiary,
and completing the eastern state penitentiary.
Pittsburg.—The auditor general is directed to apply to the mayor, &c. of Pittsburg for the sum of $43,906, the amount expended by the agents of the commonwealth on the canal improvements in the said city, over and above the sum of $65,567; in case a settlement of the claim is not obtained within three months, the governor is instructed to institute legal proceedings against the city. It appears that this claim arose from a guaranty by the city of the payment of the excess of expenditure in the construction of a canal through the city of Pittsburg, beyond the sum of $65,567.
Religious Societies.—Four religious societies were incorporated.
Saving Fund Societies.—Three savings fund societies were incorporated.
Screw Dock Company1.—The Kensington Screw Dock Company was incorporated.
Theological Seminary.—The trustees of the theological seminary at Canonsburg, belonging to the synod of the associate presbyterian church of North America, were incorporated.
Tariff.—A resolution was passed, asserting the constitutionality of the tariff, and denying the right of a state to nullify the acts of congress.
Wills And Testaments.—An act was passed in relation to wills and testaments.
recover judgment before a justice of the peace, against any executor or administrator, for a debt under $50, and there are no assets applicable thereto, the creditor may apply to the register of the county to issue a citation to the exeeutor or administrator to appear and show cause why he shall not prefer a petition to the orphan's court of the county wherein any lands, &c. of such deceased person are situate, to make an order for the sale of the same, for a payment of such part of the debts of the deceased as his personal estate is insufficient to satisfy. If upon a hearing before the register, it shall appear that the personal estate is insufficient, and that-the creditor will be remediless without such sale, the register is authorized to direct the executor or administrator to apply to the orphan's court for such order.
Coal Companies The Broad
Mountain Coal Company, and the Powhattan Coal Company, were incorporated.
Canals.—An act was passed to incorporate a company for the purpose of coastructing a canal between the waters of Nanticoke river, and Broad Kiln creek; the capital is $500,000.
A company was also incorporated, with a capital of $250,000, to construct a canal connecting Lewis' creek with Indian river and Chesapeake bay, by Pocomoke river.
Chancellor By this act it is provided, that the chancellor shall not sit in any cause in which his parent, grandparent, child, grandchild, brother or sister, nephew or niece, uncleor aunt, brother-in-law orson. in-law, shall be a party.
College.—An act was passed to establish a college at Newark.
Landlord And Tenant.—Whenever any rent is in arrear, whether
it be rent-charge, rent-seek, quitrent or otherwise, (except rent in arrear upon the demise of lands, &c.) issuing out of or charged upon any lands, &c, the person entitled to such rent may distrain, as well the grain, grass and other produce found on the premises, whether growing or severed, as the horses, cattle and other goods and chattels, being upon the premises, chargeable with the said rent. The husband of a wife entitled to rent as aforesaid, shall have the same remedy as during her life, for the arrears of the rent accruing during the marriage; and a person entitled to any rent as aforesaid, for the life of another person, may distrain in the same manner after the death.
Lottery Tickets.—No person shall sell or dispose of any lottery ticket, or of any part or share of a lottery ticket, without having first obtained a license; for which there shall be paid $100; which license shall continue in force one year, and shall limit the sale of lottery tickets to one stand or shop. If any person shall sell or dispose of any lottery ticket, &c, contrary to the provisions of this act, he is to forfeit g20 for every such lottery ticket, &c. so sold.
Mayhem.—Mayhem of a genital member is made punishable with death.
Marriage.—It shall be lawful for a preacher of the gospel, ordained and appointed according to the rules of the church to which he belongs, to solemnize all marriages where the parties are negroes or mulattoes, without any license or publication of the bans; before any such marriage shall be solemnized, each of the parties (being free) shall produce the certificate of some justice of the peace of the county in which he or she may reside respectively, of his or her freedom; or (being a servant or slave)shall produce thu written consent of his or her master or mistress, to such marriage. If any minister shall so. lemnize any marriage contrary to the provisions of this act, he shall forfeit the sum of $20.
Manufacturing Company.—The New Castle Manufacturing Company was incorporated, with a capital of 8200,000.
Partition.—A further act was passed in relation to the partition of lands ai.d tenements among joint tenants and tenants in common.
Steam Navigation Company.— An act was passed to give effect in Delaware, to an act of the legislature of Maryland, incorporating the People's Steam Navigation Company, for the conveyance of passengers and transportation of merchandise, between the cities of Philadelphia and Baltimore.
Rail-roads.—A company was incorporated for building a rail-road from Dover to Mnhon's river. A company for making arail-road and cutting a canal, from the town of Milford, to Mispilian creek. The Wilmington and Susquehanna Railroad Company was authorized to form a union with companies in Pennsylvania, and Maryland, for the purpose of constructing rail-roads in those states, to unite with the Wilmington and Susquehanna rail-road.
Slaves.—The chief justice or any associate judge, upon petition to him in vacation, shall have power to grant a license to the owner of any .'slave, to export the same from this state, or to bring the same from any other into this state, upon such conditions as may be deemed proper; he is also authorized to grant a license to the owner or owners of any tract of land, situate in the state
of Maryland adjoining this state, to employ his, her or their slave or slaves upon such tract of land, and to pass atid repass them, to and from the state of Maryland to this state, for such purpose. No slave exported from or brought into this state, or passed or repassed to and from the state of Maryland to this state, pursuant to such license, shall, by reason thereof, be entitled to his or her freedom.
The following resolutions were passed in reply to the resolutions of South Carolina.
Resolved, That the constitution of the United States of America, whirh is a form of government established by the people of the United States of America, has expressly provided a tribunal in the supreme court of the United States for the settlement of all controversies between the United States and the respective states, and of all controversies arising under that instrument itself.
Resolved, That the constitution of the United States of America, does not recognise any such tribunal or political assemblage as a convention of the states; but has expressly provided for modes of amendment, if amendment be necessary, in the fifth article—as follows: The congress, whenever two thirds of both houses snail deem it necessary, shall propose amendments to this constitution: or on the application of the legislatures of two thirds of the several states, shall call a convention for proposing amendments, which, in either case, shall be valid, to all intents and purposes, as part of this constitution, when ratified by the legislatures of three fourths of the several states, or by conventions in three fourths thereof, as the one or the other mode of ratification may be proposed by the congress. Any other mode must therefore be repugnant to its provisions.
Resolved, That such a convention to propose amendments, when called by congress, must be, in the nature of things, a convention of the people from whom the constitution derived its authority, and by whom alone it can be altered, and not a convention of the states.
Resolved, That no such political assemblage as a convention of the states, could take place as a. constitutional organ of government; and that, if assembled, it could have no such power as that set forth by the resolution ofSouth Carolina, to consider and determine such questions of disputed power as have arisen between the states of this confederacy and the general government.
Resolved, That it is not expedient for congress to call a convention for proposing amendments at this time. But that if any amendments be necessary, it comports with the views of the general assembly of this state, that they should be proposed in the other mode provided by the constitution—by two thirds of both house of congress.
The following resolutions were
also adopted by the legislature of this state.
Resolved, That in the opinion of this legislature, it would greatly promote the interest, comfort and prosperity of the inhabitants of the peninsula, formed by the waters of the Chesapeake and Delaware bays, if they were united under one government.
Resolved, That it comports with the views and wishes of the people of this state, that the people of the eastern shore of Maryland and of this state, should be united under one government, and that the region of country inhabited by them respectively, should be denominated the state of Delaware.
Resolved, That the governor of this state be and he hereby is authorized and empowered, in case the above measure should meet the approbation of the legislature of the state of Maryland, to appoint three commissioners on the part of this state to meet such as may be appointed on the part of the state of Maryland, to carry the measure into execution and settle the details thereof, subject to the final ratification of the legislatures of the two states, and that of the congress of the United States.
Elections—1832.—James Thomas was elected governor of the state by the legislature.
Blank ..... 14
Joseph Kent was elected senator from March, 1333.
S. Smith .... 25
Finances.—The receipts into the treasury for 1833, including the cash balance in the treasury at the beginning of the year, were $568,913 02, and the actual expenditures $537,082 74. Upon this balance
of $31,830,28 there are claims for unsatisfied appropriations to the amount of $42,967—exhibiting an actual deficit of $11,136 82.
For the year 1834, the receipts are estimated at $245,580 14, and the expenditures at $264,523 73, exhibiting a further deficit of $18,s43 59. Total deficit $30,080 41.
The common free school fund of the state, invested in productive capital, is $97,300; the free school fund of the counties so invested, is $50,168 66 ; the uninvested balance of cash is $17,017 09; making together $161,485 75, as the aggregate of the state school funds—of which the receipts for the year wore $16,172 23.
The aggregate of the productive capital of the sinking fund for the redemption of the debt for the tobacco inspection ware-houses, the penitentiary, the university and the Bal. timore and Ohio rail-road stock, is $51,156 13.
The productive capital of the state, in stocks and cash on interest ($335,104 74,) loans and bonds, amounts to $993,859 80; which is worth an average premium of ten per cent. The revenue from that capital is $51,516 58.
The unproductive capital, consisting of stocks, bonds, &c. which yet pay no interest, amounts to $1,217,442 76.
The aggregate capital in the treasury, therefore, at par value, is $2,151,302 56.
This does not include the real property belonging to the state in public buildings, the government offices, hospital, university, penitentiary, wharves, ware-houses, &c. nor the appropriations made for public objects, the cleaning out of the harbour of Baltimore, the Washington monument, &c. all which would amount to several millions more.
18:13—Geological' Survey.— Messrs. Ducatel, Alexander, and Tyson, the gentlemen appointed by tho executive to make a geological survey of the state, were engaged this summer in exploring the county of Montgomery. They discovered strong indications of great mineral wealth in Alleghany county; and it is supposed that that heretofore neglected part of the state is destined to become the Wales
of Maryland, yielding inexhaustiHesuppliesofiron and coal.
A memorial presented to the le» gislature of Maryland, states that 4381 emigrants arrived at Baltimore in 1831, and 7946 in 1832, and that a large proportion were destitute of the means of subsistence.
OBSTRUCTIONS IN THE SUSQUEHANNAH.
Copy of a letter from Josiah Bay. ly, Esq., attorney general, to the gov. ernor of Maryland, relative to the obstructions in the Susquehannah.
Cambridge, Feb. 27th, 1832.
His excellency the Governor and Council.
The clerk of the council, by the direction of your honourable body, has transmitted to me copies of a resolution, passed at the last session, of the report of commissioners, appointed in pursuance thereof, and of a resolution passed at the present session of the general assembly, relative to certain dams heretofore constructed in the Susquehannah river, within the territorial limits of the state of Pennsylvania, and by her authority, some of which have recently been destroyed. The object of the last resolution is to prevent the reconstruction of such as have been destroyed, and for that purpose, the governor is requested forthwith to take such measures as he, by and with the advice and consent of the council, may deem proper and expedient to prevent snch re-construction: My opinion and advice are requested.
In the performance of my official duty, I have carefully examined the several documents, by which it appears that the claim of Maryland has been urged, at different times, on several distinct principles, the law of nations, prescription, compact and contract within the meaning of